On This Day

What Happened in December 1931

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
  • Dec 3 Alka Seltzer goes on sale
  • Dec 5 CFL Grey Cup, Molson Stadium, Montreal: Montreal AAA Winged Wheelers shutout Regina Roughriders, 22-0 for their first title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 7 After scoring 226 in 1st Test in Brisbane, Don Bradman belts 219 for NSW against the visiting South Africa at the Sydney Cricket Ground

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Dec 8 Coaxial cable patented
  • Dec 9 Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 9 Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
  • Dec 9 Spain becomes a republic
  • Dec 9 Baseball cuts squad from 25 to 23 players & NL continues to prohibit uniform numbers

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Jane Addams (1st US woman) named co-recipient of Nobel Peace Prize

Social Worker and Nobel Laureate Jane Addams
Social Worker and Nobel Laureate
Jane Addams

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 10 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain with Niceto Zamora as President

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • Dec 11 Japan leaves the Gold Standard
  • Dec 11 Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland (Free State), and Newfoundland (not then part of Canada)
  • Dec 12 Japanese government of Imukai forms
  • Dec 13 National Football League Championship: Green Bay Packers (12-2-0) win 3rd straight first past the post title
  • Dec 14 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
  • Dec 16 German SPD begins Iron Front against fascism
  • Dec 19 Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 22 Retrospective show of Mexican artist Diego Rivera opens at The Museum of Modern Art in New York

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera
  • Dec 25 Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
  • Dec 25 Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria v Tas at Hobart
  • Dec 25 NY's Metropolitan Opera broadcasts an entire opera over radio

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Dec 26 Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" by George and Ira Gershwin premieres on Broadway, New York City

Composer and Pianist George Gershwin
Composer and Pianist
George Gershwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as President of Nanjing-China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Dec 29 Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey
  • Dec 29 Victoria score 7 for 435 in second innings to beat NSW

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Jimmy Lyons, American musician (d. 1986)
  • Dec 1 Jim Nesbitt, singer (d. 2007)
  • Dec 2 Edwin Meese, American author and 75th United States Attorney General (1985-88), born in Oakland, California
  • Dec 2 Masaaki Hatsumi, Japanese founder and head of the Bujinkan Organization, born in Noda, Chiba, Japan
  • Dec 2 Wynton Kelly, American jazz pianist (Dizzy Gillespie; Miles Davis), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1971)
  • Dec 3 Ellen Blazer [Esther Clara Blazer], Dutch TV director (Sonja), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • Dec 3 [Mary] Jaye P. Morgan, American pop singer ("All I Want From You"), game show panelist (Gong Show), born in Mancos, Colorado
  • Dec 3 Franz Josef Degenhardt, German poet and author, born in Schwelm, Westphalia, Germany (d. 2011)
  • Dec 4 Alex Delvecchio, Canadian ice hockey forward, coach, and executive (Stanley Cup 1952, 54-55, Detroit Red Wings 1,549 games, 1,281 points), born in Fort William, Ontario
  • Dec 4 Wally George, American conservative TV commentator, born in Oakland, California (d. 2003)
  • Dec 6 Zeki Müren, Turkish actor, singer, and composer (Game of Silence), born in Bursa, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • Dec 8 Rudolf Komorous, Czech-born Canadian composer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • Dec 9 William Reynolds, American actor (The Gallant Men, All That Heaven Allows), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Dec 9 Ladislav Smoljak, Czech director, actor and screenwriter (An Uncertain Season), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2010)
  • Dec 11 Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Indian leader of the Rajneesh movement, born in Kuchwada Village, Raisen district, Bhopal State, British India (d. 1990)

Person of interestRita Moreno

Dec 11 Rita Moreno [Rosita Dolores Alverío], Puerto Rican singer, dancer and actress (West Side Story), born in Humacao, Puerto Rico

Singer, Dancer and Actress Rita Moreno
Singer, Dancer and Actress
Rita Moreno
  • Dec 11 Anne Heywood [Violet Pretty], British actress (The Fox) and "Miss Great Britain (1950), born in Handsworth, Birmingham, England
  • Dec 12 Ali-Akbar Sa'idi Sirjani, Iranian writer and journalist, born in Sirjan, Kerman (d. 1994)
  • Dec 14 Jaun Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher, born in Amroha, Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 2002)
  • Dec 15 Evald Schorm, Czech film director (Courage for Every Day), born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1988)

Person of interestTom Brookshier

Dec 16 Tom Brookshier, American football player and sportscaster, born in Roswell, New Mexico (d. 2010)

