On This Day

What Happened in 1933

Historical Events

  • Jan 28 The name "Pakistan" is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali and gradually accepted by Muslims in the Indian sub-continent who use it to push for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia
  • Jan 30 President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany who forms a government with Franz von Papen
  • Mar 4 Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as 32nd US President, pledges to pull US out of the Depression, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself"
  • Mar 9 US Congress is called into special session by FDR, beginning its "100 days"
  • Mar 20 Dachau the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed
  • Mar 23 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers
  • Jul 14 All non-Nazi parties are banned in Germany
  • Aug 7 The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
  • Sep 12 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction
  • Oct 14 Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations
  • Nov 13 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meat packers in Austin, Minnesota
  • Dec 5 Prohibition ends in the US when 21st Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, 18th Amendment repealed (5:32 PM EST)
  • More Historical Events

1933 in Film & TV

  • Jan 5 "Cavalcade" based on the play by Noël Coward, directed by Frank Lloyd and starring Diana Wynyard and Clive Brook premieres in New York (Best Production/Picture 1934)
  • Mar 2 "king kong" film directed by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack, starring Fay Wray premieres at Radio City Music Hall and RKO Roxy in NYC
  • May 27 Walt Disney's short film "3 Little Pigs" released (Academy Award Best Animated film 1934)
  • Aug 23 First televised boxing match — 6-round exhibition at Broadcasting House in London between middleweights Archie Sexton and Lauri Raiteri; aired by BBC-TV
  • Nov 17 Marx brothers film "Duck Soup" directed by Leo McCarey and starring the Marx Brothers is released in the US
  • Nov 24 Fred Astaire's 1st film, "Dancing Lady", released
  • Dec 4 Jack Kirkland's play "Tobacco Road" premieres in NYC, became the longest-running play of its time

1933 in Music

  • Jul 22 Caterina Jarboro sings "Aida" at the New York Hippodrome, becoming the 1st black female opera singer to perform in the US

1933 in Sport

  • Jan 16 Cricket's Bodyline Tour: Australian batsman Bert Oldfield's skull fractured by delivery bowled by Englishman Harold Larwood during the third test in Adelaide
  • Aug 17 MLB player Lou Gehrig plays record 1,308th consecutive game
  • Aug 23 First televised boxing match — 6-round exhibition at Broadcasting House in London between middleweights Archie Sexton and Lauri Raiteri; aired by BBC-TV

Would You Believe?

First modern sighting of the Loch Ness Monster by Aldie and John Mackay saw "something resembling a whale"

On May 22, 1933

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