On This Day

What Happened in May 1923

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Adolf Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 3 1st nonstop north American transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
  • May 4 Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • May 4 NY state revokes Prohibition law
  • May 7 Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
  • May 8 Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
  • May 11 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St Louis Cards
  • May 12 48th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6
  • May 13 Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter for "One of Ours"
  • May 15 Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • May 17 Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School, South Carolina
  • May 19 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande wins aboard Zev for his first Derby success
  • May 19 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • May 23 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law
  • May 25 Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • May 26 Inaugural 24 Hours of Le Mans endurance race for cars starts through public roads around Le Mans, France; inaugural winners: André Lagache and René Léonard (France) for Chenard & Walcker
  • May 26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • May 28 US Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere

Music releaseMusic Premiere

May 30 Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic" premieres

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton wins in 5:31:19.618 (145.718 km/h)
  • May 31 China & USSR exchange diplomats
  • May 31 The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President

Famous Birthdays

  • May 1 Joseph Heller, American novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1999)
  • May 1 Frank Brian, American basketball guard (NBA All Star 1951, 52; Fort Wayne Pistons), born in Zachary, Louisiana (d. 2017)
  • May 2 Christina Spierenburg, Dutch singer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • May 3 Ralph Hall, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Texas (1981-2005), born in Fate, Texas
  • May 3 George Hadjinikos, Greek pianist and conductor, born in Volos, Greece (d. 2015)
  • May 4 Edward "Ed" Cassidy, American musician (Spirit), born in Harvey, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • May 4 Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer and author, born in Antelias, Lebanon (d. 1986)
  • May 4 Eric Sykes, English writer, actor and director (Goon Show, Sykes and A...), born in Oldham (d. 2012)
  • May 4 Mrinal Sen, Bengali film director (In Search of Famine), born in Faridpur, East Bengal (d. 2018)
  • May 5 Godfrey Quigley, Irish actor (Barry Lyndon, Educating Rita, Rooney), born in Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1994)
  • May 5 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (deeply engaged with issues that were central to the visual arts), born in London (d. 2003)
  • May 6 Elizabeth Sellars, Scottish actress (Chalk Garden, A Voyage Round My Father), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • May 6 Guiseppe Martelli, Italian physicist, born in Pistoia, Italy (d. 1994)
  • May 7 Anne Baxter, American actress, and singer (The Razor's Edge, All About Eve), born in Michigan City, Indiana (d. 1985)
  • May 7 Pete Domenici, American politician, U.S. Senator from New Mexico (1973-2009), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 2017)
  • May 7 Jim Lowe, American DJ (WNEW) "King of Trivia", born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • May 9 Johnny Grant, American radio personality, television producer (d. 2008)
  • May 10 John Dugdal, Lord-Lt (Salop)
  • May 10 Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
  • May 10 Herb Carneal, American sports broadcaster (Minnesota Twins 1962-2006; Ford C. Frick Award 1996), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • May 11 Joan Moriarty, Brigadier matron-in-chief/dir (Army Nursing Services)
  • May 11 Gordon White, British business tycoon and co-founder of corporate raider Hanson Group, born in Hull, England (d. 1995)
  • May 12 Ewart G Abner, record company executive
  • May 12 Giovanni Testori, Italian writer (Rocco e i suoi fratelli)
  • May 12 Lord Laing, English biscuit manufacturer/pilot/multi-millionaire
  • May 13 Red [William] Garland, American jazz pianist (Miles Davis Quintet), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1984)
  • May 14 Diane Arbus [Nemerov], American photographer (Vogue, Harper's Bazaar), born in NYC, New York (d. 1971)
  • May 14 Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician
  • May 15 Richard Avedon, American photographer (1957 ASMP award)
  • May 15 John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
  • May 15 Johnny Walker [Badruddin Jamaluddin Kazi], Indian actor (Madhumati, Chachi 420), born in Indore, British India (d. 2003)
  • May 16 Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • May 17 Michael Beetham, Marshal (RAF)
  • May 17 Miles Wingate, deputy master (Trinity House)
  • May 17 Peter Mennin[i], American composer (Moby Dick) and educator (Juilliard), born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 1983)
  • May 18 Liam Sullivan, American singer and actor (Star Trek, The Magic Sword, Monroes), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • May 20 Edith Fellows, American actress (Pennies From Heaven, She Married Her Boss), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2011)
  • May 20 Hugh Beach, British General
  • May 20 Samuel "Sam" Selvon, Trinidad-born writer (The Lonely Londoners), born in San Fernando (d. 1996)
  • May 21 Ara Parseghian, American football player and coach (Northwestern, Notre Dame), born in Akron, Ohio
  • May 21 Bettye Danoff, American golfer (co- founder LPGA Tour), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2011)
  • May 21 Doris Mae Akers, American gospel singer-songwriter (Sky Pilot Choir - Sweet, Sweet Spirit), born in Brookfield, Missouri (d. 1995)
  • May 21 Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
  • May 22 Aline Griffith, American-born Spanish aristocrat, Countess of Romanones, spy and author, born in New York, United States (d. 2017)
  • May 23 Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish pianist (Orquesta Sinfonica), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2009)
  • May 23 Nirode Chowdhury, Indian cricket pace bowler (1949-52)
  • May 24 Siobhán McKenna [Cionnaith], Irish stage actress (Saint Joan, The Chalk Garden), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1986)
  • May 24 Seijun Suzuki, Japanese cult film director, born in Tokyo (d. 2017)
  • May 25 John Weitz, American author and fashion designer (Friends in High Places), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2002)
  • May 26 Horst Tappert, German director, actor and former SS member (Derrick), born in Elberfeld, Germany (d. 2008)
  • May 26 James Arness, American actor (Gunsmoke, How the West Was Won), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2011)
  • May 26 Oren Lee Staley, 1st President of the National Farmers Organization (1955-79), born in Whitesville, Missouri (d. 1988)
  • May 26 Roy Dotrice, British actor (A Moon for the Misbegotten, Amadeus) and narrator (A Song of Ice and Fire), born in Guernsey, Channel Islands (d. 2017)

Person of interestHenry Kissinger

May 27 Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • May 27 Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff
  • May 27 Sumner Redstone, American entrepreneur
  • May 27 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller, born in Graz Austria
  • May 28 Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, Indian film star (Patala Bhairavi)
  • May 28 Gyorgy Ligeti, Hungarian classical composer (Le Grand Macabre), born in Transylvania, Romania (d. 2006)
  • May 29 John Parker, 6th Earl of Morley, British peer and soldier, born in Saltram House, Devon (d. 2015)
  • May 29 Richard Worsley, British Army officer, born in Ballywalter, County Down, Northern Ireland (d. 2013)
  • May 29 "The Senator" Eugene Wright, American jazz bassist (The Dave Brubeck Quartet), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • May 30 James "Jimmy" Lydon, American actor (Twice Blessed, Life with Father), born in Harrington Park, New Jersey
  • May 31 Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1949-2005), born in Monaco (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

May 17 Actress and singer Marlene Dietrich (21) weds assistant director Rudolf Sieber (26) in Berlin, Germany

Actress and Singer Marlene Dietrich
Actress and Singer
Marlene Dietrich

Famous Deaths

  • May 10 Vaslav Vorovsky, Russian delegate, assassinated
  • May 14 Charles de Freycinet, French prime minister (b. 1828)
  • May 20 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist, dies
  • May 30 Camille Chevillard, French composer, dies at 63
  • May 30 Charles Fichardt, cricketer (South African batsman in 2 Tests 1892-96), dies