NFL Sportscaster Tom Brookshier
NFL Sportscaster
Tom Brookshier
  • Dec 16 Shelby Singleton, American record label owner and producer (Smash Records, Mercury Records), born in Waskom, Texas (d. 2009)
  • Dec 16 Kenneth Gilbert, Canadian harpsichordist, organist, musicologist, and educator, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2020)
  • Dec 16 Karl Denver [Angus McKenzie], Scottish pop singer ("Never Say Goodbye"; "Wimoweh"), born in Springburn, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Dec 17 Yvonne Keuls [Bamberg], Dutch writer (Jan Rap & Co)
  • Dec 17 Dave Madden, Canadian-born American actor (Charlotte's Web, Alice, The Partridge Family), born in Sarnia, Ontario (d. 2014)
  • Dec 18 Gunnel Lindblom, Swedish actress (Hunger, Virgin Spring), born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Dec 18 Noel McGregor, cricketer (batted in 25 Tests for NZ 1955-65)
  • Dec 18 Allen Klein, American rock and roll business manager - ABKCO (Sam Cooke; RollingStones, Beatles), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2009)
  • Dec 18 Alison Plowden, English historian (d. 2007)
  • Dec 18 André S. Labarthe, French actor, film producer and director (Vivre sa vie, Cinéastes de notre temps), born in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, France (d. 2018)
  • Dec 20 Mary Ellen "Mala" Powers, American actress (Cyrano de Bergerac, The Wild Wild West), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2007)
  • Dec 21 Caroline Kaart [Paterson Raitt], Dutch alto singer, born in Blackness, United Kingdom
  • Dec 21 David Baker, American composer (Reflections) and educator, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2016)
  • Dec 23 Ronnie Schell, American comedian (Gomer Pyle, Good Morning World), born in Richmond, California
  • Dec 24 Jill Bennett, British actress (Lady Jane, Concrete Jungle), born in Penang, Straits Settlements (d. 1990)
  • Dec 24 Mauricio Kagel, Argentine-German composer, born in Buenos Aires, Germany (d. 2008)
  • Dec 24 Erapheael “Ray” Bryant, American jazz pianist, composer and arranger ("Madison Time"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2011)
  • Dec 25 Uzo Egonu, painter/print maker
  • Dec 26 Thomas Eden Binkley, American lutenist and early music scholar, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • Dec 27 Scotty Moore, guitarist (for Elvis), born in Gadsden, Tennessee (d. 2016)
  • Dec 27 Lê Khả Phiêu, Vietnamese leader, General Secretary (1997-2001), born in Thanh Hoa province, Vietnam (d. 2020)
  • Dec 28 Martin Milner, American actor (Route 66", "Adam 12"), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • Dec 28 Georg "Org" Marais, South African economist/underminister of Finance
  • Dec 28 Guy Debord, situationist
  • Dec 28 John de Mol, Dutch vocalist/composer/producer
  • Dec 29 Prince Gu of Korea, Korean royalty, born in Tokyo Prefecture, Japan (d. 2005)
  • Dec 30 Charles A Bassett II, Captain USAF/astronaut, born in Dayton, Ohio
  • Dec 30 Richard Christ, writer
  • Dec 30 Skeeter Davis [Mary Penick], American country and pop singer ("End of World"), born in Dry Ridge, Kentucky (d. 2004)
  • Dec 30 Ike Skelton, US Congressman (Democrat: 1977-2011), born in Lexington, Missouri(d. 2013)
  • Dec 31 Bob Shaw, Northern Irish sci-fi author (Light of Other Days, The Ragged Astronauts), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1996)
  • Dec 31 Gil Mellé, American jazz saxophonist and composer, born in New York City (d. 2004)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 3 Silent film actress Clara Bow (26) weds actor and politician Rex Bell (28) in Las Vegas

Silent Screen Actress Clara Bow
Silent Screen Actress
Clara Bow

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 19 Propagandist Joseph Goebbels (34) weds Magda Ritschel (30) at Günther Quandt's farm in Mecklenburg, Germany

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 26 SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich marries Lina von Osten

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich

Famous Deaths


Person of interestVincent d'Indy

Dec 2 Vincent d'Indy, French composer and teacher, dies at 80

Composer Vincent d'Indy
Composer
Vincent d'Indy
  • Dec 5 Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • Dec 10 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Six Chansons), dies at 69
  • Dec 13 Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • Dec 16 Gustave J Waffelaert, Flemish theologist and bishop of Bruges, dies at 82
  • Dec 18 Jack "Legs" Diamond, American gangster and bootlegger, murdered at 34
  • Dec 23 Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • Dec 26 Melvil Dewey, American librarian and educator (created Dewey Decimal System for libraries), dies at 80
  • Dec 27 Peter C. Lutkin, composer, dies at 73
  • Dec 27 Walter Courvoisier, composer, dies at 56
  • Dec 30 Tyrone Power Sr., British actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton, Alexanders Ragtime Band)), dies at 62