On This Day

What Happened in July 1931

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Cleveland Municipal Stadium (MLB: Indians, NFL: Browns, 78,189 capacity) opens; demolished 1996
  • Jul 1 Ice vending machines introduced in Los Angeles 25 lbs, 15 cents
  • Jul 1 Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)

Historic Event

Jul 1 US President Herbert Hoover places a one year moratorium on war debt payments

  • Jul 3 German boxer Max Schmeling beats American Young Stribling by TKO in 15 in Cleveland in his first heavyweight title defence; first major fight broadcast live on national radio
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In the first ever all-German final, Cilly Aussem beats Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling 6-2, 7-5
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Sidney Wood Jr beats fellow American Frank Shields in a walkover - ankle injury
  • Jul 4 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • Jul 4 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • Jul 6 US Open Golf, Inverness Club, Ohio: Billy Burke wins by 1 stroke from George Von Elm in a second 36-hole playoff; longest playoff in tournament history
  • Jul 11 NY Giants beat Phillies 23-8
  • Jul 12 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game & 21 in 2nd game for 32
  • Jul 18 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • Jul 21 Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
  • Jul 23 Ashmore & Cartier Islands in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • Jul 23 France announces it can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA Olympics
  • Jul 24 George Gunn gets 183 and son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings

World Record

Jul 24 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)

  • Jul 24 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • Jul 26 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Midlothian CC: June Beebe beats Mrs. Melvin Jones, 3 & 2 for golf's only major title
  • Jul 26 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Paris, France: Henri Cochet beats Fred Perry 6-4, 1-6, 9-7, 6-3 to give France 3-2 win over Great Britain and 5th straight title
  • Jul 26 25th Tour de France won by Antonin Magne of France
  • Jul 27 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • Jul 27 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota destroyed thousands of acres of crops
  • Jul 28 White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12

Historic Event

Jul 28 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"


Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Leslie Caron, French-American actress (Gigi, Father Goose), born in Boulogne-Biliancourt, Seine
  • Jul 2 Robert Ito, Canadian-born actor (Quincy, ME - "Sam"), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jul 2 Frank Williams, English actor (Dad's Army), born in London, England
  • Jul 3 Andres Burnier [Catharina Irma Dessaur], Dutch criminologist and author (Jongensuur), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • Jul 3 Robert O. Ragland, American film score composer (The Thing With Two Heads), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • Jul 4 Stephen Boyd [William Millar], Irish actor (Fantastic Voyage, Ben-Hur), born in Glengormley, County Antrim, Northern Ireland (d. 1977)
  • Jul 4 Peter Richardson, British cricketer (England batsman mid-50's), born in Hereford, England (d. 2017)
  • Jul 4 Rick Casares, American NFL fullback (Chicago Bears), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 2013)
  • Jul 4 Duncan Lamont, Scottish jazz and session trumpet and saxophone player, arranger, andsongwriter ("I Told You So"), born in Greenock, Scotland (d. 2019)
  • Jul 5 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, Irish American gangster (inspiration for Jimmy Conway character in Goodfellas), born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • Jul 5 Ismail Mahomed, South African and Namibian Chief Justice, 1st permanent black judge on South African Supreme Court, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • Jul 6 Donal Donnelly, Irish actor (The Godfather: Part III, Dead), born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 2010)
  • Jul 6 Danny White, American singer and bandleader, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1996)
  • Jul 6 Jean Campeau, French Canadian businessman and politician, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jul 6 Emily Nasrallah, Lebanese writer and women's rights activist (Birds of September, A Cat’s Diary), born in Kfeir, Lebanon (d. 2018)
  • Jul 6 László Tábori, Hungarian middle/long distance runner (1,500m world record 1955), born in Košice, Slovakia (d. 2018)
  • Jul 7 David Eddings, American sci-fi author (Belgariad, Malloreon)
  • Jul 7 Stanley Brock, American actor (UHF, Hard to Kill, Ivan-He's the Mayor), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1991)
  • Jul 8 Jerry Vale [Gennaro Vitaliano], American pop singer ("Arriverderci Roma"; "Have You Looked Into Your Heart"), born in The Bronx, New York City (d. 2014)
  • Jul 8 Louis Ballard [Honganózhe], Native American composer and educator (The Four Moons), born near Quapaw, Oklahoma (d. 2007) [1]

Roone Arledge

Jul 8 Roone Arledge, American sports broadcasting pioneer, President of ABC Sports (Monday Night Football) and ABC News, born in NYC, New York (d. 2002) [1] [2]

