On This Day

What Happened in December 1935

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
  • Dec 4 1,200 at St Joseph's College (Philadelphia) enroll in anticommunism class
  • Dec 5 First commercial hydroponics operation established (Montebello, California)
  • Dec 5 National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (NYC)
  • Dec 7 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Winnipeg Pegs (later Blue Bombers) defeat Hamilton Tigers, 18-12
  • Dec 8 The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect's operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi.
  • Dec 9 Walter Liggett American newspaper editor and muckraker killed in gangland murder.
  • Dec 9 1st Heisman Trophy Award: Jay Berwanger, Chicago (HB)

Contract of Interest

Dec 10 Philadelphia Athletics sell infielder Jimmie Foxx's contract to Boston Red Sox for $150,000 (about $2.8M in 2020 dollars)

  • Dec 10 White Sox sell Al Simmons to the Tigers for $75,000

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Irene Joliot-Curie (daughter of Marie Curie) and her husband Frédéric Joliot for the discovery of artificial radioactivity

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 James Chadwick is awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the neutron

  • Dec 14 Test Cricket debut of "Chuck" Fleetwood-Smith v South Africa, Durban

NFL Championship

Dec 15 National Football League Championship, University of Detroit Stadium: Detroit Lions beat New York Giants, 26-7; Lions first title

  • Dec 15 In major upset, Dutch grand master Max Euwe becomes World Chess Champion beating Russian Alexander Alekhine (9 wins, 13 draws, 8 losses) in Zandvoort, Netherlands

Historic Event

Dec 17 1st flight of the Douglas DC-3 (C-47 Skytrain/Dakota) airplane.

Sports History

Dec 18 Don Bradman scores 117 in his debut Sheffield Shield cricket match for South Australia in an innings & 5 run win over his old team, New South Wales

Historic Event

Dec 18 Edvard Beneš becomes President of Czechoslovakia after Tomáš Masaryk retires

  • Dec 18 The Lanka Sama Samaja Party is founded in Ceylon

Catholic Encyclical

Dec 20 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii

  • Dec 22 Yaeko Iwasaki, student of D S Harada Roshi, 1st awakening in Kamakura
  • Dec 24 National Council of Negro Women forms
  • Dec 28 W P A Federal Art Project Gallery opens in NYC
  • Dec 28 Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union
  • Dec 30 Italian bombers destroy Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia
  • Dec 31 CPH becomes Dutch Communist Party
  • Dec 31 Charles Darrow patents the board game Monopoly, goes on to be the 1st millionaire game designer

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Roger Christian, American ice hockey left wing (Olympic gold 1960; Christian Brother's Hockey Sticks), born in Warroad, Minnesota (d. 2011)

