On This Day

What Happened in March 1934

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Henry Pu Yi crowned Emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • Mar 1 Italian boxer Primo Carnera beats American challenger Tommy Loughran by unanimous points decision at Madison Square Garden, NYC for the NYSAC and NBA heavyweight boxing titles
  • Mar 2 Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • Mar 4 Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (San Francisco) dedicated
  • Mar 5 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Texas)
  • Mar 6 Sidney Howard & Paul de Kruif's "Yellowjacket" premieres in NYC

CameraFamous Photo

Mar 8 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Mar 10 Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history ends - 18 games with 15 wins, 3 ties
  • Mar 10 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
  • Mar 10 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • Mar 12 Acting President Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn, Estonia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Mar 12 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 15 US Information Service opens
  • Mar 16 US Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Mar 16 6th Academy Awards: "Cavalcade", Charles Laughton and Katharine Hepburn win, host Will Rogers announces "Come and Get it Frank" and wrong Frank gets up

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 17 Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Mar 17 England beats Scotland, 6-3 at Twickenham, London to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown
  • Mar 20 Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
  • Mar 20 American all-round female super athlete Babe Didrikson Zaharias pitches a hitless inning for Philadelphia A's in their exhibition pre-season baseball game against Brooklyn Dodgers
  • Mar 21 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
  • Mar 22 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000)
  • Mar 23 93rd Grand National: Gerry Wilson wins aboard 8/1 Golden Miller in race record 9:20.04; becomes only horse to win both UK's premier steeplechases with Cheltenham Gold Cup victory 1934
  • Mar 24 U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
  • Mar 25 1st Augusta National Invitation Tournament (Masters) Golf: Horton Smith wins with 20-foot birdie putt at the 17th hole, 1 stroke ahead of Craig Wood
  • Mar 26 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • Mar 29 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • Mar 31 Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Riet [M. J. J.] Roosen-van Pelt, Dutch politician, 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Tilburg, the Netherlands
  • Mar 2 Bernard Rands, composer (Wildtrack), born in Sheffield, England
  • Mar 2 Howard "Hopalong" Cassady, NFLer
  • Mar 3 Gia Scala, Italian actress (Angry Hills, Don't Go Near the Water)
  • Mar 4 Barbara McNair, singer/actress (Barbara McNair Show), born in Racine, Wisconsin
  • Mar 4 Jane van Lawick-Goodall, ethologist/chimp expert (1974 Walker Prize)
  • Mar 4 John Duffey, bluegrass musician
  • Mar 4 Mario Davidovsky, composer (Synchronisms), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Mar 4 Anne Haney, American actress (Mrs. Sellner in Mrs. Doubtfire, Greta the secretary in Liar Liar), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2001)
  • Mar 4 Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist
  • Mar 4 Gleb Yakunin, Russian priest and dissident, born in Moscow
  • Mar 5 James B Sikking, CA, actor (Hill St Blues, Star Trek 3, Doogie Howser)

Person of interestDaniel Kahneman

Mar 5 Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist and Nobel laureate (2002), born in Tel Aviv, Israel

Economist and Psychologist Daniel Kahneman
Economist and Psychologist
Daniel Kahneman
  • Mar 6 John Noakes, British TV presenter, born in Yorkshire, England (d. 2017)
  • Mar 7 Nari Contractor, cricketer (Indian batsman & captain)
  • Mar 7 Willard Scott, American weather forecaster (Today Show), born in Alexandria, Virginia
  • Mar 7 Giorgos Katsaros, Greek musician and composer
  • Mar 8 Christian Wolff, composer
  • Mar 8 Ron Taylor, Australian cinematographer (Those Amazing Animals), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)
  • Mar 8 Marv Breeding, American baseball player (d.2006)
  • Mar 9 Joyce Van Patten, American actress (Good Guys, Don Rickles Show), born in Queens, New York

