What Happened in March 1931

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution
  • Mar 3 Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Bradman bowled by Herman Griffith for a duck as W I win the Test

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Mar 4 West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 5 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 8 24th Women's Australian Championships: Coral McInnes Buttsworth beats Marjorie Cox Crawford (1-6, 6-3, 6-4)
  • Mar 8 24th Men's Australian Championships: Jack Crawford beats Harry Hopman (6-4, 6-2, 2-6, 6-1)
  • Mar 10 Oswald Mosley leaves British Labour party and founds the "New Party"
  • Mar 11 Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 14 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC)
  • Mar 16 Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Netherlands)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 18 1st electric shavers go on sale in US (Schick)
  • Mar 18 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
  • Mar 19 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • Mar 20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • Mar 21 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • Mar 21 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 21 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25 Hal Kemp & his orchestra record Whistles, with Skinnay Ennis
  • Mar 25 Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
  • Mar 26 Iraq & Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
  • Mar 26 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
  • Mar 26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor

Comedian, Actor and Filmmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian, Actor and Filmmaker
Charlie Chaplin
  • Mar 27 John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on
  • Mar 27 90th Grand National: Bob Lyall aboard Grakle wins

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 2 Duane Graveline, doctor and astronaut, born in Newport Vermont (d. 2016)

Person of interestMikhail Gorbachev

Mar 2 Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91), born in Stavropol, Russia

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Mar 2 Tom Wolfe, journalist and author (Right Stuff), born in Richmond, Virginia
  • Mar 3 Henk Knol, Dutch 2nd chamber member (PvdA)
  • Mar 3 Piet [van] Bambergen, Dutch cabaretier (Mounties, Sherlock Jones)
  • Mar 4 Han Jansen, Dutch painter
  • Mar 4 Wally Bruner, American journalist and television host (d. 1997)
  • Mar 4 Bob Johnson, American ice hockey coach (d. 1991)
  • Mar 4 Alice Rivlin, American economist
  • Mar 5 Anthony Headges, composer
  • Mar 5 Barry Tuckwell, Australian horn player (London Symph Orch 1955-68), born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Mar 5 Fred Othon Aristidès, French comics artist
  • Mar 6 Carmen de Lavallade, American actress, dancer and choreographer (Aida), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Mar 6 David Haddon Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack)
  • Mar 6 John Smith, American actor (Cimarron City, Laramie, 7 Angry Men), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1995)
  • Mar 6 Hal Needham, American stuntman, (d. 2013)
  • Mar 6 Ed Whitlock, British-born runner, oldest person to run marathon under 4 hrs (at 85), born in London (d. 2017)
  • Mar 7 C W Stubblefield, music promoter
  • Mar 7 Cornelis T "Cor" van de Molen, director Social Businesses of Press
  • Mar 8 John McPhee, author (Back to ----)
  • Mar 8 Neil Adcock, cricketer (South African pace bowler, 104 wkts 1953-62), (d. 2013)
  • Mar 8 Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
  • Mar 9 Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer, born in Hallstahammar, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • Mar 10 Georges Dor, Quebec author, playwright, singer and songwriter (d. 2001)
  • Mar 11 Peter Walters, CEO (Midland Bank)

Person of interestRupert Murdoch

Mar 11 Rupert Murdoch, Australian-born American media mogul (NY Post, News of the World, FOX-TV), born in Melbourne, Victoria

