What Happened in October 1924

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 1st Dutch airliner, the Fokker F.VII takes off from Amsterdam for Batavia (Java)

World Record

Oct 1 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)at Vilpuri, Russia

  • Oct 1 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Landis bans NY Giants outfielder Jimmy O'Connell & coach Cozy Dolan from World Series after they attempt to bribe Phillies shortstop Heinie Sand
  • Oct 2 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
  • Oct 3 King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
  • Oct 4 New York Giants became first team to play in 4 consecutive World Series; win Game 1, 4-3 at Griffith Field; lose series, 4-3 in manager John McGraw's 9th and final WS appearance
  • Oct 5 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • Oct 7 Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms

Historic Event

Oct 8 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives

  • Oct 10 Baseball World Series: Washington Senators edge NY Giants, 4-3 in 12 innings in Game 7 at Griffith Stadium to take series, 4-3; Sens' first World Series victory
  • Oct 11 Bureau of Surrealist Research opens in Paris, directed by Antonin Artaud, resource centre for surrealist writers
  • Oct 12 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow

Historic Event

Oct 13 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

  • Oct 14 Arnold Schoeberg's opera "Die Gluckliche Hand" premieres in Vienna

Historic Publication

Oct 15 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

Statue of Liberty

Oct 15 US President Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument

Sports History

Oct 18 Harold "Red" Grange, finest collegiate football game (4 long TD runs)

  • Oct 18 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, NY Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
  • Oct 19 General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hr work day in Belgium
  • Oct 20 1st Negro League World Series: KC Monarchs shuts out Hilldales, 5-0
  • Oct 21 KLM Fokker's F7 H-NACC departs to Dutch East Indies
  • Oct 22 Toastmasters International is founded
  • Oct 24 Christian General Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
  • Oct 24 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine awarded to Dutchman Willem Einthoven "for his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram"
  • Oct 27 The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union
  • Oct 28 French-Russian trade agreement signed

Scientific Discovery

Oct 28 Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.

  • Oct 28 White Sox beat NY Giants 8-4 in Dublin, less than 20 fans attend

Election of Interest

Oct 29 Labour minority government loses British parliamentary election to Conservatives led by Stanley Baldwin

  • Oct 29 Musical revue "Dixie to Broadway" opens at Broadhurst Theater
  • Oct 31 World Savings Day announced in Milan, Italy, by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks)

Famous Birthdays

Jimmy Carter

Oct 1 Jimmy Carter, American politician, 39th US President (D) (1977-81), born in Plains, Georgia

