On This Day

What Happened in February 1934

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • Feb 2 Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism and Nazism
  • Feb 6 Reds purchase 43-year-old Dazzy Vance from the Cards for $7,500
  • Feb 6 Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France
  • Feb 7 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
  • Feb 8 Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 8 Gaston Doumergue forms new French government
  • Feb 9 -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City
  • Feb 9 -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
  • Feb 9 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • Feb 10 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
  • Feb 10 Byrd souvenir sheet issued, NYC; 1st unperforated ungummed US stamp

Music History

Feb 10 Howard Hanson's "Merry Mount" premieres in NYC

  • Feb 12 Export-Import Bank incorporates
  • Feb 12 France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists
  • Feb 12 The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
  • Feb 13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • Feb 13 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • Feb 14 NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto
  • Feb 16 Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund
  • Feb 16 Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland
  • Feb 17 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
  • Feb 19 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • Feb 20 Virgil Thomson and Gertrude Stein's opera "Four Saints in Three Acts" opens on Broadway at the 44th Street Theatre, NYC
  • Feb 21 Nicaraguan patriot Augusto César Sandino and three others kidnapped and assassinated by the National Guard in Larreynaga

Film Release

Feb 22 "It Happened One Night" directed by Frank Capra and starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert opens at NY's Radio City Music Hall (Academy Awards Best Picture, Director, Actor, Actress and Screenplay 1935)

Historic Event

Feb 22 André Malraux and Édouard Corniglion-Molinier set out to find the lost capital of the Queen of Sheba, as mentioned in the Old Testament

Sports History

Feb 23 Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers

  • Feb 23 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Bob Shane, American folk vocalist (Kingston Trio - "Tom Dooley"), born in Hilo, Territory of Hawaii (d. 2020)
  • Feb 4 Jouko Sakari Linjama, Finnish organist and composer, born in Kirvu, Finland

Hank Aaron

Feb 5 Hank Aaron, American Baseball Hall of Fame right fielder (MLB record 755 HRs; NL MVP 1957; 25 × MLB All-Star; Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves, Milwaukee Brewers), born in Mobile, Alabama (d. 2021) [1]

Don Cherry

Feb 5 Don Cherry, Canadian hockey commentator (Hockey Night in Canada), born in Kingston, Ontario

  • Feb 6 Vernon "Vern" Ehlers, American politician (Michigan House of Representatives), born in Pipestone, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • Feb 7 Earl King [Solomon Johnson], American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist ("Come On (Let The Good Times Roll)"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2003)d.
  • Feb 7 "King" Curtis [Ousley], American Grammy Award-winning R&B, rock, jazz, and session saxophonist bandleader ("Memphis Soul Stew"; Aretha Franklin; John Lennon), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 1971)
  • Feb 7 Piet Bukman, Dutch minister for Development Aid (CDA)
  • Feb 7 Eddie Fenech Adami, President of Malta
  • Feb 8 Galina Bystrova, Soviet pentathlete (1957, 58)
  • Feb 9 John A Ziegler Jr, 4th NHL president (1977-92), born in Grosse Pointe, Michigan
  • Feb 10 Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet
  • Feb 11 Francesco Pennisi, Italian contemporary classical composer, born in Acireale, Sicily (d. 2000)
  • Feb 11 John Surtees, British auto racer (World F1 C'ship 1964) and motorcycle racer (World C'ships: 350 cc – 1958, 59, 60; 500 cc – 1956, 58, 59, 60), born in Tatsfield, England (d. 2017)
  • Feb 11 Mary Quant, English fashion designer (Chelsea Look, Mod Look), born in Kent, England
  • Feb 11 Patrick Holmes Sellors, British ophthalmologist (d. 2010)
  • Feb 11 Tina Louise, American actress (Ginger-Gilligan's Island, Julie-Dallas), born in NYC, New York

Manuel Noriega

Feb 11 Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general and dictator (1983-89), born in a Panama City slum, Panama (d. 2017)

  • Feb 11 Mel Carnahan, American politician (d. 2000)
  • Feb 12 Annette Crosbie, British(?) actress

Bill Russell

Feb 12 Bill Russell, American Basketball HOF center (11 × NBA C'ship; 5 x NBA MVP; 12 x NBA All-Star; Boston Celtics; Olympic gold 1956) and coach (NBA C'ship 1968, 69 Boston Celtics), born in West Monroe, Louisiana (d. 2022) [1]

