On This Day

What Happened in July 1928

Historical Events

  • Jul 2 British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 - the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928)
  • Jul 2 The Jenkins Television Corporation (owned by Charles Jenkins) goes on air with W3XK, the first television broadcasting station in the USA

Film & TV History

Jul 3 John Logie Baird demonstrates the first colour television transmission in London

  • Jul 6 1st all-talking motion picture shown in NY (Lights of NY)
  • Jul 6 Largest recorded hailstone at the time 1.5 lbs (7 inches in diameter) falls in Potter, Nebraska
  • Jul 6 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-French final René Lacoste beats defending champion Henri Cochet 6-1, 4-6, 6-4, 6-2
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Moody wins 2nd of 4 consecutive Wimbledon singles titles beating Lilí Álvarez 6-2, 6-3
  • Jul 7 American Edward Hamm sets then long jump world record at 25' 11" at Cambridge, Massachusetts

Historic Invention

Jul 7 Sliced bread sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company, Missouri, using a machine invented by Otto Frederick Rohwedder. Described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped.

  • Jul 8 Phillies set record of errorless 25 inning doubleheader
  • Jul 10 Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
  • Jul 12 1st televised tennis match
  • Jul 15 22nd Tour de France: Defending champion Nicolas Frantz of Luxembourg holds yellow jersey from start to finish; his Alcyon team has all 3 podium positions
  • Jul 19 King Fuad of Egypt seizes power and disbands parliament
  • Jul 20 The government of Hungary issues a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians
  • Jul 26 In only his second and final defence of his world heavyweight boxing title, Gene Tunney scores an 11-round TKO win over Tom Heeney at Yankee Stadium, NYC
  • Jul 26 Yanks score 11 runs in 12th beating Tigers 12-1
  • Jul 27 AVRO, General Vereniging Radio Omroep, forms
  • Jul 27 Kent cricket leg-spinner Tich Freeman becomes only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before end of July
  • Jul 28 IX Summer Olympic Games open in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Film & TV History

Jul 29 Test footage first created for Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie" with Mickey Mouse

  • Jul 29 Cleveland Indians score 17 in 1st 2 inns to beat Yanks 24-6 at Dunn Field they also set a record with 24 singles in 1 game
  • Jul 29 23rd Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (4-1)
  • Jul 29 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Home team retains title as Henri Cochet beats American Bill Tilden 9-7, 8-6, 6-4 for 3-1 lead; ends 4-1

Historic Event

Jul 30 George Eastman shows first amateur color motion pictures to guests at his New York house including Thomas Edison