  • Jul 10 Alice Munro, Canadian author (Dance of the Happy Shades) and Nobel laureate 2013, born in Wingham, Ontario, Canada
  • Jul 10 Del Insko, harness racer (toothpick in mouth, 1969 money leader), born in Amboy, Minnesota
  • Jul 10 Julian May, American sci-fi author (Golden Torc, Magnificat), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Jul 10 Nick Adams [Nicholas Aloysius Adamshock], American actor (Johnny Yuma-Rebel), born in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • Jul 11 Tab Hunter [Arthur Andrew Kelm], American actor (The Girl He Left Behind; Lust In The Dust) and singer (Young Love), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jul 11 Hans Klein, politician
  • Jul 11 Herman de Vries, Dutch sculptor
  • Jul 11 Thurston Harris, American R&B and pop vocalist (The Sharps - "Little Bitty Pretty One"), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1990)
  • Jul 11 Tullio Regge, Italian physicist
  • Jul 12 André Laporte, Flemish composer, born in Oplinter, Tienen, Belgium
  • Jul 12 J. Bob Traxler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Kawkawlin, Michigan
  • Jul 13 Bill Moor [William Hendrickson Moor III], American actor (Kramer vs. Kramer, The Devil's Advocate, Hanky Panky), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • Jul 14 Donald Eugene Webb, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jul 14 Sir Robert Stephens, British actor (Uncle Kurt-Holocaust, Chaplin, QB VII, Cleopatra), born in Bristol, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 15 Clive Cussler, American writer (Raise The Titanic, Sahara), born in Aurora, Illinois,
  • Jul 15 Eugene Louw, South African minister of Internal affairs
  • Jul 16 Lady Caroline Blackwood, British journalist and writer (The Last of the Duchess), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jul 16 Norm Sherry, American baseball catcher (Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Mets) and manager (California Angels), born in NYC, New York (d. 2021)
  • Jul 18 "Papa" Dee Allen, American percussionist (War - "Cisco Kid"; "The World Is A Ghetto"), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1988)
  • Jul 20 Tony Marsh, English auto racer (record 6 x British Hill Climb Championship), born in Stourbridge, England (d. 2009)

Marina Popovich

Jul 20 Marina Popovich, Soviet Air Force colonel, engineer and test pilot (102 world records), born in Leonenki, Smolensk Oblast, USSR, birth date uncertain (d. 2017)

  • Jul 21 Plas Johnson, American be-bop jazz and session saxophonist (sax solo on "The Pink Panther Theme"), born in Donaldsonville, Louisiana
  • Jul 21 Leon Schidlowsky, Chilean Israeli composer, born in Santiago, Chile
  • Jul 21 Gene Fullmer, American boxer (world middleweight champion), born in West Jordan, Utah (d. 2015)
  • Jul 22 Charles Huxtable, General commander (English ground armies)
  • Jul 22 Perry Lopez, American actor (Chinatown, Death Wish 4), born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)
  • Jul 23 Jan Torell, Swedish director (New Land, Emigrants), born in Limhamm, Sweden
  • Jul 23 Richard Searby, Australian lawyer and deputy-chairman (News Corp Ltd-Australia)
  • Jul 23 Viktor Korchnoi, Russian-born chess grandmaster, born in Leningrad (d. 2016)
  • Jul 23 Te Atairangikaahu, Māori Queen for 40 years (1966-2006), born in Waahi Marae, Huntly, New Zealand (d. 2006)
  • Jul 23 Guy Fournier, French Canadian author and screenwriter, born in Waterloo, Quebec
  • Jul 23 Arata Isozaki, Japanese architect (Art Tower Mito, Pritzler Prize 2019), born in Oito, Japan
  • Jul 24 Ermanno Olmi, Italian film director (The Tree of Wooden Clogs), born in Bergamo, Italy (d. 2018)
  • Jul 24 Éric Tabarly, French Navy officer and yachtsman, born in Nantes, France (d. 1998)
  • Jul 25 Kees [Cornelis Pieter] van Dijk, Dutch minister of the Interior, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • Jul 25 Paul Danblon, Belgian composer, opera director, opera administrator and scientific journalist, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2018)
  • Jul 25 Murray Day, New Zealand sports administrator (President International Squash Rackets Federation 1975-81), born in Hamilton, New Zealand (d. 2022)
  • Jul 26 Takashi Ono, Japanese gymnast (Olympic gold 1956, 60), born in Noshiro, Akita Prefecture, Japan
  • Jul 26 Telê Santana, Brazilian soccer winger (Fluminense FC 557 games) and manager (Brazil, Flamengo, Fluminense, Palmeiras, São Paulo), born in Itabirito, Brazil (d. 2006)
  • Jul 27 Jerry Van Dyke, American actor (My Mother the Car, Coach), born in Danville, Illinois (d. 2018)
  • Jul 27 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian communist politician, born in Rumduol, Svay Rieng, French Protectorate of Cambodia
  • Jul 28 Darryl Hickman, American actor (Human Comedy, Tea & Sympathy), born in Hollywood, California
  • Jul 28 Johnny Martin, Australian cricket left-arm chinaman bowler (60's)
  • Jul 30 Joan Vohs, American model and actress (Fort Ti, Vice Squad, Sabrina), born in St Albans, New York (d. 2001)
  • Jul 31 Kenny Burrell, American guitarist (Organ Grinder Swing), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jul 31 Nick Bollettieri, American tennis coach (Andre Agassi, Jim Courier, Monica Seles), born in Pelham, New York
  • Jul 31 Bill Bidwill, American NFL team owner (Arizona Cardinals 1962-2019), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2019)

Famous Weddings

James Joyce

Jul 4 Irish writer (Ulysses) James Joyce and Nora Barnacle finally marry in London registry office after meeting in 1904.

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • Jul 4 Emanuele F duke of Aosta, Italian WW I-general/fascist, dies at 62
  • Jul 4 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies
  • Jul 7 Johannes "Kodgee" Kotze, South African cricketer (South Africa 1902-07), dies at 51
  • Jul 11 Jean-Louis Forain, French impressionist etcher and lithographer, dies at 78
  • Jul 15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician 9Poisson distribution) and economist (b. 1868)
  • Jul 16 Charles Studd, English cricket all-rounder (5 Tests; Middlesex) and missionary (Cambridge Seven), dies from untreated gallstones at 70
  • Jul 16 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, dies at 74
  • Jul 18 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • Jul 24 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, dies at 75
  • Jul 27 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (b. 1848)