On This Day

What Happened in May 1933

Historical Events

Historic Event

May 2 In Germany, Adolf Hitler bans trade unions

  • May 3 Nellie T Ross the 1st female director of the US Mint takes office

Historic Event

May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald MacLeish (Conquistador)

  • May 6 59th Kentucky Derby: Don Meade aboard Brokers Tip wins in 2:06.8
  • May 6 Italy & USSR sign trade agreement

Historic Event

May 8 Mahatma Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India

  • May 9 Spanish anarchists call for general strike
  • May 10 Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF) forms
  • May 10 Nazis stage public book burnings in Germany
  • May 10 Paraguay declares war on Bolivia
  • May 10 Suriname worker's union leader A de Come banished to Netherlands
  • May 12 Federal Emergency Relief Administration & Agricultural Adjustment Administration form to help the needy & farmers
  • May 13 58th Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Head Play wins in 2:02
  • May 15 1st voice amplification system to be used in US Senate
  • May 16 Cecil Travis becomes 1st player to get 5 hits in his 1st game

Historic Event

May 17 Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling, the national-socialist party of Norway

Historic Event

May 18 Tennessee Valley Act (TVA) Act signed by FDR, to build dams

  • May 18 First MLB All-Star Game announced for July 6 at Comiskey Park; to be played as part of the Chicago World's Fair; fans to pick players
  • May 18 Around 5,000 forced deportees in the Soviet Union arrive on Nazino Island; within thirteen weeks most of them will be dead due to disease, cannibalism and violence
  • May 21 Mount Davidson Cross, San Francisco, lit by FDR via telegraph
  • May 22 First modern sighting of the Loch Ness Monster by Aldie and John Mackay saw "something resembling a whale"
  • May 22 World Trade Day/National Maritime Day 1st celebrated

Music History

May 24 Dmitri Shostakovich's Preludes premieres in Moscow

  • May 26 2nd emergency Dutch government of Colijn forms

Sports History

May 26 Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs St Louis Cards

  • May 27 Austrian communist party banned
  • May 27 Century of Progress Exposition opens in Chicago
  • May 27 Federal Securities Act signed
  • May 27 Trailing 11-3, Yanks score 12 runs in 8th & beat White Sox 15-11
  • May 27 Walt Disney's short film "3 Little Pigs" released (Academy Award Best Animated film 1934)

Historic Event

May 27 Martin Heidegger gives his inaugural rectoral address on “The Self-Assertion of the German University”, taken by some take as supporting the Nazi regime

  • May 30 Patent on invisible glass installation
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Louis Meyer wins accompanied by riding mechanic Lawson Harris; Mark Billman killed in a crash on lap 79; Lester Spangler and riding mechanic "Monk" Jordan die in a crash on lap 132

Famous Birthdays

  • May 2 Bunk Gardner [John Guarnera], American saxophone and woodwind player (Mothers Of Invention), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • May 3 Alex Cord [Alexander Viespi], American actor (Brotherhood; Fire; Street Asylum), born in NYC, New York

James Brown

May 3 James Brown, American R&B, gospel, soul and funk singer and songwriter known as 'The Godfather of Soul' ("Sex Machine"; "Papa's Got A Brand New Bag"; "Hot Pants"), born in Barnwell, South Carolina (d. 2006)

  • May 4 J. Fred Duckett, American sports announcer and teacher, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2007)
  • May 5 O'Neil Gordon "Collie" Smith, West Indian cricket all-rounder (26 Tests, HS 168), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1959)

Johnny Unitas

May 7 Johnny Unitas, NFL quarterback (Baltimore Colts, San Diego Chargers); one of the greats, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • May 7 Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer ‘the Nightingale of Kosovo’ and actress, born near Malishevë, Kosovo (d. 2020)
  • May 10 Barbara Taylor Bradford, author

Louis Farrakhan

May 11 Louis Farrakhan [Louis Eugene Wolcott], American religious leader (Nation of Islam, Million Man March), born in New York City

