On This Day

What Happened in March 1933

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks

King Kong Premieres

Mar 2 "King Kong" film directed by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack, starring Fay Wray premieres at Radio City Music Hall and RKO Roxy in NYC

  • Mar 2 Sanriku earthquake of 8.4 and tsunami hit Japan, country's most powerful earthquake in 180 years
  • Mar 3 German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
  • Mar 3 Mount Rushmore dedicated
  • Mar 4 Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves Austrian parliament
  • Mar 4 Frances Perkins becomes Secretary of Labor, 1st female member of the US Cabinet
  • Mar 4 Henderson, DeSylva & Brown's "Strike Me Pink" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 4 Noordwijk soccer team forms

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as 32nd US President, pledges to pull US out of the Depression, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself"

  • Mar 5 FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday
  • Mar 5 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
  • Mar 6 FDR declares a nationwide bank holiday

Historic Event

Mar 6 Maxwell Anderson's "Both your Houses" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 6 Poland occupies the free city of Danzig (Gdańsk)
  • Mar 9 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin
  • Mar 9 US Congress is called into special session by FDR, beginning its "100 days"
  • Mar 10 Major earthquake (6.4 magnitude) in Long Beach, California kills 120, and destroys 70 school buildings
  • Mar 10 Nevada becomes 1st US state to regulate narcotics
  • Mar 12 FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"
  • Mar 13 American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday

Historic Event

Mar 13 Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda

  • Mar 14 US Civilian Conservation Corp begins tree conservation program
  • Mar 15 NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation & discrimination

Appointment of Interest

Mar 16 Adolf Hitler names Hjalmar Schacht as President of Bank of Germany

  • Mar 18 Radio Clube de Mocambique's 1st radio transmission
  • Mar 18 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Mar 18 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • Mar 20 Dachau the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed

Historic Event

Mar 21 Day of Potsdam in Nazi Germany, a ceremony to open the new Reichstag after the fire in February; Adolf Hitler and Paul von Hindenburg shake hands in public