  • Feb 12 Anne Krueger, American economist
  • Feb 13 George Segal, American actor (Carbon Copy; Fun With Dick & Jane; Just Shoot Me!), and banjo player, born in Great Neck, New York (d. 2021)
  • Feb 14 Florence Henderson, American actress (The Brady Bunch - "Carol"), and singer, born in Dale, Indiana (d. 2016)
  • Feb 14 Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor (founded L’Ensemble Vocal de Lausanne, 1961), born in Marsens, Switzerland
  • Feb 14 Bruce Headley, American thoroughbred horse trainer and owner (Breeders' Cup Sprint 2000 Kona Gold), born in Baldwin Park, California (d. 2021)
  • Feb 14 Merl Saunders, American Hammond B-3 organ player and pianist (Jerry Garcia Band; Saunders/Garcia), and composer, born in San Mateo, California (d. 2008)
  • Feb 15 Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer programmer/inventor (PASCAL)
  • Feb 15 Graham Kennedy, Australian actor "the King of Australian television", born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2005)
  • Feb 15 Paul Ekman, American psychologist, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 16 Ted Taylor, American gospel and R&B-singer ("Be Ever Wonderful"), born in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, (d. 1987)
  • Feb 16 Marlene Bauer Hagge, American golfer, co-founder LPGA (Woman's PGA C'ship 1956), born in Eureka, South Dakota
  • Feb 16 Harold "Hal" Kalin, American singer (Kalin Twins), born in Port Jervis, New York (d. 2005)
  • Feb 17 Alan Bates, Allestree England, actor (Zorba the Greek, Unmarried Woman)
  • Feb 17 Barry Humphries, Australian comedian, actor and author known for his stage alter egos (Dame Edna Everage, Sir Les Patterson), born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Feb 18 Skip Battin, American singer-songwriter (The Byrds), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2003)
  • Feb 18 Aldo Ceccato, Italian conductor (Detroit Symphony, 1973-77), born in Milan, Italy
  • Feb 18 Paco Rabanne [Francisco Cuervo], Spanish fashion designer & perfumer, born in Pasajes, Spain
  • Feb 18 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)
  • Feb 18 Bobby Taylor, American singer & producer who discovered "The Jackson 5" (Motown Records), born in Washington, D.C. (birth year contested-1939) (d. 2017)
  • Feb 19 David Jones, English director (Betrayal), born in Poole, England (d. 2008)
  • Feb 19 Julian Rochfort Belfrage, English theatre agent, born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • Feb 19 Carole Eastman, American screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • Feb 20 Bobby Unser, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1968, 1975, 1981; USAC C'ship 1968, 1974), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 2021)
  • Feb 20 Myrtle Robertson, 11th Baroness Wharton
  • Feb 21 Rue McClanahan, American actress (Maude, Golden Girls), born in Healdton, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • Feb 21 Gordon Forbes, South African tennis player and author (French Open mixed doubles [Darlene Hard] 1955), born in Burgersdorp, South Africa (d. 2020)
  • Feb 22 Thomas Paul, American bass (NYC Opera 1963-70), born in Chicago, Illinois

Sparky Anderson

Feb 22 Sparky Anderson, American MLB manager (Cincinnati Reds; World Series 1984 Detroit Tigers), born in Bridgewater, South Dakota (d. 2010)

  • Feb 22 Paavo Pohjola, Finnish concert violinist and conductor, born in Seinäjoki, Finland
  • Feb 23 Linda Cristal, Argentinian actress (High Chapparal), born in Buenos Aires, Brazil (d. 2020)
  • Feb 24 Bettino Craxi, Italy's 1st socialist premier (1983-87)
  • Feb 24 Flemming Nielsen, Danish soccer player (Olympic silver 1960)
  • Feb 24 Frank Chapot, American equestrian (Olympic silver 1960, 1972), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 2016)
  • Feb 24 Renata Scotto, Italian soprano and opera director (La Traviata - "Violetta"), born in Savona, Italy
  • Feb 24 Shuko Mizuno, Japanese composer (Symphonic Metamorphoses), born in Tokushima, Japan
  • Feb 24 Bingu wa Mutharika, Thyolo, Nyasaland (Malawi), Malawi President (2004-2012), (d. 2012)
  • Feb 25 Nicholas Edwards, Baron Crickhowell, British Conservative Party politician
  • Feb 25 Michael Wheeler-Booth, Clerk of the Parliaments
  • Feb 25 Robert Neame, British brewer (Shepherd Neame)
  • Feb 25 Tony Lema, American golfer (British Open 1964), born in Oakland, California (d. 1966)
  • Feb 25 Bernard Bresslaw, English comedian (Carry On team), born in London, England (d. 1993)
  • Feb 26 Ron Gaunt, cricketer (Australian fast bowler late 50s early 60s)

Ralph Nader

Feb 27 Ralph Nader, American consumer advocate (Unsafe at Any Speed), born in Winsted, Connecticut

  • Feb 27 Van Williams, American actor (Green Hornet, Tycoon), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2016)
  • Feb 27 N. Scott Momaday, American author (House Made of Dawn, Pulitzer 1969), born in Lawton, Oklahoma
  • Feb 27 Vincent Fourcade, French interior designer, born in Paris, France (d. 1992)
  • Feb 28 Willie Bobo [Correa], American jazz percussionist (Evil Ways), born in NYC, New York (d. 1983)

Famous Weddings

Cary Grant

Feb 10 British-born actor "North by Northwest" Cary Grant (30) weds "City Lights" actress Virginia Cherrill (26)

Bob Hope

Feb 19 US entertainer Bob Hope weds fellow entertainer Dolores DeFina

Kim Philby

Feb 24 High-ranking member of British intelligence Kim Philby (22) weds communist Litzi Friedmann in Vienna, Austria

Edward Teller

Feb 26 Theoretical physicist Edward Teller (25) weds Augusta Maria Harkanyi


Famous Deaths

  • Feb 2 Ernesto Nazareth, composer, dies at 70
  • Feb 16 Eduard Bagritsky, Russian-Soviet poet and journalist (South-West), dies at 38
  • Feb 17 Albert I, King of Belgium (1909-34), dies at 58
  • Feb 17 Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (b. 1862)
  • Feb 22 Willem Kes, Dutch violinist, conductor, and composer, dies at 78
  • Feb 23 Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by the National Guard at 38

Edward Elgar

Feb 23 Edward Elgar, English composer (Coronation Ode, Pomp and Circumstance), dies of colorectal cancer at 76

  • Feb 25 Daniel Protheroe, Welsh conductor and composer, dies at 67
  • Feb 25 John McGraw, American Baseball Hall of Fame infielder/manager (manager NY Giants World Series champions 1905, 21-22), dies of uremic poisoning at 60