What Happened in November 1923

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
  • Nov 2 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic

Historic Event

Nov 2 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down

  • Nov 6 USSR adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks"

Coup d'état

Nov 8 Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party stage "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich, Germany

  • Nov 9 Beer Hall Putsch's second day in Munich; Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die and Adolf Hitler flees
  • Nov 10 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • Nov 11 Eternal flame lit for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • Nov 12 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power during "Beer Hall Putsch" coup
  • Nov 12 Dr Hjalmar Schacht is appointed special commissioner to deal with the currency problem in Germany; by November 1924 the currency will have been restored
  • Nov 14 Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.

Music History

Nov 19 Béla Bartòk's "Tancsuite" premieres

  • Nov 19 The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures
  • Nov 20 Garrett Morgan patents his traffic signal design, an important development in automobile safety
  • Nov 20 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark

Historic Event

Nov 22 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

Film & TV History

Nov 23 Cecil B. DeMille's first version of "The Ten Commandments" premieres in the USA

  • Nov 24 Radio Belgium's 1st transmission
  • Nov 29 The Dawes Commission, chaired by the American Banker Charles G. Dawes, is set up to look into the German economic situation and make recommendations that the US can accept
  • Nov 30 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Bruce Dooland, Australian cricket all-rounder (3 Tests; Nottinghamshire; Wisden Cricketer of the Year 1955), born in Cowandilla, South Australia (d. 1980)
  • Nov 1 Edward A de Jongh, Antillian author (The Arch)
  • Nov 1 Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian-American sci-fi author (Genetic General), born in Edmonton, Alberta (d. 2001)
  • Nov 1 Victoria de los Ángeles, Catalan operatic lyric soprano, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2005)
  • Nov 3 Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1990)
  • Nov 3 Glen Brand, American wrestler (Olympic gold middleweight 1948), born in Clarion, Iowa (d.2008)
  • Nov 4 Freddy Heineken, Dutch beer brewer (Heineken), born in Amsterdam (d. 2002)
  • Nov 5 Ian Munro, British medical journalist, humanitarian and cricketer, born in Bradford, England (d. 1997)
  • Nov 6 Aleksandra Chudina, Soviet athlete, track jumper (Olympic-2 silver-1952), born in Kurkinsky District, Russia (d. 1990)
  • Nov 6 Clay [David] Jones, Welsh gardener (BBC Gardener's Question Time), born in Cardigan, Wales (d. 1996)
  • Nov 6 Renato Capecchi, Italian violinist and baritone, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1998)
  • Nov 8 Dmitry Jazov, Russian Minister of Defense (1991 coup), born in Omsk Oblast, Soviet Union

Jack Kilby

Nov 8 Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer (Nobel Prize in Physics, 2000 - handheld calculator, integrated circuit), born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 2005)

  • Nov 9 Alice Coachman, American athlete (Olympic gold high jump 1948), born in Albany, Georgia (d. 2014)
  • Nov 12 Vicco von Bülow [Loriot], German comedian, cartoonist and film director (Unsere Besten), born in Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany (d. 2011)
  • Nov 12 Alirio Díaz, Venezuelan guitarist, composer, and musicologist, born in Caserio La Candelaria, Venezuela (d. 2016)
  • Nov 13 Linda Christian, Mexican actress (Athena, VIPs, Battle Zone), born in Tampico, Mexico (d. 2011)
  • Nov 13 Arthur Hiller, Canadian director (Love Story), born in Edmonton, Alberta (d. 2016)
  • Nov 14 Margaret Courtenay, Welsh stage and screen actress, singer and entertainer (Royal Flash; Duet for One), born in Cardiff, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1996)
  • Nov 15 Peter Hammond, British actor and director (The Buccaneers, King of the Castle), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • Nov 17 Bert Sutcliffe, New Zealand cricket batsman (42 Tests, 5 x 100s, TS 230no; Otago CA), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2001)
  • Nov 17 Robert Francis Vere Heuston, British professor of law
  • Nov 17 Mike Garcia, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • Nov 18 Ted Stevens, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alaska, 1968-2009), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2010)

Alan Shepard

Nov 18 Alan Shepard, American astronaut and 1st American in space, born in Derry, New Hampshire (d. 1998)

  • Nov 20 Beryl Sprinkel, American economist (Council of Economic Advisers), born in Richmond, Missouri (d. 2009)
  • Nov 20 Nadine Gordimer, South African author (July's people, Nobel 1991), born in Springs, Transvaal, (d. 2014)
  • Nov 22 Dika Newlin, American composer, Schoenberg expert and punk rocker, born in Portland, Oregan (d. 2006)
  • Nov 23 Angelo John Novarese, American record company founder (Hi Tunes)
  • Nov 23 Guy [Gaetano] Molinari, American politician (Rep-New York, 1981-1983), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Nov 23 Nadia Gray [Nadia Kujnir-Herescu], Romanian actress (Naked Runner, Maniac, Candide), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1994)
  • Nov 23 Daniel Brewster, American politician (Rep-D-Maryland 1963-69), born in Baltimore, Maryland(d. 2007)
  • Nov 23 Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (Hambletonian x 4; Little Brown Jug x 5; Messenger Stakes x 7), born in Gloversville, NY (d. 1986)
  • Nov 25 Jaap van Meekren, Dutch TV host (AVRO/RTL4)
  • Nov 25 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), born in Turku (d. 2017)
  • Nov 25 Art Wall Jr, American golfer (Masters 1959), born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • Nov 26 Patricia "Pat" Phoenix, British actress (Coronation Street, L Shaped Room), born in Fallowfield, Manchester, England (d. 1986)
  • Nov 27 Robert A. Young, American politician (Rep-D-MO, 1977-87), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2007)
  • Nov 28 Helen Delich Bentley, American politician (Rep-R-MD, 1985-95), born in Ruth, Nevada (d. 2016)
  • Nov 28 Phyllis Jenkins, literary & theatrical agent community activist
  • Nov 28 Gloria Grahame, American actress (Crossfire, Sudden Fear, Rich Man Poor Man), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1981)
  • Nov 28 Lorna Beal (née Larter), Australian cricket wicket-keeper (7 Tests; 16 dismissals), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2020)
  • Nov 29 Frank Reynolds, E Chicago Ind, news anchor (ABC Evening News)

Famous Weddings

Frank Capra

Nov 25 Film director Frank Capra (26) weds actress Helen Howell in San Francisco, California


Famous Deaths

  • Nov 5 Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French novelist (b. 1880)
  • Nov 19 Frans Netscher, Dutch author and journalist (In 3rd Chamber), dies at 59
  • Nov 23 Urmuz [Demetru Dem. Demetrescu-Buzău], Romanian writer (Bizarre Pages), commits suicide at 40
  • Nov 24 Michel de Klerk, architect (Amsterdam School), dies at 39
  • Nov 25 Ernst Debes, German cartographer (Moon Atlas), dies at 83
  • Nov 25 Syd Callaway, Australian cricket all-rounder (3 Tests, 6 wickets, BB 5/37, HS 41; NSW CA, Canterbury [NZ]), dies at 55
  • Nov 26 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-Italian journalist, newspaper editor, novelist, and historian, dies at 60