  • Mar 22 FDR makes wine & beer with up to 3.2% alcohol legal
  • Mar 23 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers
  • Mar 23 Kroll Opera in Berlin opens
  • Mar 24 Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency
  • Mar 24 92nd Grand National: Dudley Williams aboard 25/1 chance Kellsboro' Jack wins by 3 lengths and a neck from Really True
  • Mar 27 Farm Credit Administration (US) authorized
  • Mar 27 Japan leaves League of Nations
  • Mar 27 Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett
  • Mar 28 1st SEC Men's Basketball Tournament: Kentucky beats Mississippi State, 46-27
  • Mar 31 1st newspaper published on pine pulp paper, "Soperton News" (Ga)
  • Mar 31 Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Istvan Lang, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest
  • Mar 1 Joan Hackett, American stage and screen actress (Will Penny; Only When I Laugh; Mourning Becomes Electra), born in East Harlem, NYC (d. 1983)
  • Mar 1 Myrlie Evers, American politician and commissioner (LA Board of Public works)
  • Mar 3 Lee Radziwell Ross, American princess (Jackie O's sister), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 3 Marco Antonio Muñoz, Mexican Latin pop singer (Que Murmurmen; Escandallo), and actor (Sinful), born in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
  • Mar 3 Alfredo Landa, Spanish actor (The Crach, Sinatra), born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 2013)
  • Mar 4 Ann Burton [Anna Rafalowicz], Dutch jazz singer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • Mar 4 John Mills, British sculptor, born in London, England
  • Mar 4 Nino Vaccarella, Italian auto racer (24 Hours of Le Mans 1964; 12 Hours of Sebring 1970), born in Palermo, Sicily, Italy (d. 2021)
  • Mar 5 Norbert Linke, German composer
  • Mar 5 Evgeni Vasiukov, Russian chess grandmaster (World Senior Champion 1995), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2018)
  • Mar 5 İsmail Ogan, Turkish freestyle wrestler (Olympic gold 78kg 1964, silver 1960), born in Macun, Turkey (d. 2022)
  • Mar 6 Dorothy "Dolly" Ann Collins, English folk musician and composer
  • Mar 6 Heiko Wierenga, Dutch soc-dem mayor of Enschede (1977-94)
  • Mar 6 Kim Elgie, South African cricketer (South African bat v NZ 1961-62, Scotland RU intl)
  • Mar 6 William Davis, author/broadcaster (Battle at Bull Run)
  • Mar 6 Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • Mar 7 Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1998)
  • Mar 8 Johnny Dollar, American country and rockabilly singer, born in Kilgore, Texas (d. 1986)
  • Mar 9 Lloyd Price, American R&B singer ("Lawdy Miss Clawdy"; "Stagger Lee"; "Personality"), born in Kenner, Louisiana (d. 2021) [1]
  • Mar 9 W. Francis McBeth, American composer (Of Sailors and Whales), conductor, and pedagogue (Ouachita Baptist University, 1957-96), born in Ropesville, Texas (d. 2012)
  • Mar 9 Mel Lastman, Canadian businessman and politician, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Mar 9 Anatoly Kremer, Russian composer and conductor (Eksperiment), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2015)
  • Mar 10 Bernadetta Matuszczak, Polish composer (Diary of a Fool; Apocalypsis According to St. John), born in Toruń, Poland (d. 2021)
  • Mar 10 Ralph Emery, American country music DJ and television host (Nashville Now), born in McEwen, Tennessee (d. 2022)
  • Mar 11 Terry J Hatter Jr, American judge in California
  • Mar 11 Saïd Amara, Algerian soccer midfielder (5 caps; Strasbourg, Béziers, Bordeaux) and manager (Algeria), born in Saïda, Algeria (d. 2020)
  • Mar 12 Barbara Feldon, American actress (Agent 99-Get Smart), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 13 Frank H. Murkowski, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alaska, 1981-2002; Governor of Alaska, 2002-06), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Mar 13 Mike Stoller, American composer (Lieber & Stoller - Hound Dog; Charlie Brown; Jailhouse Rock; Ben E. King - Stand By Me), born in Belle Harbor, Queens, New York
  • Mar 13 Donald Henry "Pee Wee" Gaskins, American serial killer (claimed to have murdered over 100 people), born in Florence County, South Carolina (d. 1991)
  • Mar 13 Gloria McMillan, American radio and television actress (Our Miss Brooks - "Harriet"), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2022)

Michael Caine

Mar 14 Michael Caine [Maurice J. Micklewhite], English actor (Alfie), born in London, England

Quincy Jones Jr

Mar 14 Quincy Jones (Jr.), American jazz trumpeter. composer, arranger, record producer (Michael Jackson; Frank Sinatra; "We Are The World"), and film producer (The Color Purple), born in Chicago, Illinois

  • Mar 14 René Felber, Swiss politician (Federal Council, 1987-93; President, 1992), born in Bienne, Switzerland (d. 2020)
  • Mar 15 Cecil Percival Taylor, American pianist and poet (University of Wisconsin)
  • Mar 15 Ronald Roseman, American composer

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Mar 15 Ruth Bader Ginsburg, American jurist and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1993-2020), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2020)

