On This Day

What Happened in July 1922

Historical Events

Conference of Interest

Jul 3 Intergovernmental Conference on Identity Certificates for Russian Refugees, convened by Fridtjof Nansen in Geneva, creates the Nansen passports (for stateless persons)

  • Jul 5 1st general election in Netherlands
  • Jul 5 Uprising of social righteousness in Rio de Janeiro
  • Jul 5 Women 1st vote in Dutch elections, Christian parties win
  • Jul 6 Dutch auto/airplane manufacturer Trompenburg declares bankruptcy

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 8 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: French phenom Suzanne Lenglen wins her 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles title; beats American based Norwegian Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6-2, 6-0

  • Jul 10 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Gerald Patterson wins his second Wimbledon title; beats Randolph Lycett 6-3, 6-4, 6-2
  • Jul 11 The Hollywood Bowl opens.
  • Jul 15 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at Bronx Zoological Park, New York City

US Golf Open

Jul 15 US Open Men's Golf, Skokie CC: Gene Sarazen wins the first of his 7 major titles, 1 stroke ahead of runners-up John Black and 20-year-old amateur Bobby Jones

  • Jul 15 Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake's musical revue "Shuffle Along" the 1st hit Broadway show with an all-Black cast premieres at Daly's 63rd Street Theatre, NYC, after 504 performances [1]
  • Jul 17 Curacao harbor workers begin strike under Felix Chacuto

Baseball Record

Jul 17 Ty Cobb gets 5 hits in a game for record 4th time in a year

Sports History

Jul 19 American swimmer Johnny Weissmuller first to break 1 minute barrier for 100m freestyle; swims 58.6s at Alameda, CA

  • Jul 20 French and British Togoland make separate mandates within the League of Nations
  • Jul 22 Cards enter 1st place, marks 1st time both St Louis teams are on top
  • Jul 23 16th Tour de France won by Firmin Lambot of Belgium
  • Jul 25 AT&T begins broadcasting on WBAY (NYC-later WEAF, WNBC, WRCA & WFAN)
  • Jul 27 International Geographical Union forms in Brussels
  • Jul 29 Greek troops defeat Turkish forces and are on their way to Constantinople, but the Allies forbid them taking the city
  • Jul 31 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world's 1st water skis (Minnesota)
  • Jul 31 General strike in Italy against fascist violence

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Don Whitmire, American College Football Hall of Fame tackle (Alabama, Navy - All American at both), born in Giles County, Tennessee (d. 1991)
  • Jul 2 Genrikh Matusovich Vagner, Belarusian composer, born in Żyrardów, Poland (d. 2000)
  • Jul 2 Pierre Cardin, Italian-French fashion designer, born in San Biagio di Callalta, Italy (d. 2020)
  • Jul 3 Corneille [Cornelis G of Beverloo], Dutch painter (Africa, Antilles), born in Liege, Belgium (d. 2010)
  • Jul 3 François Reichenbach, French director (La douceur du Village), born in Paris (d. 1993)
  • Jul 3 Tom Hudson, British artist and teacher, born in Horden, County Durham, England (d. 1997)
  • Jul 4 Ghulam Ahmed, Indian cricketer (off-spinner in 22 Tests for India in 1950's), born in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1998)
  • Jul 6 Francisco Moncion, American dancer, born in La Vega, Dominican Republic (d. 1995)
  • Jul 6 William Schallert, American actor (Patty Duke Show - "Martin"; Get Smart - "The Admiral"), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • Jul 7 Artie Malvin, American vocalist (Glenn Miller; Jimmy Dorsey), arranger and music director (Julie LaRosa; Pat Boone; Carol Burnett), born in New York City (d. 2006)
  • Jul 9 Hassan II [Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf], King of Morocco (1961-99), born in Rabat, Morocco (d. 1999)

Jake LaMotta

Jul 10 Jake LaMotta, American boxer (world middleweight champion 1949-51, immortalised in 'Raging Bull'), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)

