On This Day

What Happened in October 1934

Historical Events


AgreementTreaty of Interest

Oct 1 Adolf Hitler expands German army and navy, violating Treaty of Versailles

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

MurderMurder of Interest

Oct 8 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

  • Oct 9 St Louis Cards beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3 in 31st World Series

MurderAssassination

Oct 9 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • Oct 13 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Portland G & CC: Marian McDougall outclassed Mrs Guy Riegel, 9 & 7 to win golf's only major title
  • Oct 14 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Mao Zedong and 25,000 troops begin their 6,000 mile Long March from the south of China to the north and west

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Oct 17 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 MLB All-Star team led by Connie Mack and including Babe Ruth, Jimmie Foxx and Lou Gehrig sails to Japan for 18-game series against Big-Six University League

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Oct 20 Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shot and killed by FBI agents

  • Oct 23 Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)
  • Oct 26 While Washington Seantors player-manager Joe Cronin honeymoons with Mildred Robertson, owner Clark Griffith's niece and adopted daughter, he is sold to Red Sox
  • Oct 28 Brooklyn & Pittsburgh play a penalty free NFL game

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Neil Castles, American auto racer (NASCAR Grand National East Series Champion 1972), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Oct 1 Chuck Hiller, American MLB second baseman (first NL player in history to hit a grand slam HR in World Series play, 1962), born in Johnsburg, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • Oct 2 Duncan Thomson, keeper (Scottish National Portrait Gallery)
  • Oct 2 Geoff Millman, English cricket wicket-keeper (6 Tests), born in Bedford, Bedfordshire (d. 2005)
  • Oct 2 Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, British high court judge, born in Dehradun, India
  • Oct 2 Earl Wilson, American baseball pitcher (no-hitter 1962; AL wins leader 1967 Boston Red Sox), born in Ponchatoula, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • Oct 3 Benjamin Boretz, American composer, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 3 Harold Henning, South African golfer (2 PGA Tour titles; 3 senior PGA titles; World Cup 1965), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2004)
  • Oct 3 Madlyn Rhue, American actress (Bracken's World, Executive Suite), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 3 Hiteswar Saikia, Indian politician and Chief Minister of Assam (1983-85, 1991-96), born in Nazira, Assam, British India (d. 1996)
  • Oct 4 Malva M Basoalto, daughter of Pablo Neruda & Marie Hagenaar Vogelzang
  • Oct 4 Sam Huff, American College and Pro Football Hall of Fame linebacker (5-time Pro Bowl; NY Giants, Washington Redskins), born in Edna, West Virginia
  • Oct 5 David Smith, English cricket fast bowler (5 Tests), born in Fishponds, Bristol (d. 2003)
  • Oct 5 Angelo Buono, Jr., American serial killer, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2002)
  • Oct 7 Ulrike Meinhof, West German far left militant, born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1976)
  • Oct 7 Willie Naulls, American NBA player (NY Knicks), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2018)
  • Oct 7 Amiri Baraka, American writer (Black Music), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2014)
  • Oct 8 J. Carter Brown, American art director (Washington National Gallery), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2002)
  • Oct 8 Gerry Hitchens, English footballer, born in Staffordshire, United Kingdom (d. 1983)
  • Oct 9 Jacobo Majluta Azar, 47th President of the Dominican Republic (1978-82), born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (d. 1996)
  • Oct 9 Jill Ker Conway, Australian-American author, first female president of Smith College, born in Hillston, Australia (d. 2018)
  • Oct 10 Sadashiv Patil, Indian cricketer (pace bowler in Test India v NZ 1955-56), born in Kolhapur, Maharashtra
  • Oct 12 Richard Meier, American architect and abstract artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Oct 12 Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician, known for his work in probability theory, statistics and financial mathematics, born in Shchyolkovo, Russia
