What Happened in March 1923

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • Mar 3 Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives)
  • Mar 3 US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague

Historic Event

Mar 4 Vladimir Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Soviet bureaucracy)

  • Mar 5 Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
  • Mar 6 MLB St. Louis Cardinals announce their players will wear numbers on their uniforms

Music History

Mar 7 Carlos Gardel applies for Argentine citizenship

  • Mar 9 Amsterdam taxi strike ends

Historic Event

Mar 9 Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 9 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2
  • Mar 13 American inventor Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
  • Mar 14 Allies accepts Vilnius taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • Mar 14 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

Historic Event

Mar 14 US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes

  • Mar 15 Vladimir Lenin suffer his 3rd stroke
  • Mar 16 Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 20 Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
  • Mar 20 Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
  • Mar 21 US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
  • Mar 23 82nd Grand National: Capt. Tuppy Bennett wins aboard 13-year-old 100/6 shot Sergeant Murphy; first US bred horse to win race
  • Mar 23 Frank Silver and Irving Conn publish their hit song "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
  • Mar 25 British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
  • Mar 30 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority formed at Howard U in 1920 incorporates
  • Mar 31 First dance marathon in New York City; Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hours with 6 different partners
  • Mar 31 French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
  • Mar 31 Stanley Cup Final, Denman Arena, Vancouver, BC: Ottawa Senators (NHL) edge Edmonton Eskimos (WCHL), 1-0 for a 2-0 series sweep

