On This Day

What Happened in June 1934

Historical Events

  • Jun 2 French Championships Men's Tennis: Gottfried von Cramm of Germany wins 1st of 2 French titles; beats Australian Jack Crawford 6-4, 7-9, 3-6, 7-5, 6-3
  • Jun 2 French Championship Women's Tennis: England's defending champion Margaret Scriven beats American Helen Jacobs 7-5, 4-6, 6-1

Knighthood

Jun 4 Dr Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is knighted

  • Jun 5 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)
  • Jun 6 Securities & Exchange Commission established
  • Jun 6 Yankee Myrl Hoag hits 6 singles in one game
  • Jun 9 1st appearance of Donald Duck in a cartoon, "The Wise Little Hen"
  • Jun 9 US Open Men's Golf, Merion Cricket Club: Olin Dutra overcomes an 8-stroke deficit after 36 holes to win his second major title by 1 stroke from Gene Sarazen
  • Jun 9 66th Belmont: Wayne D Wright aboard Peace Chance wins in 2:29.2
  • Jun 10 FIFA World Cup Final, Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome, Italy: Angelo Schiavio scores the winner in extra time as Italy beats Czechoslovakia, 2-1
  • Jun 10 USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations
  • Jun 11 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails

Historic Event

Jun 12 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes the break-up of William Boeing's empire into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Airlines

Meeting of Interest

Jun 14 European despots Adolf Hitler, of Germany, and Benito Mussolini, of Italy, meet in Vienna, Austria

Boxing Title Fight

Jun 14 American boxer Max Baer KO's defending champion Primo Carnera of Italy in 11th round at Madison Square Garden for the lineal world heavyweight title

  • Jun 14 WOQ-AM in Kansas City Missouri goes off the air
  • Jun 15 Great Smokey Mountains National Park on the border between North Carolina and Tennessee is dedicated
  • Jun 18 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • Jun 19 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created

Historic Event

Jun 22 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One

  • Jun 25 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets for England v Australia (7-61 & 8-43)

Sports History

Jun 25 NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits for the cycle beating White Sox 11-2

  • Jun 25 NY Yank pitcher John Broaca ties record by striking out 5 times
  • Jun 25 Previously unknown Winchester Manuscript of Sir Thomas Malory's "Le Morte d'Arthur" (1485) announced discovered in the library of Winchester College, England

Historic Event

Jun 26 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions

  • Jun 26 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

Historic Event

Jun 26 W.E.B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

  • Jun 27 Federal Savings & Loan Association created
  • Jun 28 Adolf Hitler flies to Essen, Germany for "Night of Long Knives"
  • Jun 29 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St. George's GC: Henry Cotton of England wins wire-to-wire by 5 shots from South African Sid Brews
  • Jun 30 "Night of Long Knives" - Adolf Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party
  • Jun 30 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • Jun 30 Detroit radio executive George Richards pays $7,952.08 to buy NFL's Portsmouth Spartans; moves team to Detroit and rebrands it to 'Lions'