  • Mar 16 Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist
  • Mar 17 Penelope Lively, British writer (Moon Tiger, The Ghost of Thomas Kempe), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Mar 17 Myrlie Evers-Williams, American civil rights activist (NAACP chair), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Mar 18 Unita Blackwell, 1st African American mayor in Mississippi
  • Mar 18 Dayton "Bones" Howe, American record producer and sound engineer (The 5th Dimension; The Association; Tom Waits), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Mar 19 Philip Roth, American novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy's Complaint), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Mar 19 Renee Taylor [Wexler], American actress (Jack Paar Show; The Nanny - "Sylvia"), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 20 Jacquez Guyonnet, Swiss composer, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • Mar 20 George Altman, American MLB player, born in Goldsboro, North Carolina
  • Mar 20 Alexander Gorodnitsky, Russian geologist and poet
  • Mar 20 Ian Walsh, Australian rugby league hooker, captain and coach (25 Tests; St. George), born in Bogan Gate, New South Wales (d. 2013)
  • Mar 21 John Hall, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • Mar 21 Michael Heseltine, UK Secretary of State for Defence (1986)/MP
  • Mar 22 J. P. McCarthy, American radio personality (WJR Detroit), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • Mar 22 Buddy MacKay, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1983-89), Governor of Florida for 24 days, born in Ocala, Florida
  • Mar 22 Abolhassan Banisadr, Iranian politician, President of Iran (1980-81), born in Hamadan, Iran
  • Mar 22 Michel Hidalgo, French soccer midfielder (1 cap; Monaco) and manager (France 1976-84; UEFA Euro 1984), born in Leffrinckoucke, France (d. 2020)
  • Mar 23 Geoffrey Leigh, CEO (Allied London Properties)
  • Mar 23 Monique van Vooren, Belgian actress (Andy Warhol's Frankenstein)
  • Mar 23 Norman Bailey, British operatic bass-baritone (Flying Dutchman), in Birmingham, England
  • Mar 23 Hayes Jenkins, American figure skater (Olympic gold singles 1956; World C'ship gold 1953-56), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Mar 23 Norman Yemm, Australian actor (Oklahoma!), born in Elsternwick, Australia (d. 2015)
  • Mar 23 Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, known for the Stanford prison experiment
  • Mar 23 Dave Frishberg, American jazz pianist, vocalist, composer, and lyricist ("I'm Just A Bill"), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 2021)
  • Mar 24 David Harries, Welsh composer (Epithalamium), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 2003)
  • Mar 27 Frank Taylor, Chief Constable (Durham)
  • Mar 28 Vincente "Tete" Montoliu, Catalonian jazz pianist, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1997)
  • Mar 28 Li Xueqin, Chinese eminent historian, archaeologist, and palaeographer, born in Beijing, China (d. 2019)
  • Mar 29 Jacques Brault, French Canadian poet (Quand nous serons heureux - When we are happy), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Mar 30 Jean-Claude Brialy, Algerian actor and director (Églantine, Circle of Love, Cousins), born in Aumale, Algeria (d. 2007)
  • Mar 30 Joe Ruby, American animator (co-creator of Scooby-Doo), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2020)
  • Mar 31 Bob Simmons, Fulham England, stuntman (double for James Bond)
  • Mar 31 Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet (d. 1983)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, dies at 32
  • Mar 4 Willie Walker, American jazz singer and guitarist (Dupree Blues), dies at 36
  • Mar 6 Anton Cermak, American politician (44th Mayor of Chicago, 1931-33), dies 23 days after being shot in Miami at 59
  • Mar 14 Balto, Siberian husky dog who led the sled team delivering diphtheria antitoxin from to Nenana, Alaska to Nome, Alaska in 1925, dies at 14
  • Mar 16 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 47
  • Mar 17 Ferdinand Von Alten, German-Russian actor (Champagne), dies at 48
  • Mar 18 Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italian navy officer, explorer and mountaineer (Ruwenzori Range, Uganda; Mount Saint Alias, Yukon), dies at 60
  • Mar 20 Giuseppe [Joe] Zangara, electrocuted for assassination attempt on FDR
  • Mar 25 Eric Jan Hanussen [Hermann Steinschneider], Austrian astrologist, clairvoyant, illusionist, and speaking tutor to Hitler, murdered at 43
  • Mar 26 Eddie Lang [Salvatore Massaro], American jazz guitarist known as the "father of jazz guitar", dies at 30
  • Mar 27 Lionel Palairet, British cricketer (49 runs in 2 Tests for England 1902), dies at 62
  • Mar 29 Alexander Schmuller, Russian-Dutch violinist and conductor, dies at 52