What Happened in July 1923

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
  • Jul 3 Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jul 4 Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbons on points over 15 hard fought rounds in Shelby, Montana to retain world heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Jul 6 Rail crash on New Zealand's main trunk line; 17 killed and 28 injured
  • Jul 6 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats Kitty McKane 6-2, 6-2 for her 5th straight Wimbledon singles title
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Johnston beats fellow American Frank Hunter 6-0, 6-3, 6-1 for his only Wimbledon title
  • Jul 7 Cleveland Indians set an AL record 27 runs including 13 in the 6th in 27-3 win v Boston Red Sox
  • Jul 7 University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Warren G. Harding becomes 1st sitting US President to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Jul 8 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • Jul 10 2-pound hailstones kill 23 and many cattle in Rostov, Russia
  • Jul 10 All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • Jul 11 Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M

USAHollywoodland

Jul 13 The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland" but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949
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  • Jul 13 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 15 27th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood CC in NY

Golfer Bobby Jones
Golfer
Bobby Jones
  • Jul 15 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • Jul 17 Carl Mays gives up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • Jul 18 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • Jul 19 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • Jul 20 Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
  • Jul 21 Phillies score 12 in 6th and beat Cubs 17-4

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 22 Walter Johnson becomes 1st to strikeout 3,000 (en route to 3,508)

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • Jul 22 17th Tour de France won by Henri Pelissier of France
  • Jul 24 Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
  • Jul 25 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 29 KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
  • Jul 30 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • Jul 31 Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Constance Ford, American model and actress (Burden Hunt, Another World), born in NYC, New York (d. 1993)
  • Jul 2 Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Polish poet referred to as the 'Mozart of Poetry' (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)
  • Jul 3 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2000)
  • Jul 3 Bankole Timothy, Sierra Leonean journalist, born in Sierra Leone (d. 1994)
  • Jul 3 William Mills, painter (d. 1997)
  • Jul 4 Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1982-84), born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 2013)
  • Jul 5 John McKay, American football coach (USC, Tampa Bay, 5X Rose Bowl champ), born in Everettville, West Virginia (d. 2001)
  • Jul 5 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics," born in Fischhausen, East Prussia, Weimar Germany (d. 2018)
  • Jul 6 Cathy O'Donnell [Ann Steely], American film noir actress (Miniver Story, Man from Laramie), born in Siluria, Alabama (d. 1970)
  • Jul 6 Marie McDonald, American singer and actress known as "The Body Beautiful" (Promises Promises), born in Burgin, Kentucky (d. 1965)
  • Jul 6 Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general/pres (1989-90), born in Karow, (d. 2014)
  • Jul 7 Richard Lumley, English insurance magnate/multi-millionaire
  • Jul 7 Roberto Caamano, composer
  • Jul 8 Harrison Dillard, 100m runner (Olympic 4 gold-1948, 52), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jul 10 Earl Hamner Jr., American creator and narrator of TV show "The Waltons", born in Schuyler, Virginia (d. 2016)
  • Jul 10 Jean Kerr, Irish-American novelist (Please Don't Eat the Daisies), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Jul 10 G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (RamalKhuna), born in Examba, Karnataka (d. 1987)
  • Jul 10 John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi (see Iwo Jima), born in Antigo, Wisconsin (d. 1994)
  • Jul 10 Amalia Mendoza, Mexican singer (Échame a mi la culpa), born in Huetamo de Núñez, Michoacán, Mexico (d. 2001)
  • Jul 10 Suzanne Cloutier, Canadian film actress (Othello), born in Ottawa, Ontario (d. 2003)
  • Jul 12 James E. Gunn, American sci-fi author (The Listeners, Station in Space, Immortal), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Jul 13 Sudie Bond, American actress (Love Story, Johnny Dangerously), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1984)
  • Jul 14 Dale Robertson, American actor (Death Valley Days, Tales of Wells Fargo, The Iron Horse), born in Harrah, Oklahoma (d. 2013)
  • Jul 14 Frances Lear, Larchmont NY, Woman's magazine publisher (Lears)
  • Jul 14 Willie Steele, American Olympic gold medalist (d. 1989)
  • Jul 15 [Joseph Rudolph] Philly Joe Jones, American jazz drummer (Miles Davis Quintet), born in Philadelphia (d. 1985)
  • Jul 16 Reg Prentice, British government minister, born in Croydon, Surrey (d. 2001)
  • Jul 16 Chris Argyris, American business theorist and educator, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • Jul 17 John Cooper, English race car designer (d. 2000)
  • Jul 18 Héctor Tosar, Uruguayan pianist and composer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 2002)
  • Jul 18 Michael Medwin, British actor and producer (Four in a Jeep, Scrooge, Checkpoint), born in London, England
  • Jul 18 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jul 19 William A. Rusher, American lawyer and columnist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • Jul 19 Alex Hannum, American Basketball Hall of Fame coach (1st ABA, NBA winning coach), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2002)
  • Jul 20 Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
  • Jul 21 Henny Alma [Hendrika den Broek], Dutch actress (Soldier of Orange), born in the Hague, Amsterdam (d. 2006)
  • Jul 22 Bob [Robert] Dole, American politician (Senate Republican leader, 1985-96, Presidential candidate in 1996), born in Russell, Kansas
  • Jul 22 Lillian Ellison, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • Jul 22 Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
  • Jul 23 Luis Aloma, Cuban baseball player, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1997)
  • Jul 23 Cyril M. Kornbluth, American sci-fi writer (Space Merchants), born in NYC, New York (d. 1958)

Person of interestEstelle Getty

Jul 25 Estelle Getty, American actress (The Golden Girls, The Golden Palace), born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)

Actress Estelle Getty
Actress
Estelle Getty
  • Jul 25 Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (Josephine), born in Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • Jul 26 Peter Carey, British civil servant and permanent secretary (DTI), born in Portsmouth (d. 2011)
  • Jul 26 Jan Berenstain [Janice Marian Grant], American author (The Berenstain Bears), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jul 27 Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, born in Gimje, Jeollabuk-do, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)
  • Jul 28 Kent L Lee, US vice-admiral (WW II-Marianas/Palau)
  • Jul 28 Mary Jane Odell, Iowa, secretary of state
  • Jul 28 Michio Watanabe, politician
  • Jul 29 Gordon Mitchell [Charles Allen Pendleton], American actor and bodybuilder (Sinbad), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2003)
  • Jul 30 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), born in Belitung Island, Dutch East Indies (d. 1965)
  • Jul 30 John Richard Brinsley Norton, 7th Lord Grantley, Baron of Markenfield, landowner, born in Toscana, Italy (d. 1995)
  • Jul 31 Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American businessman and co-founder of Atlantic Records, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)
  • Jul 31 Jimmy Evert, American tennis coach (father of Chris Evert), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2015)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Florimond Fonteyne, Flemish priest/politician (Volkseeuw), dies at 67
  • Jul 9 William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, dies at 74
  • Jul 13 Asger Hamerik [Hammerich], German(?) composer, dies at 80
  • Jul 14 Louis Ganne, French composer, dies at 61
  • Jul 16 Louis M A Couperus, poet/writer (Books of Small Soles), dies at 60
  • Jul 20 Pancho Villa [José Doroteo Arango Arámbula], Mexican revolutionary general and guerrilla leader, , murdered at 55