On This Day

What Happened in October 1923

Historical Events

  • Oct 2 British occuping army leaves Constantinople
  • Oct 4 Young Stribling ostensibly beats Mike McTigue on points in Columbus, Georgia for world light-heavyweight boxing title; referee Harry Ertle later calls fight a draw, claims coerced by promoters to award fight to Stribling; McTigue retains title

Historic Event

Oct 5 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star

  • Oct 6 1st NL unassisted triple play (Ernie Padgett, Braves against Phillies)
  • Oct 6 US Lt Al Williams fly 392.2 KPH (record)
  • Oct 6 USSR adopts experimental calendar
  • Oct 7 Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
  • Oct 10 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government
  • Oct 10 NY Giants & NY Yankees become first teams to play each other in 3 consecutive Baseball World Series; Giants win Game 1, 5-4; first WS game played at Yankee Stadium

Baseball Record

Oct 11 A pair of Babe Ruth home runs in the 4th and 5th innings is the difference; NY Yankees beat NY Giants, 4-2 at the Polo Grounds to tie World Series, 1-1

  • Oct 11 German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
  • Oct 13 Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital
  • Oct 15 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat NY Giants, 6-4 in Game 6 at the Polo Grounds for a 4-2 series win; Yankees first World Series victory
  • Oct 16 Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio founded
  • Oct 16 John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland)
  • Oct 17 Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens

Sports History

Oct 19 Ban Johnson persuades AL owners to prohibit boxing in their parks

  • Oct 19 Beierse government refuses to prohibit NSDAP newspaper Völkischer Beobachter
  • Oct 21 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
  • Oct 23 Legendary Yankees slugger Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a rival Giants uniform as NY beats Baltimore Orioles, 9-0 in a benefit game for former Giants owner John Day
  • Oct 24 General Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship

Historic Publication

Oct 25 Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal

  • Oct 26 Dutch second Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
  • Oct 26 Dutch Government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck resigns
  • Oct 29 Gibbs, Grey and Wood's revue "Runnin' Wild" (introducing "The Charleston") opens on Broadway, New York City
  • Oct 29 Army move SPD/KPD-government to German part of Saxony
  • Oct 29 Textile strike against lower wages begins in Enschede, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
  • Oct 29 Mustafa Kemal officially confirms Turkey as a republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), now commemorated annually as the Republic Day of Turkey
  • Oct 31 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees F begin at Marble Bar, Australia

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Jack Dellal, English immovables-goedbezitter/multi-millionaire, (d. 2012)
  • Oct 3 Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician, born in Vieille Case, Dominica (d. 2004)
  • Oct 3 Stanisław Skrowaczewski, Polish-American conductor (Minnesota Orchestra, 1960-79) and composer (Passacaglia Immaginaria), born in Lwów, Second Polish Republic (now Lviv, Ukraine) (d. 2017)

Charlton Heston

Oct 4 Charlton Heston [John Carter], American actor (The Ten Commandments; Ben-Hur; Planet of Apes), born in Wilmette, Illinois, (d. 2008)

