On This Day

What Happened in April 1926

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Montreal Maroons' Clint Benedict becomes first NHL goalie to record 3 straight playoff shutouts, in a 3-0 win against the visiting Victoria Cougars in Game 2 of the Stanley Cup Championship series
  • Apr 2 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta

Historic Invention

Apr 3 Second flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard

  • Apr 3 Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
  • Apr 4 Greek dictator Theodoros Pangalos elected president
  • Apr 6 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Maroons beat Victoria Cougars (WHL), 2-0 for a 3-1 series victory
  • Apr 7 Forest fire burns 900 acres & kills 2 (San Luis Obispo California)

Historic Event

Apr 7 Mussolini is shot at 3 times by Violet Gibson in Rome, she only hits him once in the nose

  • Apr 11 Flemish Economic Covenant (VEV) forms in Ghent
  • Apr 12 Dutch Catholic Radio Broadcast (KRO) forms

Sports History

Apr 13 At 38, Walter Johnson pitches his 7th opening day shutout

  • Apr 13 Cyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam
  • Apr 16 Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
  • Apr 18 Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf, Germany
  • Apr 19 30th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Johnny Miles in 2:25:40.4
  • Apr 20 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
  • Apr 22 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security

Music Premiere

Apr 25 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Turandot" premieres in Milan

  • Apr 25 Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi
  • Apr 26 Germany & Russia sign neutrality peace treaty
  • Apr 26 Karachai Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1943)
  • Apr 27 In the Giants' 9-8 win over Phillies, Mel Ott, 17, 1st appearance
  • Apr 29 France and US reach accord on repayment of WW I

Famous Birthdays

Anne McCaffrey

Apr 1 Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, American sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2011)

  • Apr 1 Lyndon Brook, British actor (Invasion, Reach for the Sky), born in York, England (d. 2004)
  • Apr 1 Charles Bressler, American tenor
  • Apr 1 Denis Lalanne, French sports journalist ('Le grand combat du XV de France'; 'Rugbymania: French flair attitude'), born in Pau, France (d. 2019)
  • Apr 2 Michael Rizzello, English sculptor and coin designer, born in London (d. 2004)
  • Apr 2 Jack Brabham, Australian auto racer and team owner (World F1 champion 1959-60, 66), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2014)
  • Apr 2 David Mason, British orchestral, solo and session trumpet player (The Beatles - "Penny Lane"), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • Apr 3 Andrew Keir, Scottish character actor (Rob Roy, Absolution, Blood Hunt, Catholics), born in Shotts, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1997)
  • Apr 3 Virgil Grissom, US Air Force test pilot and NASA astronaut (Mercury-Redstone 4, Gemini 3, Apollo 1), born in Mitchell, Indiana (d. 1967)
  • Apr 3 Alex Grammas, American baseball player, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Apr 5 Roger Corman, American producer and director (Little Shop of Horrors), born in Detroit, Michigan

Ian Paisley

Apr 6 Ian Paisley, First Minister of Northern Ireland (Democratic Unionist Party: 2007-08), loyalist politician and Protestant religious leader, born in Armagh, Northern Ireland (d. 2014)

  • Apr 6 Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • Apr 7 Johannes Rood, Dutch immunologist (Eurotransplant)
  • Apr 8 Henry N. Cobb, American architect (Pei Cobb Freed & Partners), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2020)
  • Apr 8 Jürgen Moltmann, German Reformed theologian, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Apr 9 Graham Hills, English physical scientist and principal (Strathclyde University, England), born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex (d. 2014)
  • Apr 9 Harris Wofford, American politician (Sen-D-Pennsylvania 1991-94), head of AmeriCorps, born in New York City (d. 2019)

Hugh Hefner

Apr 9 Hugh Hefner, American magazine publisher and businessman (Playboy), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)

