On This Day

What Happened in January 1927

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Communist uprising in West Java
  • Jan 1 Brooklyn announces release of future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Zack Wheat after 18 consecutive seasons with Robins; Wheat hits .324 in final season with Philadelphia A's

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 1 Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).
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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
  • Jan 1 13th Rose Bowl: Stanford ties Alabama, 7-7
  • Jan 5 Fox Studios exhibits Movietone
  • Jan 5 Judge Landis begins 3-day public hearing on charges that 4 games played between Chicago & Detroit in 1917 had been thrown to White Sox
  • Jan 6 US marines return to Nicaragua
  • Jan 7 Commercial transatlantic telephone service inaugurated between New York & London
  • Jan 7 Harlem Globetrotters play their 1st game in Hinckley, Illinois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 Dmitri Shostakovich' Octet opus 11 premieres in Moscow

  • Jan 9 Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal, 78 children died
  • Jan 10 Fritz Lang's silent film "Metropolis" premieres in Berlin
  • Jan 11 Royale Theater (Golden, CBS Radio Playhouse) opens at 242 W 45th NYC
  • Jan 11 Louis B. Mayer head of film studio MGM announces creation of Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
  • Jan 13 US & Mexico battle over oil interests
  • Jan 14 Toronto Maple Leafs 1st hat trick (Hap Day) vs NY Rangers
  • Jan 15 The Tennessee Supreme Court overturns (on a technicality) John T. Scopes' guilty verdict for teaching evolution — but the law itself remains in force
  • Jan 19 British government decides to send troops to China
  • Jan 21 1st national opera broadcast from a US opera house (Faust, Chicago)

Film release premierFilm Release

Jan 24 Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film as director - The Pleasure Garden, in England

  • Jan 26 Maxwell Anderson's play "Saturday's Children" premieres in New York City
  • Jan 27 Australian Championships Women's Tennis, Melbourne: Esna Boyd wins title after 5 consecutive runner-up finishes; beats Sylvia Lance Harper 5-7, 6-1, 6-2
  • Jan 27 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Gerald Patterson wins his only home title; beats countryman John Hawkes 3-6, 6-4, 3-6, 18-16, 6-3
  • Jan 28 Serbian-Croatian-Slavic government of Oezonowitsj falls
  • Jan 29 4th German government of Marx forms
  • Jan 30 Left wins national election in Thuringen
  • Jan 31 Internationall allied military command in Germany disbands
  • Jan 31 NL President John Heydler rules Rogers Hornsby can't hold stock in the Cardinals & play for the Giants

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Juliusz Luciuk, composer
  • Jan 1 Yuri Grigorovich, Leningrad, choreographer
  • Jan 1 Doak Walker, American College and Pro Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1948; Pro Bowl 1950-51, 53–55; First-team All-Pro 1950–51, 53–54; Detroit Lions), born Dallas, Texas (d. 1998)
  • Jan 1 Maurice Béjart, French choreographer (d. 2007)
  • Jan 1 Patricia "Pat" Heywood, Scottish actress (10 Rillington Place, Lucky Feller), born in Gretna Green, Scotland

Person of interestVernon L. Smith

Jan 1 Vernon L. Smith, American economist and Nobel laureate, born in Wichita, Kansas