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 (Charles) "Pat" Boone, American singer ("Tutti Frutti"), actor (April Love; The Cross and The Switchblade; No More Mr. Nice Guy) and TV personality (The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jun 1 Peter Masterson, actor (Ambush Bay), born in Houston, Texas
  • Jun 1 Willy Roggeman, Flemish writer (Goldfish, Nardis)
  • Jun 2 Johnny Carter, American singer (The Flamingos, The Dells), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2009)
  • Jun 3 Jim Gentile, American MLB player, "Diamond Jim", born in San Francisco
  • Jun 3 Rolland D. McCune, American theologian
  • Jun 4 Seamus Elliott, Irish road bicycle racer (first English speaker to win stages in all Grand Tours), born in Dublin, Republic of Ireland (d. 1971)
  • Jun 4 Carl Fredrik Reutersward, Swedish artist (knotted-gun sculpture), born in Stockholm (d. 2016)
  • Jun 5 Bill Moyers, American news commentator (Bill Moyers' Journal) and White House Press Secretary, born in Hugo, Oklahoma
  • Jun 5 Curt Michel, American astrophysicist and NASA astronaut, born in LaCrosse Wisconsin (d. 2015)
  • Jun 5 Gwen Swire, British social worker (BASW) (d. 1961)
  • Jun 5 Vilhjálmur Einarsson, Icelandic athlete (Olympic silver triple-jump 1956; Iceland's first ever Olympic medal), born in Reyðarfjörður, Iceland (d. 2019)
  • Jun 6 Albert II, King of Belgium (1993-2013), born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
  • Jun 6 Roy Innis, American activist, leader of the Congress of Racial Equality, born in St. Croix, US Virgin Islands (d. 2017)
  • Jun 7 Philippe Entremont, French pianist and conductor (Vienna Chamber Orchestra, 1976-91), born in Reims, France
  • Jun 7 Samuel Lipman, American pianist and music critic, born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1994)
  • Jun 8 Millicent Martin, English actress (Alfie, Nothing but the Best), born in Romford, Essex
  • Jun 9 Donald Duck, famous fowl
  • Jun 9 Helga Haase, East German 500m speed skater (Olympic gold 1960), born in Danzig, Germany (d. 1989)
  • Jun 9 Jackie Wilson, American soul singer-songwriter and performer ("Lonely Teardrops"; "Higher And Higher": "I Get the Sweetest Feeling"), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1984)
  • Jun 9 Michael Mates, British politician (C) resigned during Asil Nadir scandal, born in Brentford, Middlesex
  • Jun 9 Paul Karolyi, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest (d. 2015)
  • Jun 9 Wild Jimmy Spruill, American blues guitarist, born in Fayetteville, North Carolina (d. 1996)
  • Jun 10 Nicolas Roussakis, American composer, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1994)
  • Jun 11 Thornton James "Pookie" Hudson, American vocalist (The Spaniels - "Goodnite Sweetheart Goodnite"), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 2007)
  • Jun 11 Henrik [Henri Marie Jean André de Laborde de Monpezat], Prince Consort of Denmark, born in Talence, Gironde, France (d. 2018)
  • Jun 11 Lady Annabel Goldsmith, English socialite, born in Westminster, London
  • Jun 12 John A. Alonzo, American cinematographer (pioneered handheld work, lighting techniques and HD video development), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Jun 13 Janet Pilgrim, American early playmate model for Playboy (July 1955, Dec 1955, Oct 1956), born in Wheaton, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Jun 13 Uriel Jones, American jazz and session drummer (Motown's Funk Brothers), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2009)
  • Jun 13 Dick Mann, American motorcycle racer (A.M.A. Grand National C'ship 1963, 71; Motorcycle Hall of Fame 1998), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2021)
  • Jun 15 Ruby Nash Curtis [Garnett], American pop and R&B singer (Ruby and the Romantics - "Our Day Will Come"; "Hey There Lonely Boy"), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Jun 16 Eileen Atkins, English actress (Equus, Devil Within Her), born in London, England
  • Jun 16 Little Caesar [Carl Burnett], American vocalist (Little Caesar & the Romans)
  • Jun 16 Lucia Dlugoszewski, Polish-American composer (Fire Fragile Flight), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2000)
  • Jun 16 William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • Jun 16 Elvira Vinogradova, Russian TV persona
  • Jun 16 Bill Cobbs [Wilbert], American actor (Night at the Museum, The Color of Money), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jun 18 Brian Kenny, British Army officer, deputy supreme allied commander (Europe), born in Aldershot, England (d. 2017)
  • Jun 18 Carl de Winter, sect-gen (Federation of British Artists)
  • Jun 18 Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese manga artist (d. 2004)
  • Jun 18 Gladstone "Gladdy" Anderson, Jamaican ska and reggae session keyboard player, and band leader ("The Liquidator"), born in Jones Town, Jamaica (d. 2015)
  • Jun 19 Hammond Furlonge, cricketer (WI batsman in 3 Tests 1955-56)
  • Jun 19 Terence Clark, British diplomat
  • Jun 20 Brian Barder, British high commissar (Australia)
  • Jun 20 Cornel Țăranu, Romanian composer (Garlands), born in Cluj. Romania
  • Jun 20 Wendy Craig, English actress (Butterflies), born in Sacriston, England
  • Jun 20 Rossana Podestà, Italian actress (Helen of Troy), (d. 2013)
  • Jun 20 Horst Mahseli, Polish soccer striker (9 caps; Legia Warsaw), born in Bytom, Poland (d. 1999)
  • Jun 20 Alain Bancquart, French contemporary classical composer, born in Dieppe, France
  • Jun 20 José Villegas, Mexican soccer defender (6 caps; CD Guadalajara), born in La Experiencia, Mexico (d. 2021)
  • Jun 21 Wulf Kirsten, German writer, born in Klipphausen, Meissen
  • Jun 23 Marino H. Casem, American College Football Hall of Fame coach (Alabama State, Alcorn State, Southern) and athletic administrator (Alcorn State, Southern), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2020)
  • Jun 25 Willy Rodriguez, West Indian cricketer (occasional leg-spin bat for WI in 60's), born in St Clair, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
  • Jun 26 John V Tunney, American politician (Rep/Sen-D-California), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jun 26 Josef Sommer, German-American actor (Witness; Target; Iceman; Forced March), born in Greifswald, Germany
  • Jun 26 Filipe Pires, Portuguese pianist, composer (Portugaliae Genesis), and educator, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 2015)
  • Jun 26 Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist and spy, born in England (d. 1965)
  • Jun 26 Dave Grusin, American jazz pianist and Academy and Grammy Award-winning composer specializing in film scores (The Milagro Beanfield War; Ishtar), born in Littleton, Colorado
  • Jun 28 Carl Levin, American attorney and politician (U.S. Senator from Michigan, 1979-2015), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2021)
  • Jun 28 Roy Gilchrist, West Indian cricket fast bowler (13 Tests, 57 wickets), born in St Thomas, Jamaica (d. 2001)
  • Jun 29 Henning Kronstam, Danish dancer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1995)
  • Jun 30 Harry Blackstone, Jr., American stage magician (Blackstone Book of Magic & Illusion), born in Three Rivers, Michigan (d. 1997)