  • Apr 9 Gerry Fitt, Northern Irish politician (Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party), born in Beechmount, Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2005)
  • Apr 9 Michael Ogden, British barrister (Ogden Tables), born in London (d. 2003)
  • Apr 10 Junior Samples, American comedian and country singer (Hee Haw), born in Cumming, Georgia (d. 1983)
  • Apr 10 Jacques Castérède, French composer and pianist (Pandora's Box), born in Paris (d. 2014)
  • Apr 10 Johnnie Tillmon, civil rights activist (National Welfare Rights Association), born in Scott, Arkansas (d. 1995)
  • Apr 11 Gervase de Peyer, British clarinetist, born in London (d. 2017)
  • Apr 11 Robert Hall Lewis, American composer, born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1996)
  • Apr 11 Victor Bouchard, Canadian pianist and composer, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 2011)
  • Apr 12 Jane Withers, American film child star (Bright Eyes; Ginger), character actress (Giant), and commercial spokesperson (Josephine the Plumber), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2021)
  • Apr 12 James Hillman, American psychologist, and educator (C.G. Jung Institute, Zurich), born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • Apr 13 John Spencer-Churchill, 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner, born in Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, England (d. 2014)
  • Apr 14 Jan Maegaard, Danish composer and musicologist (Triptykon), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 2012)
  • Apr 14 Gloria Jean, American actress and singer (Never Give a Sucker an Even Break), born in Buffalo, New York
  • Apr 14 Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
  • Apr 14 Liz Renay [Pearl Elizabeth Dobbins], American actress (Desperate Living), born in Chandler, Arizona (d. 2007)
  • Apr 14 Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author, born in Hastings, New Zealand (d. 2013)
  • Apr 16 Barbara Tizard, British educator and author, born in London (d. 2015)
  • Apr 17 Ronald Senator, British composer (Holocaust Requiem), and educator (Musicolor), born In London (d. 2015)
  • Apr 17 Arthur Hockaday, Director-General (Commonwealth War Graves Commission), born in Plymouth
  • Apr 17 Gerry McNeil, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada (d. 2004)
  • Apr 18 Doug Insole, English cricketer (England batsman of the 50's, nine Tests), born in Clapton, London (d. 2017)
  • Apr 18 Günter Meisner, German actor (Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, Between Wars, Adolf Hitler, Quiller Memorandum), born in Bremen, Weimar Republic (d. 1994)
  • Apr 18 Jimmy Rowser, American jazz double-bassist (Dinah Washington; Ray Bryant; Les McCann), and teacher, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2004)
  • Apr 19 Kim Bok-dong, Korean sex slave activist, born in Yangsan, Korea (d. 2019)
  • Apr 20 Harriet Elizabeth Byrd, American politician, Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives (1998-88), born in Cheyenne, Wyoming (d. 2015)

Elizabeth II

Apr 21 Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, 1952- ), born in London, England

  • Apr 21 Arthur Rowley, English soccer forward (most goals in English league football, 434 from 619 games; Leicester City, Shrewsbury Town), born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 2002)
  • Apr 21 Herbert Schlosser, American television executive (NBC - hired Johnny Carson; championed Laugh-In; conceptualized Saturday Night Live), born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2021),
  • Apr 22 Charlotte Rae, American character actress, (Facts Of Life - "Edna"), comedian, singer and dancer, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2018)
  • Apr 22 James Stirling, Scottish architect, born in Glasgow (d. 1992)
  • Apr 23 J. P. Donleavy, American novelist (Ginger Man, Onion Eaters), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 24 Glen Hobbie, American MLB pitcher (Chicago Cubs), born in Witt, Illinois (d. 2013)
  • Apr 24 Thorbjorn Falldin, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (1976-78, 79-82) and sheep farmer, born in Hogsjo (d. 2016)
  • Apr 25 Paul Walter Fürst, Austrian musician and composer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2013)
  • Apr 25 Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (Social Democratic Party of Austria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2008)
  • Apr 26 David Coleman, British sports commentator (BBC 1954-2000), born in Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England (d. 2013)
  • Apr 26 Oldřich František Korte, Czech composer, born in Šaľa, Slovakia (d. 2014)
  • Apr 26 Preston Robert Tisch, American businessman (co-founder of Loews Corp), and NFL co-owner (NY Giants, 1991-2005), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • Apr 26 Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 2003)
  • Apr 27 Ernest McCulloch, Canadian stem cell research pioneer, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2011)
  • Apr 28 Francis Burt, British composer, born in London (d. 2012)

Harper Lee

Apr 28 [Nelle] Harper Lee, American author (To Kill a Mockingbird), born in Monroeville Alabama (d. 2016)

  • Apr 29 Carrie Meek, American politician (Rep-D-Florida 1993-2003), born in Tallahassee, Florida
  • Apr 30 Cloris Leachman, American Oscar and Emmy Award-winning actress (The Last Picture Show; The Mary Tyler Moore Show - "Phyllis"), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 2021) [1] [2]
  • Apr 30 Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool's Day), born in Marple, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1982)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 6 Giovanni Amendola, Italian anti-fascist and editor-in-chief (Il Mondo), dies at 43
  • Apr 9 Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer famous for his tapered head, dies at about 83

Luther Burbank

Apr 11 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, dies of gastrointestinal complications at 77

  • Apr 15 Frank Iredale, Australian cricketer (14 Tests for Aust, 807 runs at 36 68), dies at 58
  • Apr 19 Sir Squire Bancroft [Butterfield], British actor and manager known for creating 'drawing-room comedy' (Haymarket), dies at 84
  • Apr 19 Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov, Russian statistician (b. 1874)
  • Apr 23 Joseph Pennell, American artist and author, dies at 68
  • Apr 25 Ellen Key, Swedish author and feminist (Courageous Woman), dies at 76

Bessie Coleman

Apr 30 Bessie Coleman, American aviator and 1st African-American woman and Native American to hold a pilot license, dies in a plane crash at 34 [1]