On This Day

What Happened in September 1923

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 A magnitude 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo and Yokohama in Japan, killing 142,000 people
  • Sep 3 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, New York: Bill Tilden & Bill Johnston win their final singles matches to give US 4-1 win over Australia; 4th straight Challenge victory
  • Sep 3 Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 4 A Charlot & N Coward's revue "London Calling" premieres in London
  • Sep 4 New York Yankees pitcher 'Sad Sam' Jones no-hits Philadelphia A's, 2-0
  • Sep 4 Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah.
  • Sep 5 Flyweights Gene LaRue & Kid Pancho KO each other simultaneously
  • Sep 6 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates her silver jubilee
  • Sep 7 Boston Red Sox Howard Ehmke no-hits Philadelphia A's, 4-0
  • Sep 7 Interpol forms in Vienna
  • Sep 7 Mary Katherine Campbell (Ohio), 16, crowned 2nd Miss America 1922-23
  • Sep 8 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
  • Sep 9 Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
  • Sep 10 Irish Free state joins League of Nations
  • Sep 11 After a single, Red Sox Howard Ehmke retires next 27 Yanks
  • Sep 11 Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run

  • Sep 11 ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
  • Sep 12 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • Sep 13 With Spain's king Alfonso XIII assist, army coup under de Rivera

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Sep 14 Jack Dempsey KOs Luis Firpo in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Sep 14 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • Sep 14 Red Sox 1st baseman George Burns pulls off an unassisted triple play
  • Sep 15 Governor Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of Ku Klux Klan terror
  • Sep 15 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden wins 4th of 6 straight US singles titles; beats Bill Johnston 6-4, 6-1, 6-4
  • Sep 17 Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
  • Sep 19 Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
  • Sep 23 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law
  • Sep 26 Gustav Stresemann government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied
  • Sep 26 The Commonwealth Conference is held in London, where Britain recognizes the right of the Dominions to make treaties with foreign powers
  • Sep 27 Italian troops leave occupied Corfu

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 27 NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits 1st of his 493 HRs

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Sep 28 Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
  • Sep 28 Radio Times 1st published
  • Sep 28 Yanks slaughter Red Sox 24-4
  • Sep 29 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Pelham CC: Defending champion Gene Sarazen beats Walter Hagan in 38 holes for 3rd of his 7 major titles
  • Sep 29 Steinhart Aquarium in Golden Gate Park opens to public

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestRocky Marciano

Sep 1 Rocky Marciano, American boxer (undefeated world heavyweight champion 1952-56), born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 1969)

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Rocky Marciano
  • Sep 1 Theo Joekes, Dutch journalist, writer, and politician (VVD)
  • Sep 2 Rene Thom, French mathematician (d. 2002)
  • Sep 3 Mort Walker, American cartoonist (Beetle Bailey, Hi & Lois), born in El Dorado, Kansas (d. 2018)
  • Sep 3 Terry Wilson, American actor (Wagon Train, Escape to Witch Mountain), born in Huntington Park, California (d. 1999)
  • Sep 3 Fred Hawkins, American golfer (US Masters 1958 runner-up), born in Antioch, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • Sep 5 Arthur C. Nielsen, American businessman and market researcher (TV's Nielsen's Ratings), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1980)
  • Sep 5 Ken Meuleman, Australian cricketer, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2004)
  • Sep 6 Peter II Karadjordjevic, last King of Yugoslavia (1934-45), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1970)
  • Sep 6 William Kraft, American composer and percussionist, born in Chicago, Illinois

Person of interestLouise Suggs

Sep 7 Louise Suggs, American golfer, co-founder LPGA (11 major titles, US Open 1949, 52), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2015)

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Sep 7 Peter Lawford, British actor, producer and socialite (Mrs Miniver, Thin Man), born in London, England (d. 1984)
  • Sep 8 Alan Weeks, English sports commentator (BBC), born in Bristol. England (d. 1996)
  • Sep 8 Francois Chaumette, French actor (Le Bossu, They Never Slept, Christine), born in Paris, France (d. 1996)

Person of interestCliff Robertson

Sep 9 Clifford "Cliff" Robertson, American actor (Charly, Spider-Man) and spokesman for AT&T, born in La Jolla, California (d. 2011)

  • Sep 9 Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Sep 11 Alan Badel, British actor (Shogun, Salome, Bill Brand), born in Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • Sep 11 Betsy Drake, French-born American actress and writer (Every Girl Should be Married), born in Paris, France (d. 2015)
  • Sep 13 Reninca [Renée Lauwers], Flemish author (Seed in the Wind), born in Puurs, Antwerp
  • Sep 13 Édouard Boubat, French photographer, born in Montmartre, Paris (d. 1999)
  • Sep 15 Anton Heiller, composer

Person of interestLee Kuan Yew

Sep 16 Lee Kuan Yew, Founding father of modern Singapore and 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-90), born in Singapore (d. 2015)

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew

Person of interestHank Williams

Sep 17 Hank Williams, American country singer (Cold, Cold Heart, Hey Good Lookin'), born in Mount Olive, Alabama (d. 1953)

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Hank Williams
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Hank Williams
  • Sep 17 John Rigby Hale, British linguist and historian, born in Ashford, Kent (d. 1999)
  • Sep 18 Jur Mellema, Dutch politician (CHU), born in Nieuw-Scheemda, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • Sep 18 Peter Smithson, English architect, born in Stockton-on-Tees, England (d. 2003)
  • Sep 18 Queen Anne of Romania [Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma], wife of Michael I King of Romania, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • Sep 20 Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish poet (A Little Bouquet), born in Northern Ireland (d. 1997)
  • Sep 22 Dannie Abse, Welsh poet and writer
  • Sep 23 Samuel V. Wilson, American ex-director of the Defense Intelligence Agency and former Army lieutenant general, born in Rice, Virginia (d. 2017)
  • Sep 24 Ladislav Fuks, Czech writer, born in Prague (d. 1994)
  • Sep 24 Mervyn Brown, British diplomat and historian of Madagascar
  • Sep 24 Theodore "Fats" Navarro, American jazz trumpet player, born in Key West, Florida (d. 1950)
  • Sep 25 Sam Rivers, American jazz musician (exponent of free jazz), born in El Reno, Oklahoma (d. 2011)
  • Sep 26 Dharam Devdutt "Dev" Anand, Indian comedian, actor, director and producer, born in Shakargarh, Punjab, British India (d. 2011)
  • Sep 27 Mary McCarty, American actress and singer (Babes in Toyland, Trapper John MD), born in Winfield, Kansas (d. 1980)
  • Sep 28 John Scott, Duke of Buccleuch, Scottish peer, then largest landowner in Scotland, 1st MP in a wheelchair (d. 2007)
  • Sep 28 Fred Robbins, DJ (Coke Time with Eddie Fisher, Robbins Nest), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Sep 28 William Windom, American actor (Farmer's Daughter, Murder She Wrote), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • Sep 29 Ellen Malcolm, painter
  • Sep 29 O A "Bum" Phillips, football coach (Houston Oilers/New Orlean Saints)
  • Sep 29 Stan Berenstain, American children's author (The Berenstain Bears), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 3 Cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead (21) weds field archaeologist Luther Cressman (25)

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead

LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 12 Actor Spencer Tracy (23) weds Louise Treadwell (26) in Cincinnati, Ohio


Famous Deaths

  • Sep 12 Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor, dies at 81
  • Sep 15 Sayed Darwish, composer, dies at 31
  • Sep 22 Marquess of Ripon, game hunter, dies, after shooting 52nd grouse