- Mar 4 1st flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany
- Mar 7 Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles by sending troops to the Rhineland
- May 28 Alan Turing submits "On Computable Numbers" for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers.
- Jul 17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War
- Jul 18 Spanish Civil War : General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco
- Sep 21 Spanish fascist junta names Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander
- Dec 10 Edward VIII signs Instrument of Abdication, giving up the British throne to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson
- Dec 11 Edward VIII announces in a radio broadcast that he is abdicating the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson
- Dec 24 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered in Berkeley, California
- Jan 16 Screen Actors Guild incorporates with King Vidor as president
- Feb 5 "Modern Times", silent film directed by, written by and starring Charlie Chaplin, is released
- Jul 7 RCA shows 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show and monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)
- Sep 4 "Swing Time", directed by George Stevens, starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, is released
- Jan 29 1st players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame: Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson
- Feb 8 1936 NFL Draft (first ever): Jay Berwanger from University of Chicago first pick by Philadelphia Eagles
- Mar 8 The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.
- Aug 1 Adolf Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
The world's first superhero, The Phantom, a cartoon strip by Lee Falk, makes his first appearance in comics.
On February 17, 1936
The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
On September 7, 1936