On This Day

What Happened in January 1923

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • Jan 1 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • Jan 1 9th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Penn State, 14-3
  • Jan 2 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Florida, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • Jan 4 1st broadcast of "Barn Dance Show" (WBAP - Fort Worth Texas)
  • Jan 7 Baltimore Sun warns of the Ku Klux Klan
  • Jan 8 Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • Jan 9 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • Jan 9 Swaraj political party founded in India with Chittaranjan Das as president and Motilal Nehru its secretary
  • Jan 10 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • Jan 10 Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
  • Jan 11 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
  • Jan 11 French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations

Historic Event

Jan 13 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'

  • Jan 17 Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 17 Origin of Brown lunation numbers
  • Jan 18 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
  • Jan 19 WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions

Agreement of Interest

Jan 19 UK Chancellor of the Exchequer Stanley Baldwin and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon agree to reschedule repayment of Britain's $4.5 billion war debt over 62 years

  • Jan 23 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
  • Jan 24 Aztec Ruins National Monument in New Mexico established
  • Jan 25 NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 28 Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
  • Jan 29 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • Jan 31 Montreal Canadiens beat Hamilton Tigers, 5-4 at the Mount Royal Arena, Montreal; first penalty-free game played in NHL history

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Chalmers Goodlin, US test pilot (XS-1)
  • Jan 1 Milt Jackson, American jazz vibraphonist (Modern Jazz Quartet), pianist, and composer ("Bags Groove"), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1999)
  • Jan 1 Barbara Baxley, American stage and screen actress (Norma Rae; Countdown; Nashville), and singer, born in Stockton, California (d. 1990)
  • Jan 1 Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician (d. 1992)
  • Jan 3 Dragutin Gostuški, Serbian composer, and musicologist (d. 1988)
  • Jan 3 Charles 'Bud' Tingwell, Australian actor, pilot and radio announcer, born in Coogee, New South Wales, Australia (d. 2009)
  • Jan 3 Hank Stram, American Pro Football Hall of Fame coach (KC Chiefs Super Bowl 1970), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2005)
  • Jan 3 Bud Adams Jr., American NFL team owner (Tennessee Titans), born in Bartlesville, Oklahoma (d. 2013)
  • Jan 4 Flavio Testi, Italian composer and musicologist, born in Florence, Italy (d. 2014)
  • Jan 5 Robert L. Bernstein, American publisher (Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 5 Sam Phillips, American record producer and founder of Sun Records (launched Elvis Presley's career), born in Florence, Alabama (d. 2003)
  • Jan 5 (Patrick) "Buddy" Attaway, American country and Cajun fiddler, and songwriter ("I'm Sitting On Top Of The World"), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 1968)
  • Jan 6 Leah Chase, New Orleans chef & author, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jan 6 Jacobo Timerman, Soviet-born Argentine writer, born in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (d. 1999)
  • Jan 7 (Charles) Russell Woolen, American classical keyboardist and composer (In Martyrum Memoriam), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • Jan 7 Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • Jan 8 Giorgio Tozzi, American operatic bass (dubbed vocals of Emile de Becque for "South Pacific" film), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • Jan 8 Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (Yorkshire & England left-arm bowler of 50's), born in Ardsley, South Yorkshire (d. 1985)
  • Jan 8 Larry Storch, American stage and screen comic and character actor (F Troop - "Cpl. Agarn"; Tennessee Tuxedo - "Prof. Whoopee"), born in NYC, New York (d. 2022)
  • Jan 8 Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American computer scientist & professor, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2008)
  • Jan 10 Ingeborg Drewitz, German writer & academic, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1986)
  • Jan 11 Carroll Shelby, American race car driver, automobile designer and businessman, (d. 2012)
  • Jan 12 Ira Hayes, Pima Native American soldier, born in Sacaton, Arizona (d. 1955)
  • Jan 13 Danil Shafran, cellist
  • Jan 13 Jack Watling, British actor (Nanny, Adventure for 2, Naked Heart), born in London, England (d. 2001)
  • Jan 14 Zlatan Vauda, Slovene composer and conductor (RTB Children's Choir, 1953-86), born in Pernica, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (now Slovenia) (d. 2010)
