On This Day

What Happened in August 1931

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • Aug 8 Washington Senators pitcher Bobby Burke no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0 at Griffith Stadium, Washington D. C.
  • Aug 12 Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • Aug 13 Cincinnati Reds second baseman Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6 in 17-3 rout of Boston at Braves Field
  • Aug 15 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • Aug 15 Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • Aug 15 Spakenburg soccer team forms

Sports History

Aug 18 Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game

  • Aug 19 Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game

US Open Women's Tennis

Aug 20 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Helen Wills Moody beats Eileen Bennett Whittingstall of England 6-4, 6-1 for her 7th and final US singles title

Baseball Record

Aug 21 Yankees slugger Babe Ruth becomes the first MLB player to hit 600 career home runs as NY defeats St. Louis Browns, 11-7 at Sportsman's Park

  • Aug 23 Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
  • Aug 23 Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
  • Aug 24 France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Lucien Blackwell, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Whitsett, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Aug 1 Monty Losowsky, British physician and medical educator, born in London
  • Aug 1 "Ramblin' Jack" Elliott [Adnopoz], American folk singer, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 1 Seán Ó Riada [John Reidy], Irish composer (Mise Éire), traditional music revivalist, and bandleader (Ceoltóirí Chualann), born in Cork City, Ireland (d. 1971)
  • Aug 1 Trevor Goddard, South African cricketer (South African opening batsman & opening bowler), born in Durban, Natal, South Africa (d. 2016)
  • Aug 2 Eddie Fuller, South African cricketer (South African fast bowler in 7 Tests 1952-58), born in Worcester, Western Cape, South Africa (d. 2008)
  • Aug 2 Henryk Schiller, Polish composer, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 2006)
  • Aug 2 Philippa Schuyler, African-American child classical piano prodigy, composer, and journalist, born in Harlem, New York City (d. 1967)
  • Aug 2 Viliam Schrojf, Slovak soccer goalkeeper (39 caps Czechoslovakia; Slovan Bratislava 240 games), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2007)
  • Aug 2 Pierre DuMaine, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Paducah, Kentucky
  • Aug 4 Narendra Tamhane, Indian cricket wicket-keeper (1950's), born in Bombay, India
  • Aug 7 Charles E. Rice, American legal scholar and author, born in New York (d. 2015)
  • Aug 8 Jonathan Elkus, composer
  • Aug 8 Roger Penrose, English physicist (2020 Nobel Prize for Physics for work on black holes), born in Colchester, England
  • Aug 9 Mark Weinberg, South African-British financier and multi-millionaire, born in South Africa
  • Aug 9 Chuck Essegian, American MLB baseball player, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Aug 9 Gene "Big Daddy" Lipscomb, American NFL football defensive lineman, 1953-62 (Baltimore Colts, and two other teams), and professional wrestler, Born in Uniontown, Alabama (d. 1963)
  • Aug 10 Tom Laughlin, American actor and director (Billy Jack), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2013)
  • Aug 11 Manabendra Mukhopadhyay, Bengali singer and composer (Ei Ganga ei Padda), born in Kolkata (d. 1992)
  • Aug 12 William Goldman, American screenwriter and author (Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2018)
  • Aug 13 Bernard Manning, British comedian, born in Ancoats, Manchester, England (d. 2007)
  • Aug 13 Norman Read, New Zealand 50k race walker (Olympic gold 1956), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 1994)
  • Aug 13 Roy Evans, British trade unionist and General Secretary (British Iron & Steel Trade Confederation), born in Pontarddulais, Wales (d. 2015)
  • Aug 14 Frederic Raphael, American-British writer (After the War, California Time), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 14 Marylyn Roberts, librarian/founding member (WIC)
  • Aug 15 Janice Rule, American actress (Alvarez Kelly, Doctor's Wife), born in Norwood, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • Aug 15 Mario Kuri-Aldana, Mexican composer, born in Tampico, Mexico (d. 2013)
  • Aug 15 Richard F. Heck, American chemist who discovered the Heck Reaction (Nobel Prize 2010), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
  • Aug 16 Forrest E. Mars Jr., Candy Manufacturer (Mars), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • Aug 18 Grant Williams, American actor (Hawaiian Eye, Incredible Shrinking Man), born in NYC, New York (d. 1985)
  • Aug 18 Henricus AFMO "Hans" van Mierlo, Dutch minister of Defense (D66)
  • Aug 18 Bramwell Tillsley, Canadian Salvation Army general
  • Aug 18 Dick White, English footballer, born in Scunthorpe, United Kingdom (d. 2002)

