What Happened in September 1931

Historical Events

Sports History

Sep 1 Future Baseball Hall of Fame 1st baseman Lou Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days & 6th homer in consecutive games in NY Yankees' 5-1 win v Boston Red Sox

Radio Premiere

Sep 2 American crooner Bing Crosby makes his solo radio debut on his "15 Minutes with Bing Crosby" program broadcast on the CBS network

  • Sep 10 Lord Cecil of British government says War was never so improbable
  • Sep 10 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Ellsworth Vines beats George Lott 7-9, 6-3, 9-7, 7-5 for his first of 2 straight US singles titles

Murder of Interest

Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by one of Charles Luciano's hitmen

  • Sep 13 British RAF pilot George Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • Sep 13 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • Sep 15 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • Sep 15 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • Sep 16 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • Sep 16 St Louis Cards repeat as NL champions with a 6-3 win over Phillies
  • Sep 17 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • Sep 17 Operetta "Viktoria & Her Hussar" by Paul Abraham (adapted for English by Harry Graham) premieres in London at Palace Theatre
  • Sep 17 Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
  • Sep 18 To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • Sep 19 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • Sep 19 Lefty Grove wins his 30th game of season over White Sox, 2-1

PGA Championship

Sep 19 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Wannamoisett CC: 20 year old American Tom Creavy beats Denny Shute, 2 & 1 in the final for his lone major title

  • Sep 20 MLB's Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184
  • Sep 21 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • Sep 22 Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)
  • Sep 24 Round-robin playoff among NYC's 3 major league teams, to raise money for unemployed, concludes with Brooklyn losing to both Giants & Yanks

Sports History

Sep 27 Closest NL batting race ends; St. Louis Cardinals Chick Hafey's .34889 beats NY Giants Bill Terry .34861 [1]

  • Sep 27 MLB's Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game (.3486) Jim Bottomley (.3481)
  • Sep 28 200,000 demonstrators demand declaration of war on Japan in Peking
  • Sep 30 Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Boxcar Willie [Travis Martin], American soldier (USAF) and singer ("King of the Road"), born in Ellis County, Texas (d. 1999)
  • Sep 1 Cecil Parkinson, British politician (C), born in Carnforth, North Lancashire (d. 2016)
  • Sep 1 Matthew J. Rinaldo, American politician (Rep-R-NJ, 1973-93), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 2008)
  • Sep 2 Alan K Simpson, minority whip (Sen-R-WY, 1979- )
  • Sep 2 Pierre Huyskens, Dutch radio host
  • Sep 3 Albert DeSalvo, American criminal (The Boston Strangler), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • Sep 3 Dick Motta, American basketball coach (NBA Championship, Washington Bullets 1977-78), born in Midvale, Utah
  • Sep 3 Rudolf Kelterborn, Swiss musician and composer, born in Basel, Switzerland
  • Sep 4 Antoine Bonifaci, French soccer midfielder (12 caps; OGC Nice, FC Inter Milan, Bologna FC, Torino FC), born in Bezons, France (d. 2021)
  • Sep 4 Mitzi Gaynor [Francesca von Gerber], American actress, singer and dancer (Anything Goes, South Pacific), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Sep 5 Moshe Mizrahi, Israeli film director (Madame Rosa), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 2018)
  • Sep 6 Sander Levin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Sep 7 Al McGuire, American basketball coach (Marquette), born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • Sep 7 Charles Camilleri, Maltese composer (Missa Mundi), born in Ħamrun, Malta (d. 2009)
  • Sep 8 John Garrett, British Labour Party politician, born in Romford, London (d. 2007)
  • Sep 8 Marion Brown, American jazz alto saxophonist, (Marion Brown Quartet; John Coltrane -"Ascension"; Artie Schepp), avant garde composer, writer, and ethno-musicologist, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2010)
  • Sep 10 Philip Baker Hall, American actor (Secret Honor, Hard Eight, Magnolia), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • Sep 11 Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian, born in Freudenberg, Germany (d. 2014)
  • Sep 12 George Jones, American country singer-songwriter ("Golden Rings"; "Oh Lonesome Me"), born in Saratoga, Texas (d. 2013)
  • Sep 12 Kristin Hunter, African-American author (God Bless the Child), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)
  • Sep 12 Sir Ian Holm, eminent English actor (The Lord of the Rings, Alien, King Lear), born in Goodmayes, Essex (d. 2020)
  • Sep 13 Barbara Bain, American actress (Cinnamon-Mission Impossible, Space 1999), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Sep 13 Marjorie Jackson, Australian sprinter (Olympic gold 1952) and 33rd Governor of South Australia, born in Coffs Harbour, Australia
  • Sep 16 Jan Johansson, Swedish jazz pianist, born in Söderhamn, Hälsingland, Sweden (d. 1968)
  • Sep 17 Anne Bancroft [Anna Italiano], American stage and screen Emmy, Oscar, and Tony Award-winning actress (The Graduate; The Miracle Worker), director, and screenwriter, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2005)
  • Sep 19 Brook Benton [Benjamin Franklin Peay], American soul vocalist ("It's Just a Matter of Time"; "Rainy Night in Georgia"), born in Lugoff, South Carolina (d. 1988)
  • Sep 19 Jean-Claude Carrière, French screenwriter and actor, who frequently collaborated with Luis Buñuel on his screen plays (Belle de Jour, The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie, The Phantom of Liberty), born in Colombières-sur-Orb, France
  • Sep 19 Raymond "Ray" Danton, American actor and director (Longest Day, Psychic Killer), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)
  • Sep 20 Cherd Songsri, Thai film director (Plae Kao), born in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand (d. 2006)
  • Sep 21 Ivan Toplak, Serbian soccer striker (1 cap; Red Star Belgrade) and manager (Red Star Belgrade, San Jose Earthquakes, Yugoslavia), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 2021)

