On This Day

What Happened in October 1935

Historical Events

Historic Event

Oct 2 Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

  • Oct 2 NY Hayden Planetarium, 4th in US, opens
  • Oct 3 Italy invades Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Ethiopian War
  • Oct 6 Italian army occupies Adua Abyssinia
  • Oct 6 Market Street Railway, San Francisco, starts using trackless trolley coaches
  • Oct 7 Baseball World Series: Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4-3 at Navin Field for 4 games to 2 series win; Tigers win first championship in 5 WS appearances

Historic Event

Oct 7 Himmler, Hess and Heydrich inspect the concentration camp at Dachau

  • Oct 10 Coup under Gen Giorgios Kondylis in favor of Greek monarchy

Music History

Oct 10 George Gershwin's "Porgy & Bess" opens on Broadway NY

  • Oct 10 League of Nations denounces Italian invasion of Abyssinia

Music Premiere

Oct 12 Cole Porter's musical "Jubilee" opens at the Imperial Theatre, NYC; runs for 167 performances

  • Oct 15 NHL's St Louis Eagles fold
  • Oct 17 Pacific Association of AAU votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics
  • Oct 20 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • Oct 20 Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels

Sports History

Oct 20 Detroit Tigers future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Hank Greenberg is named AL MVP by the BWAA; Boston Red Sox pitcher Wes Ferrell is runner-up

  • Oct 20 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence
  • Oct 22 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Twin Hills CC: Johnny Revolta wins his only major title, defeating Tommy Armour, 5 & 4
  • Oct 22 Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • Oct 23 Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP
  • Oct 23 Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what becomes known as The Chophouse Massacre.

Election of Interest

Oct 23 Mackenzie King is elected as Prime Minister of Canada for the third time

  • Oct 25 Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie & Jacmel Haiti
  • Oct 27 SDAP and NVV launches "Plan for Work" in Utrect, Netherlands
  • Oct 28 Sidney Kingsley's "Dead End" premieres in NYC

Famous Birthdays

Julie Andrews

Oct 1 Julie Andrews, British actress and singer (Mary Poppins; The Sound Of Music), born in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey

  • Oct 2 Peter Frankl, Hungarian-British pianist, born in Budapest, Hungary

Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr.

Oct 2 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr., 1st African-American astronaut and U.S. Air Force major, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)

  • Oct 2 Omar Sívori, Argentine soccer forward and manager (19 caps Argentina, 9 caps Italy; Juventus), born in San Nicolás, Buenos Aires Province (d. 2005)
  • Oct 3 Abdon Pamich, Italian race walker (Olympic gold 50k 1964, bronze 1960), born in Fiume, Italy
  • Oct 3 Charles "Charlie" Duke Jr, American Brigadier General and astronaut (Apol 16), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Oct 4 Eddie Applegate, American actor (Patty Duke Show), born in Wyncote, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • Oct 4 Jimmy Orr, American NFL wide receiver (Pro Bowl 1959, 65; Super Bowl 1971; Baltimore Colts), born in Seneca, South Carolina
  • Oct 4 Eldon Danenhauer, American football offensive tackle (AFL All Star 1962, 65; Denver Broncos 1960-65), born in Clay Center, Kansas (d. 2021)
  • Oct 5 Jimmy Binks, English cricket wicket-keeper (England twice v India 1964), born in Hull, Yorkshire, England
  • Oct 5 Peter Brown [Pierre Lind de Lappe], American actor (Lawman, Laredo, Bold & Beautiful), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • Oct 6 Bruno Sammartino, Italian-American strongman and professional wrestler, born in Pizzoferrato, Italy (d. 2018)
  • Oct 6 Charito Solis, Filipino actress (d. 1998)
  • Oct 6 Vicente Cantatore, Argentine soccer manager (Chile, Real Valladolid, Colo Colo, Real Betis, Sevilla, Sporting de Gijón), born in Rosario, Argentina (d. 2021)
  • Oct 7 Thomas Keneally, Australian writer (Schindler's List), born in Sydney, Australia
  • Oct 8 Albert Roux, French chef and restaurateur (Le Gavroche, 1st Michelin three-starred restaurant in Britain), born in Semur-en-Brionnais, Saône-et-Loire, France (d. 2021) [1]
  • Oct 9 Don McCullin, British photographer, born in London, England
  • Oct 9 Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in London, England
  • Oct 9 Jules Croiset, Dutch actor (Help, Doctor Verzuipt!), born in Deventer, Netherlands
  • Oct 9 Paul Barton, New Zealand cricket batsman (7 Tests, 1 x 100; Wellington), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Oct 9 Paul Beers, Dutch actor (Mother Courage & Her Children)
  • Oct 9 Tibor Fátyol, Hungarian composer, born in Cluj-Napoca, Romania (d. 2017)
  • Oct 10 Paolo Renosto, Italian composer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1988)
  • Oct 10 André Bureau, French Canadian lawyer and communications executive, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada
  • Oct 10 Khalil al-Wazir [Abu Jihad], Founder of Palestinian group Fatah and PLO leader, born in Ramla, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1988)
  • Oct 10 Dave Charnley, British lightweight boxer (Dartford Destroyer), born in Dartford, England (d. 2012)
  • Oct 10 Ousmane Sow, Senegalese sculptor, born in Dhakar (d. 2016)
  • Oct 11 Jan van Vlijmen, Dutch composer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Oct 11 Frederick Combs, American stage and screen actor (The Boys In The Band), playwright, and director, born in Portsmouth, Virginia (d. 1992)

Luciano Pavarotti

Oct 12 Luciano Pavarotti, Italian operatic tenor (Oh Giorgio; The Three Tenors), born in Modena, Italy (d. 2007)

