What Happened in January 1924

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 10th Rose Bowl: Washington ties Navy, 14-14
  • Jan 1 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
  • Jan 6 Francis Poulenc's ballet "Les Biches", choreographed by Bronislava Nijinska, and danced by the Ballets Russe, premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Jan 11 A republic is proclaimed in Greece; King George II is deposed and Eleutherios Venizelo is named Prime Minister of the Greek National Assembly
  • Jan 12 History of Science Society organized at Boston
  • Jan 13 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
  • Jan 14 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • Jan 15 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Historic Event

Jan 16 British Government of Stanley Baldwin resigns

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 18 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque

Historic Event

Jan 21 Vladimir Lenin's Testament is handed over to the Communist Party; it calls for changes to the Soviet governing structure and criticizes Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky and other members

  • Jan 22 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens
  • Jan 22 KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

Jan 23 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms Britain's first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

Historic Event

Jan 24 Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascist work union

  • Jan 24 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad (changed back in 1991)
  • Jan 26 American skater Charles Jewtraw claims the first ever Winter Olympic gold medal; wins 500m speed skating event in 44.0s at the Chamonix Games in France
  • Jan 26 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis. Melbourne: James Anderson wins 2nd of 3 Australasian titles; beats fellow Australian Richard Schlesinger 6-3, 6-4, 3-6, 5-7, 6-3
  • Jan 26 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Melbourne: All-Australian final; Sylvia Lance Harper beats Esna Boyd Robertson 6-3, 3-6, 8-6
  • Jan 26 Clas Thunberg of Finland claims his first of 5 gold medals when he wins the 5,000m speed skating in 2:20.8 at the Chamonix Winter Olympics
  • Jan 27 Clas Thunberg of Finland claims 3 gold medals in one day when he wins the 1,500m, 5,000m and all-round speed skating events at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; won 5,000m the day before
  • Jan 27 Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier
  • Jan 27 Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow
  • Jan 27 The Natal Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Association jointly organise a mass meeting in Durban, South Africa in opposition to the Class Areas Bill
  • Jan 29 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland
  • Jan 29 Swiss team of Denis Vaucher (C), Alfred Aufdenblatten, Antoine Julen & Alfons Julen win the military patrol gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; first version of the biathlon
  • Jan 30 Gillis Grafström of Sweden wins men's figure skating gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; first to successfully defend his Summer Olympic title (1920) at the Winter Games
  • Jan 30 Great Britain clinch inaugural Olympic curling gold medal with a 46-4 win over France at the Chamonix Games
  • Jan 30 Norway’s Thorleif Haug claims first of 3 gold medals at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; wins 50k cross country in a Norwegian sweep of the medals; also 18k and Nordic combined champion
  • Jan 30 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
  • Jan 31 Austrians Helene Engelmann & Alfred Berger win the pairs skating gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; beat Finnish pair Ludowika Jakobsson & Walter Jakobsson by just 0.39 points
  • Jan 31 Herma Szabo of Austria wins the ladies figure skating gold medal at the Chamonix Winter Olympics; only women's event at the Games

