What Happened in July 1934

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 1st x-ray photo of entire body, taken by Arthur Fuchs of Eastman-Kodak Company in Rochester, New York
  • Jul 1 Brookfield Zoo opens in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 2 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
  • Jul 3 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria, Illinois

Historic Invention

Jul 4 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb

  • Jul 4 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
  • Jul 5 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco

Baseball Record

Jul 5 Lou Gehrig hits record 17th career grand slam in Yankees 8-3 win v Washington, passes Babe Ruth's total

Sports History

Jul 6 American doubles specialist Elizabeth Ryan wins her 12th Wimbledon doubles title as she and Simone Mathieu of France defend their crown 6-3, 6-3 vs Dorothy Andrus & Sylvie Henrotin

  • Jul 6 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Home favourite Fred Perry beats Australian Jack Crawford 6-3, 6-0, 7-5 for the first of 3 straight Wimbledon titles
  • Jul 7 Mary Hirsch, daughter of 3-time Kentucky Derby winning trainer Max Hirsch, becomes first woman to be licensed to train thoroughbred horses in the United States
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Round Little of England beats American Helen Jacobs 6-2, 5-7, 6-3 for her first Wimbledon singles title

Historic Event

Jul 9 SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps

Historic Event

Jul 10 1st sitting US President to visit South America, FDR in Colombia

  • Jul 10 2nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-7 at Polo Grounds, NYC

Baseball Record

Jul 10 NL pitcher Carl Hubbell strikes out Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, Al Simmons and Joe Cronin for MLB All Star game record for consecutive strikeouts; AL still win, 9-7

  • Jul 11 FDR became 1st US President to travel through Panama Canal
  • Jul 12 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • Jul 12 Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0)

Baseball Record

Jul 13 Babe Ruth hits 700th career home run against Detroit

  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Orogrande, New Mexico (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
  • Jul 14 NY Times erroneously declares Babe Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time
  • Jul 14 Philadelphia Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beating Cincinnati 18-0
  • Jul 15 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • Jul 17 Babe Ruth draws his 2,000th base on balls at Cleveland
  • Jul 20 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
  • Jul 21 113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)

Historic Event

Jul 22 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents

Sports History

Jul 23 Australian cricket batting legend Don Bradman completes 304 in drawn 4th Test vs England at Leeds; 430 minutes, 43 x fours, 2 x sixes

  • Jul 24 1st ptarmigan hatched and reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY
  • Jul 25 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
  • Jul 27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • Jul 28 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
  • Jul 29 28th Tour de France won by Antonin Magne of France

PGA Championship

Jul 29 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Park CC: Paul Runyan wins first of his 2 PGA crowns, defeating Craig Wood in 38 holes

  • Jul 31 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Fred Perry beats American Frank Shields 6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 15-13 to give Great Britain unassailable 3-1 lead to retain title; ends 4-1

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Claude Berri, French actor, director and screenwriter, born in Paris (d. 2009)
  • Jul 1 Jamie Farr [Jameel Farah], American actor (M*A*S*H & AfterMASH - "Cpl. Klinger"), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • Jul 1 Jean Marsh, English actress (Dark Places, Eagle has Landed), born in London

Sydney Pollack

Jul 1 Sydney Pollack, American Academy and Emmy Award-winning director, producer (Tootsie; Out of Africa), and occasional actor, born in Lafayette, Indiana (d. 2008)

  • Jul 2 Ivan Madray, West Indian cricket leg-spin all rounder, 2 Tests 3 runs 0-108)
  • Jul 3 Manfred Bieler, German writer (The Rabbit is Me), born in Zerbst, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2002)
  • Jul 3 Roger Christian, American radio personality and lyricist ("Don’t Worry Baby"; "Little Deuce Coupe"; "The Little Old Lady From Pasadena"), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1991)
  • Jul 4 Colin Welland, British screenwriter (Chariots of Fire) and actor (Straw Dogs), born in Liverpool, England (d. 2015)
  • Jul 5 Diane Andersen, Danish-Belgian concert pianist, born in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Jul 5 Philip Madoc, Welsh actor (The Life and Times of David Lloyd George), born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales (d. 2012)
  • Jul 7 Robert McNeill Alexander, British zoologist (estimated speed of dinosaurs, born in Lisburn, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • Jul 7 Vinko Globokar, French-Slovenian trombone player and avant-garde composer (Eppure si muove), born in Anderny, France
  • Jul 8 Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician
  • Jul 8 Marty Feldman, English comedian (Young Frankenstein), born in London, England (d. 1982)