  • Oct 12 Sam Moore, American R&B and soul vocalist (Sam & Dave - "Soul Man"), born in Miami, Florida
  • Oct 12 William Raspberry, American columnist (Pulitzer 1994), born in Okolona, Mississippi (d. 2012)
  • Oct 13 Philippine Aeckerlin, Dutch actress (Oh Venus, Daddy Longlegs), born in Schiebroek, Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Oct 13 Paul Humphrey, American jazz, R&B, and rock session and touring drummer, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2014)
  • Oct 13 Alexey Kozlov, Russian jazz-fusion saxophonist, bandleader, and composer (Arsenal), born in Moscow, USSR
  • Oct 14 La Monte Young, American minimalist avant-garde composer (Compositions 1960), born in Bern, Idaho
  • Oct 15 Bobby Morrow, American athlete (Olympic gold 100m, 200m, 4x100m relay 1956), born in Brownsville, Texas (d. 2020)
  • Oct 15 Hans Croiset, Dutch theatre director and actor (Witte Waan), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Oct 15 Murdo Alex MacLeod, Free Church of Scotland minister, born in Ness, Lewis (d. 1995)
  • Oct 15 Barry McGuire, American singer-songwriter ("Eve of Destruction"), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Oct 15 Willie O'Ree, Canadian former professional ice hockey player and the first black player in the National Hockey League (Boston Bruins), born in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
  • Oct 16 Sugar Pie DeSanto [Peylia Marsema Balinton], American R&B singer ("Soulful Dress"), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 17 Alan Brown, cricketer (England opening attack Brown & White vs Pak 1961)
  • Oct 18 Sam Reed, American jazz and session saxophonist, and musical director (Uptown Theater (Philadelphia); Teddy Pendergrass), born in Kingstree, South Carolina (d. 2021)
  • Oct 18 John B. Coleman, American hotel magnate (Ritz Carlton), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Oct 18 Jorge "Jordi" Cervelló, Catalan composer and musicologist, born in Barcelona, Spain

Peter Boyle

Oct 18 Peter Boyle, American actor (Joe, Candidate, Everybody Loves Raymond), born in Norristown, Pennsylvania

  • Oct 19 Agne Simonsson, Swedish soccer striker (51 caps; Örgryte IS, Real Madrid, Real Sociedad) and manager (Örgryte IS, BK Häcken), born in Göteborg, Sweden (d. 2020)
  • Oct 20 Jerry Orbach, American actor (Law & Order, Dirty Dancing), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Oct 21 (George) Derek Bell, Northern Irish harpist, pianist, oboist, musicologist, and composer (The Chieftans; "Three Images of Ireland in Druid Times"), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2002)
  • Oct 21 Bobby Few, American jazz pianist and vocalist, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2021)
  • Oct 21 Don Rader, American big band jazz trumpeter and arranger (Woody Herman; Maynard Ferguson; Count Basie; Les Brown), born in Rochester, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 22 Judy Devlin Hashman, Canadian badminton player (World Team C'ship gold US 1957, 60, 63, 66), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Oct 23 Jimmy Dale, British-Canadian pianist and orchestra leader (The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour), born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • Oct 23 Chi Chi Rodriguez, Puerto Rican golfer (Senior Tournament Players C'ship 1986, PGA Senior C'ship 1987), born in Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico
  • Oct 23 Zbigniew Rudzinski, Polish composer (Mannequins), born in Czechowice, Poland
  • Oct 24 Sanford Clark, American country-rockabilly singer and guitarist ("The Fool"; "Son Of A Gun"), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2021)
  • Oct 25 Russell Luis Schweickart, astronaut (Apollo 9), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
  • Oct 25 Zdeněk Pololáník, Czech composer and organist, born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 28 Folke Rabe, Swedish avant-garde composer (What??), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2017)
  • Oct 29 David Allen, English cricketer (England off-spinner of 60's), born in Horfield, Bristol, England (d. 2014)
  • Oct 29 Isao Takahata, Japanese anime film director, screenwriter and producer (Grave of the Fireflies, The Tale of the Princess Kaguya), born in Ujiyamada, Mie, Japan (d. 2018)
  • Oct 30 Michael Winner, English film producer and director (Big Sleep, Death Wish), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • Oct 30 Ágota Kristóf, Hungarian writer (The Notebook), born in Csikvánd, Hungary (d. 2011)
  • Oct 30 Jim Perry, American baseball player, born in Williamston, North Carolina
  • Oct 30 Robert Caro, American journalist and biographer (Lyndon B. Johnson), born in NYC, New York

Famous Weddings

  • Oct 8 American bandleader Ozzie Nelson marries American band singer Harriet Hilliard (The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 4 Jean Béraud, French painter (b. 1849)
  • Oct 4 Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (b. 1874)
  • Oct 4 Barbados Joe Walcott, Barbadian boxer (World Welterweight champion 1901-06; first black to hold title), dies in a car accident at 62
  • Oct 6 Frederic Hymen Cowen, composer, dies at 83
  • Oct 10 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), dies at 72
  • Oct 11 Frank Mitchell, cricketer (2 Tests for Eng then 3 for South Africa), dies
  • Oct 11 Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
  • Oct 20 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, dies at 91
  • Oct 22 Komitas [Soghomon Soghomonian], Armenian priest and composer, dies at 66
  • Oct 23 Abe Landau, American gangster (henchman for Dutch Schultz), murdered at 39
  • Oct 23 Dutch Schultz [Arthur Flegenheimer], American gangster, murdered at 33
  • Oct 23 Otto "Aba Daba" Berman, American gangster (accountant for Dutch Schultz), murdered at 44
  • Oct 26 Akos Buttykai, Hungarian composer, dies at 64
  • Oct 27 E. A. D. [Ernest Arthur Douglas] Eldridge, British racing driver, dies at 40