  • Oct 13 Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer (Try to Remember), born in Chania, Crete, Greece
  • Oct 15 Peter Haskell, American actor (Bracken's World, Rituals), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2010)
  • Oct 15 N. Ramani, Indian flutist, born in Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India (d. 2015)
  • Oct 15 John Coleman, American journalist, co-founder of The Weather Channel and broadcaster (1953-2014), born in Alpine, Texas (d. 2018)
  • Oct 17 Barend P Tammeling, Dutch journalist (Trouw, Groninger Gezinsbode)
  • Oct 17 Johnny Haynes, English soccer forward (56 caps; Fulham 594 games), born in London, England (d. 2005)
  • Oct 17 Emmanuel "Rico" Rodriguez, Jamaican ska trombonist (The Specials), born in Kingston (d. 2015)
  • Oct 18 Inger Stevens, actress (Katy-Farmer's Daughter), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Oct 18 Calvin Lockhart, Bahamian actor (d. 2007)
  • Oct 18 Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
  • Oct 19 David Guard, rocker (Kingston Trio)
  • Oct 19 Des Hoare, cricketer (Australian quickie in Test in 1961 v W Indies)
  • Oct 19 Yakubu Gowon, Nigerian army chief, dictator and head of state (1966–75), born in Plateau State, Nigeria
  • Oct 20 Eddie Harris, saxophonist/composer
  • Oct 20 Michael Dunn, Shattuck OK, actor (House of the Damned, Ship of Fools)
  • Oct 20 Michiko, empress of Japan
  • Oct 20 Timothy West, English actor (Brass), born in Bradford, England
  • Oct 21 Jerry Lewis, (Rep-R-California, 1979- )
  • Oct 22 Donald McIntyre, Bass-Baritone (Wotan-Das Rheingold), born in Auckland, New Zealand
  • Oct 24 Arvind Apte, Indian cricketer (brother of Madhav Scored 8 & 7 in one Test), born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India (d. 2014)
  • Oct 24 Margie Masters, Australian golfer (Western Open runner-up 1966), born in Swan Hill, Victoria
  • Oct 26 Ulrich Plenzdorf, German writer (Die neuen Leiden des jungen W.), born in Berlin (d. 2007)
  • Oct 26 Hans-Joachim Rödelius, German composer and musician (Cluster, Harmonia), born in Berlin
  • Oct 27 David Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, born in Hammersmith, London
  • Oct 27 Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, born in Hammersmith, London
  • Oct 27 Giorgos Konstadinou, Greek actor and director, born in Athens, Greece
  • Oct 28 Jim Beatty, American track runner (1st sub 4 minute indoor mile), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 29 Karl Francis Hettinger, American police officer (Onion Field survivor), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1994)
  • Oct 29 Pim Jacobs, Dutch jazz pianist, TV host and actor (Gilas), born in Hilversum, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • Oct 29 Ramon Sender, Spanish composer, born in Madrid, Spain
  • Oct 29 Robert E Hughes, American orchestra leader (Rich Little Show), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 30 Hamilton Camp, English-American actor (Andrew-He & She, Meatballs 2), born in London (d. 2005)
  • Oct 30 Frans Brüggen, Dutch conductor and musician, born in Amsterdam (d. 2014)
  • Oct 31 Norman Beaton, Guyanese actor (Eureka, Black Joy, Mighty Quinn), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 1994)
  • Oct 31 Walter Steffens, German composer, born in Burtscheid, Aachen, Germany

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 8 South Korean President Syngman Rhee (59) weds Francesca Donner (34)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 4 Jimmy 'Nixey' Callahan, American baseball pitcher, outfielder and manager (Chicago WS; first AL no-hitter 1902), dies at 60
  • Oct 5 Jean Vigo, French actor and director (Zero For Conduct, L'Atlante), dies of complications from tuberculosis at 29
  • Oct 9 J-Louis-F Barthou, French writer, French Premier and Foreign Minister, assassinated by Croatian nationalist at 72
  • Oct 9 King Alexander, of Yugoslavia, assassinated by Georgief (Croatian terrorist) at 45
  • Oct 12 Gertrude Käsebier, American photographer dies aged 82
  • Oct 15 Raymond Poincaré, French president and Prime Minister (1912), dies at 74
  • Oct 17 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), dies at 82
  • Oct 19 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (houtgravures), dies at 63

Person of interestPretty Boy Floyd

Oct 22 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, American gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal, shot dead at 30 by the FBI in Ohio

  • Oct 25 Frank Sprague, American inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system, dies at 77
  • Oct 29 Gustavo Campa, Mexican composer, dies at 71