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Arthur Prysock, American jazz and R&B singer ("I Didn't Sleep a Wink Last Night"; "In The Rain"), born in was born in Spartanburg, South Carolina (d. 1997) (some sources state year as 1929)
  • Jan 1 Roberts Blossom, American actor and poet (Home Alone, Deranged, The Great Gatsby), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2011)
  • Jan 3 Andre Franquin, cartoonist
  • Jan 3 Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur
  • Jan 3 Henry M Fazzie, South African Union/UDF-leader
  • Jan 3 Nell Rankin, American operatic mezzo-soprano (Carmen; Metropolitan Opera, 1951-76), born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • Jan 3 Roy Harding, British teacher
  • Jan 4 Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (d. 1993)
  • Jan 5 Dr Gilbert Bogle, Australian scientist who died in the Bogle-Chandler case (1963)
  • Jan 6 Earl Scruggs, American bluegrass banjo player (Flatt & Scruggs - "Foggy Mountain Breakdown"; "Ballad of Jed Clampett"), born in Flint Hill, North Carolina (d. 2012)
  • Jan 7 Geoffrey Bayldon, British stage and screen actor (Catweazle; Worzel Gummidge - "Crowman"), born in Leeds, England (d. 2017)
  • Jan 7 Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (d. 1966)
  • Jan 7 Roloff Beny, Canadian painter and photographer (A Time of Gods), born in Medicine Hat, Alberta (d. 1984)
  • Jan 8 Benjamin Lees [Lysniansky], American composer (Kalmar Nyckel; Memorial Candles), born in Harbin, Manchuria, China (d. 2010)
  • Jan 8 Kim Dae-jung, 8th President of South Korea (1998-2003) and 2000 Nobel Peace Prize 2000 laureate, born in Hauido, South Korea (d. 2009)
  • Jan 8 Robert Starer, Austrian-born American composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2001)
  • Jan 8 Ron Moody [Moodnick], British composer, singer and actor (12 Chairs, Oliver!), born in London, England (d. 2015)
  • Jan 9 Sergei Parajanov, Armenian film director, born in Tbilisi, Georgia (d. 1990)
  • Jan 10 Ludmilla Chiraeff, Latvian-born Canadian ballet dancer, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1996)
  • Jan 10 Max Roach, American jazz drummer, born in Newland, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • Jan 11 Kai Laursen, Danish concert violinist, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1996)
  • Jan 11 Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
  • Jan 11 Slim Harpo [James Moore], American blues musician ("I'm a King Bee, Baby"; "Scratch My Back"), born in Lobdell, Louisiana (d. 1970)
  • Jan 12 Jan Willem Radecker, Dutch sculptor & son of John Raedecker, born in Schoorl, Netherlands (d. 2009)
  • Jan 12 Olivier Gendebien, Belgian auto racer (24 hours of Le Mans 1958, 60-62), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1998)
  • Jan 13 Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1994)
  • Jan 13 Philip Rawson, artist/teacher
  • Jan 14 Guy Williams [Armando Joseph Catalano], American actor (Zorro, Lost in Space), born in NYC, New York (d. 1989)
  • Jan 16 Katy Jurado, Mexican actress, 1st Latin actress to win a Golden Globe (High Noon, Broken Lance), born in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico (d. 2002)
  • Jan 17 Jewel Plummer Cobb, educator/pres (California State U at Fullerton)
  • Jan 18 Donald Baverstock, British TV producer, born in Cardiff, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • Jan 19 Henry Herbert, 7th earl of Carnarvon, English peer and racing manager to the Queen, born in London, England (d. 2001)
  • Jan 19 Jean Francois Revel, French journalist/author (Ni Marx ni Jesus)
  • Jan 19 Nicholas Colasanto, American actor (Cheers - "Coach"; Family Plot; The Counterfeit Killer), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1985)
  • Jan 20 Yvonne Loriod, French pianist, composer (Mélopées africaines), and teacher, born in Houilles, France (d. 2010)
  • Jan 21 Benny Hill [Alfred Hawthorn Hill], British comedian (The Benny Hill Show), born in Southampton, Hampshire, England (d. 1992)
  • Jan 22 J. J. Johnson, American composer and jazz trombonist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2001)
  • Jan 23 Frank Lautenberg, American politician (Sen-D-NJ, 1982-2001, 2003-2013), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 David Craighead, American organist and educator, born in Strasburg, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 24 John Spencer, Earl of Spencer, English peer and father of Diana, Princess of Wales, born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • Jan 24 Marvin Kaplan, American character and voice actor (Top Cat- "Choo Choo"; Alice - "Henry"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2016)
  • Jan 24 Robert Kastenmeier, American politician (Rep-D-WI, 1959-91), born in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin (d. 2015)
  • Jan 25 Lou Groza, American football placekicker & offensive tackle (9 × Pro Bowl; 4 × First-team All-Pro; Cleveland Browns), born in Martins Ferry, Ohio (d. 2000)
  • Jan 26 Alice Babs [Nilson], Swedish jazz singer (The Swe-Danes; Duke Ellington's Sacred Concerts), and actress (Swing It, Teacher!), born in Västervik, Sweden (d. 2014)
  • Jan 26 Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician, born in Houston, Texas (d. 1998)
  • Jan 26 James W. McCord Jr., American CIA officer who led the Watergate break-in, born in Waurika, Oklahoma (d. 2017)
  • Jan 26 Warren Frank Benson, American composer (The Leaves Are Falling), and educator (Eastman School, 1967-1993), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2005)
  • Jan 27 Alexander Georgiyevich Chugayev, composer
  • Jan 27 Brian Rix [Lord Rix], British actor and activist (Mencap), born in Cottingham, Yorkshire (d. 2016)
  • Jan 27 Kenneth Corfield, CEO (STC)
  • Jan 27 Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
  • Jan 27 Sabu [Dastagir], Indian actor (The Thief of Bagdad, Elephant Boy, Drum), born in Mysore, British India (d. 1963)
  • Jan 27 William van Straubenzee, British MP
  • Jan 29 Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot, first to fly Concorde, born in Liverpool (d. 2001)
  • Jan 29 Lord John Gregson, British Labour politician and Baron, born in Manchester, England (d. 2009)
  • Jan 29 Luigi Nono, Italian avant-garde composer (Canonic Variations), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1990)
  • Jan 29 Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (d. 2001)
  • Jan 29 Peter Voulkos, American artist (d. 2002)
  • Jan 30 Lloyd Alexander, American writer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 Margaret Yorke [Margaret Beda Nicholson], English author (Patrick Grant novels, No Medals for the Major), born in Compton, Surrey, England (d. 2012)
  • Jan 31 Robert Gatehouse, former High Court judge
  • Jan 31 Tengiz Abuladze, filmmaker

Famous Weddings

Hermann Hesse

Jan 11 German-Swiss poet and novelist Hermann Hesse (36) weds Swiss soprano and painter Ruth Wenger (26); divorce in 1927

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Sabine Baring-Gould, English composer and novelist, dies at 89
  • Jan 4 Alfred Grünfeld, Austrian pianist, composer (b. 1852)
  • Jan 13 Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89
  • Jan 14 Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
  • Jan 15 Géza Zichy, Hungarian composer and one-armed pianist, dies at 74
  • Jan 16 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), dies at 59
  • Jan 16 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (b. 1859)

Vladimir Lenin

Jan 21 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian Revolutionary leader and Premier, dies of a stroke at 53

  • Jan 24 Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, dies at 29
  • Jan 24 Thephilo Braga, Portuguese poet & politician, dies at 80
  • Jan 28 Simon Abramsz, Dutch teacher and writer (For the Young Ones), dies at 56