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Kuczka Péter, Hungarian writer and editor (d. 1999)
  • Mar 2 György Pásztor, Hungarian ice hockey forward (6 x Hungarian C'hip; Budapest SC, Red Meteor SC; Hungarian IHHOF) and administrator (est. Hungarian IH Federation), born in Törökbálint, Hungary (d. 2022)
  • Mar 2 Orrin Keepnews, American jazz producer and founder of Riverside Records and Milestone Records labels, born in The Bronx, New York
  • Mar 2 Robert H. Michel, American politician (Rep-R-IL, 1957-95), born in Peoria, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Mar 3 (Arthel) "Doc" Watson, American Grammy Award-winning bluegrass, folk, and blues guitarist, songwriter, and singer, born in Deep Gap, North Carolina (d. 2012)
  • Mar 3 Barney Martin, American actor, comedy writer and NYPD detective (Seinfeld), born in Queens, New York (d. 2005)
  • Mar 4 Patrick Moore, England, astronomer and writer (A-Z of Astronomy), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 4 Piero J d'Inzeo, French equestrian show jumper (Olymp-gold-1952, 64)
  • Mar 4 Willie Johnson, American electric blues guitarist (Howlin' Wolf's "How Many More Years"), born in Senatobia, Mississippi (d. 1995)
  • Mar 5 Laurence Tisch, American businessman (CEO of CBS Television, 1985-96; co-founder of Loews Corp), born in Brooklyn, NYC (d. 2003)
  • Mar 6 (John) "Wes" Montgomery, American influential and Grammy Award-winner jazz guitarist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1968)
  • Mar 6 (Raymond) "Bill" Hoffenberg, South African-British endocrinologist and college president (Wolfson at Oxford, 1985-93), born in Port Elizabeth, Union of South Africa (d. 2007)
  • Mar 6 Ed McMahon, American TV side-kick (Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson), and host (Star Search), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2009)
  • Mar 6 Erhard Karkoschka, German composer, conductor (Contac-Ensemble), educator, and music scholar, born in Moravská Ostrava, Czechoslovakia (d. 2009)
  • Mar 7 Bobo Holloman, American baseball pitcher (no-hitter on MLB debut 1953; St. Louis Browns), born in Thomaston, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • Mar 7 Mahlon Clark, American big band jazz and session clarinetist, born in Portsmouth, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • Mar 8 Juan M G "Wancho" Evertsz, premier of Dutch Antilles (NVP, 1973-77)
  • Mar 8 Sembene Ousmane, Senegalese author/novelist/director (Doctor Noir)
  • Mar 9 André Courrèges, French fashion designer, born in Pau, French Basque country (d. 2016)
  • Mar 9 James L. Buckley, American politician, Senator from New York (1971-77), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 9 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • Mar 10 (John) Don Abney, American session and touring jazz pianist, and musical director, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2000)
  • Mar 11 Ad[rianus C] de Besten, Dutch literary (River Basin)
  • Mar 11 Alexander Xaver Gwerder, Swiss writer, born in Thalwil, Zurich (d. 1952)
  • Mar 11 Louise Brough, American tennis player (Wimbledon 1948-50, 55), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 2014)
  • Mar 11 Morschi Mirando [Thomas Weiss], German/Dutch gypsy artist
  • Mar 11 Terence Alexander, English actor (Bergerac), born in London, England (d. 2009)
  • Mar 12 Helen Parrish, American actress (Hour Glass, Three Smart Girls Grow Up), born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1959)
  • Mar 12 Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian 1500, 5K, 10K speed skater (Olympic gold 1952), (d. 2013)
  • Mar 12 Mae Young, American professional wrestler and one of the pioneers in women's wrestling (National Wrestling Alliance, WWF), born in Sand Springs, Oklahoma (d. 2014)
  • Mar 12 Norbert Brainin, Austrian-British violinist (Amadeus Quartet, 1947-87), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2005)
  • Mar 12 Walter M Schirra Jr, Capt USN/ast (Mer 8, Gem 6, Ap 7), born in Hackensack, New York
  • Mar 13 William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States, born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1989)
  • Mar 14 Diane Arbus [Nemerov], American photographer (Vogue, Harper's Bazaar), born in NYC, New York (d. 1971) [1]
  • Mar 16 George Bean, cricketer (92 runs in 3 Tests for Eng v Aust)
  • Mar 18 Andy Granatelli, American motorsports entrepreneur
  • Mar 19 Bobby Brown, Scottish soccer goalkeeper (5 caps; Rangers, Falkirk) and manager (St Johnstone; Scottish national team 1967-71), born in Dunipace, Scotland (d. 2020)
  • Mar 19 Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
  • Mar 19 Janine Dacosta, French pianist
  • Mar 20 Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani Author, Journalist and Political Activist (d. 2006)
  • Mar 21 Mort Lindsey [Lippman], American pianist, arranger, musical director (Judy Garland, 1961-64; Merv Griffin Show, 1962-86; Barbra Streisand, 1968), and composer, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • Mar 21 Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava, Founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • Mar 22 Bryan Clieve Roberts, English lawyer and colonial administrator (instrumental in Malawi transition to independence), born in Southsea, England (d. 1996)
  • Mar 22 Marcel Marceau, French mime artist and actor (Barbarella, Silent Movie), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 2007)
  • Mar 23 Abderrahim Bouabid, Moroccan politician (Socialist Union of Popular Forces) and an opponent of French Imperialism and King Hassan II, born in Salé, Morocco (d. 1992)
  • Mar 23 Arnie Weinmeister, Canadian Pro Football Hall of Fame defensive tackle (Pro Bowl 1950–53; First-team All-Pro 1950–53; NY Yankees, NY Giants; BC Lions), born in Rhein, Saskatchewan (d. 2000)
  • Mar 24 Edna Jo Hunter, expert on military families & prisoners of war
  • Mar 24 Murray Hamilton, American character actor (Rich Man Poor Man, Anatomy of a Murder), born in Washington, North Carolina (d. 1986)
  • Mar 25 Bonnie Guitar [Buckingham], American guitarist, singer and record executive (Dark Moon), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2019)
  • Mar 25 Lee Hale, American choral director (The Entertainers), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • Mar 25 Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (3 x stage winner Tour de France), born in Fijnaart, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • Mar 26 Bob Elliott, American comedian (Bob & Ray, Get a Life), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • Mar 26 Clifton Williams, American composer (The Ramparts,;Sinfonians), born in Traskwood, Arkansas (d. 1976)
  • Mar 26 Elizabeth Jane Howard, British novelist (After Julius), (d. 2014)
  • Mar 26 Gert Bastian, German politician (d. 1992)
  • Mar 27 Louis Simpson, Jamaican-American poet (Good News of Death), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2012)
  • Mar 27 Shūsaku Endō, Japanese writer (Sea & Poison, Silence), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1996)
  • Mar 27 Victor Hochhauser, British impresario (Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra), born in Košice, Czechoslovakia (d. 2019)
  • Mar 29 Geoff Duke, English motorcycle racer (world 500cc champion 1951, 1953-55), born in St. Helens, England (d. 2015)
  • Mar 29 Julia Montgomery Walsh, American businesswoman and stockbroker, born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • Mar 30 Herbert Asmodi, German writer 9d.2007)
  • Mar 30 Milton Acorn, Canadian poet (d. 1986)
  • Mar 31 Don Barksdale, American basketball forward (Olympic gold 1948, NBA All Star 1953), born in Oakland, CA (d. 1993)
  • Mar 31 Lawrie Miller, New Zealand cricket batsman (13 Tests), born in New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand (d. 1996)

Famous Weddings

  • Mar 23 Writer Anaïs Nin (Delta of Venus) marries banker and artist Hugh Parker Guiler in Havana, Cuba

Famous Divorces

Rudolph Valentino

Mar 4 Italian actor Rudolph Valentino (24) divorces actress Jean Acker (26)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Ruy Barbosa, Brazilian polymath, writer and politician, dies at 73
  • Mar 5 (Theodora) "Dora" Pejačević, Croatian countess and composer (Symphony in F-sharp minor, Op. 41), dies of kidney failure at 37
  • Mar 8 Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer who published Latvian folk songs, dies at 87
  • Mar 22 Theophile Delcasse, French statesman, dies at 71

Sarah Bernhardt

Mar 26 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth), dies of uremia at 78

  • Mar 27 James Dewar, Scottish chemist and physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet), dies at 80