  • Jul 31 Halina Konopacka of Poland hurls discus world record 39.62m to win first gold medal in women's Olympic athletics at the Amsterdam Games; American Lillian Copeland and Ruth Sveberg of Sweden take minor medals
  • Jul 31 In the first women’s Olympic track event, American sprinter Elizabeth Robinson equals her own world record 12.2s to win 100m gold medal in Amsterdam; Canadians Fanny Rosenfeld & Ethel Smith dead-heat (12.3s)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Volker Wangenheim, German conductor and composer (Sinfonia Notturna), born in Berlin (d. 2014)
  • Jul 2 Estelita Rodriguez, Cuban actress (Rio Bravo, Cuban Fireball, Havana Rose), born in Guanajay, Cuba (d. 1966)
  • Jul 2 Pavel Kohout, Czech director and author (Poor Murderer)
  • Jul 3 Evelyn Anthony, English historical writer (Poellenberg Inheritance), born in London (d. 2018)
  • Jul 3 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1977)
  • Jul 3 John Wills, Lord-Lieutenant of Avon 1974-96, born in Bristol (d. 1998)
  • Jul 4 Cathy Berberian, American mezzo-soprano and composer (Stripsody), born in Attleboro, Massachusetts (d. 1983)
  • Jul 4 Patrick Tilley, British sci-fi author (1st Family, Blood River)
  • Jul 4 Paul de Wispelaere, Flemish writer and critic, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 2016)
  • Jul 4 Sylvius Gerald Marie Rozendal, Premier of Netherlands Antilles, born in Willemstad, Curacao (d. 2003)
  • Jul 4 Giampiero Boniperti, Italian soccer striker (38 caps; Juventus 443 games), executive (chairman Juventus) and politician (deputy in European Parliament), born in Barengo, Italy (d. 2021)
  • Jul 5 Warren Oates, American actor (Dillinger, East of Eden, Stoney Burke), born in Depoy, Muhlenberg County (d. 1982)
  • Jul 5 Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (1981-84), born in Cartignies, Nord, France (d. 2013)
  • Jul 7 Ali Sadikin, Indonesian politician and governor of Jakarta (1966-77), born in Sumedang, West Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 2008)
  • Jul 7 Patricia Hitchcock, British-American actress, born in London, England (d. 2021)
  • Jul 8 Carol Henry, choreographer (Garry Moore Show), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Jul 8 Norma Donaldson, American stage and screen singer and actress (Across 110th Street; Poetic Justice; The Young And The Restless), born in Harlem, New York (d. 1994)
  • Jul 9 Vince Edwards, American actor, director, and singer (Ben Casey, The Devil's Brigade, Matt Lincoln, Firehouse), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1996)
  • Jul 9 Federico Bahamontes, Spanish road racing cyclist, born in Santo Domingo-Caudilla, Spain
  • Jul 9 Raúl Coloma, Chilean soccer goalkeeper (13 caps; Ferrobádminton, Municipal Santiago, Ferroviaros), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 2021)
  • Jul 10 Jack Nel, South African cricketer (South African opening bat in 6 Tests 1949-57), born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 2018)
  • Jul 10 Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • Jul 10 Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 2003)
  • Jul 10 Bernard Buffet, French painter (Expressionism), born in Paris (d. 1999)
  • Jul 11 Nic Jonk, sculptor/painter (Jonas & the Whale)
  • Jul 11 Robert Washburn, American composer and teacher, born in Bouckville, New York (d. 2013)
  • Jul 11 Marcos Calderón, Peruvian soccer coach (Peru 1975-79; Copa América 1975), born in Lima, Peru (d. 1987)
  • Jul 12 Sir Alastair Burnet [James William Alexander Burnet], British journalist and broadcaster (News at Ten), Born in Sheffield, England (d. 2012)
  • Jul 12 Elias James Corey, American organic chemist (Nobel 1990), born in Methuen, Massachusetts
  • Jul 12 Kathy Staff [Minnie Higginbottom], British actress (Mary Reilly, Last of the Summer Wine, Open All Hours), born in Dukinfield, Cheshire, England (d. 2008)
  • Jul 12 Barbara Cowsill, American singer and rock band mother (The Cowsills - "Hair"; "We Can Fly"), born in Cranston, Rhode Island (d. 1985)
  • Jul 12 Hayden White, American "literary criticism" historian (Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe), born in Martin, Tennessee (d. 2018)
  • Jul 13 Bob Crane, American DJ and actor (Hogan's Heroes; The Donna Reed Show), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1978)
  • Jul 13 Donal Michalsky, composer
  • Jul 13 Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
  • Jul 13 Leroy Vinnegar, American jazz and session bassist (Shelly Manne; Teddy Edwards; Les McCann), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1999)
  • Jul 13 Al Rex [Piccirilli], American rock upright bass player (Bill Haley & His Comets - "Rock Around The Clock"), born in Norristown, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • Jul 14 Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, English artist and teacher, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 14 Nancy Olson, American actress (Absent-Minded Professor, Pollyanna), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Jul 14 Ole Schmidt, Danish composer and conductor, born in Copenhagen (d. 2010)
  • Jul 14 Pierre Olaf [Trivier], French actor (Camelot, Don't Drink the Water, Kraft Music Hall), born in Caudéran, Bordeaux (d. 1995)
  • Jul 15 Carl Woese, American microbiologist
  • Jul 15 Pál Benkő, Hungarian-American chess player, author (Grandmaster; record 8 US Open Championships), born in Amiens, France (d. 2019)
  • Jul 15 Joseph Arthurlin "Joe" Harriott, Jamaican-British be-bop and free-form jazz alto saxophonist (Abstract), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1973)
  • Jul 16 Bella Davidovich, Jewish Soviet-American pianist (Chopin, Beethoven, Ravel), born in Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Jul 16 James Kilfedder, Northern Ireland unionist politician, born in Kinlough, Ireland (d. 1995)
  • Jul 16 Ray Thornton, American politician (Democratic U.S. Representative for Arkansas), born in Conway, Arkansas (d. 2016)
  • Jul 16 Robert Sheckley, American sci-fi author (10th Victim, Mindswap), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • Jul 16 Anita Brookner, English novelist (Hotel du Lac) and art historian, born in London (d. 2016)
  • Jul 16 Ticho Parly, Danish tenor, born in Copenhagen (d. 1993)
  • Jul 16 Jim Rathmann, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500, 1960; Race of Two Worlds at Monza, 1958), born in Alhambra, California (d. 2011)
  • Jul 17 Jean Muir, British fashion designer and dressmaker, born in London (d. 1995)
  • Jul 17 Vince Guaraldi, American jazz pianist and composer ("Cast Your Fate to the Wind"; Peanuts TV specials), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1976)
  • Jul 17 Joe Morello, American jazz drummer (Dave Brubeck Quartet - "Blue Rondo à la Turk"), born in Springfield, Massachussets (d. 2011)
  • Jul 18 Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch writer and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 2009)
  • Jul 19 John Bratby, English painter and writer (Breakdown), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1992)
  • Jul 20 Jan Meyers, (Rep-R-Kansas, 1985- )
  • Jul 20 Pavel Kohout, Czech and Austrian writer (Poor Murderer) and dissident, born in Prague
  • Jul 20 Peter Ind, British jazz double bassist, born in Middlesex, England
  • Jul 20 Charles David Ganao, Djambala, French Equatorial Africa, Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo (1996-1997), (d. 2012)
  • Jul 21 Sky Low Low [Marcel Gauthier], Canadian professional wrestler, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1998)
  • Jul 21 Chuck Low, American actor (Goodfellas; Once Upon A Time In America), born in New York City (d. 2017)
  • Jul 22 Georg Dreyfus, German-born Australian composer, born in Elberfeld
  • Jul 22 Orson Bean, American actor and comedian (To Tell the Truth), born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 2020)
  • Jul 22 Keter Betts, American jazz bassist (d. 2005)
  • Jul 23 Leon Fleisher, American pianist and conductor (Annapolis Symphony, 1970-82), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2020) [1]
  • Jul 23 Hubert Selby Jr., American author (Last Exit to Brooklyn), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2004)
  • Jul 23 Vera Rubin, American astronomer who discovered dark matter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • Jul 23 Cy Young, American athlete and only US male to win gold in javelin throwing (1952 Olympics), born in Modesto, California (d. 2017)
  • Jul 25 Mario Montenegro, Filipino actor (The Rites of May), born in Pagsanjan, Philippines (d. 1988)
  • Jul 26 Elliott Erwitt [Elio Romano], French-American photographer (Gimme Shelter), born in Paris, France
  • Jul 26 Hans Haselböck, Austrian organist and composer, born in Nesselstauden, Lower Austria

