On This Day

What Happened in June 1931

Historical Events

  • Jun 5 Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
  • Jun 5 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: American based Scotsman Tommy Armour outlasts José Jurado of Argentina by 1 stroke to win his only Open title and his 3rd and final major championship
  • Jun 6 "There Ought To Be A Moonlight Saving Time" by Guy Lombardo hits #1
  • Jun 6 NY Yankees turn triple-play but lose 7-5 to Cleveland Indians
  • Jun 8 Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo

InventionHistoric Invention

Jun 9 First rocket-powered aircraft design patented by Robert Goddard

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jun 10 Norway occupies East Greenland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Jun 13 63rd Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Twenty Grand wins in 2:29.6
  • Jun 14 French "St Philbert" overturns off St Nazaire France, drowns 450

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 Reinhard Heydrich's first meeting with Heinrich Himmler

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 Eddie Collins & Harry Heilmann retire from baseball

Baseball Legend Eddie Collins
Baseball Legend
Eddie Collins
  • Jun 15 Poland and USSR sign friendship and trade treaty
  • Jun 16 Austrian government of Ender falls
  • Jun 19 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven, Connecticut
  • Jun 20 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • Jun 22 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Wiley Post and Harold Catty take off for a flight around the world

Aviator Wiley Post
Aviator
Wiley Post
  • Jun 24 USSR & Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty

Sport awardRyder Cup

Jun 27 Ryder Cup Golf, Scioto CC: Walter Hagen captains his 2nd victorious American team; US wins, 9-3

Golfer Walter Hagen
Golfer
Walter Hagen
  • Jun 29 109°F (43°C), Monticello, Florida (state record)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Walter Horak, Austrian soccer striker (13 caps; Wiener Sport Club, Sochaux), born in Marchegg, Austria (d. 2019)
  • Jun 1 Hal Smith, American baseball catcher (MLB All-Star 1957, 59²; St. Louis Cardinals, Pittsburgh Pirates), born in Barling, Arkansas (d. 2014)
  • Jun 2 Larry Jackson, American baseball pitcher (5 × MLB All-Star; MLB wins leader 1964; St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies), born in Nampa, Idaho (d. 1990)
  • Jun 3 Françoise Arnoul, French actress and composer (French Cancan, Jacko & Lise), born in Constantine, France

Person of interestRaúl Castro

Jun 3 Raúl Castro, 18th President of Cuba (2008-) and former revolutionary, born in Biran, Holguin, Cuba

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro
  • Jun 3 Lindy Remigino, American athlete (Olympic gold 100m 1952), born in Elmhurst, Queens, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jun 4 César Bolaños, Peruvian musician and composer, born in Lima, Peru (d. 2012)
  • Jun 5 Jacques Demy, French director (Lola, Magic Donkey)
  • Jun 5 John Dellow, commissioner (London Metropolitan Police)
  • Jun 5 Jerzy Prokopiuk, Polish philosopher, antroposopher
  • Jun 6 Lloyd Lindroth, American harpist, The Liberace of the Harp, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)
  • Jun 7 Lang Jeffries, Canadian actor (Skip-Rescue 8), born in Ontario, Canada (d. 1987)
  • Jun 7 Virginia McKenna, British actress (Born Free, Chosen, Lions are Free, Simba), born in Marylebone, London
  • Jun 7 Malcolm Morley, English-American painter, born in London (d. 2018)
  • Jun 7 David Driskell, American artist and champion of African American art, born in Eatonton, Georgia (d. 2020)
  • Jun 8 Ivan V. Lalić, Serbian poet, born in Belgrade (d. 1996)
  • Jun 8 Leo Nichols, businessman, honorary consul and longtime friend of Burma's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1996)
  • Jun 8 June Thorburn, British actress (Touch & Go, Children Galore), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1967)
  • Jun 9 Bill Virdon, American baseball outfielder, manager, coach (NL Rookie of the Year 1955; World Series 1960; Gold Glove 1962), born in Hazel Park, Michigan

Person of interestJackie Mason

Jun 9 Jackie Mason, American comedian (World According to Me, Chicken Soup), born in Sheboygan, Wisconsin