  • Oct 5 Glynis Johns, British actress and singer (Mary Poppins; A Little Night Music - "Send In The Clowns"; The Sundowners), born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • Oct 5 Philip Berrigan, American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest, born in Two Harbors, Minnesota (d. 2002)
  • Oct 5 Stig Dagerman, Swedish writer (Burned Child), born in Älvkarleby, Uppsala County, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • Oct 5 Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic footballer and politician (Minister of Finance), born in Reykjavík, Iceland (d. 1994)
  • Oct 5 Bill Wirtz, American longtime Chicago Blackhawks owner, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • Oct 6 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), born in Hemite, Osmaniye, Ottoman Empire (d. 2015)
  • Oct 7 Irma Grese, Supervisor at Nazi concentration camps
  • Oct 7 Jean-Paul Riopelle, Québécois member of Les Automatistes (d. 2002)
  • Oct 9 Donald Sinden, English actor (Doctor at Large, Mogambo, Simba), born in St Budeaux, Plymouth, (d. 2014)
  • Oct 9 Ronald Tremain, New Zealand composer, born in Feilding, New Zealand (d. 1998)
  • Oct 10 Louis Gottlieb, American musician (The Limeliters), born inn La Crescenta, California (d. 1996)
  • Oct 10 Nicholas Parsons, British presenter and actor described as "the ultimate quiz show host", born in Grantham, England (d. 2020)
  • Oct 10 Murray Walker, English motorsport commentator and journalist (Formula 1: BBC 1976-96, ITV 1997-2001), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2021)
  • Oct 12 Jean Nidetch, businesswoman and founder of Weight Watchers, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 12 Goody Petronelli, American boxing trainer and manager, born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • Oct 13 Faas Wilkes, Dutch soccer star (Xerxes, Fortuna, Inter Milan), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • Oct 13 Cyril Shaps, British actor, producer and voice artist (The Pianist), born in Highbury, London (d. 2003)
  • Oct 13 Dorothy Bolden, American civil and women's rights activist, and founder of the National Domestic Worker's Union of America, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2005)
  • Oct 15 Italo Calvino, Italian author (If on a Winter's Night a Traveler), born in Santiago de Las Vegas, Cuba (d. 1985)
  • Oct 16 Linda Darnell, American actress (Unfaithfully Yours, A Letter to Three Wives), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1965)
  • Oct 16 Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter, born in Hamburg (d. 1980)
  • Oct 17 Barney Kessel, American jazz guitarist (The Wrecking Crew), born in Muskogee, Oklahoma (d. 2004)
  • Oct 18 Suzanne Perlman, Hungarian/Dutch Antilian painter
  • Oct 20 Herschel Bernardi, American actor (Arnie, Voice of Charlie the Tuna, Front), born in NYC, New York (d. 1986)
  • Oct 20 Joe Minogue, British journalist (Guardian)
  • Oct 20 Robert Craft, American conductor, writer and friend of Stravinsky, born in Kingston, New York (d. 2015)
  • Oct 22 Pete Pihos, American Pro/College Football HOF end (Indiana University; 6 x Pro Bowl; 6 × First-team All-Pro; Philadelphia Eagles), born in Orlando, Florida (d. 2011)
  • Oct 22 Bert Trautmann, German soccer goalkeeper (Manchester City 508 games; FWA Footballer of the Year 1956), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 2013)
  • Oct 23 Frank Sutton, American actor (Marty, Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C.), born in Clarksville, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • Oct 23 Ned Rorem, American composer and author (Sky Music), born in Richmond, Indiana
  • Oct 23 Harold P. Warren, American film director (Manos: The Hands of Fate), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1985)
  • Oct 24 Denise Levertov, American poet and essayist (Joy Beneath the Skin), born in Ilford, Essex, England (d. 1997)
  • Oct 25 Bobby Thomson, Scottish-American baseball player, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • Oct 25 Jean Duceppe, Quebec actor (Mon oncle Antoine), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1990)
  • Oct 25 Don Banks, Australian orchestral, jazz, and film score composer, born in South Melbourne, Australia (d. 1980)
  • Oct 27 Roy Lichtenstein, Pop art painter (painted comic book panels), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • Oct 27 Ned Wertimer, American actor (The Jeffersons), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2013)
  • Oct 29 Dietrich Manicke, German composer, born in Wurzen, Saxony, Germany (d. 2013)

Carl Djerassi

Oct 29 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist and father of the contraceptive pill, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2015)

  • Oct 31 Hicks B. Waldron, Chairman and CEO of Avon Products, Inc., born in Amsterdam, New York (d. 2017)

Famous Weddings

  • Oct 14 German "All Quiet on the Western Front" author Erich Maria Remarque (25) weds German actress Ilse Jutta Zambona; divorce in 1930, remarry in 1938, re-divorce in 1957

Francisco Franco

Oct 16 General Francisco Franco (30) marries María del Carmen Polo y Martínez-Valdés (23) at Church of San Juan el Real in Oviedo


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 12 A P "Bunny" Lucas, cricketer (five Tests for England 1879-82), dies
  • Oct 14 George Elbridge Whiting, American composer, dies at 83
  • Oct 14 Marcellus Emants, writer/poet (Refrained from Confession), dies
  • Oct 26 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), dies at 58

Bonar Law

Oct 30 Andrew Bonar Law, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), dies of throat cancer at 64