  • Oct 1 Roger Williams [Louis Jacob Weertz], American popular music pianist ("Born Free"), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2011)
  • Oct 1 William Rehnquist, American lawyer and 16th Chief Justice of the United States (1986-2005), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2005)
  • Oct 2 Sam Wainwright, deputy chairman (British Post Office)
  • Oct 3 Arkady Vorobyov, Russian weightlifter (Olympic gold Middle-heavyweight 1956, 60), born in Mordovo, Tambov Oblast, Russia (d. 2012)
  • Oct 3 Franco Cristaldi, Italian film producer (Amarcord) and Claudia Cardinale's husband, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1992)
  • Oct 3 Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist and founding editor of Mad magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1993)
  • Oct 5 Barbara Kelly, Canadian-born actress (What's My Line?, United Kingdom), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2007)
  • Oct 5 Bill Dana [William Szathmary], American comedian, characters actor (José Jiménez) and screenwriter (The Nude Bomb, The Bill Dana Show), born in Quincy, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • Oct 5 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), born in Santiago (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Alphons Egli, Swiss politcian and member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Lucerne, Switzerland (d. 2016)
  • Oct 8 Arkady Vorobyev, Russian middle heavyweight (Olympic gold 1956, 60), born in Tetyushi, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia (d. 2012)
  • Oct 9 Arnie Risen, Basketball Hall of Fame center (NBA All Star 1952-55; NBA C'ship 1951, 57; Rochester Royals, Boston Celtics), born in Williamstown, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • Oct 9 Robert A. Rushworth, American test pilot (X-15), born in Madison, Maine (d. 1993)
  • Oct 10 Ed Wood, American filmmaker and director (Plan 9 from Outer Space), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1978)
  • Oct 10 James Clavell, British-American author (The Asian Saga), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Oct 10 Ludmilla Tchérina, French prima ballerina, artist, actress, choreographer and author (Sins of Rome), born in Paris, France (d. 2004)
  • Oct 11 Mal Whitfield, American track athlete (Olympic 3 gold, silver & bronze 1948, 52), born in Bay City, Texas (d. 2015)
  • Oct 12 Doris Grau, American script supervisor, actress and voice artist (Point Blank, King Kong), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1995)
  • Oct 13 Terry Gibbs [Julius Gubenko], American jazz vibraphonist and band leader (The Dream Band; Steve Allen Comedy Hour), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 14 Robert Webber, American actor (12 Angry Men, Moonlighting, 79 Park Avenue), born in Santa Ana, California (d. 1989)
  • Oct 15 Colin Romoff, American orchestra leader (Andy Williams Show), born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)
  • Oct 15 Henry Sy Sr., Chinese Malay businessman 'Philippines Retail King', born 1924 Jinjiang, China (d. 2019)
  • Oct 15 Lee Iacocca, American automotive executive (CEO of Chrysler Corp), born in Allentown, Pennsylvania (d. 2019)
  • Oct 15 Marguerite Andersen, German francophone writer and educator, born in Germany
  • Oct 15 Mark Lenard, American actor (Mr Spock's dad Sarek-Star Trek), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 15 Nigel Green, South African-born British character actor (Zulu, Skull, Tobruk, Ipcress File), born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1972)
  • Oct 17 Don Coryell, American College Football Hall of Fame/NFL coach (SD Chargers), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2010)
  • Oct 18 Allyn Ferguson, American orchestra leader (Andy Williams Show), and TV theme composer (Barney Miller; Charlie's Angels), born in San Jose, California (d. 2010)
  • Oct 18 Egil Hovland, Norwegian composer, born in Råde, Norway (d. 2013)
  • Oct 18 Frank Liedel [Leo van Assche], Flemish writer (Kaperbrief)
  • Oct 18 Hugh Allan "Buddy" MacMaster, Canadian musician
  • Oct 20 Kenneth W. Gatland, British aerospace scientist (d. 1997)
  • Oct 20 Stanley Booth-Clibborn, British Anglican Bishop of Manchester, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Oct 21 Celia Cruz, Cuban-American Grammy Award-winning guaracha, salsa, and bolero singer (La Sonora Matancera, 1950-65), known as 'the Queen of Salsa', born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2003)
  • Oct 21 Joyce Randolph, American actress (The Honeymooners - "Trixie Norton"), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Oct 24 Jose Casanovas, Spanish composer, born in Barcelona (d. 1996)
  • Oct 24 Piet Roozenburg, Dutch World champion checker player (1948, 51, 52, 55), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • Oct 25 Billy Barty [William John Bertanzetti,], American actor (Under the Rainbow, Foul Play), born in Millsboro, Pennsylvania (d. 2000)
  • Oct 25 Bobby Brown, American baseball third baseman (NY Yankees; World Series 1947, 49–51) and executive (president American League 1984-94), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2021)
  • Oct 25 Earl Palmer, American session drummer and Rock and Roll Hall of Famer (The Wrecking Crew), born in New Orleans (d. 2008)
  • Oct 26 Tex Coulter, American NFL defensive lineman (All Pro 1948, 51-52; Pro Bowl 1951-52; NY Giants), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2007)
  • Oct 26 Tom Lewis, American politician (Rep-R-Florida, 1983-93), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Oct 27 Alain Bombard, French Biologist, Physician, and Politician who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in a small boat to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive without provisions, born in Paris, France
  • Oct 27 Bonnie Lou [Mary Joan Okum], American rockabilly musician ("Tennessee Mambo"), born in Towanda, Illinois (d. 2015)
  • Oct 27 Gary Chester [Cesario Gurciullo], Italian-American session drummer (Ben E. King; Dionne Warwick; John Denver) and drum instructor, born in Siracusa, Italy (d. 1987)
  • Oct 27 George Wallington [Giacinto Figlia], Italian-American jazz pianist, composer ("Lemon Drop"; "Godchild"), and bandleader, born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1993)
  • Oct 27 Michel Galabru, French actor (Judge & the Assassin), born in Safi, Morocco (d. 2016)
  • Oct 27 Ruby Dee, American actress (A Raisin in the Sun; American Gangster), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2014)
  • Oct 28 Alfonso Montecino, Chilean-American composer, born in Osorno, Chile (d. 2015)
  • Oct 28 Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1996)
  • Oct 29 Zbigniew Herbert, Polish poet and writer, born in Lwów, Poland (d. 1998)
  • Oct 30 (John) Norman Bird, British stage, wireless, and screen character actor (Worzel Gummidge, 1979–81 - "Mr Braithwaite"), born in Coalville, Leicestershire, England (d. 2005)
  • Oct 30 Hannelore Weygrand, German equestrian dressage (Olympic silver 1956), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 2017)

Famous Divorces

Margaret Mitchell

Oct 16 American writer ("Gone with the Wind") Margaret Mitchell divorces 1st husband Berrien "Red" Upshaw

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 5 Joseph Vézina, Canadian conductor (Orchestre Symphonique de Québec, 1902-24), and composer (Le Rajah), dies at 75
  • Oct 5 Tom Campbell, South African cricket wicket keeper (5 Tests, 8 dismissals), dies in a railway accident at 42
  • Oct 6 Jacques Oppenheim, lawyer, dies at 75
  • Oct 7 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Patristischen Philosophie), dies at 71
  • Oct 9 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • Oct 12 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), dies at 80
  • Oct 12 Monroe Althouse, American composer, dies at 71
  • Oct 21 Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick, Belgian composer, dies at 76
  • Oct 29 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British born American playwright and children's author ("Little Lord Fauntleroy"), dies at 74