On This Day

What Happened in March 1930

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 1st US indoor glider flight, St Louis Terminal Building
  • Mar 4 Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated
  • Mar 4 Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
  • Mar 4 Terrible floods ransack Languedoc and the surrounds in south-west France, resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.
  • Mar 7 Georgetown High of Chicago defeats Homer 1-0 in basketball
  • Mar 7 NY Times agrees to capitalize the n in "Negro"

Contract of Interest

Mar 8 Baseball slugger Babe Ruth signs 2-year contract for a then huge $160,000 with NY Yankees; GM Ed Barrow, wrongly predicts "No one will ever be paid more than Ruth"

  • Mar 9 Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht's satirical opera "The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny" premieres in Leipzig, Germany
  • Mar 11 William Taft, American 27th President & Chief Justice buried in Arlington Cemetery

Historic Event

Mar 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his famous 200 mile (300km) protest march against the widely hated British salt tax

  • Mar 12 Stanislawa Walasiewicz [Stella Walsh] sets world record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)
  • Mar 13 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
  • Mar 15 1st seaplane glider flown at Port Washington, NY
  • Mar 15 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched
  • Mar 16 USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a national shrine
  • Mar 17 Construction begins of the Empire State Building, the world's 1st skyscraper of 100+ stories, on 5th Avenue in New York City
  • Mar 18 Boston Bruins win record 20th NHL home game
  • Mar 19 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
  • Mar 20 Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph

Historic Event

Mar 20 American fast food restaurant chain "KFC" [Kentucky Fried Chicken] is founded by Colonel Harland Sanders in North Corbin, Kentucky

  • Mar 23 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 23 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • Mar 24 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC)
  • Mar 26 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
  • Mar 27 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea

Music Premiere

Mar 28 1st performance of Walter Piston's Suite for orchestra (Boston)

Istanbul – The Queen of Cities

Mar 28 Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara

  • Mar 29 Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Chancellor
  • Mar 29 89h Grand National: 10-year-old 100/8 shot Shaun Goilin, ridden by jockey Tommy Cullinan, wins by a neck from Melleray's Belle
  • Mar 30 Babberich-H soccer team forms
  • Mar 31 The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next 38 years

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Coimbatarao Gopinath, Indian cricket all-rounder (8 Tests, HS 50), born in Madras, India
  • Mar 1 Pierre Max Dubois, composer
  • Mar 1 Raymond St Jacques, American actor, director and producer, who was the 1st African-American to hold a regular role in a western series (Simon Blake in "Rawhide"), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1990)
  • Mar 1 Gastone Nencini, Italian road cyclist (Giro d'Italia 1957; Tour de France 1960), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1980)
  • Mar 2 Jan van Noor, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA)
  • Mar 2 John Cullum, American singer and actor (Hamlet; 1776; Hawaii; Northern Exposure - "Holling"), born in Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Mar 2 Emma Penella, Spanish actress, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2007)
  • Mar 3 Heiner Geißler, German politician
  • Mar 3 Ion Iliescu, President of Romania
  • Mar 5 Del Crandall, American baseball catcher (11 × MLB All-Star; World Series 1957; 4 × Gold Glove Award; Boston/Milwaukee Braves) and manager (Milwaukee Brewers, Seattle Mariners), born in Ontario, California (d. 2021)
  • Mar 6 Lorin Maazel, American conductor (Cleveland Orchestra, 1972-82; Orchestre National de France, 1977-91; NY Philharmonic 2001-09), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (d. 2014)
  • Mar 7 Antony Armstrong-Jones [Lord Snowdon], British photographer and husband of Princess Margaret, born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • Mar 8 Bob Grim, American baseball player (d. 1996)
  • Mar 9 Harry Aarts, Dutch politician and 2nd chamber member (CDA), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
  • Mar 9 Thomas Schippers, American conductor (Amahl & Night Visitors), born in Kalamazoo, Michigan (d. 1977)
  • Mar 9 Taina Elg, Finnish-American actress (Hercules in NY, Les Girls), born in Impilahti, Finland

Ornette Coleman

Mar 9 Ornette Coleman, American jazz saxophonist and composer (Downbeat Musician of Year, 1966), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2015)

