What Happened in October 1931

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Philadelphia Athletics seek 3rd straight World Series baseball title; beat St. Louis Cardinals, 6-2 in opener at Sportsman's Park; lose series, 4-3
  • Oct 1 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • Oct 1 The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.

Catholic Encyclical

Oct 2 Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis

  • Oct 4 Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts
  • Oct 4 Juan Esteban Montero becomes President of Chile
  • Oct 5 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Wash (Herndon & Pangborn)
  • Oct 5 Paul Green's "House of Connelly" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 6 Joris van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
  • Oct 7 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY
  • Oct 10 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
  • Oct 10 Baseball World Series: St Louis Cardinals beat Philadelphia A's, 4-2 at Sportsman's Park for a 4 games to 3 series win
  • Oct 10 William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast" premieres in Leeds
  • Oct 11 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
  • Oct 12 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform

Christ the Redeemer

Oct 12 Christ the Redeemer statue opens standing 30 meters high (98 ft) on top of Mount Corcovado overlooking Rio de Janeiro, built by engineer Heitor da Silva Costa

  • Oct 13 Musical "Everybody's Welcome" with Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey premieres in NYC

Music History

Oct 13 Noël Coward's "Cavalcade" premieres in London

  • Oct 14 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
  • Oct 14 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
  • Oct 16 US trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd murders two friends then dismembers one of them in Phoenix

Historic Event

Oct 17 Gangster Al Capone is convicted on five of the 23 counts of tax evasion against him, later fined $50,000 and sentenced to 11 years in jail

  • Oct 18 American gangster Al Capone convicted of tax evasion
  • Oct 20 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • Oct 24 Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion
  • Oct 24 George Washington Bridge linking New York City and New Jersey dedicated, opens the next day

Theater Premiere

Oct 26 Eugene O'Neill's play cycle "Mourning Becomes Electra" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 27 Chuhei Numbu of Japan, sets then long jump record at 26' 2½"
  • Oct 29 Lefty Grove, A's pitcher who won 31 games, is named the AL's MVP
  • Oct 30 Eugene Ormandy makes his debut leading the Philadelphia Orchestra, substituting for an ailing Arturo Toscanini
  • Oct 30 W2XB TV channel 1 in NYC, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Reginald Hall, endocrinologist
  • Oct 1 Sylvano Bussotti, Italian composer, filmmaker and novelist, born in Florence, Italy

Glenn HallGlenn Hall (91 years old)

Oct 3 Canadian Hockey HOF goaltender (7 x NHL First All-Star Team; Stanley Cup 1961 Chicago Black Hawks; butterfly goalkeeping), born in Humboldt, Saskatchewan

  • Oct 4 Basil D'Oliveira, English cricket all-rounder (44 Tests, 2,484 @ 40.06, 47 wickets), born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 2011)
  • Oct 4 Dick Tracy, comic strip crimestopper
  • Oct 4 Terence Conran, English designer and restaurateur (Habitat), born in Esher, England (d. 2020)
  • Oct 6 Fred Graham, American newscaster and journalist (CBS News, Court TV), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2019)
  • Oct 6 Riccardo Giacconi, Italian American astrophysicist, Nobel Prize for Physics 2002 for X-ray astronomy, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 2018)
  • Oct 7 Cotton Fitzsimmons, American Basketball HOF coach (NJCAA C'ship 1966, 67, Moberly Area CC; Kansas State; NBA: Phoenix Suns; Atlanta Hawks, San Antonio Spurs), born in Hannibal, Missouri (d. 2004)

Desmond TutuDesmond Tutu (1931-2021)

Oct 7 Anglican Archbishop of South Africa and 1984 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Klerksdorp, Western Transvaal, South Africa

  • Oct 8 Bill Brown, Scottish soccer goalkeeper (28 caps; Dundee, Tottenham Hotspur), born in Arbroath, Angus, Scotland (d. 2004)
  • Oct 8 Pepper Rodgers, American football coach (University of Kansas, UCLA, Georgia Tech; USFL: Memphis Showboats), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2020)
  • Oct 9 Anthony "Tony" Booth, British actor and father of Cherie Blair (Till Death Us Do Part), born in Liverpool, Lancashire (d. 2017)
  • Oct 11 Dorothy Woolfolk, American comic book editor (Kryptonite), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Oct 12 Mohamed Soukhane, Algerian soccer defender (6 caps; Le Havre AC), born in Algiers, Algeria (d. 2021)
  • Oct 12 Raoul Pleskow, Austrian-American composer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Oct 13 Eddie Mathews, American Baseball HOF third baseman (512 career HRs; 12 × MLB All-Star; World Series 1957, 68; Boston/Milwaukee Braves) and manager (Atlanta Braves 1972-74), born in Texarkana, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Oct 13 Janice Elliott, English novelist, born in Derby, England (d. 1995)

Raymond KopaRaymond Kopa (1931-2017)

Oct 13 French soccer attacking midfielder (45 caps; Angers, Reims, Real Madrid; Ballon d'Or 1958; 'the Napoleon of football'), born in Noeux-les-Mines, France