Woody Allen

Dec 1 Woody Allen [Allen Konigsberg], American film director and actor (Zelig, Annie Hall), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Dec 2 Jürg Wyttenbach, Swiss composer, born in Bern, Switzerland
  • Dec 2 David Hackett Fischer, American educator and historian (Albion's Seed), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Dec 2 Jeannie Morris, American sports journalist and author (Chicago Daily News, WMAQ; 'Brian Piccolo: A Short Season', 2014 Ring Lardner Award), born in Redondo Beach, California (d. 2020)
  • Dec 4 Fred Rumsey, English cricket fast bowler (5 Tests, 17 wickets; founded Professional Cricketers Association 1967), born in London, England
  • Dec 4 Robert Vesco, American financier and fugitive, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2007)
  • Dec 5 Calvin Trillin, American author (New Yorker), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Dec 5 Yury Vlasov, Soviet weightlifter and writer, born in Makeyevka, Ukrainian SSR
  • Dec 6 Jean Lapointe, Quebecois-Canadian comedian, singer and senator, born in La Matanie, Quebec
  • Dec 6 George Williams, American soul singer (The Tymes), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2004)
  • Dec 7 Jean-Claude Casadesus, French conductor, born in Paris, France
  • Dec 8 Dharmendra, Indian actor (Sholay), born in Nasrali, Punjab, British India
  • Dec 8 Tatiana Zatulovskaya, Israeli chess player (Women's Soviet Chess Championship 1960, 62, 63), born in Baku, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR (d. 2017)
  • Dec 9 Dominico Tromp, Aruba, stage leader
  • Dec 9 David Houston, American country music singer (Almost Persuaded), born in Bossier City, Louisiana (d. 1993)
  • Dec 10 Terry Allcock, English footballer (Norwich City), born in Leeds, England
  • Dec 11 Femke Boersma, Dutch actress (Verjaring, Pastorale 1943), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Dec 11 Ron Carey, American actor (Barney Miller), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2007)
  • Dec 11 Pranab Mukherjee, Indian politician, 13th President of India (2012-17), born in Mirati, British India (d. 2020)
  • Dec 11 Ferdinand A. Porsche, German car designer (Porsche 911), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 2012)
  • Dec 12 Al Harrington [born Tausau Ta'a], Samoan-American actor (Hawaii Five-O, 1969-75 -"Ben"; Hawaii Five-O, 2011-18 - "Mamo"), born in Pago Pago, American Samoa (d. 2021)
  • Dec 13 Tom Wakefield, British writer, born in Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Dec 13 Joe Christopher, American baseball player, born in Frederiksted, U.S. Virgin Islands
  • Dec 13 Lindy McDaniel, American baseball pitcher (MLB All Star 1960; NL saves leader 1959, 60, 63), born in Hollis, Oklahoma
  • Dec 13 Arthur Summons, Australian rugby union fly-half (10 Tests; Gordon RFC) and rugby league five-eighth (9 Tests; Western Suburbs RLFC), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2020)
  • Dec 14 Barbara Leigh-Hunt, British actress (Search for the Nile), born in Bath, Somerset, England
  • Dec 14 Butch [David William] White, English cricketer (England opening attack Brown & White v Pak 1961), born in Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire
  • Dec 14 Lee Remick, American actress (Days of Wine & Rose, Long Hot Summer), born in Quincy, Massachusetts (d. 1991)
  • Dec 14 Lewis Arquette, American actor (Horror Show, Book of Love), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2001)
  • Dec 15 Joe Walton, American football coach (New York Jets 1983-89; Robert Morris University), born in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania (d. 2021)
  • Dec 16 Howard Quilling, American classical composer (From Quiet Beginnings), and educator, born in Enid, Oklahoma (d. 2016)
  • Dec 17 Cal Ripken Sr, American MLB manager (Baltimore Orioles), born in Aberdeen, Maryland (d. 1999)
  • Dec 17 George Lindsey, American actor (The Andy Griffith Show), (d. 2012)
  • Dec 18 Bonno Spieker, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA), born in Delfzijl, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • Dec 18 Jacques Pépin, French chef, writer and TV personality (Julia and Jacques Cooking at Home), born in Bourg-en-Bresse, France
  • Dec 19 Barbara Bostock, American actress
  • Dec 19 Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (Moanin'), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)
  • Dec 19 Tony Taylor, Cuban baseball second baseman (MLB All Star 1960; Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies, Detroit Tigers), born in Central Álava, Cuba (d. 2020)
  • Dec 20 Khalid "Billy" Ibadulla, Pakistani cricket batsman (4 Tests; 1 x 100; Warwickshire, Otago) and broadcaster (TVNZ), born in Lahore, Pakistan
  • Dec 21 Phil Donahue, TV talk show host (The Phil Donahue Show), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Dec 21 Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racecar driver, born in Marj, Libya (d. 1967)
  • Dec 21 Yusuf Bey (Joseph Stephens), American activist, born in Greenville, Texas (d. 2003)
  • Dec 21 Edward Schreyer, Canadian politician (Premier of Manitoba), born in Beausejour, Canada
  • Dec 21 John G. Avildsen, American film director (Rocky, The Karate Kid), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Dec 21 Don Neely, New Zealand cricket historian, administrator (President NZ Cricket 2006-09), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2022)
  • Dec 22 John L. Finley, United States Navy aviator, born in Winchester, Massachusetts (d. 2006)
  • Dec 22 Oleg Alekseyevich Protopopov, Russian pairs skater (Olympic gold 1964, 68), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Dec 23 Esther Phillips [Jones], American R&B singer ("What A Diff'rence A Day Makes"), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1984)
  • Dec 23 Paul Hornung, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1956, Notre Dame; Pro Bowl 1959, 60, Green Bay Packers), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Dec 25 Sadiq al-Mahdi, Sudanese politician and Imam, Prime Minister of Sudan (1966-67, 1986-89), born in Omdurman, Sudan (d. 2020)
  • Dec 26 Abdul "Duke" Fakir, American rock vocalist (Four Tops), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Dec 26 Barbara J Jacket, US athletic coach (Olympics 1972)
  • Dec 26 Rohan Kanhai, cricketer (one of West Indies' finest batsmen)

