On This Day

What Happened in April 1931

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
  • Apr 1 Jackie Mitchell becomes the second female (after Lizzie Arlington 1898) in organised baseball when she signs with the Chattanooga Lookouts Baseball Club

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Apr 2 17-year old girl Jackie Mitchell strikes out New York Yankees stars Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in an exhibition baseball game at Engel Stadium in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Apr 6 1st Scottsboro (Alabama) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape
  • Apr 6 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio

Film release premierFilm Release

Apr 6 "A Connecticut Yankee" film based on novel by Mark Twain, directed by David Butler, starring Will Rogers is released

Humorist Will Rogers
Humorist
Will Rogers
Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • Apr 7 Seals Stadium opens in San Francisco
  • Apr 8 "White Horse Inn" opens in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Dmitri Shostakovich's ballet "The Arrow" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 9 Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Montreal Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period

NHL Goalie George Hainsworth
NHL Goalie
George Hainsworth
  • Apr 12 Joe McCarthy debuts as NY Yankee manager
  • Apr 12 Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • Apr 14 Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 2-0 for a 3-2 series win; Canadiens' back-to-back Championships
  • Apr 15 1st backwards walk across American begins
  • Apr 20 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan in 2:46:45.8
  • Apr 20 British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
  • Apr 22 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • Apr 26 Lou Gehrig hits a HR but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he & Babe Ruth tie for season
  • Apr 27 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
  • Apr 28 Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field
  • Apr 29 Cleveland Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St Louis Browns, 9-0

