On This Day

What Happened in January 1925

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
  • Jan 1 11th Rose Bowl: Notre Dame beats Stanford, 27-10
  • Jan 1 Australian cricketer Bill Ponsford becomes the first batsman to score a century in each of his first 2 Tests when he hits 128 against England in the 2nd Test in Melbourne; Australia wins by 81 runs
  • Jan 2 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Benito Mussolini dissolves the Italian parliament and proclaims himself dictator of Italy, taking the title "Il Duce" (the Leader)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jan 4 French psychologist Emil Coué brings his self-esteem therapy to US "Every day in every way I am getting better & better"
  • Jan 5 James Gleason & Richard Tabers "Is zat so?" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 5 Nellie Taylor Ross became governor of Wyoming, 1st woman governor in USA
  • Jan 5 Under Polish control, Danzig establishes Port Gdańsk post office
  • Jan 5 French Baseball Federation awards silver medals to John McGraw, Charlie Comiskey, & Hugh Jennings
  • Jan 5 England cricket openers Herbert Sutcliffe (176) and Jack Hobbs (154) display heroics in their 1st innings but the tourists sink to an 81 run defeat in the 2nd Test against Australia in Melbourne; Sutcliffe also adds 127 in the England 2nd innings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Paavo Nurmi, sets indoor record, 4:13.6 mile & 14:44.6 5,000m

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Mikhail Frunze replaces Leon Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Military and Native Affairs (Minister of Defence) as Trotsky and Joseph Stalin battle for power in the aftermath of Vladimir Lenin's death

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jan 6 Mussolini forms a cabinet composed entirely of Fascists in Italy
  • Jan 7 Musical "Big Boy" with Al Jolson premieres in NYC
  • Jan 8 1st all-female US state supreme court appointed, Texas

  • Jan 8 England cricket opening batsman Herbert Sutcliffe follows his 1st innings 176 with 127 in the 2nd innings but his team cannot avoid an 81 run defeat to Australia in the 2nd Test in Melbourne
  • Jan 9 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption
  • Jan 10 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson sworn in as Governor of Texasr, 2nd US woman governor, 1st ever elected
  • Jan 10 Allies refuse to evacuate the Cologne area of Germany as agreed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11 Frank Kellogg replaces Charles Hughes as US Secretary of State

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • Jan 12 John Howard Lawson's "Processional" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 14 Alban Berg's atonale opera "Wozzeck" premieres in Berlin
  • Jan 15 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP
  • Jan 19 -48°F (-44°C), Van Buren, Maine (state record)
  • Jan 20 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • Jan 21 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
  • Jan 22 Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu
  • Jan 24 Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island
  • Jan 24 Sandler follows Branting as premier of Sweden
  • Jan 28 -46°F (-43°C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 British Liberal Party chooses David Lloyd George as leader

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 30 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
  • Jan 31 Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola
  • Jan 31 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Sydney: Daphne Akhurst wins 1st of 5 home titles; beats fellow Australian Esna Boyd 1-6, 8-6, 6-4
  • Jan 31 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Sydney: James Anderson of Australia wins 2nd straight Australasian crown; beats countryman Gerald Patterson 11-9, 2-6, 6-2, 6-3