Famous Weddings

Byron Nelson

Jun 24 Golfer Byron Nelson (22) weds Louise Shofner

Kenneth Patchen

Jun 28 Novelist Kenneth Patchen (22) weds Miriam Patchen in nearby Sharon, Pennsylvania


Famous Deaths

  • Jun 6 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (b. 1864)
  • Jun 6 Charles Francis Jenkins, American Inventor and early television pioneer (also invented the altimeter and automobile self-starter) dies at 66
  • Jun 8 Dorothy Dell [Goff], American child actress (Little Miss Marker, Wharf Angel), dies in a road accident at 19
  • Jun 10 Frederick Delius, British composer (A Mass of Life, Brigg Fair; In a Summer Garden), dies at 72
  • Jun 11 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • Jun 15 Alfred Bruneau, French composer (Léda), dies at 77
  • Jun 18 Francisco Lacerda, Portuguese composer, conductor, and musicologist, dies at 65
  • Jun 21 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Stray Lamb, Topper, Turnabout), dies at 42
  • Jun 27 Max Pallenberg, Austrian extempore farce actor (Morn to Midnight), husband of Operetta star Fritzi Massary, dies in air crash at 56
  • Jun 30 Ernst Röhm, German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler’s Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts), executed at 46
  • Jun 30 Gregor Strasser, German political activist and NSDAP-Reich organization leader, murdered during the Night of the Long Knives at 42
  • Jun 30 Karl Ernst, German SA-leader, murdered during the Night of the Long Knives at 29
  • Jun 30 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (1932-33), murdered during the Night of the Long Knives at 52
  • Jun 30 Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria killed during the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1862)
  • Jun 30 Erich Klausener, Catholic politician killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1885)