A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."
- Johan Galtung, Norwegian polemologist (Meaning of Nonviolence)
- Raj Bagri, Indies/British merchant in metal
- Sultan Ahmad Shah, King of Malaysia
- The Big Bopper, [Jiles Perry Richardson], American musician, born in Sabine Pass, Texas (d. 1959)
- Renaat Verheijen, Flemish actor and director (Dr Faustus), dies at 26