Michael Graves

Jul 9 Michael Graves, American postmodernist architect, born in Indianapolis, Indiana

  • Jul 10 Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2012)
  • Jul 10 Munir Malik, Pakistani cricket pace bowler (3 Tests, 9 wickets; Karachi, Punjab, Rawalpindi), born in Leiah, Pakistan (d. 2012)

Giorgio Armani

Jul 11 Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer (American Gigolo), born in Piacenza, Italy

  • Jul 12 Van Cliburn, American pianist (Tchaikovsky Competition winner, 1958), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2013)
  • Jul 13 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)
  • Jul 13 Gordon Lee, English soccer manager (Port Vale, Blackburn Rovers, Newcastle United, Everton, Preston NE, KR Reykjavik), born in Cannock, England (d. 2022)
  • Jul 13 Ivor Mendonca, West Indian cricket wicket-keeper (2 Tests 1962)
  • Jul 13 Roger Reynolds, composer

Wole Soyinka

Jul 13 Wole Soyinka, Nigerian playwright and poet (Road, Kongi's Harvest-Nobel 1986), born in Abeokuta, near Ibadan, Nigeria

  • Jul 14 Lee Elder, American golfer (first African-American to play in the US Masters; 4 PGA Tour titles), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2021)
  • Jul 14 Lee Friedlander, American portrait, and 'social landscape' photographer, and album cover artist (John Coltrane, Peggy Lee, Miles Davis, Mose Allison), born in Aberdeen, Washington
  • Jul 14 Leo Koury, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Pittburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • Jul 14 Marlene Matthews, Australian sprinter (Olympics 2 bronze-1956), born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Jul 15 Harrison Birtwistle, British contemporary classical composer (The Minotaur; The Mask of Orpheus), born in Accrington, Lancashire, England (d. 2022) [1]
  • Jul 15 Risto Jarva, Finnish filmmaker (d. 1977)
  • Jul 15 Simon Gournlay, president (British National Farmer's Union)
  • Jul 16 Denise LaSalle [Ora Denise Allen], American blues and R&B singer recognized as the "Queen of the Blues" (Trapped by a Thing Called Love), born in Leflore County, Mississippi (d. 2018)
  • Jul 16 Donald Payne, New Jersey Congressman (1989-2012), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • Jul 16 George Perles, American football coach (Michigan State University 1983-94; Pittsburgh Steelers), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2020)
  • Jul 17 Lucio Tan, Chinese Filipino businessman (Philippine Airlines), in Amoy China
  • Jul 17 Philippe Capdenat, French classical composer, born in Bordeaux, France
  • Jul 17 Rainer Kisch, German writer, born in Döbeln
  • Jul 17 Willie Ito, American animator for Disney Studios ("Lady and the Tramp" spaghetti kiss); Warner Brothers; Hanna-Barbara), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jul 18 Darlene Conley, American actress (The Bold and the Beautiful), born in Chicago Heights, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • Jul 18 Edward Bond, English playwright and director (Blow-up), born in Holloway, North London
  • Jul 19 Bobby Bradford, American jazz trumpeter (John Carter; Ornette Coleman; The Mo'tet), bandleader, composer, and educator (Pomona College, 1977-2021), born in Cleveland, Mississippi
  • Jul 19 Francisco Sá Carneiro, 109th Prime Minister of Portugal, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1980)
  • Jul 19 Willem Nijholt, Dutch actor (De Nietsnut, Respect, Op Afbetaling), born in Gombong, Central Java
  • Jul 20 Doug Padgett, cricketer (England batsman twice in 1960)
  • Jul 20 Ralph C RInzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys)
  • Jul 20 Uwe Johnson, German writer
  • Jul 21 Chandu Borde, Indian cricket batsman (55 Tests for India 1959-67), born in Pune, British India
  • Jul 21 Edolphus Towns, American politician (Rep-D-New York, 1983-2013), born in Chadbourn, North Carolina

Louise Fletcher

Jul 22 Louise Fletcher, American Academy Award-winning actress (One Flew Over Cuckoo's Nest: Star Trek: Deep Space Nine), born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 2022) [1]

