On This Day

What Happened in March 1924

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • Mar 3 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • Mar 3 Sean O'Casey's "Juno & the Paycock" premieres in Dublin
  • Mar 4 "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny
  • Mar 5 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
  • Mar 5 Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
  • Mar 5 King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
  • Mar 6 British Labour government cuts military budget
  • Mar 8 Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate, Utah
  • Mar 9 South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka)
  • Mar 11 3rd term of Belgium Theunis government begins
  • Mar 11 Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife" premieres in London
  • Mar 11 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweeps Ottawa Senators in 2 games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16 The free port of Fiume is formally annexed by Mussolini's fascist regime.

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Eugene O'Neill's "Welded" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Mar 17 Netherlands & USSR begin talks over USSR recognition

  • Mar 17 Sweden & USSR exchange diplomats
  • Mar 20 Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn
  • Mar 21 1st foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, NYC)
  • Mar 21 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
  • Mar 24 Greece becomes a republic

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 24 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C at the Konsertföreningenin in Stockholm

Composer Jean Sibelius
Composer
Jean Sibelius
  • Mar 25 Greek parliament selects admiral Paul Koundouriotis as premier
  • Mar 25 Stanley Cup Final, Ottawa Auditorium, Ottawa, ON: Montreal Canadiens (NHL) beat Calgary Tigers (WCHL), 3-0 for a 2-0 series sweep
  • Mar 26 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan" in London
  • Mar 27 Canada recognizes USSR
  • Mar 27 New French government of Poincaré begins
  • Mar 28 WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • Mar 28 83rd Grand National: Bob Trudgill wins aboard 25/1 shot Master Robert; last GN from a general riding start, now-familiar 'tape' introduced the following year.
  • Mar 29 Bavaria & Vatican reach accord
  • Mar 31 Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established
  • Mar 31 London public transport strike ends

