On This Day

What Happened in January 1924

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
  • Jan 1 10th Rose Bowl: Washington ties Navy, 14-14
  • Jan 6 Poulenc and Nijinska's ballet "Les Biches" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Jan 11 A republic is proclaimed in Greece; King George II is deposed and Eleutherios Venizelo is named Prime Minister of the Greek National Assembly
  • Jan 12 History of Science Society organized at Boston
  • Jan 13 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
  • Jan 14 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • Jan 15 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 British Government of Stanley Baldwin resigns

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 21 Vladimir Lenin's Testament is handed over to the Communist Party; it calls for changes to the Soviet governing structure and criticizes Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky and other members

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Jan 22 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens
  • Jan 22 KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms Britain's first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascist work union

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jan 24 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad (changed back in 1991)

Olympic Games1st Winter Olympics

Jan 25 1st Winter Olympic Games open in Chamonix, France
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Einar Landvik, Nordic skiier from Norway, competes in the first-ever Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, 1924
Einar Landvik, Nordic skiier from Norway, competes in the first-ever Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, 1924

  • Jan 26 American skater Charles Jewtraw claims the first ever Winter Olympic gold medal; wins 500m speed skating event in 44.0s at the Chamonix Games in France
  • Jan 26 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Melbourne: All-Australian final; Sylvia Lance Harper beats Esna Boyd Robertson 6-3, 3-6, 8-6
  • Jan 26 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis. Melbourne: James Anderson wins 2nd of 3 Australasian titles; beats fellow Australian Richard Schlesinger 6-3, 6-4, 3-6, 5-7, 6-3
  • Jan 26 Clas Thunberg of Finland claims his first of 4 gold medals when he wins the 5,000m speed skating in 2:20.8 at the Chamonix Winter Olympics
  • Jan 27 Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier
  • Jan 27 Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow
  • Jan 27 The Natal Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Association jointly organise a mass meeting in Durban, South Africa in opposition to the Class Areas Bill
  • Jan 27 Clas Thunberg of Finland claims 3 gold medals in one day when he wins the 1,500m, 10,000m and all-round speed skating events at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; won 5,000m the day before
  • Jan 29 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland
  • Jan 29 Swiss team of Denis Vaucher (C), Alfred Aufdenblatten, Antoine Julen & Alfons Julen win the military patrol gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; first version of the biathlon
  • Jan 30 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
  • Jan 30 Gillis Grafström of Sweden wins men's figure skating gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; first to successfully defend his Summer Olympic title (1920) at the Winter Games
  • Jan 30 Great Britain clinch inaugural Olympic curling gold medal with a 46-4 win over France at the Chamonix Games
  • Jan 30 Norway’s Thorleif Haug claims first of 3 gold medals at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; wins 50k cross country in a Norwegian sweep of the medals; also 18k and Nordic combined champion
  • Jan 31 Herma Szabo of Austria wins the ladies figure skating gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; only women's event at the Games
  • Jan 31 Austrians Helene Engelmann & Alfred Berger win the pairs skating gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; beat Finnish pair Ludowika Jakobsson & Walter Jakobsson by just 0.39 points