  • May 12 Andrey Voznesensky, Russian poet, born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2010)
  • May 12 (Antoni) "Ton" Hartsuiker, Dutch pianist, composer, broadcaster, and educator, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 2015)
  • May 13 Alden Ashforth, American composer and professor of ethno-musicology, born in New York City (d. 2016)
  • May 13 Sid Morrison, American politician (Rep-R-WA, 1981-93), born in Yakima, Washington
  • May 13 Stig Gustav Schonberg, Swedish composer and organist, born in Västra Husby, Sweden
  • May 14 John Mortimore, cricketer (England off-spinner 1959-64)
  • May 14 Lajos Kovacs, Hungarian actor (Wings of Desire)
  • May 14 Frank Harte, Irish singer and song collector
  • May 14 Michael Chevalier, German voice actor
  • May 18 Bernadette Chirac, French politician and wife of President Jacques Chirac, born in Paris, France
  • May 18 H. D. [Haradanahalli Doddegowda] Deve Gowda, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1996-97), born in Haradanahalli, Kingdom of Mysore
  • May 20 Constance Towers, American actress (Capitol, Shock Corridor, Naked Kiss), born in Whitefish, Montana
  • May 21 Maurice André, French classical trumpeter and baroque revivalist, born in Alès, France (d. 2012)
  • May 21 Gene “Joe” Byrd, American jazz bassist (Charlie Byrd Trio), born in Chuckatuck, Virginia (d. 2012)
  • May 21 Umberto Colombo, Italian soccer midfielder (3 caps; Juventus, Atalanta), born in Como, Italy (d. 2021)
  • May 22 Don Estelle [Ronald Edwards], British actor and singer (It Ain't Half Hot Mum), born in Crumpsall, Lancashire (d. 2003)
  • May 23 John Browning, American pianist (Leventritt Award, 1956), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2003)
  • May 23 Bruce A Peterson, US test pilot (M2, HL-10)
  • May 23 Gerrit J M Braks, Dutch minister of agriculture & land & fishing (CDA)
  • May 23 Joan Henrietta Collins, actress (Alexis-Dynasty, Bitch), born in London, England
  • May 23 Gary Burden, American artist and pioneer of album cover art (Neil Young; Graham Nash; The Doors), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2018)
  • May 24 Christopher Staughton, British Lord Justice of Appeal (d. 2014)
  • May 24 Hemchandra Tukaram "Bal" Dani, Indian cricketer (Test Ind v Pak, 1-19, ct 1, DNB), born in Dudhani, Maharashtra (d. 1999)
  • May 24 Joaquín Vaquero Turcios, Spanish painter, born in Madrid (d. 2010)
  • May 24 Tony Mullett, dir-general (National Criminal Intelligence Service)
  • May 24 Jane Byrne, American politician and 50th Mayor of Chicago, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • May 24 Aharon Lichtenstein, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Paris (d. 2015)
  • May 25 Roger Bowen, American actor (M*A*S*H, Main Event, What about Bob, Petulia), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1996)t
  • May 25 Ray Spencer, English footballer, born in Kings Norton, Birmingham (d. 2016)
  • May 27 (Edward) "Ted" Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur (Rogers Communications), MLB team owner (Toronto Blue Jays), and philanthropist, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2008)
  • May 28 John Karlen, American actor (Harvey Lacey-Cagney & Lacey), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • May 28 Philip Otton, high court judge
  • May 29 Helmuth Rilling, German conductor (founder of the Gächinger Kantorei), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • May 29 Tarquinio Provini, Italian motorcycle road racer (2-time world champion 1957-58), born in Roveleto di Cadeo, Emilia-Romagna (d. 2005)
  • May 29 William Yorzyk Jr., American swimmer (Olympic gold 200m butterfly, WR 2:19.3, 1956), born in Northampton, Massachusetts (d. 2020)
  • May 30 Sid Mark [Fliegelman], American disc jockey and 'Frank-ophile' (The Sounds of Sinatra, 1960-2022), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 2022)

Famous Deaths

  • May 9 John Arthur Jarvis, English swimmer (Olympic gold 1,000m, 4,000m, water polo 1900), dies at 61
  • May 13 Paul Ernst, German writer, dies at 67
  • May 15 Ernest Torrence, Scottish actor (I Cover the Waterfront, Hunchback of Notre Dame), dies from complications following surgery for gall stones at 54
  • May 21 John Henry Mackay, Scottish German author (Der Schwimmer), dies at 69
  • May 25 James E. Kelly, American sculptor "Sculptor of American History", dies at 77

Jimmie Rodgers

May 26 Jimmie Rodgers [James Charles], American country singer and singing brakeman, dies of a pulmonary hemorrhage at 35

  • May 26 Horatio Bottomley, British financier and politician (b. 1860)
  • May 29 Frank Sugg, English cricketer (batted in 2 Tests for England 1888) and footballer, dies at 71