Economist Vernon L. Smith
Economist
Vernon L. Smith
  • Jan 1 Carl Scheib, American baseball pitcher (at the time [1943] youngest player in MLB history at 16; Philadelphia A’s), born in Gratz, Pennsylvania (d. 2018)
  • Jan 2 David Herbert, publisher
  • Jan 2 Richard Belmont Ray, (Rep-D-Ga) [or Feb 2]
  • Jan 4 Barbara Rush, American actress (Marsha-Peyton Place, It Came From Outer Space, Flamingo Road), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Jan 4 Paul Desmarais, Canadian businessman
  • Jan 6 Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, 11th US Surgeon General (1969-73), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • Jan 8 Charles Tomlinson, British poet & translator, born in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire (d. 2015)
  • Jan 10 Gisele MacKenzie [LaFlèche], Canadian singer and actress (Your Hit Parade), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 2003)
  • Jan 10 Johnnie Ray, American pop singer (Cry), born in Dallas, Oregon (d. 1990)
  • Jan 10 Lee Philips, American actor and director (Peyton Place, Ellery Queen), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1999)
  • Jan 10 Otto Stich, Swiss politician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 2012)
  • Jan 11 John Hayes, New Zealand cricket fast bowler (15 Tests, 30 wickets), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2007)
  • Jan 11 Wilton "Bogey" Gaynair, saxophonist
  • Jan 12 Salvatore Martirano, American composer, born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1995)
  • Jan 13 Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
  • Jan 13 Sydney Brenner, South African biologist known for his contributions on the genetic code and molecular biology (Nobel Laureate 2002), born in Germiston, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Jan 14 Ivan Kalita, Soviet equestrian dressage (Olympic silver 1968), born in Tambov Governorate (d. 1996)
  • Jan 14 Zuzana Ruzickova, Czech harpsichordist & WWII survivor, born in Bohemia, Czech Republic (d. 2017)
  • Jan 15 Francis Routh, British composer, born in Worcestershire, England
  • Jan 15 Norm Crosby, American comedian (Young at Heart Comedians), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jan 17 Donald Erb, American composer known for large orchestral works, born in Youngstown, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • Jan 17 Eartha Kitt, American singer (Santa Baby), dancer, comedian, actress and activist (Catwoman-Batman), born in North, South Carolina (d. 2008)
  • Jan 17 Michael Herford Wooller, TV/film producer
  • Jan 17 Dr Tom Dooley, American humanitarian (d. 1961)
  • Jan 18 Sundaram Balachander, Indian veena player, born in Mylapore, Chennai, India (d. 1990)
  • Jan 20 Geoffrey Atkins, British World Champion racket player (1954-72)
  • Jan 20 Olivier Strebelle, Belgian sculptor, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2017)
  • Jan 21 Clive Churchill, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 1985)
  • Jan 22 Joe Perry, NFL Hall-of-Famer
  • Jan 22 Lou Creekmur, American football player (Detroit Lions) and hall of famer, born in Hopelawn, New Jersey (d. 2009)
  • Jan 23 Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur & explorer, born in Solna Municipality, Sweden (d. 1994)
  • Jan 24 Paula Hawkins, American politician (Sen-R-FL, 1981-86), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2009)
  • Jan 24 Sir Patrick Macnaghten, 11th Baronet, British aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • Jan 25 Antônio Carlos Jobim [Tom Jobim], Brazilian singer-songwriter & composer (Getz/Gilberto), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1994)
  • Jan 25 Gregg Palmer [Palmer Edvind Lee], American actor (Scream, To Hell & Back), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2015)
  • Jan 25 Seung Sahn, Korean zen teacher (Korean line), born in North Korea (d. 2004)
  • Jan 25 Fernie Flaman, Canadian NHL player (Boston Bruins and Toronto Maple Leafs), born in Dysart, Canada (d. 2012)
  • Jan 26 José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (1986-90), born in La Ceiba, Honduras (d. 2005)
  • Jan 26 William Redfield, American actor (Jimmy Hughes Rookie Cop, Marriage), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • Jan 26 Bob Nieman, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • Jan 27 Doretta Morrow, American actress (Because You're Mine), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • Jan 27 Joe Perry, AAFC/NFL Hall of Fame fullback (SF 49ers, Balt Colts)
  • Jan 27 Michael Craig [Gregson], American actor (Escape 2000, Vault of Horror), born in Poona, British India
  • Jan 27 Nancy Dickerson, pioneering American radio and TV journalist (NBC, CBS), born in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin (d. 1997)
  • Jan 28 Anthony Garner, director (Conservative Central Office)
  • Jan 28 J D Hughes, Principal (Ruskin College-Oxford)
  • Jan 28 Ronnie Scott, jazz musician/club-owner
  • Jan 28 Don Fraser, American boxing promoter (LA venues; colourful wardrobe & offbeat PR gimmicks), born in Blythe, California (d. 2019)
  • Jan 29 Edward Abbey, American author (Desert Solitaire)
  • Jan 30 Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (1969-76, 1982-86) assassinated, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1986)

Person of interestLorraine Warren

Jan 31 Lorraine Warren, American paranormal investigator (Amityville haunting), born in Monroe, Connecticut (d. 2019)

Paranormal Investigator Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Lorraine Warren

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Carle David Tolmé Runge, German mathematician and physicist, dies at 70
  • Jan 9 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), dies at 71
  • Jan 11 Andrzej Gawroński, Polish Indologist and scholar, dies at 41

Person of interestJuliette Gordon Low

Jan 17 Juliette Gordon Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA, dies of breast cancer at 66

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low
  • Jan 19 Carlota of Mexico, princess of Belgium and empress consort of Mexico (1864-67), dies at 86
  • Jan 21 Floris H Verster, Dutch painter/cartoonist/etcher, dies at 65
  • Jan 22 John McCausland, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 90
  • Jan 27 Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army
  • Jan 27 Blessed Jurgis Matulaitis-Matulevičius (Matulewicz), Lithuanian bishop
  • Jan 30 Friedrich Ernst Koch, German composer, dies at 64