Stanley Kubrick

Jul 26 Stanley Kubrick, American director (2001 A Space Odyssey, Dr Strangelove, Lolita), born in The Bronx NY (d. 1999)

  • Jul 26 Tadeusz Baird, Polish composer (Four Essays; Psychodrama; Voices From Afar), co-founder of Warsaw Autumn festival, and educator, born in Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Poland (d. 1981)
  • Jul 26 Don Beauman, British Formula One racing driver, born in Farnborough, Hampshire, England (d. 1955)
  • Jul 26 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1980)
  • Jul 26 Peter Lougheed, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Alberta), born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada (d. 2012)
  • Jul 26 Joe Jackson, American talent manager (Jackson 5), and patriarch of the Jackson family, born in Fountain Hill, Arkansas (d. 2018)
  • Jul 27 Sakari Mononen, Finnish composer, born in Korpiselkä, Finland (d. 1997)
  • Jul 27 Karloff Lagarde, Mexican professional wrestler, born in Zapotlán de Juárez, Hidalgo, Mexico (d. 2007)
  • Jul 28 Adrian Ratiu, Romanian composer, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2005)
  • Jul 28 Anne Braden, American civil rights activist, journalist, and educator, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2006)
  • Jul 29 Bidzina Alexandrovich Kvernadze, Georgian composer, born in Sighnaghi, Georgia (d. 2010)
  • Jul 29 Li Ka-Shing, Hong Kong-Chinese business magnate and entrepreneur (CK Holdings), born in Chao'an, Guangdong, China
  • Jul 29 Konstantin Orbelyan, Armenian pianist, jazz and classical composer, and orchestra leader (State Estrada (Pops) Orchestra), born in Armavir, Armenia (d. 2014)
  • Jul 30 Valentin Muratov, Russian gymnast (4 gold, 1 silver medals 1952, 1956 Olympics), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2006)
  • Jul 30 Eunice Muñoz, Portuguese actress (Hard Times), born in Amareleja, Portugal
  • Jul 30 Joe Nuxhall, American baseball pitcher and sportscaster (youngest MLB player at 15 years, 316 days), born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • Jul 31 Bill Frenzel, American politician (Rep-R-MN, 1971-91), born in St Paul, Minnesota (d. 2014)

Famous Weddings

Enrico Fermi

Jul 19 Physicist Enrico Fermi (26) weds writer Laura Capon in Rome, Italy

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 17 Alvaro Obregon, President of Mexico is assassinated
  • Jul 17 Giovanni Giolitti, 5x Prime Minister of Italy (1892-93, 1903-05, 1906-09, 1911-14, 1920-21), dies at 85
  • Jul 20 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet, dies at 31
  • Jul 21 Ellen Alice Terry, British Shakespearean actress and director (Imperial Theatre), dies at 81