Gnassingbé Eyadéma

Dec 26 Gnassingbé Eyadéma, General and President of Togo (1967-2005), born in Kozah, Togo (d. 2005)

  • Dec 26 Noel Kelehan, Irish pianist, conductor (RTÉ Concert Orchestra), and arranger (Eurovision; U2), born in Dublin (d. 2012)
  • Dec 27 Norma Rae Beatty Ashby, broadcaster/TV producer
  • Dec 28 Fernando Lopes, Portuguese director (Encoberto, Matar Saudades)
  • Dec 29 Russell Watt, New Zealand rugby union wing (9 Tests; Otago, Southland, Wellington), born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 2022)
  • Dec 30 Omar Bongo, 2nd President of Gabon (1967-2009), born in Lewai, French Equatorial Africa [now Bongoville, Gabon] (d. 2009)
  • Dec 30 Bruno Canino, Italian pianist, harpsichordist, composer, and music director, born in Naples, Italy

Sandy Koufax

Dec 30 Sandy Koufax, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (7 × MLB All-Star; World Series 1955, 59, 63, 65; perfect game 1967; Cy Young Award 1963, 65, 66; Triple Crown 1963, 65, 66; LA Dodgers), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Dec 30 Jack Riley, American actor (The Bob Newhart Show), born in Cleveland (d. 2016)
  • Dec 31 Peter Allan, Australian cricketer (1 Test Australia v England 1965, 2-58 & 0-25), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • Dec 31 Rolf Haufs, German writer, born in Düsseldorf (d. 2013)

Famous Weddings

Percy Lavon Julian

Dec 24 Chemist Percy Lavon Julian weds sociologist Anna Roselle Johnson

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 1 Bernard Schmidt, German optical instrument maker (inventor of the Schmidt telescope), dies at 56
  • Dec 2 Albert Kessel, 1st to die in California gas chamber
  • Dec 2 Martha Carey Thomas, American educator, suffragist, linguist and second President of Bryn Mawr College, dies of a coronary occlusion at 78
  • Dec 2 James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist and anthropologist, dies at 70
  • Dec 3 Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, fourth child and second daughter of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark, dies at 67
  • Dec 4 Hylton Philipson, English cricket wicketkeeper (5 Tests, 11 dismissals), dies at 69
  • Dec 4 Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian violinist, conductor (Nationaltheatret Orchestra, 1899-1929), and composer (Bergensiana), dies at 71
  • Dec 4 Charles Richet, French physiologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1913 for work on anaphylaxis), dies at 85
  • Dec 5 Frans Erens, Dutch literary critic (Years Gone By), dies at 78
  • Dec 9 Walter Liggett, American crusading newspaper editor and muckraker (b. 1886)
  • Dec 10 John H Aberson, 1st rector of Landbouw high school, dies at 78
  • Dec 13 John Nicolson, cricketer (South African lefty batsman 1926-27), dies
  • Dec 13 Victor Grignard, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - development of the Grignard reaction), dies at 64
  • Dec 14 Stanley G. Weinbaum, American sci-fi writer (Martian Odyssey), dies at 33
  • Dec 16 Thelma Todd, actress (Horse Feathers, Bohemian Girl), dies of 30
  • Dec 18 Juan Vicente Gomez, Venezuelan general and dictator of Venezuela (1908-35), dies at 78
  • Dec 20 Martin O'Meara, Australian soldier (b. 1882)
  • Dec 21 Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist/writer (Panter, Tiger & Co), dies at 45
  • Dec 24 Alban Berg, Austrian composer (Wozzeck; Lulu), dies of sepsis at 50
  • Dec 25 Paul Bourget, French novelist and critic, dies at 83
  • Dec 28 Clarence Day, American author (Life with Father), dies at 61