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 George Baker, Bulgarian-born British actor (I, Claudius, Goodbye Mr Chips, Curse of the Fly), born in Varna, Bulgaria (d. 2011)
  • Apr 1 Rolf Hochhuth, German playwright (Der Stellvertreter), born in Eschwege, Germany (d. 2020)
  • Apr 1 Illse "Ita" Ever, Estonian actress (Miss Marple- "Chyornykh drozdov"), born in Paide, Järva County
  • Apr 1 Charles Price, American Businessman and diplomat, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2012)
  • Apr 2 Imre Olsvik, Hungarian composer and ethnomusicologist, born in Budapest (d. 2014)
  • Apr 3 Johnny Nicholls, English football player, born in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire (d. 1995)
  • Apr 3 Tom Collins, Canadian ice skating promoter (Champions on Ice), born in Kirkland Lake, Ontario (d. 2019)
  • Apr 4 Denis Frank Owen, British ecologist and natural historian, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Apr 4 Harold Volkmer, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri, born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 2011)
  • Apr 4 Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence director, born in Rhonesboro, Texas
  • Apr 5 Denis Lawton, director (London University Institute of Educ)
  • Apr 6 Ivan Dixon, American actor, director and civil rights activist (Car Wash, Hogan's Heroes,The Final War of Olly Winter), born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)
  • Apr 6 Joan Carlyle, British soprano
  • Apr 7 Daniel Ellsberg, whistleblower (Pentagon Papers)/patriot
  • Apr 7 Donald Barthelme, American writer (Snow White, Sadness), born in Philadelphia, Pa (d. 1989)
  • Apr 8 John Gavin [Juan Vincent Apablasa Jr], American actor (Imitation of Life, Psycho), and US Ambassador to Mexico (1981–86), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2018)
  • Apr 9 Bill Gilbert, sports author (They Also Served, Big E), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 9 Martin Rogers, director (Farmington Institute for Christian Studies)
  • Apr 9 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (26th Premier of New Brunswick), born in Hartland, New Brunswick (d. 1991)
  • Apr 10 Marcel van Maele, Belgian poet and playwright, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • Apr 11 Johnny Sheffield, American actor (Boy-Tarzan Finds a Son), born in Pasadena, California (d. 2010)
  • Apr 11 Koichi Sugiyama, Japanese composer and conductor, born in Tokyo
  • Apr 12 Martin Boykan, American composer, born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 12 Leonid Derbenyov, Russian poet-songwriter, born in Moscow (d. 1995)
  • Apr 13 Beverley Cross, English playwright, born in London
  • Apr 13 Jon Stone, American director and co-creator of Sesame Street, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Apr 13 Daniel "Dan" Gurney, American race-car driver, coach and team owner (All American Racers), born in Port Jefferson, New York (d. 2018)
  • Apr 14 John Clarke, American actor (Mickey-Days of Our Life), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2019)
  • Apr 14 Paul Masnick, Canadian ice hockey player
  • Apr 15 Kenneth Bloomfield, BBC governor (Ireland), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Apr 15 Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature - 2011), born in Stockholm (d. 2015)
  • Apr 16 Piet de Visser, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • Apr 17 John Bartlett, Australian tennis player (Davis Cup capt-Britain), born in Woonona, New South Wales
  • Apr 17 John Chalstrey, 668th Lord Mayor of London
  • Apr 17 Joyce Molyneux, British chef and author
  • Apr 17 Ruth Etchells, English poet and principal (St John's College-Durham), born in Liverpool
  • Apr 18 Klas Lestander, Swedish 20K biathlon (Olympic gold 1960), born in Arjeplog, Sweden
  • Apr 19 Alex Webster, American football coach (NY Giants), born in Kearney, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • Apr 19 Denis Henry, British High Court judge, born in Margate, Kent, England (d. 2010)
  • Apr 19 Garfield Morgan, British actor (Odessa File, To Catch a Spy), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire (d. 2009)
  • Apr 19 Kobie Coetsee, South African Minister of Defense (1993-94) and Minister of Justice (1980-93), born in Ladybrand, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • Apr 19 Walter Stewart, Canadian writer and journalist, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2004)
  • Apr 20 Lee H. Hamilton, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana, born in Daytona Beach, Florida
  • Apr 21 Morgan Wootten, American Basketball Hall of Fame coach (46 seasons DeMatha Catholic HS, Hyattsville, Maryland; National C'ships 1962, 65, 68, 78, 84), born in Durham, North Carolina (d. 2020)
  • Apr 22 Henk Gortzak [Hendricus Gortzak], Dutch carpenter and politician (CPN/PSP), born in Amsterdam (d. 1989)
  • Apr 22 Bruce Dickson, Canadian ice hockey player (Olympic gold 1952), born in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Apr 22 Ronald Hynd, British choreographer (English National Ballet), born in London
  • Apr 22 Simon "Siem" Vroom, Dutch actor (The Lift, Bridge Too Far, Mysteries), born in Beemster, Noord-Holland (d. 1985)
  • Apr 24 Bridget Riley, British painter (op-art), born in Norwood London, England
  • Apr 25 David Shepherd, British painter (paintings of steam locomotives), born in Hendon, London (d. 2017)
  • Apr 25 Felix Berezin, Russian physicist and mathematician (Berezin integral), born in Moscow (d. 1980)
  • Apr 27 Igor Oistrach, Russian violinist, son of David Oistrach, born in Odessa, Ukraine
  • Apr 27 Krzysztof Komeda, Polish jazz and film composer and pianist (Rosemary's Baby), born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1969)
  • Apr 27 Maxine Brown, American country music singer (Browns), born in Campti, Louisiana (d. 2019)
  • Apr 29 Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
  • Apr 29 Lonnie Donegan, Scottish singer-songwriter and the King of Skiffle, born in Glasgow (d. 2002)
  • Apr 29 William Ball, American actor, director and founder of the American Conservatory Theatre (ACT), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • Apr 29 Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter
  • Apr 30 Bill Clay, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri), born in St. Louis, Missouri

Famous Deaths


Person of interestAndré Michelin

Apr 4 Andre Michelin, French industrialist, tire manufacturer and publisher of the Michelin Guide, dies at 78

Industrialist André Michelin
Industrialist
André Michelin
  • Apr 4 George Whitefield Chadwick, composer, dies at 76
  • Apr 6 Giuseppi Radiciotti, composer, dies at 73
  • Apr 8 Eric Axel Karlfeldt, poet, dies
  • Apr 9 Paul Antonin Vidal, composer, dies at 67
  • Apr 10 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • Apr 16 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, dies of tuberculosis at 40
  • Apr 25 Bert Hopkins, Australian cricketer (20 Tests for Aust, 509 runs), dies at 56
  • Apr 30 Sammy Woods, Australian cricketer (3 Tests for Australia, 3 for England), dies at 64