On This Day

What Happened in August 1923

Historical Events

Sports History

Aug 3 Baseball games cancelled following the death of US President Warren G. Harding

Historic Event

Aug 3 Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US President upon death of President Warren G. Harding

  • Aug 6 Henry Sullivan becomes 3rd person and first American to swim English Channel (27 hours 25 minutes Dover-Calais)

Historic Event

Aug 6 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany

  • Aug 9 NY State Golf Association formed
  • Aug 11 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • Aug 12 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • Aug 12 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • Aug 13 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

Appointment of Interest

Aug 13 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as 1st President of Turkey

  • Aug 13 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day

Historic Event

Aug 15 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State

  • Aug 15 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917

US Open Women's Tennis

Aug 18 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Germantown CC, PA: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6-2, 6-1 for her first of 7 US singles crowns

  • Aug 18 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Brisbane: Margaret Molesworth retains title; beats Esna Boyd 6-1, 7-5
  • Aug 18 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Brisbane: Pat O'Hara Wood wins his 2nd Australasian title; beats fellow Australian Bert St John 6-1, 6-1, 6-3
  • Aug 20 London dock strike ends

World Record

Aug 23 Paavo Nurmi of Finland runs world record for 1 mile of 4:10.4 in Stockholm; record stands until 1931

  • Aug 23 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • Aug 24 Paavo Nurmi of Finland runs world record 3 mile time of 14:11.2 in Stockholm; intermediate time during 5000m event
  • Aug 31 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • Aug 31 Italian troops occupy Corfu

Historic Event

Aug 31 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border


Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Yoshinao Nakada, Japanese composer, born in Shibuya, Tokyo (d. 2000)

Shimon Peres

Aug 2 Shimon Peres [Szymon Perski], Polish-Israeli Labor Party politician (President. 2007-14; Prime Minister, 1984-86 and 1995-96; Foreign Minister, 1986-88, 1992-95, and 2001-02), and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (1994), born in Wiszniewo, Poland ((now Vishnyeva, Belarus))(d. 2016)