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Arthur Prysock, American jazz and R&B singer (I Didn't Sleep a Wink Last Night), born in was born in Spartanburg, South Carolina (d. 1997) (or Jan 2, 1929)
  • Jan 1 Roberts Blossom, American actor and poet (Home Alone, Deranged, The Great Gatsby), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2011)
  • Jan 3 Andre Franquin, cartoonist
  • Jan 3 Henry M Fazzie, South African Union/UDF-leader
  • Jan 3 Roy Harding, British teacher
  • Jan 3 Nell Rankin, American singer (d. 2005)
  • Jan 3 Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur
  • Jan 4 Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (d. 1993)
  • Jan 5 Dr Gilbert Bogle, Australian scientist who died in the Bogle-Chandler case (1963)
  • Jan 6 Earl Scruggs, American musician (& Flat-Ballad of Jed Clampett), born in Cleveland County, North Carolina (d. 2012)
  • Jan 7 Roloff Beny, Alberta, painter/photographer (A Time of Gods)
  • Jan 7 Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (d. 1966)
  • Jan 8 Benjamin Lees [Lysniansky], American composer, born in Harbin, China (d. 2010)
  • Jan 8 Robert Starer, Austrian-born American composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2001)
  • Jan 8 Ron Moody [Ronald Moodnick], British composer, singer and actor (12 Chairs, Oliver!), born in London, England (d. 2015)
  • Jan 8 Kim Dae Jung, 8th President of South Korea (1998-2003) and 2000 Nobel Peace Prize 2000 laureate, born in Hauido, South Korea (d. 2009)
  • Jan 9 Sergei Parajanov, Armenian film director, born in Tbilisi, Georgia (d. 1990)
  • Jan 10 Ludmilla Chiraeff, Latvian-born Canadian ballet dancer, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1996)
  • Jan 10 Max Roach, American jazz drummer, born in Newland, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • Jan 11 Slim Harpo [James Moore], American blues musician (I'm a King Bee, Baby Scratch My Back), born in Lobdell, Louisiana (d. 1970)
  • Jan 11 Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
  • Jan 12 Jan Willem Radecker, Dutch sculptor & son of John Raedecker, born in Schoorl, Netherlands (d. 2009)
  • Jan 12 Olivier Gendebien, Belgian auto racer (24 hours of Le Mans 1958, 60-62), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1998)
  • Jan 13 Philip Rawson, artist/teacher
  • Jan 13 Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1994)
  • Jan 14 Guy Williams [Armando Joseph Catalano], American actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), born in NYC, New York (d. 1989)
  • Jan 16 Katy Jurado, Mexican actress, 1st Latin actress to win a Golden Globe (High Noon, Broken Lance), born in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico (d. 2002)
  • Jan 17 Jewel Plummer Cobb, educator/pres (California State U at Fullerton)
  • Jan 18 Donald Baverstock, British TV producer, born in Cardiff, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • Jan 19 Henry Herbert, 7th earl of Carnarvon, English peer and racing manager to the Queen, born in London, England (d. 2001)
  • Jan 19 Jean Francois Revel, French journalist/author (Ni Marx ni Jesus)
  • Jan 19 Nicholas Colasanto, American actor (Cheers, Family Plot, The Counterfeit Killer), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1985)
  • Jan 20 Yvonne Loriod, French pianist, born in Houilles, France
  • Jan 21 Benny Hill [Alfred Hawthorn Hill], British comedian (The Benny Hill Show), born in Southampton, Hampshire, England (d. 1992)
  • Jan 22 J. J. Johnson, American composer and jazz trombonist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2001)
  • Jan 23 Frank Lautenberg, American politician (Sen-D-NJ, 1982-2001, 2003-2013), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 John Spencer, Earl of Spencer, English peer and father of Diana, Princess of Wales, born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • Jan 24 David Craighead, American organist and educator, born in Strasburg, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 24 Marvin Kaplan, American actor (Top Cat, Henry-Alice), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2016)
  • Jan 24 Robert Kastenmeier, American politician (Rep-D-WI, 1959-91), born in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin
  • Jan 25 Lou Groza, American football placekicker & offensive tackle (Cleveland Browns), born in Martins Ferry, Ohio (d. 2000)
  • Jan 26 Warren Frank Benson, American composer, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2005)
  • Jan 26 Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician, born in Houston, Texas (d. 1998)
  • Jan 26 Alice Babs, Swedish singer and actress, born in Västervik, Sweden (d. 2014)
  • Jan 26 James W. McCord Jr., American CIA officer who led the Watergate break-in, born in Waurika, Oklahoma (d. 2017)
  • Jan 27 Alexander Georgiyevich Chugayev, composer
  • Jan 27 Kenneth Corfield, CEO (STC)
  • Jan 27 Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
  • Jan 27 Brian Rix [Lord Rix], British actor and activist (Mencap), born in Cottingham, Yorkshire (d. 2016)
  • Jan 27 Sabu [Dastagir], Indian actor (The Thief of Bagdad, Elephant Boy, Drum), born in Mysore, British India (d. 1963)
  • Jan 27 William van Straubenzee, British MP
  • Jan 29 Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot, first to fly Concorde, born in Liverpool (d. 2001)
  • Jan 29 Lord John Gregson, British Labour politician and Baron, born in Manchester, England (d. 2009)
  • Jan 29 Luigi Nono, Italian avant-garde composer (Canonic Variations), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1990)
  • Jan 29 Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (d. 2001)
  • Jan 29 Peter Voulkos, American artist (d. 2002)
  • Jan 30 Lloyd Alexander, American writer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 Margaret Yorke [Margaret Beda Nicholson], English author (Patrick Grant novels, No Medals for the Major), born in Compton, Surrey, England (d. 2012)
  • Jan 31 Robert Gatehouse, former High Court judge
  • Jan 31 Tengiz Abuladze, filmmaker

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 11 Novelist Hermann Hesse (36) weds singer Ruth Wenger

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Sabine Baring-Gould, English composer & novelist, dies at 89
  • Jan 4 Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist, composer (b. 1852)
  • Jan 13 Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89
  • Jan 14 Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
  • Jan 15 Geza Zichy, Hungarian composer and one-armed pianist, dies at 74
  • Jan 16 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (b. 1859)
  • Jan 16 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), dies at 59

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

Jan 21 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian Revolutionary leader and Premier, dies of a stroke at 53

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jan 24 Thephilo Braga, Portuguese poet & politician, dies at 80
  • Jan 24 Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, dies at 29
  • Jan 28 Simon Abramsz, Dutch teacher and writer (For the Young Ones), dies at 56
  • Jan 29 Joseph Ludwig, composer, dies at 79