Person of interestYuri Gagarin

Mar 9 Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), born in Klushino, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (d. 1968)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Cosmonaut
Yuri Gagarin
  • Mar 10 Judith Jamison, artistic director (Alvin Ailey Dance Theater)
  • Mar 11 George Stamatoyannopoulos, Greece, medical genetics researcher
  • Mar 11 Joep Straesser, composer (Blossom songs, Ramasasiri)
  • Mar 11 Keith Speed, British MP
  • Mar 11 Sam Donaldson, ABC White House correspondent (Prime Time), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Mar 11 Sydney Burke, cricketer (South African quick, 11 wkts on Test debut v NZ 1961)
  • Mar 12 Rudolph Agner, CEO (Consolidated Gold Fields)
  • Mar 13 Barry Hughart, American author of fantasy novels (Bridge of Birds), born in Peoria, Illinois
  • Mar 14 Eugene A Cernan, Capt USN, astronaut (Gemini 9, Apollo 10 17), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Mar 14 Shirley Scott, American swing and blues organist (with Stanley Turrentine), born In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • Mar 14 Paul Rader, the 15th General of The Salvation Army
  • Mar 15 Daniel George "Danny" Apolinar, composer/songwriter
  • Mar 15 Wolfgang Hufschmidt, composer
  • Mar 15 Kanshi Ram, Indian dalit leader
  • Mar 16 Ray Hnatyshyn, Governor-General of Canada (d. 2002)
  • Mar 17 Erhard Grosskopf, composer
  • Mar 17 Q T Macon, blues vocal/guitar
  • Mar 18 Pavle Despalj, composer
  • Mar 18 Roy Chapman, English footballer and manager (d. 1983)
  • Mar 20 Eric Hebborn, artist/faker
  • Mar 20 Marion Conti, arch bishop (Aberdeen England)
  • Mar 20 Willie Brown, American politician
  • Mar 20 David Malouf, Australian author
  • Mar 21 Al Freeman Jr, Tx, actor (One Life to Live, My Sweet Charlie), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 21 Lister Carney, Bellaire Oh, 200m runner (Olympic silver 1960)
  • Mar 22 Leslie Turnberg, president (Royal College of Physicians)
  • Mar 22 Orrin Hatch, politician (Sen-R-UT, 1977- ), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 22 Sheila Cameron, QC, Vicar-General (Province of Canterbury)
  • Mar 22 May Britt, Swedish actress (Young Lions)/wife of Sammy Davis Jr
  • Mar 22 Larry Martyn, English comedy actor (d. 1994)
  • Mar 23 Mark Rydell, American actor (Havana, Punchline, Long Goodbye), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 23 Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician
  • Mar 23 Fernand Gignac, Canadian singer and actor (d. 2006)

Person of interestGloria Steinem

Mar 25 Gloria Steinem, American feminist and publisher (Ms Magazine), born in Toledo, Ohio

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem
  • Mar 25 Johnny Burnette, American rockabilly singer-songwriter-guitarist (Train Kept A-Rollin', You're Sixteen), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • Mar 26 Alan Arkin, American actor (Catch 22, In-Laws, Simon, Wait Until Dark), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 26 G T Pryce, CEO (Dalgety)
  • Mar 26 Gino Cappelletti, ORFU, AFL running back (AFL Player of Year 1964)
  • Mar 27 Arthur Mitchell, African-American choreographer (Dance Theater of Harlem), born in New York
  • Mar 27 David Hancock, British civil servant, secretary (British Department of Education & Science), born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2013)
  • Mar 27 Istvan Csurka, Hungarian politician and writer, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • Mar 28 Siegfried Thiele, German composer, born in Chemnitz, Germany
  • Mar 29 Ernstalbrecht Stiebler, German composer, born in Berlin
  • Mar 29 Paul Crouch, American televangelist (Trinity Broadcasting Network), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • Mar 30 Lord Tanlaw [Simon Mackay], crossbench member of the House of Lords
  • Mar 30 Lanny Morgan, American jazz alto saxophonist, born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • Mar 31 Grigori Grigoyevich Nelyubov, Russian cosmonaut (Vostok 1 backup)
  • Mar 31 John D. Loudermilk, country singer and songwriter (Tobacco Road), born in Durham, North Carolina (d. 2016)
  • Mar 31 Wim H Sinnige, Dutch alderman of finance (social democratic)
  • Mar 31 Richard Chamberlain, American actor (Dr Kildare), born in Beverly Hills, California

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 20 Vietnam emperor Bảo Đại (20) weds empress Nam Phương (19) at the imperial city of Huế

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 3 Norman O'Neill, English composer, dies at 58
  • Mar 13 Fritz Cortolezis, composer, dies at 56

Person of interestDavidson Black

Mar 15 Davidson Black, Paleoanthropologist, dies while working alone during the night, in Beijing, China at 49

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • Mar 19 Anthony J Block, lawyer (Dutch strafproces), dies at 66
  • Mar 20 Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen consort of William and Regent of the Netherlands, dies at 76
  • Mar 21 Franz Schreker, Austrian composer, dies after suffering from a stroke at 55
  • Mar 21 Lilyan Tashman, American actress (Millie, Bulldog Drummond), dies following cancer surgery at 34
  • Mar 22 Theophilos Hatzimihail, Greek painter (b. 1870)
  • Mar 26 Grete Gulbransson, Austrian writer and poet (Geliebte Schatten), dies at 51
  • Mar 27 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, dies at 89
  • Mar 29 Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)
  • Mar 31 Franz Ehrle, German jesuit/head of Vatican library, dies at 88