  • Jan 15 Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese statesman (Taiwan's 1st popularly elected President 1988–2000), born in Sanzhi, Taiwan (d. 2020) [1]
  • Jan 15 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • Jan 16 Martin Stokken, Norwegian nordic relay (Olympic silver 1952)
  • Jan 16 Roy Lanham, American western swing and jazz guitarist (The Whippoorwills; Sons of the Pioneers, 1961-86), born in Corbin, Kentucky (d. 1991)
  • Jan 16 Willem Aantjes, Dutch political leader (CDA)
  • Jan 16 Gene Feist, American actor, playwright, producer and co-founder of Roundabout Theater Company, born in New York (d. 2014)
  • Jan 16 Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • Jan 17 Onno Molenkamp, Dutch actor (Lifespan, Broken Mirrors, The Lift), born in Fort de Kock, Dutch East Indies (d. 1990)
  • Jan 17 Carol Raye [Kathleen Corkery], British-born Australian actress (Number 96, Blankety Blanks), born in London, England
  • Jan 19 Jean Stapleton, American actress (Damn Yankees, Klute, All in the Family), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Jan 19 Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
  • Jan 20 Nora Brockstedt, Norwegian pop and jazz singer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 2015)
  • Jan 20 (Ottis) "Slim" Whitman, American country singer ("Rose Marie"; "Guess Who"), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 2013)
  • Jan 21 Judith Merril [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer
  • Jan 21 Lola Flores, Spanish singer, dancer and actress (Kuma Ching, Faraona), born in Cadiz, Spain (d. 1995)
  • Jan 22 Diana Douglas, Bermudian-born American actress (The Indian Fighter), born in Devonshire Bermuda (d. 2015)
  • Jan 22 Friedrich Zehm, German pianist and composer, born in Neusalz, Lower Silesia, Germany (d. 2007)
  • Jan 22 Leslie Bassett, American classical composer (Variations for Orchestra - Pulitzer Prize 1966), and educator (University of Michigan, 1952-92), born in Hanford, California (d. 2016)
  • Jan 23 Florence Halop, American actress (Night Court, 1985-86 -"Florence"; St Elsewhere, 1984-85), born in Jamaica, Queens, New York (d. 1986)
  • Jan 23 Horace Ashenfelter, American 3000m steeplechase (Olympic gold 1952), born in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 23 Walter M. Miller Jr., American sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars), born in New Smyrna Beach, Florida
  • Jan 24 Simeon ten Holt, Dutch minimalist composer (Canto Ostinato), born in Bergen, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • Jan 25 Eva Zeller, German poet & novelist, born in Eberswalde, Brandenburg
  • Jan 25 Rusty Draper, American country & pop singer, born in Kirksville, Missouri (d. 2003)
  • Jan 25 Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as "Sybil"), born in Dodge Center, Minnesota (d. 1998)
  • Jan 25 Arvid Carlsson, Swedish neuropharmacologist whose work with dopamine to treat Parkinson's disease earned him a Nobel Prize (2000), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 2018)
  • Jan 26 Anne Jeffreys [Carmichael], American singer and actress (Dick Tracy; Topper; General Hospital), born in Goldsboro, North Carolina (d. 2017)
  • Jan 26 Talib Dawud [Alfonso Rainey], Antiguan-American jazz trumpeter (Dizzy Gillespie Big Band), born in Antigua (d. 1999)
  • Jan 29 (Sidney) "Paddy" Chayefsky, American Academy Award-winning screenwriter (Marty; The Hospital; Network), novelist, and playwright, born in the Bronx, New York City (d. 1981)
  • Jan 29 Jack Burke Jr, American golfer (US Masters, PGA C'ship 1956), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • Jan 31 Eddie Ryder, American actor (General Hospital, Up Yours), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)

Norman Mailer

Jan 31 Norman Mailer, American novelist (Naked & the Dead, The Executioner's Song), born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)


Famous Weddings

Hermann Goering

Jan 3 German politician Hermann Goering (30) weds Carin Hulda (34)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Jan 29 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds Latife Hanim; divorce in 1925


Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Willie Keeler, American Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder (highest career AB-per-strikeout ratio in MLB history; NL batting champion 1897, 98 Baltimore Orioles), dies of tuberculosis at 50
  • Jan 2 Sam Carter, African American resident of Rosewood Florida, lynched in the Rosewood Massacre
  • Jan 3 Jaroslav Hašek, Czech writer (The Good Soldier Švejk), dies of heart failure at 39

Constantine I

Jan 11 Constantine I, King of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), dies at 54

  • Jan 14 Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)
  • Jan 18 Wallace Reid, American actor, director and screenwriter referred to as "the screen's most perfect lover" (Every Inch a Man), dies from morphine addiction at 31
  • Jan 23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)