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Valentina Cortesa, Italian actress (Day for Night, Kidnap Syndicate), born in Milan, Italy
  • Jan 1 Matthew "Stymie" Beard, American actor (d. 1981)
  • Jan 1 Raymond Pellegrin, French actor
  • Jan 2 Andry Maryanovich Nikodemovich, composer
  • Jan 2 William J Crowe Jr, Kentucky, chairman joint chief of staff
  • Jan 2 Larry Harmon, American entertainer and TV producer (d. 2008)
  • Jan 4 Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish cross country skier (Olympic gold 1952, 56, 60), born in Kurkijoki, Finland (d. 2003)
  • Jan 4 Johnny Lujack, American College Football Hall of Fame quarterback (Heisman Trophy 1947; National C'ship 1943, 46-47; Notre Dame; Pro Bowl 1950-51; Chicago Bears), born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 5 Wolf Morris, English actor (Decoy), born in Portsmouth, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 6 John Z. DeLorean, American automaker (DeLorean), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2005)
  • Jan 7 Gerald Malcolm Durrell, Britain, zoologist/writer (Mockery Bird)
  • Jan 8 James Saunders, English playwright (Ark), born in Islington, London (d. 2004)
  • Jan 8 Helmuth Hubener, German activist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • Jan 9 Abdelhamid ben Hadouga, Algerian writer, born in Mansoura, Algeria (d. 1996)
  • Jan 9 Lee Van Cleef, American actor (For a Few Dollars More, Escape from NY), born in Somerville, New Jersey (d. 1989)
  • Jan 12 Bill Burrud, American television host (Safari to Adventure, Animal World), born in Hollywood, California (d. 1990)
  • Jan 12 Laurentiu Profeta, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2006)
  • Jan 12 Ralph Legall, West Indian cricket wicket-keeper (4 Tests), born in St Michael, Barbados (d. 2003)
  • Jan 12 Katherine "Scottie" MacGregor, American actress (Little House on the Prairie), born in Glendale, California (d. 2018)
  • Jan 13 Gwyneth “Gwen” Verdon, American actress, singe and dancer (Cotton Club, Sweet Charity), born in Culver City, California (d. 2000)
  • Jan 13 Rosemary Murphy, American actress (Margaret-Lucas Tanner), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2014)
  • Jan 14 Yukio Mishima, Japanese novelist (Temple of Golden Pavilion), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1970)
  • Jan 14 Louis Quilico, Canadian opera singer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)
  • Jan 14 Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-born French businessman, entrepreneur and soft-drink manufacturer (Orangina), born in Boufarik, French Algeria (d. 2013)
  • Jan 15 Keith Bentley, international racing cyclist
  • Jan 15 Ruth Slenczynska, American pianist, born in Sacramento, California
  • Jan 17 A H Kardar, cricketer (Pak 1st Test capt, prev played for India)
  • Jan 17 Annie Delorie, Dutch opera singer (Scenes & Arias)
  • Jan 17 Duane Hanson, US sculptor
  • Jan 17 Robert Cormier, American author (d. 2000)
  • Jan 17 Edgar Ray Killen, American convict, former preacher, K.K.K. member and murderer, born in Philadelphia, Mississippi (d. 2018)
  • Jan 18 Anthony Joly de Lotbiniere, British TV producer, born in Cheshire, England
  • Jan 18 Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (Difference and Repetition), born in Paris, France (d. 1995)
  • Jan 18 Roepie Kruize, Dutch field hockey player (Olympic-Bronze-48/Silver-52), born in Heemstede, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jan 18 Edouard Dermithe, Italian actor (Orpheus, Thomas the Impostor), born in Gallignana, Istria, Italian Empire (d. 1995)
  • Jan 19 Nina [Mary] Bawden, English author (Afternoon of a Good Woman), (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan Catholic priest, politician and writer, born in Granada, Nicaragua
  • Jan 20 Eugen Gomringer, Bolivian-born German poet, born in Cachuela Esperanza, Bolivia
  • Jan 21 George Conner, American College and Pro Football Hall of Fame tackle / linebacker (Pro Bowl 1950–53; First-team All-Pro 1950–53, 55; Chicago Bears), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2003)
  • Jan 21 Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock, railway writer
  • Jan 22 Leslie Silver, English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 23 Marty Paich, American musician, conductor, producer and arranger (Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, Ella Fitzgerald, Aretha Franklin, Michael Jackson), born in Oakland, California (d. 1995)

Person of interestMaria Tallchief

Jan 24 Maria Tallchief, American prima ballerina, born in Fairfax, Oklahoma (d. 2013)

Ballerina Maria Tallchief
Ballerina
Maria Tallchief
  • Jan 24 William Hudson, American actor (I Led 3 Lives), born in Gilroy, California (d. 1974)
  • Jan 25 Eric Dempster, New Zealand cricketer (NZ slow bowl of mid-50's, bowling avg 109.5), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2011)
  • Jan 25 Giorgos Zampetas, Greek musician & songwriter, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1992)
  • Jan 26 David Jenkins, Bishop (Durham)
  • Jan 26 Desmond Cassidi, British admiral
  • Jan 26 Joan Leslie, American actress (High Sierra, Yankee Doodle Dandy), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)

Person of interestPaul Newman

Jan 26 Paul Newman, American actor (Hud, Hombre, Hustler), racing car driver and charity food company founder (Newman's Own), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2008)

Actor & Entrepreneur Paul Newman
Actor & Entrepreneur
Paul Newman
  • Jan 26 Claude Ryan, Quebec newspaper editor (d. 2004)
  • Jan 27 Geoffrey Tucker, British political consultant
  • Jan 27 John Bury, British stage designer who worked with Peter Hall (d. 2000)
  • Jan 28 Henry Harris, British professor of medicine
  • Jan 29 Pier Tania (Meinte Piet), radio/TV host (ANP, De Bezetting)
  • Jan 30 Dorothy Malone, American actress (At Gunpoint, Night & Day, Peyton Place), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2018)

Person of interestDouglas Engelbart

Jan 30 Douglas Engelbart, American computer scientist (computer mouse, Engelbart's Law), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2013)

Computer Scientist Douglas Engelbart
Computer Scientist
Douglas Engelbart
  • Jan 30 Chalmers "Bump" Elliott, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback and coach (U of Michigan) and college athletics administrator (Iowa), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • Jan 31 Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader
  • Jan 31 Charles Aidman, American TV narrator (New Twilight Zone), born in Frankfort, Indiana
  • Jan 31 Fred Catherwood, British politician, Vice President of the European Parliament 1989-1992, born in Castledawson, County Londonderry (d. 2014)
  • Jan 31 Micheline Lannoy, Belgian figure skating pairs (Olympic gold 1948), born in Brussels, Belgium

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 26 Politician Seán MacBride (21) weds Catalina Bulfin in Dublin, Ireland

Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride
Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA
Seán MacBride

LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 28 Actress Gloria Swanson (25) weds aristocrat Henri de la Falaise (26) in Paris, France


Famous Deaths

  • Jan 12 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist and founder of modern mycology, dies at 85
  • Jan 14 Willem Devout, self employed (V & Dreesmann), dies
  • Jan 19 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, Queen consort of the Two Sicilies, dies at 83
  • Jan 25 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • Jan 30 Jakab Gyula Major, Hungarian pianist and composer, dies at 66
  • Jan 30 John F Mellaerts, Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79
  • Jan 31 George W. Cable, American writer (Northampton Years), dies at 80