  • Aug 3 Anne Klein, American fashion designer (Anne Klein II), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1974)
  • Aug 3 Roger Foulon, Belgian writer (Un été dans la Fagne), born in Thuin, Belgium (d. 2008)
  • Aug 3 Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christianity, born in Abnub, Asyut Governorate, Egypt (d. 2012)
  • Aug 4 Arthur Butterworth, British classical trumpet player and composer, born in New Moston, England (d. 2014)
  • Aug 4 Reg Grundy, Australian media and television mogul (Neighbours, Prisoner), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 4 Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi, Pakistani satirical and humor writer, born in Jaipur, India
  • Aug 5 Richard Kleindienst, American attorney general during Watergate scandal, born in Winslow, Arizona (1972)
  • Aug 5 Devan Nair, Singaporean politician, President of Singapore (1981-85), born in Melaka (d. 2005)
  • Aug 6 Jack Parnell, orchestra leader (Englebert Humperdick Show), born in London, England
  • Aug 6 John "Jackie" Kelk, American actor and stand-up comedian (The Aldrich Family, The Adventures of Superman), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • Aug 6 William B Williams, DJ (WNEW, Sammy & Company), born in Babylon, New York
  • Aug 6 Jess Collins, American artist (d. 2004)
  • Aug 9 Gerrit Kouwenaar, Dutch journalist and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 2014)
  • Aug 10 Fred Ridgway, England cricket pace bowler (1951-52 Indian tour)
  • Aug 10 Gillian Brown, diplomat
  • Aug 10 Rhonda Fleming [Marilyn Louis], American actress and singer nicknamed the "Queen of Technicolor" (Spellbound), born in Hollywood, California
  • Aug 11 Stan Chambers, American television reporter
  • Aug 12 John Holt, West Indian cricket batsman (17 Tests, 1066 runs at 36.75; 2 x 100s), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1997)
  • Aug 14 William Flanagan, American composer, and music critic, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1969)
  • Aug 14 Alice Ghostley, American singer and actress (Bewitched, Designing Women), born in Eve, Vernon County, Missouri (d. 2007)
  • Aug 15 Rose Marie [Mazzetta], American actress, comedienne and singer (The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Doris Day Show), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • Aug 16 Joe Hutton, Northumbrian piper and shepherd, born in Halton Lee Gate, Haltwhistle (d. 1995)
  • Aug 16 Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian writer and playwright, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 2012)
  • Aug 17 Anton Kersjes, Dutch violinist and conductor (Amsterdam Philharmonic Orchestra) (d. 2004)
  • Aug 17 Larry Rivers [Grossberg], American painter (Wash crossing Delaware-1953), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 17 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, born in Phichit, Thailand (d. 2012)
  • Aug 18 Jahangir Khan Irani, cricket wicket-keeper for India (1947-8 Aust tour)
  • Aug 18 Sadu Shinde, cricketer (Indian leg-spinner late 1940's/early 1950's)
  • Aug 18 Jenni Irani, Indian cricketer, born in Karachi (d. 1982)
  • Aug 19 Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist who contributed to the theory and practice of database management systems, born in Fortuneswell, Dorset, England (d. 2003) [1]
  • Aug 20 Jim Reeves, American country singer ("He'll Have To Go"; "Distant Drums"), and actor (Kimberley Jim), born in Panola County, Texas (d. 1964)
  • Aug 21 Chris Schenkel, American sportscaster (Monday Night Fights), born in Bippus, Indiana (d. 2005)
  • Aug 21 Arthur "Art" Janov, American psychologist and psychotherapist notable for creating primal therapy (The Primal Scream), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • Aug 21 Cliff Adams, British singer (The Stragazers; The Cliff Adams Singers), born in Southwark, London, England (d. 2001)
  • Aug 22 Gerald Long, English journalist and CEO of Reuters, born in York, England (d. 1998)
  • Aug 23 Humphrey Fisher, TV producer, born in England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 23 Ken Rickards, West Indies cricketer (WI batsman two Tests 104 runs), born in Jamaica (d. 1995)
  • Aug 24 Helena Carter [Helen Rickerts], American model and actress (Invaders from Mars), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Aug 24 Arthur Jensen, American psychologist, born in San Diego, California (d. 2012)
  • Aug 26 Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor (Vienna Symphony, 1960-70; Philadelphia Orchestra, 1993-2003), and pianist, born in Munich, Germany (d. 2013)
  • Aug 29 Lester Trimble, American composer, music critic and educator, born in Bangor, Wisconsin (d. 1986)
  • Aug 29 Reinier Braams, Dutch biophysicist and politician, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 2001)

Richard Attenborough

Aug 29 Richard Attenborough, English actor and director (Gandhi, Jurassic Park, Young Winston), born in Cambridge, England (d. 2014)

  • Aug 29 Marmaduke Hussey, Baron Hussey of North Bradley and Chairman of the Board of Governors of BBC (1986-96), born in Surrey (d. 2006)

Vic Seixas

Aug 30 Vic Seixas, American tennis player (Wimbledon 1953, US Nat C'ship 1954), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Aug 30 Gerhard Wimberger, Austria composer (Glove), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2016)
  • Aug 30 Barbara Mary Ansell, UK founder of paediatric rheumatology, born in Warwick, England (d. 2001)
  • Aug 30 Charmian Clift, Australian writer and essayist, born in Kiama, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1969)
  • Aug 31 Larry Grayson, British comedian (Generation Game), born in Banbury, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1995)

Famous Deaths

Warren G. Harding

Aug 2 Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (1921-23), dies of a heart attack at the Palace Hotel in San Francisco at 57

  • Aug 5 Vatroslav Jagić, Croatian scholar of Slavic studies, dies at 85
  • Aug 7 Hendrik Pierson, Dutch theologist (H Pierson Foundation), dies at 89
  • Aug 14 Jacob Theodoor Cremer, Dutch tobacco magnate and administrator for the Deli Company in Sumatra, dies at 76
  • Aug 19 Vilfredo Pareto, Italian sociologist and economist (b. 1845)
  • Aug 24 Kate Douglas Wiggin, American author (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm), dies at 66
  • Aug 31 Gerrit Kalff, Dutch professor (history of Dutch writers), dies at 67