  • Mar 10 Raymond Rasberry, American pianist and singer (d. 1995)
  • Mar 10 Sandor Iharos, Hungarian runner, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1996)
  • Mar 11 David Gentleman, designer/painter
  • Mar 11 Bobby Winkles, American College Baseball Hall of Fame coach (Arizona State University) and manager (California Angels, Oakland A's), born in Tuckerman, Arkansas (d. 2020)
  • Mar 12 Antony Acland, provost of Eton/British ambassador (to US)
  • Mar 12 Robin Cavendish, English campaigner for the disabled, born in Middleton (d. 1994)
  • Mar 12 Scoey Mitchell [Roscoe Mitchill],, American TV writer, director, and actor (Barefoot in the Park; Rhoda), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 2022)
  • Mar 12 Stanko Horvat, Croatian composer, born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 2006)
  • Mar 12 Wardell Quezergue, American jazz, blues, and funk composer, arranger, record producer and bandleader, known as the "Creole Beethoven", born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2011)
  • Mar 13 (Richard Allen) "Blue" Mitchell, American jazz trumpeter (Horace Silver Quintet; Riverside; Blue Note), born in Miami, Florida (d. 1979)
  • Mar 13 Doug Harvey, American National League umpire (Baseball Hall of Fame 2010), born in South Gate, California (d. 2018)
  • Mar 14 Dieter Schnebel, German experimental composer (Harley-Davidson, for nine motorbikes and trumpet), born in Lahr, Germany (d. 2018)
  • Mar 14 Ray Flockton, Australian cricketer (prolific NSW batsman of 50's) (d. 2011)
  • Mar 14 Don Haskins, American College Basketball Hall of Fame coach (Texas El Paso 1961-99; NCAA Tournament 1966), born in Enid, Oklahoma (d. 2008)
  • Mar 15 Zhores Alferov, Soviet-Russian physicist (2000 Nobel Prize in Physics), born in Vitebsk, Soviet Union (d. 2019)
  • Mar 16 Minoru Miky, Japanese composer for traditional Japanese instruments, born in Tokushima (d. 2011)
  • Mar 16 Don Perry, Canadian NHL coach (LA Kings 1982-84), born in Edmonton, Alberta (d. 2019)
  • Mar 17 James Irwin, American air force officer and NASA astronaut (Apollo 15, 8th person to walk on the moon), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • Mar 18 Maurice Peress, American conductor (Kansa City Philharmonic, 1974-80), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 18 Pat Halcox, British jazz trumpeter (Chris Barber Jazz Band, 1954-2008), born in Chelsea, London (d. 2013)
  • Mar 19 Bill Henderson, American jazz singer ("Señor Blues"), and actor (Dreams - "Torpedo"), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • Mar 20 Michel Magne, composer
  • Mar 21 James Coco, American character actor (Only When I Laugh; Murder by Death), and singer (Man of La Mancha), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1987)
  • Mar 22 Lynden Pindling, Bahamas 'Father of the Nation' Prime Minister of Bahamas (1967-92), born in Nassau, Bahamas (d. 2000)
  • Mar 22 Pat Robertson, American televangelist and media mogul (700 club, Presidential candidate-R-1989), born in Lexington, Virginia

Stephen Sondheim

Mar 22 Stephen Sondheim, American Tony Award and Pulitzer Prize winning composer and lyricist (West Side Story; Sunday in the Park With George; A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, Gypsy), born in NYC, New York (d. 2021) [1]

  • Mar 22 Derek Bok, American lawyer and educator (President of Harvard University), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 24 Kenneth Nelson, American actor (Henry Aldrich-Aldrich Family), born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina (d. 1993)

Steve McQueen

Mar 24 Steve McQueen, American actor called "The King of Cool" during the 1960s (The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape), born in Beech Grove, Indiana (d. 1980)

  • Mar 25 David Burge, American pianist, composer and conductor, born in Evanston, Illinois (d. 2013)
  • Mar 26 Cristóbal Halffter, Spanish conductor, and composer (Yes, speak out, yes; Lazarus), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2021)
  • Mar 26 Gregory Corso, American beat poet (Happy Birthday of Death, Long Live Man), born in New York City (d. 2001)

Sandra Day O'Connor

Mar 26 Sandra Day O'Connor, American 1st woman Supreme Court Justice (1981- 2006), born in El Paso, Texas

  • Mar 27 Bob den Uyl, Dutch journalist and writer (Bird Watching), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Mar 27 David Janssen, American actor (The Fugitive, Harry O), born in Naponee Nebraska (d. 1980)
  • Mar 28 Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • Mar 28 George Bruce, British portrait painter, born in London
  • Mar 28 Robert Ashley, American composer, born in Ann Arbor, Michigan (d. 2014)
  • Mar 28 Elizabeth Bainbridge, English opera singer, born in Rawtenstall, Lancashire
  • Mar 29 Donny Conn, American musician (The Playmates), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 2015)
  • Mar 29 Gundibail Sunderam, Indian cricket pace bowler (2 Tests India v NZ 1955-56), born in Udupi, India (d. 2010)
  • Mar 29 Hugh Seymour, 8th Marquess of Hertford (d. 1997)
  • Mar 30 Lord Browne-Wilkinson [Nicolas Christopher Henry Browne-Wilkinson], Senior Lord of Appeal in Ordinary (UK)
  • Mar 30 John Astin, American actor (I'm Dickens, He's Fenster; The Addams Family), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Mar 30 Rolf Harris, Australian-British comedian, actor, painter, singer-songwriter ("Tie Me Kangaroo Down, Sport"), television personality, and convicted sex offender, born in Bassendean, Western Australia

Famous Deaths

D. H. Lawrence

Mar 2 D. H. Lawrence, English poet and writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), dies of tuberculosis at 44

  • Mar 6 William Milton, British cricket all-rounder (3 Tests South Africa, 2 wickets) and rugby union centre (2 Tests England), dies at 75
  • Mar 6 Alfred von Tirpitz, German architect of the Imperial Navy (Tirpitz Plan, Unrestricted U-boat Warfare) and World War I Grand Admiral, dies at 80

William Howard Taft

Mar 8 William Howard Taft, 27th US President (Republican: 1909-13) and Chief Justice, dies at 72

  • Mar 8 Edward Terry Sanford, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1865)
  • Mar 12 Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)

William George Barker

Mar 12 William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (Victoria Cross recipient), dies in a training accident at 35

  • Mar 13 Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, American writer (Revolt of Mother), dies at 77
  • Mar 15 Antonio Beltramelli, writer, dies at 51
  • Mar 16 Miguel Primo de Riveray Orbaneja, Sp dictator (1923-30), dies at 60

Arthur Balfour

Mar 19 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), dies of unremitting circulatory trouble at 81

  • Mar 29 Anton Bettelheim, Austrian writer, dies at 78