On This Day

What Happened in October 1928

Historical Events

World Record

Oct 1 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs 15k world record 46:49.6 and 10 miles 50:15.0 in Berlin, Germany

  • Oct 1 USSR launches its first 5-year plan
  • Oct 2 "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", known as Opus Dei, founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá
  • Oct 3 French submarine "Ondine" sinks returning to Toulon, drowning 42
  • Oct 4 KPD begins petition against Germany building a battle fleet

PGA Championship

Oct 6 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Five Farms CC: Leo Diegel dominates Al Espinosa, 6 & 5 in the final to win the first of his 2 consecutive titles

  • Oct 7 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10 miles (50:15.0)
  • Oct 7 Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia

Music Premiere

Oct 8 Cole Porter and E. Ray Goetz' musical "Paris" opens at the Music Box Theater, NYC; runs for 195 performances

  • Oct 8 Joseph Szigeti debuts Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto
  • Oct 9 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz" premieres in Paris

Baseball Record

Oct 9 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat St. Louis Cardinals, 7-3 at Sportsman's Park to become first to sweep consecutive World Series; Babe Ruth hits smashes 3 HRs for Yanks

Historic Event

Oct 10 Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China

  • Oct 12 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)

Contract of Interest

Oct 15 Walter Johnson signs a 3-year contract to manage the Senators

  • Oct 16 Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP honors, edging Heinie Manush by 2 points

Historic Event

Oct 20 Wien Alaska Airways, Inc. incorporated; the first airline in Alaska and one of the 1st in the US with Noel Wien as president

  • Oct 22 China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants
  • Oct 22 ESL Robinson's "Far-Off Hills" premieres in Dublin

Historic Event

Oct 22 Herbert Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"

  • Oct 22 Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.
  • Oct 28 Indonesian child laws enforced in Bahasa Indonesia
  • Oct 28 Indian freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai injured leading silent protest against visiting British commission in Lahore (dies of injuries 17th November)

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 George Peppard, American actor (Breakfast at Tiffany's, Banacek, A-Team, Blue Max), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1994)
  • Oct 1 Laurence Harvey [Larushka Skine], Lithuanian-born South African actor (Alamo, Romeo & Juliet), born in Joniškis (d. 1973)
  • Oct 1 Willy Mairesse, Belgian auto racer (13 F1 GP; Nürburgring 1000km 1963; GT Spa GP 1965; Targa Florio 1966), born in Momignies, Wallonia (d. 1969)
  • Oct 1 Zhu Rongji, Chinese politician
  • Oct 2 Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologist (Gingham Girl), born in Stettin, Germany (d. 2014)
  • Oct 2 Anthony Tippet, British Royal Navy officer and Chief of Fleet Support (d. 2006)
  • Oct 2 Clay Felker, American journalist (NY Herald Tribune, Esquire), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2008)
  • Oct 2 George McFarland, American actor (Spanky-Our Gang/Little Rascals), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1993)
  • Oct 2 Robin Duthie, British accountant and CEO (Britoil), born in Greenock, Scotland
  • Oct 3 Christian d'Oriola, French fencer (4-time Olympic gold foils 1948, 52, 56), born in Perpignan, France (d. 2007)
  • Oct 3 Erik Bruhn, Danish dancer (National Ballet of Canada), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1986)
  • Oct 3 Shridath Ramphal, Guyanese Secretary-General (1975-90), born in New Amsterdam, British Guiana
  • Oct 4 Alvin Toffler, author (Future Shock, Power Shift, The Third Wave), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • Oct 4 Torben Ulrich, Danish tennis player, musician, writer, filmmaker and father of Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich, born in Frederiksberg, Denmark
  • Oct 4 Rip Repulski, American baseball outfielder (MLB All Star 1956; World Series 1959), born in Sauk Rapids, Minnesota (d. 1993)
  • Oct 5 Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (Harriet the Spy), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • Oct 7 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter, born in Kashan, Iran (d. 1980)
  • Oct 8 Neil Harvey, Australian cricket batsman (79 Tests @ 48.41, 21 x 100, HS 205; Victoria CA, NSW CA), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • Oct 8 M. Russell Ballard, American religious leader (Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of LDS Church), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Oct 8 Bill Maynard [Walter Williams], English actor (Greengrass-Heartbeat) and comedian, born in Heath End, England (d. 2018)
  • Oct 9 Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer (Kaivos), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 2016)
  • Oct 10 Julian "Junior" Mance, American jazz pianist (Dinah Washington; Dizzy Gillespie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2021)
  • Oct 11 Saulius Sondeckis, Lithuanian violinist, conductor, orchestra leader (Lithuanian Chamber Orchestra, 1960-2004), born in Šiauliai, Lithuania (d. 2016)
  • Oct 11 Russell Oberlin, American countertenor (Pro Musica Antiqua, 1952-66) and educator (Hunter, 1966-94), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Oct 12 Thomas Burnett Swann, American sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1976)
  • Oct 12 Al Held, American painter and sculptor (hard edge-style), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)
  • Oct 12 Jerzy Semkow, Polish-French conductor and educator, born in Radomsko (d. 2014)
  • Oct 14 Gary Graffman, American pianist (Leventritt Award), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 14 Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (Philip Morris USA), born in Pleasant Unity, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Oct 14 Héctor Rial, Spanish soccer striker (Real Madrid, 5 straight Euro Cup C'ships 1956-60), born in Pergamino, Argentina (d. 1991)
  • Oct 16 Mary Daly, American feminist
  • Oct 16 Ann Morgan Guilbert, American actress (The Dick Van Dyke Show), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2016)
  • Oct 17 Ivan Marinov, composer
  • Oct 17 Jim Gilliam, American MLB player and coach (Dodgers, NL rookie of year 1953), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1978)
  • Oct 17 Zacharias J de Beer, South African physician/MP (DP)
  • Oct 18 Keith Jackson, American sportscaster (ABC Monday Night Football, college football), born in Roopville, Georgia (d. 2018)
  • Oct 18 R H "Deepak" Shodhan, cricketer (century on Test debut for India)
  • Oct 19 Buff Cobb [Patrizia Cobb Chapman], American actress and TV personality (Masquerade Party), born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 2010)
  • Oct 20 Li Peng, Chinese leader, Premier of China (1987-98), born in Shanghai French Concession (d. 2019)