Comedian Jackie Mason
Comedian
Jackie Mason
  • Jun 9 Joe Santos, American actor (Rockford Files), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2016)
  • Jun 10 João Gilberto, Brazilian singer, guitarist and 'father of bossa nova' (Getz/Gilberto, Grammy Award for Album of the Year 1965), born in Juazeiro, Bahia (d. 2019)
  • Jun 10 M S Gopalakrishnan, Indian Carnatic violinist, born in Mylapore, Chennai, British India (d. 2013)
  • Jun 11 Kenneth Cameron, Baron Cameron of Lochbroom, Scottish judge, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Jun 11 Audrey Schuh, American operatic soprano, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jun 12 Barbara Hillary, American adventurer, 1st black woman to reach the North Pole, born in New York City (d. 2019)
  • Jun 13 Lachlan Macleay, USAF colonel and astronaut, born in Saint Louis, Missouri
  • Jun 13 Irvin D. Yalom, American psychotherapist and Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 14 Marla Gibbs [Margaret Theresa Bradley], American comedian and actress (Florence-Jeffersons, Mary-227), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 15 Bernice Gera, first woman umpire in US pro baseball, born in Ernest, Pennsylvania (d. 1992)
  • Jun 16 Courtney Alexandre Henriques Laws, community leader
  • Jun 16 Ivo Petric, Slovenian composer, born in Ljubljana
  • Jun 16 Robert Freeman Smith, American politician (Rep-R-Oregon), born in Portland, Oregon
  • Jun 17 John Baldessari, American artist, born in National City, California
  • Jun 18 Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazilian politician and sociologist, President of Brazil (1995 - 2002), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Jun 20 Arne Nordheim, Larvik Norway, conductor/composer (Aftonland)
  • Jun 20 James Tolkan, American actor (Weekend War, Leap of Faith), born in Calumet, Michigan
  • Jun 20 Olympia Dukakis, Greek-American actress (Man Equals Man, Moonstruck, Cemetery Club), born in Lowell, Massachusetts
  • Jun 20 Richard Southwood, zoologist/chancellor (Oxford University)
  • Jun 21 Lawrence K Grossman, American news president (PBS, NBC-TV), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jun 21 Margaret Heckler, American politician (15th U.S. Secretary of Health & Human Services (1983-85)), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jun 21 Enzo Maiorca, Italian freediver (17 world records), born in Syracuse, Sicily (d. 2016)
  • Jun 22 Hennadiy Udovenko, Ukrainian politician and diplomat (UN General Assembly President, 1997-98), born in Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine (d. 2013)
  • Jun 22 Teruyuki Okazaki, Japanese karate master (10th degree black belt Shotokan Karate; founder International Shotokan Karate Federation), born in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan (d. 2020)
  • Jun 23 Urs Jaeggi, Swiss sociologist and writer, born in Solothurn, Switzerland
  • Jun 24 Billy Casper, American golfer (US Open 1959, 66; US Masters 1970), born in San Diego, California (d. 2015)
  • Jun 24 Leslie Cochran, peace activist and police critic, born in Miami, Florida (d. 2012)
  • Jun 25 V.P. [Vishwanath Pratap] Singh, Indian politician, 7th Prime Minister of India (1989-90), born in Allahabad, British India (d. 2008)
  • Jun 26 Colin Wilson, English author (Afterlife, Book of Great Mysteries), born in Leicester, Leicestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • Jun 26 Lucien Goethals, Belgian composer, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 2006)
  • Jun 27 Alojz Srebotnjak, Slovenian composer, born in Postojna, Slovenia (d. 2010)
  • Jun 27 Charles Bronfman, Canadian-American CEO (Seagrams, Montreal Expos) and philanthropist, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 27 Ryszard Kwiatkowski, Polish composer (Polyphonic Music), born in Jaranów, Włocławek, Poland (d. 1993)
  • Jun 27 Eddie Kasko, American baseball infielder (MLB All Star 1961, 1961²; Cincinnati Reds) and manager (Boston Red Sox), born in Linden, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • Jun 27 Grant Weatherstone, Scotland rugby union winger (16 caps; Edinburgh District), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2020)
  • Jun 28 Junior Johnson, American auto racer and team owner (Daytona 500 1960; NASCAR Hall of Fame), born in Wilkes County, North Carolina (d. 2019)
  • Jun 28 Lucien Victor, Belgian road racing cyclist, born in Oekene, Belgium (d. 1995)
  • Jun 29 Ed Gilbert, American actor (The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • Jun 30 James Loughran, British conductor, born in Glasgow
  • Jun 30 Hans Gruijters, Dutch mayor (co-founder of D66-Lelystad), born in Helmond, Netherlands
  • Jun 30 Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi, born in Antwerp (d. 2005)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 8 Songwriter Johnny Mercer (21) weds chorus girl Ginger Meehan in New York City

Songwriter Johnny Mercer
Songwriter
Johnny Mercer

LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 13 Actress Margaret Hamilton (28) weds landscape architect Paul Meserve

LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 29 Actress Mary Astor (25) weds Dr. Franklyn Thorpe

Actress Mary Astor
Actress
Mary Astor

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 4 Ibn Ali Hussein, King of Hejaz, dies
  • Jun 9 Henrique Oswald, Brazilian composer, dies at 79
  • Jun 13 Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • Jun 22 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), dies at 89
  • Jun 29 Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)