Bill Shoemaker

Aug 19 Bill Shoemaker, American Racing Hall of Fame jockey (8,833 career victories, Kentucky Derby 1955, 59, 65, 86), born in Fabens, Texas (d. 2003)

  • Aug 20 Bernhard "Bernd" Becher, German artist and photographer (industrialist builder 19th/20th), born in Siegen, Germany (d. 2007)
  • Aug 20 Don King, American boxing promoter best known for his association with Mike Tyson and for his unusual hairstyles, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Aug 21 Gregg Smith, American choral conductor and composer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • Aug 21 Nancy Hadley, American actress (Love That Jill, Joey Bishop Show), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Aug 21 Pete Retzlaff, American NFL halfback, tight-end (Pro Bowl 1958, 60, 63–65; First-team All-Pro 1958, 65) and general manager (Philadelphia Eagles), born in Ellendale, North Dakota (d. 2020)
  • Aug 23 Richard Vincent, Baron Vincent of Coleshill, British chief of Defense, born in Uxbridge, Middlesex, England

Barbara Eden

Aug 23 Barbara Eden, American actress (Dream of Jeannie), born in Tucson, Arizona

  • Aug 25 Regis Philbin, American talk & game show host (Joey Bishop Show; Live with Regis & Kathie Lee; Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2020)
  • Aug 26 Dane Škerl, Slovene conductor, composer (Rhapsodic Symphony), and teacher, born in Ljubljana, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (now of Slovenia) (d. 2002)
  • Aug 26 Gordon Greig, British political journalist (Daily Mail) (d. 1995)
  • Aug 26 Guy Vander Jagt, American politician (Rep-R-MI, 1966-93), born in Cadillac, Michigan (d. 2007)
  • Aug 27 Sven Tumba, Swedish ice hockey center, football winger, golfer, course designer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2011)
  • Aug 27 Sri Chinmoy, Indian guru, born in Shakpura, British India (now Bangladesh) (d. 2007)
  • Aug 27 Joe Cunningham, American baseball player
  • Aug 28 John Perkins, Canadian singer (Crew Cuts), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Aug 28 John Shirley-Quirk, British operatic bass-baritone (Death in Venice), born in Liverpool, England
  • Aug 28 Tito Capobianco, Argentinian stage impresario, born in La Plata, Argentina
  • Aug 29 Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer, born in Nea Ionia, Athens, Greece (d. 2001)
  • Aug 29 Lise Payette, Quebec politician, writer and columnist, born in Verdun, Quebec, Canada
  • Aug 30 Carrie Saxon Perry, 1st African-American mayor of a major US city (Hartford CT), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Aug 30 John Leonard Swigert Jr., American astronaut (Apollo 13), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1982)

Jean Béliveau

Aug 31 Jean Béliveau, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame center (Hart Trophy 1956, 64; Art Ross Trophy 1956; Conn Smythe Trophy 1965; record 17 Stanley Cups), born in Trois-Rivieres Quebec (d. 2014)

  • Aug 31 Noble Willingham, American actor (Walker, Texas Ranger, The Corndog Man), born in Mineola, Texas (d. 2004)

Famous Weddings

Melvin Purvis

Aug 22 FBI agent Melvin Purvis (27) weds childhood sweetheart Marie Rosanne Willcox at St. John's Episcopal Church in Florence, South Carolina

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 Kinue Hitomi, Japanese athlete (World record women's 100m, 200m, long jump, triple jump; Olympic silver 800m 1928), dies from pneumonia at 24

Daniel Williams

Aug 4 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, dies at 73

  • Aug 5 Ullrich Haupt, Prussian actor (Morocco, Du Barry-Woman of Passion), accidentally shot at 43
  • Aug 6 (Leon Bismarck) "Bix" Beiderbecke, American jazz cornetist, one of the most influential jazz soloists of the 1920s, pianist, and composer (In A Mist), dies at was lobar pneumonia. of alcoholism exacerbated pneumonia at 28
  • Aug 19 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever), dies at 63
  • Aug 20 Waldemar von Baussnern, composer, dies at 64
  • Aug 27 Willem Hubert Nolens, Dutch priest and ambassador to Vatican, dies at 70
  • Aug 27 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), dies at 75
  • Aug 27 Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (b. 1846)
  • Aug 28 Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician, dies at 74
  • Aug 29 David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder, dies at 64
  • Aug 31 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar, dies