  • Jul 10 Herb McKenley, Jamaican athlete (Olympic gold 4 x 400m relay 1952; 3 x silver 1948, 52), born in Pleasant Valley, Clarendon, Jamaica (d. 2007)
  • Jul 11 Eugene "Gene" Evans, American actor (My Friend Flicka, Johnny Ringo, Alamo), born in Hollbrook, Arizona (d. 1998)
  • Jul 12 Clark MacGregor, American Republican politician (involved in Watergate), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2003)
  • Jul 12 Mark Hatfield, American politician (29th Governor of Oregon), born in Dallas, Oregon (d. 2011)
  • Jul 12 Michael Ventris, English architect who deciphered Linear B, born in Wheathampstead, England (d. 1956)
  • Jul 13 Anker Jørgensen, Danish politician, Prime Minister of Denmark (1972-3, 75-82), born in Copenhagen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 13 Lois Kibbee, American actress (Edge of Night), born in Rhinelander, Wisconsin (d. 1993)
  • Jul 13 Ken Mosdell, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
  • Jul 14 Peter Tranchell, British composer, born in Cuddalore, India (d. 1993)
  • Jul 14 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • Jul 14 Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 2018)
  • Jul 14 Käbi Laretei, Estonian-Swedish concert pianist, born in Tartu, Estonia (d. 2014)
  • Jul 15 Jef Houthuys, chairman Belgian labor union (ACV 1968-87)
  • Jul 15 Jeffrey Benson, CEO (600 group)
  • Jul 15 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia, journalist/dissident
  • Jul 15 Leon M. Lederman, American experimental physicist (1982 Nobel Prize for research on quarks and leptons) and author (The God Particle), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jul 17 Donald Alfred Davie, poet/critic
  • Jul 18 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • Jul 18 Jean de Gribaldy, French road cyclist and team director (Frimatic - Viva, Miko, Sem - France Loire), born in Besançon, France (d. 1987)
  • Jul 19 George McGovern, American politician and Presidential candidate (D-1972), born in Avon, South Dakota (d. 2012)
  • Jul 19 Rachel Robinson, American social activist and humanitarian (The Jackie Robinson Foundation), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 19 Harold Camping, American evangelist and founder of Family Radio, born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • Jul 19 Al Haig, American bebop jazz pianist (Charlie Parker; Stan Getz; Chet Baker), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1982)
  • Jul 20 Alan Stephenson Boyd, American politician
  • Jul 20 Karel Krautgartner, Czech jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, arranger, composer, conductor and teacher, born in Mikulov, Moravia (d. 1982)
  • Jul 21 Kay Starr [Katherine Starks], American singer (Wheel of Fortune), born in Dougherty Oklahoma (d. 2016)
  • Jul 21 Mollie Sugden, English actress (Are You Being Served?), born in Keighley, Yorkshire (d. 2009)
  • Jul 22 Dan Rowan, American comedian (Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In), born in Beggs, Oklahoma (d. 1987)
  • Jul 22 Patricia Canning Todd, American tennis player, born in San Francisco (d. 2015)
  • Jul 23 Moses Rosen, Chief Rabbi of Romania (1948-94), born in Moineşti, Bacău, Romania (d. 1994)
  • Jul 23 Stefans Grové, South African composer (Nonyana, The Ceremonial Dancer; Cyclops; Glimpses), born in Bethlehem, Orange Free State, Union of South Africa (d. 2014)
  • Jul 24 Charles Mathias Jr., American Republican politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Frederick, Maryland (d. 2010)
  • Jul 24 Leo Kraft, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2014)
  • Jul 24 Madeleine Ferron, French Canadian writer, born in Louiseville, Quebec (d. 2010)
  • Jul 25 John B. Goodenough, American scientist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Novel Prize for Chemistry, born in Jena, Germany
  • Jul 26 Andrzej Koszewski, Polish choral and orchestral composer, and musicologist, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 2015)
  • Jul 26 Blake Edwards, American writer and director (10, SOB, Breakfast at Tiffany's), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • Jul 26 Frank Price, CEO (British Waterways Board), born in Birmingham (d. 2017)
  • Jul 26 Jason Robards, American actor (A Thousand Clowns, Any Wednesday), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2000)
  • Jul 26 Hoyt Wilhelm, American Baseball HOF pitcher (8 × MLB All-Star; World Series 1954 NY Giants; no-hitter 1958 Baltimore Orioles; Chicago WS), born in Huntersville, North Carolina (d. 2002)
  • Jul 27 Adolfo Celi, Italian film actor and director (Next Man, Murders in Rue Morgue), born in Messina, Sicily (d. 1986)
  • Jul 27 Bob Thiele, American record producer (Impulse! Records), born in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, New York (d. 1996)
  • Jul 27 Lillian Hayman, American actress (Leslie Uggams Show), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1994)
  • Jul 27 Norman Lear, American TV writer and producer (All in The Family, One Day at a Time, The Jeffersons), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Jul 28 Jacques Piccard, Swiss undersea explorer (bathyscaph Trieste)
  • Jul 30 Zbigniew Wiszniewski, Polish composer, born in Lwów, Lwowskie, Poland (d. 1999)
  • Jul 30 Henry W. Bloch, American businessman (co-founder of H&R Block) and philanthropist, born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Jul 31 Lucy Killea, American Californian politician who supported pro-choice, born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 2017)
  • Jul 31 Hank Bauer, American baseball infielder, manager (8-time World Series champion; NY Yankees, Baltimore Orioles), born in East St. Louis, Illinois (d. 2007)

Famous Weddings

Lord Mountbatten

Jul 18 British naval officer Louis Mountbatten (22) weds Lord Mount Temple's daughter Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley (20) at St. Margaret's in Westminster, London

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Lothar von Richthofen, German pilot, dies at 27
  • Jul 6 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), dies at 59
  • Jul 7 Cathal Brugha, Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army (b.1874)
  • Jul 13 Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
  • Jul 17 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist, dies at 57
  • Jul 19 Cornelis Adrianus Pekelharing, Dutch physician, dies on 74th birthday
  • Jul 20 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), dies at 66
  • Jul 21 Djemal Pasha, dictator of Turkey, murdered
  • Jul 22 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources, dies at 67
  • Jul 22 John Motley Morehead III, American chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), dies at 67
  • Jul 25 Jarolslaw Zielinski, Polish-American concert pianist, taecher, and composer, dies at 75
  • Jul 29 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist and archaeologist, dies at 81