  • Oct 14 Duško Gojković, Serbian trumpeter (Balkan Blue), born in Jajce, Bosnia
  • Oct 14 Nikhil Banerjee, Indian classical musician, born in Calcutta, India (d. 1986)
  • Oct 14 Rafael Puyana, Colombian baroque harpsichordist (NY debut 1957), born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 2013)
  • Oct 14 Rinus Bennaars, Dutch soccer midfielder (15 caps; Feyenoord Rotterdam), born in Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands (d. 2021)
  • Oct 15 (Lionel) Frederick "Freddy" Cole, American jazz singer and pianist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2020) [1]
  • Oct 15 A. P. J. [Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen] Abdul Kalam, Indian scientist and politician, 11th President of India (2002-07), born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu (d. 2015)
  • Oct 16 Charles W Colson, presidential adviser (Watergate figure), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • Oct 16 Rosa Rosal [Florence Gayda], Filipino actress and humanitarian described as "original femme fatale of Philippine cinema", born in Manila, Philippine Islands
  • Oct 17 Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
  • Oct 18 Catharina I "Ien" Dales, Dutch Internal minister (1989-94)
  • Oct 18 Ed Biles, American football coach (College: Xavier 1962-68; NFL: Houston Oilers 1981-83), born in Reading, Ohio (d. 2020)
  • Oct 19 Atsushi Miyagi, Japanese tennis player (US Open doubles 1955 [with Kosei Kamo] first Japanese players to win a Grand Slam event), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2021)
  • Oct 19 John le Carré [pen name for David Cornwell], English novelist (The Spy Who Came in from the Cold), born in Poole, England (d. 2020)
  • Oct 19 László Kalmár, Hungarian composer (Triangles), born in Budapest (d. 1995)
  • Oct 20 Jules Eskin, American cellist (Boston Symphony, 1964-2016), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • Oct 20 Ken Morrison, English supermarket tycoon (Morrisons), born in Bradford, England (d. 2017)

Mickey MantleMickey Mantle (1931-1995)

Oct 20 American Baseball HOF outfielder (1956 Triple Crown; 20 x MLB All Star; 7 × World Series; 3 × AL MVP; NY Yankees), born in Spavinaw, Oklahoma

  • Oct 20 Zeke Bratkowski, American NFL quarterback and coach (Green Bay Packers), born in Danville, Illinois (d. 2019)
  • Oct 21 Jim Parks, English cricket wicketkeeper (46 Tests, 114 dismissals, 2 x 100, 9 x 50, HS 108no; Sussex CCC, Somerset CCC), born in Haywards Heath, England (d. 2022)
  • Oct 21 Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor and director known as the "Elvis Presley of India" (Amaran, Brahmachari, Vidhaata), born in Bombay, British India (d. 2011)
  • Oct 22 Hikaru Hayashi, Japanese pianist, conductor and composer (Onibaba), born in Tokyo (d. 2012)
  • Oct 23 Diana Dors [Fluck], British actress and singer (Berserk!, Steaming), born in Swindon, Wiltshire (d. 1984)

Jim BunningJim Bunning (1931-2017)

Oct 23 American Baseball HOF pitcher (9 x MLB All-Star; perfect game 1964; no-hitter 1958; Detroit Tigers, Philadelphia Phillies) and politician (US Senator Kentucky 1999-2011; US Representative 1987-99), born in Southgate, Kentucky

  • Oct 24 Sofia Gubaidulina, Tatar-Russian composer (Stimmen Verstummen), born in Chistopol, Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
  • Oct 25 Annie Girardot, French actress (Three Rooms in Manhattan, Gypsy, Jacko & Lise), born in Paris, France (d. 2011)
  • Oct 25 Jimmy McIlroy, Irish footballer and football manager, born in Lambeg, Ireland
  • Oct 25 Klaus Hasselmann, German oceanographer (2021 Nobel Prize for Physics for pioneering work on climate change), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Oct 27 David Bryant, English lawn bowler (World Outdoor C'ship singles 1966, 80, 88; 4 x C'wealth Games gold singles), born in Clevedon, England (d. 2020)
  • Oct 27 Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian feminist writer and activist, born in Kafr Tahla, Egypt (d. 2021) [1]
  • Oct 29 Franco Interlenghi, Italian actor (I Vitelloni, Ulysses, Sciuscià), born in Rome, Kingdom of Italy (d. 2015)
  • Oct 30 David Wilson, British archaeologist and director of British Museum (1977-92), born in Dacre Banks, England
  • Oct 30 Dick Gautier, American stage and screen actor (Get Smart, Mr Terrific), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • Oct 30 John Macchia, American actor (Beach Blanket Bingo, Beach Party), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1967)
  • Oct 31 Daniel "Dan" Rather, American news anchor (CBS Evening News, 60 Minutes), born in Wharton, Texas
  • Oct 31 David Lumsdaine, Australian composer (Annotations of Auschwitz), born in Sydney, Australia

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 George Bradley, American baseball pitcher (first no-hitter in MLB history 1876; NL ERA leader 1876), dies at 79
  • Oct 2 Thomas Lipton, Scottish yachtsman (5-time America's Cup challenger) and tea merchant (Lipton Tea), dies at 81
  • Oct 3 Carl Nielsen, Danish violinist and composer (Det Uudslukkelige), dies of a heart attack at 66
  • Oct 7 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, dies at 65
  • Oct 7 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), dies at 81
  • Oct 8 John Monash, Australian military general during WWI (Gallipoli, Western Front), dies at 66
  • Oct 10 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, dies at 84
  • Oct 13 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • Oct 17 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, dies at 47

Thomas EdisonThomas Edison (1847-1931)

Oct 18 American inventor (lightbulb, phonograph, motion picture camera), dies of diabetes complications at 84

  • Oct 20 Emánuel Moór, Hungarian composer, pianist, and inventor of musical instruments, dies at 68
  • Oct 21 Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright (La Ronde - Reigen), and novelist (Fräulein Else), dies a brain hemorrhage at 69
  • Oct 24 Murray Bisset, South African cricketer (South African wicket-keeper 1899 & 1910), dies at 55
  • Oct 26 Charles Comiskey, American Baseball HOF infielder (St. Louis Brown Stockings/Browns), team owner (Chicago White Sox) and manager (St. Louis Browns), dies at 72
  • Oct 29 Luciano Gallet, Brazilian pianist, composer, conductor, and educator, dies at 38