Whitey Ford

Oct 21 Whitey Ford, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (10 x MLB All Star; World Series 1950, 53, 56, 58, 61 [MVP], 62; AL Cy Young Award 1961; NY Yankees), born in NYC, NY (d. 2020)

  • Oct 21 Vern Mikkelsen, Parlier, CA, basketball player (Lakers, HOF), (d. 2013)
  • Oct 21 Yú Guāngzhōng [Yu Kwang-chung], Taiwanese poet, essayist, and translator (Nostalgia), born in Nanjing, Republic of China (d. 2017)
  • Oct 21 Ardico Magnini, Italian soccer defender (20 caps; Fiorentina 225 games), born in Pistoia, Italy (d. 2020)
  • Oct 22 Nelson Pereira dos Santos, Brazilian movie director (Como Era Gostoso o Meu Francês, Vidas Secas), born in São Paulo, Brazil (d. 2018)
  • Oct 22 Clare Fischer, American musician, composer and arranger, born in Durand, Michigan (d. 2012)
  • Oct 23 Alexander Tanev, Bulgarian composer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1996)
  • Oct 23 Bella Darvi [Bajla Węgier], Polish actress (The Egyptian, Hell and High Water, Racers), born in Sosnowiec, Poland (d. 1971)
  • Oct 23 Patrick Peter Sacco, American composer, born in Albion, New York (d. 2000)
  • Oct 24 Gabriel Laub, Polish writer, born in Bochnia, Poland (d. 1998)
  • Oct 24 Ken Hough, cricketer (NZ pace bowler in two Tests v England 1959), born in Auburn, New South Wales, Australia (d. 2009)
  • Oct 25 Anthony "Tony" Franciosa [Papaleo], American actor (Career, Ben-Hur, Jeff-Name of the Game), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 25 Jeanne Cooper, American actress (Kay-The Young & Restless), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2013)
  • Oct 25 Marion Ross, American actress (Marion-Happy Days, Bkln Bridge), born in Watertown, Minnesota
  • Oct 26 Francisco Solano López, Argentine comic artist, born in Buenos Aires (d. 2011)
  • Oct 27 Datta Gaekwad, Indian cricket captain and batsman (11 Tests; India's oldest living Test cricketer), born in Vadodara, India
  • Oct 27 Kyle Rote, NFL halfback (NY Giants 1951-61), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 2002)
  • Oct 27 Stefan Wewerka, German architect and sculptor, born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 2013)
  • Oct 28 Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian three-star general in the Securitate, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • Oct 28 Lawrie Reilly, Scottish soccer striker (38 caps; Hibernian 253 games, 185 goals), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2013)
  • Oct 30 Ernest Flatt, American choreographer (The Carol Burnett Show), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1995)
  • Oct 30 Michael Andrews, British painter, born in Norwich, England (d. 1995)
  • Oct 30 William Campbell, American actor (Jerry-Cannonball, Luke-Dynasty), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • Oct 30 Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist (Nobel 1978 - discovery of restriction enzymes and their application in restriction mapping), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1999)
  • Oct 31 Andrew Sarris, American movie critic (Village Voice), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 8 Larry Semon, American silent film actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (The Wizard of Oz (1925)), dies of pneumonia and tuberculosis at 39
  • Oct 13 Maria Feodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia, dies at 80
  • Oct 16 Septimus Kinneir, cricketer (Test for Eng), dies
  • Oct 22 Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (1908-09, 1910-13, 1914-15), dies at 66
  • Oct 23 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, dies at 79
  • Oct 30 Oscar George Theodore Sonneck, American musicologist, dies at 55