Larry Hagman

Sep 21 Larry Hagman, American actor (I Dream of Jeannie, JR-Dallas), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2012)

  • Sep 21 Sykuro Manabe, Japanese-American meteorologist (2021 Nobel Prize for Physics for pioneering work on climate change), born in Ehime, Japan
  • Sep 22 Fay Weldon, British feminist and writer (The Lives and Loves of a She-Devil), born in Birmingham, England
  • Sep 22 George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
  • Sep 22 Manzoor Ahmad, Pakistani philosopher and scientist, born in Rampur, British India
  • Sep 22 Nello Santi, Italian opera conductor (Opernhaus Zürich; NY Metropolitan Opera), born in Adria, Veneto, Italy (d. 2020)
  • Sep 23 Charles Harrison, American industrial designer (view finder), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2018)
  • Sep 23 Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator (d. 2004)
  • Sep 24 Anthony Newley, British actor and singer-songwriter (Doctor Dolittle; Goldfinger theme; Willy Wonka score), born in London, England (d. 1999)
  • Sep 24 Brian Glanville, English journalist and football writer, born in Hendon, London
  • Sep 24 Cardiss Collins, American politician (first African-American woman to represent the Midwest in Congress), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • Sep 25 Manouchehr Atashi, Persian poet, born in Dashtestan, Iran (d. 2005)
  • Sep 25 Patric Walker, American-British astrologer, born in Hackensack, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Sep 26 Donald J. Pease, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2002)
  • Sep 26 George Chambers, American rock bassist and vocalist (Chambers Brothers - "Time Has Come Today"), born in Carthage, Mississippi
  • Sep 26 Vijay Manjrekar, Indian cricketer (father of Sanjay, reliable Indian batsman), born in Bombay, India (d. 1983)
  • Sep 27 Freddy Quinn [Franz Nidl], Austrian pop singer and actor, born in Niederfladnitz, Austria
  • Sep 27 Gerald Warner, deputy secretary (Cabinet Office)
  • Sep 28 John Gilmore, American tenor saxophonist (worked with Sun Ra), born in Summit, Mississippi (d. 1995)

Anita Ekberg

Sep 29 Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress (La Dolce Vita) and Miss Sweden 1950, born in Malmö, Sweden (d. 2015)

  • Sep 29 Eddie Barth [Edward Bartholetti], American actor and voiceover artist nicknamed "Mr. Gravel" for his raspy vocals (Shaft, Simon & Simon), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • Sep 29 James Cronin, American nuclear physicist (Physics Nobel Prize 1980), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • Sep 29 Joseph M. McDade, American politician (Rep-R-Pennsylvania, 1963-1999), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • Sep 30 Angeline "Angie" Dickinson [Brown], American actress (Police Woman), born in Kulm, North Dakota

Famous Weddings

  • Sep 26 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg marries Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 5 John Thomson, football player who died in an accidental collision during a match (b. 1909)
  • Sep 9 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist dies at 86
  • Sep 10 Alfonso Rendano, Italian composer, dies at 78
  • Sep 10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (differential geometry and mathematical analysis), dies at 61
  • Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, murdered at 63

Lili Elbe

Sep 13 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), dies from complications involving a uterus transplant at 48

  • Sep 18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • Sep 20 Sam Morris, Australian cricket all-rounder (1 Test; 1st black & of West Indian origin to rep. Australia in a Test; Victoria CA), dies at 76
  • Sep 28 Sylvain Dupuis, Belgian conductor, composer, (Le Chant de la Création), and music educator, dies at 74