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Donald "Deke" Kent Slayton, Sparta Wisc, Major USAF/astro (Apollo 18)
  • Mar 2 Albert TLCA Vogel, Dutch elocutionist
  • Mar 2 Alexander "Papa" Lightfoot, American blues singer and harmonica player, born in Natchez, Mississippi (d. 1971)
  • Mar 3 Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter (d. 1995)
  • Mar 3 Lilian Velez, Filipno actress (Sa Kabukiran), born in Cebu City, Philippine Islands (d. 1948)
  • Mar 6 Sarah Caldwell, American conductor/opera director (Flagstaff), born in Maryville, Missouri (2006)
  • Mar 6 William H. Webster, American judge, Director of the FBI (1978-87) and Director of the CIA (1987-91), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Mar 7 Eduardo Paolozzi, Scottish sculptor (Hydra), born in Leith, Scotland (d. 2005)
  • Mar 7 Kobo Abe, playwright (Woman, the Dunes), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Mar 8 Sean McClory, Irish actor (The Californians, My Chauffeur), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2003)
  • Mar 8 Victor "Toby" Neuberg, teacher/writer
  • Mar 9 Konstantin Iliev, Bulgarian composer, born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 1988)
  • Mar 9 George Haines, American swimming coach (7 x US Olympic teams), born in Huntington, Indiana (d.2006)
  • Mar 15 Yuri Bondarev, Russian writer (Silence), born in Orsk
  • Mar 15 Lockrem Johnson, American composer, born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1977)
  • Mar 15 Walter Gotell, German actor (James Bond, From Russia With Love), born in Bonn, Rhenish Prussia, Germany (d. 1997)
  • Mar 17 Stephen Dodgson, British composer, born in Chelsea, London, England (d. 2013)
  • Mar 18 Madhussudan Rege, cricketer (15 runs in only Test India v WI 1948-49)
  • Mar 19 Mary Wimbush, British actress (Oh! What a Lovely War, The Archers), born in Kenton, Middlesex, England (d. 2005)
  • Mar 20 Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (The Shop on Main Street), born in Staškov, Slovakia (d. 1998)
  • Mar 20 Hermann Guggiari, Paraguay, engineer and sculptor (Rejas, NNUU)(d.2012)
  • Mar 21 Philip Abbott, American character actor (The FBI; Sweet Bird of Youth), born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1998)
  • Mar 21 Karl Heinz Fussl, Austrian composer, musicologist, publisher, and music critic, born in Jablonec, Czechoslovakia (d. 1992)
  • Mar 21 Otis Spann, American blues pianist and singer (The Blues Never Die!), born in Belzoni, Mississippi [or, perhaps, 1930 in Jackson, Mississippi] (d. 1970)
  • Mar 22 Al Neuharth, American newspaper founder (USA Today)
  • Mar 22 Bill Wendell, American TV announcer (Late Night With David Letterman), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 22 Paul Fussell, American historian (The Great War and Modern Memory), born in Pasadena, California (d. 2012)
  • Mar 23 Peter Godfrey, chartered accountant
  • Mar 23 Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor (liquid paper), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1980)
  • Mar 24 Lois Andrews [Lorraine Gourley], American actress (Dixie Dugan, Meet Me After the Show, The Desert Hawk), born in Huntington Park, California (d. 1968)
  • Mar 24 Norman Fell, American actor (Three's Company, The End, Graduate), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1998)
  • Mar 24 Eric Parkin, British classical pianist and champion of British composers, born in Stevenage, England (d. 2020)
  • Mar 24 "Boogie" Bill Webb, American Louisiana blues and R&B guitarist, singer and songwriter ("Bad Dog"), born in Jackson, Mississippi (d. 1990)
  • Mar 25 Julia Perry, American classical composer (Soul Symphony; Cask of Amontillado; Homunuclus C.F.), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1979)
  • Mar 25 Machiko Kyō, Japanese actress (Gate of Hell, Rashomon, Ugetsu), born in Osaka, Japan
  • Mar 27 Sarah Vaughan, American jazz singer ("Broken Hearted Melody"), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1990)
  • Mar 28 Frank Lovejoy, American actor (Man Against Crime, Meet McGraw), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1962)
  • Mar 28 Frederick "Freddie" Bartholomew, British child actor (Anna Karenina, David Copperfield, Captains Courageous), born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • Mar 28 Gerhard Fritsch, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1969)
  • Mar 28 Peter Baer, German-British artist and printmaker, born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • Mar 29 Jules de Corte, blind Dutch ballad singer and songwriter, born in Deurne, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • Mar 29 Andrew Frierson, pioneering African American opera singer, born in Columbia, Tennessee (d. 2018)
  • Mar 30 Milko Kelemen, Croat composer (Archetypon), born in Slatina, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (now Croatia) (d. 2018)
  • Mar 31 Leo Buscaglia, American psychologist known as "Dr Love" (Love), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1998)

Famous Weddings

  • Mar 19 American poet e.e. (Edward Estlin) Cummings marries first wife Elaine Orr. The marriage lasts less than 9 months.

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Princess Louise of Belgium, eldest daughter of Leopold II, dies at 66
  • Mar 6 Meyer van Beem, Dutch actor (Mottige Janus, Black Venus), dies at 85
  • Mar 7 Pat Moran, American baseball player and manager (Cincinnati Reds), dies of Bright's Disease at 48
  • Mar 12 Hilaire de Chardonnet, French industrialist and inventor (rayon), dies at 84
  • Mar 18 Frederick Bridge, English organist and composer, dies at 79
  • Mar 22 Robert Nivelle, French military officer, dies at 67
  • Mar 25 John Reedman, cricketer (Test for Aust 1894, 17 & 4, 1 for 24), dies
  • Mar 26 Augusto (de Oliveira) Machado, Portuguese composer (Lauriane; Camões es os Luziadas), dies at 78
  • Mar 27 Walter Parratt, British organist and composer, dies at 83
  • Mar 29 Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish organist, conductor, composer, and music teacher (Royal College of Music, 1882-1924), dies at 71