On This Day

What Happened in 1930

Historical Events

  • Jan 5 Mao Zedong writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire"
  • Mar 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his famous 200 mile (300km) protest march against the widely hated British salt tax
  • Mar 13 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
  • Apr 2 Ras Tafari Makonnen becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Jun 24 1st detection of airplane using reflected radio waves, a precursor to radar, by US Naval Research Laboratory engineers, Anacostia, Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 16 I British Empire Games open in Hamilton, Canada
  • Nov 2 Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, 225th Emperor of Ethiopian Solmonic Dynasty
  • More Historical Events

1930 in Film & TV

  • Mar 31 The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next 38 years
  • Apr 1 "The Blue Angel" starring Marlene Dietrich in her breakthrough role premieres in Germany
  • Apr 21 "All Quiet on the Western Front" based on the novel by Erich Maria Remarque, directed by Lewis Milestone and starring Louis Wolheim and Lew Ayres premieres in Los Angeles (Academy Awards Outstanding Production 1930)
  • Aug 9 Animated character Betty Boop debuts in Max Fleischer's cartoon "Dizzy Dishes"
  • Aug 16 The first color sound cartoon "Fiddlesticks" by Ub Iwerks (ex Walt Disney studio) is released
  • Oct 14 George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin's musical "Girl Crazy" starring Ginger Rogers and featuring debut of Ethel Merman, opens at the Alvin Theater, NYC; runs for 272 performances

1930 in Sport

  • Jul 13 1st-ever football World Cup competition begins in Uruguay
  • Jul 30 1st FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo, Uruguay: Uruguay beats Argentina, 4-2 in the inaugural event
  • Dec 12 Baseball Rules Committee greatly revises the rule book, ball bouncing into stands not a HR, now a double
  • Dec 16 Golfer Bobby Jones is the first to win the James E. Sullivan Award (best US amateur athlete)

Did You Know?

The 1,046-foot (319-meter) Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public

On May 27, 1930

Would You Believe?

Marguerite Perey discovers francium (Fr), the last naturally occurring element to be found

On January 7, 1930

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 8 Belgium Princess Marie-Jose marries Italian's crown prince Umberto
  • Jan 14 American author John Steinbeck (27) weds Carol Henning (23) in Los Angeles, California (divorced 1942)
  • Jan 15 Businesswoman Estee Mentzer (23) weds businessman Joseph Lauter (later Lauder)

More Weddings & Divorces