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch
  • Mar 12 Geoffrey de Bellaigue, director (Royal Collection)
  • Mar 12 William "Billie" Thomas, American child actor (Buckwheat- Our Gang), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1980)
  • Mar 12 Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder
  • Mar 13 Marc Dessauvage, Belgian architect, born in Moorslede, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • Mar 13 Rosalind Elias, American mezzo-soprano (Grimgerde-Die Walkuere), born in Lowell, Massachusetts
  • Mar 13 Wolfgang Kohlhaase, German actor, director and writer (Solo Sunday), born in Berlin, Germany
  • Mar 14 Bob Goalby, golfer (British Open-1968, Canadian Open-1968, NZ-1970)
  • Mar 14 Phil Phillips [Baptiste], rock vocalist (Sea Of Love)
  • Mar 16 Betty Johnson, American pop and cabaret singer (Jack Paar Show, I Dreamed), born in Guilford County, North Carolina
  • Mar 16 Don Richard Carpenter, novelist
  • Mar 17 Eunice Gayson, British actress and 1st Bond Girl (Sylvia Trench- "Dr. No" and "From Russia With Love"), born in London, England (d. 2018)
  • Mar 17 David Peakall, British scientist (d. 2001)
  • Mar 18 Howard Coble, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1985-2015), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • Mar 20 Antonio Tauriello, composer
  • Mar 20 David Montgomery, chairman (British Forestry Commission)
  • Mar 20 Hal Linden [Harold Lipshitz], American directer, musician and actor (Barney Miller, Blacke's Magic), born in The Bronx, New York City
  • Mar 20 John Rae, British educator (Conscience & Politics)
  • Mar 21 Ivan William Hannaford, sociologist
  • Mar 22 Igor Hajek, translator/writer
  • Mar 22 Leslie Thomas, Welsh writer (The Virgin Soldiers), born in Newport (d. 2014)

Person of interestWilliam Shatner

Mar 22 William Shatner, Canadian author, director and actor (Star Trek, T J Hooker), born in Montreal, Quebec

  • Mar 23 Norman F Lent, (Rep-R-NY, 1971- 93 ), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 23 Yevdokiya Mekshilo, Soviet skier (Olympic gold 1964), born in Gorno-Altaysk, Russia (d. 2013)
  • Mar 24 Thelma Kalama, American 4 X 100m relay swimmer (Olympic gold 1948)
  • Mar 25 Paul Motian, American jazz drummer and composer

Person of interestLeonard Nimoy

Mar 26 Leonard Nimoy, American actor (Spock-Star Trek, Mission Impossible), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2015)

  • Mar 27 Burt Collins, American jazz trumpeter, born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)
  • Mar 27 Bob Bauman, CEO (British Aerospace)
  • Mar 27 Yoriaki Matsudaira, Japanese composer, born in Tokyo
  • Mar 28 Anatoly Lein, Soviet-born American chess Grandmaster (1968), born in Leningrad, USSR (d. 2018)
  • Mar 29 Evelyn de Rothschild, English banker and multi-millionaire, born in Westminster, London
  • Mar 29 James Weatherhead, moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland), born in Dundee (d. 2017)
  • Mar 29 Norman Tebbit, British Conservative party politician, cabinet minister and life peer, born in Ponders End, England
  • Mar 29 Sylvia Law, British town planner (President of the Royal Town Planning Institute), born in Southport, Lancashire
  • Mar 30 Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut
  • Mar 30 Harold Burrage, US singer/pianist (Hi Yo Silver)
  • Mar 30 Sandor Szokolay, composer
  • Mar 31 Miller Barber, American golfer (11 PGA, 3 US Senior Open titles), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d.2013)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 5 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities (b. 1839)
  • Mar 7 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter, dies at 65
  • Mar 7 Theo van Doesburg [Christian Emil Marie Küpper], Dutch painter and architect, dies at 47
  • Mar 8 Clara Kathleen Rogers, composer, dies at 87
  • Mar 9 Ida B Wells-Barnett, African American civil rights activist, dies in Chicago at 78
  • Mar 11 F.W. Murnau, German film director (b. 1888)
  • Mar 20 Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)

Person of interestBhagat Singh

Mar 23 Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter, hanged at 23

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • Mar 25 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, American journalist and civil rights activist, dies at 68
  • Mar 27 Arnold Bennett, English novelist, dies at 63
  • Mar 28 Ban Johnson, American baseball executive, founder and President of the American League, dies after a long illness at 67
  • Mar 31 Knute Rockne, football player/coach, dies in a plane crash at 43
  • Mar 31 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), dies at 67