  • Jul 23 Cleve Duncan, American rocker (The Penguins - "Earth Angel"), born in Los Angeles (d. 2012)
  • Jul 23 Nicholas Barrington, British high commissioner (Pakistan) and author (A passage to Nuristan: exploring the mysterious Afghan hinterland)
  • Jul 23 Steve Lacy [Lackritz], American jazz soprano saxophonist (Thelonious Monk), born in New York City (d. 2004)
  • Jul 24 Jimmy Holiday, American soul singer ("How Can I Forget"; Baby I Love You"), and songwriter ("Put A Little Love In Your Heart"), born in Sallis, Mississippi (d. 1987)
  • Jul 24 Sante Kimes, American convicted con artist and murderess
  • Jul 24 Thomas Ambler, CEO (Texaco)
  • Jul 24 Willie Davis, American Pro Football Hall of Fame defensive end (Super Bowl 1967, 68; Pro Bowl 1963-67; First-team All-Pro 1962, 64–67; Green Bay Packers), born in Lisbon, Louisiana (d. 2020)
  • Jul 25 Claude Zidi, French film director and screenwriter (My New Partner), born in Paris
  • Jul 25 Don Ellis, American avant garde jazz trumpeter, and Grammy Award-winning film score composer (The French Connection), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1978)
  • Jul 26 Anthony Gilbert, British composer (Treatment of Silence; Moonfaring}, and academic, born in London, England
  • Jul 26 Ken Pogue, Canadian actor (Adderly, Katts and Dog), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2015)
  • Jul 26 Mauri, Spanish soccer midfielder (5 caps; Athletic Bilbao 246 games), born in Gernika, Spain (d. 2022)
  • Jul 27 André Abadie, French rugby union front rower (7 caps; SC Rieumois, SC Graulhetois, SC Albi), born in Toulouse, France (d. 2020)
  • Jul 27 John Pardoe, British businessman and CEO (Sight & Sound Education) and Liberal Party politician
  • Jul 28 Jacques d'Amboise, American ballet dancer, and choreographer (NYC Ballet Company, 1949-84), actor (Seven Brides For Seven Brothers), and educator (founded National Dance Institute, 1976), born in Dedham Massachusetts (d. 2021) [1]
  • Jul 28 Norman D. Shumway, American politician (Rep-R-California, 1979-91), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • Jul 28 Ron Flowers, English soccer midfielder (49 caps; Wolverhampton Wanderers 467 games), born in Doncaster, England (d. 2021)
  • Jul 29 Alfred Scott, West Indian cricket leg-spinner (son of O C, Test 0-140)
  • Jul 30 André Prévost, Canadian composer, born in Hawkesbury, Ontario, Canada (d. 2001)
  • Jul 30 Bud Selig, American Baseball Hall of Fame team owner (Milwaukee Brewers) and executive (MLB Commissioner 1998-2015), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Famous Weddings

Gloria Stuart

Jul 29 "Titanic" actress Gloria Stuart (24) weds screenwriter Arthur Sheekman (33)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 3 Henry, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1901-34), dies at 58
  • Jul 4 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, dies at 61

Marie Curie

Jul 4 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), dies at 66

  • Jul 6 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, dies at 73
  • Jul 7 Doodles Tapscott, cricketer (South African batsman 1922-23), dies
  • Jul 8 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, dies at 86
  • Jul 9 Otakar Zich, Czech composer, dies at 55
  • Jul 12 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), dies at 57

Kate Sheppard

Jul 13 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, dies at 87

  • Jul 15 Jules Renkin, Belgian politician (28th Prime Minister of Belgium 1931-32), dies at 71
  • Jul 16 Alaska P. Davidson, America's first female FBI agent, dies at 66

John Dillinger

Jul 22 John Dillinger, Notorious American bank robber, shot dead at 31 by federal agents at the Biograph Theater in Chicago

  • Jul 24 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, dies at 54
  • Jul 25 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor, assassinated by Nazis at 41
  • Jul 25 François Coty, French perfume manufacturer, dies at 60
  • Jul 25 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, dies at 45
  • Jul 26 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (Little Nemo), dies at 63
  • Jul 27 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17), dies at 79
  • Jul 28 Louis Tancred, South African cricketer (fourteen Tests batting for South Africa 1905-14), dies at 57

Marie Dressler

Jul 28 Marie Dressler, Canadian-American actress (Dinner at 8, Anna Christie), dies at 65 of cancer

  • Jul 29 Didier Pitre, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame right wing (Montreal Canadiens), dies of acute indigestion at 50