- Jan 4 Billboard magazine publishes its 1st music hit parade
- Feb 5 "Modern Times", silent film directed by, written by and starring Charlie Chaplin, is released
- Mar 4 1st flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany
- Mar 7 Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland
- May 28 Alan Turing submits "On Computable Numbers" for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers.
- Jul 17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War
- Jul 18 Spanish Civil War : General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leds uprising with army in Morocco
- Aug 1 Adolf Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
- Dec 10 Edward VIII signs Instrument of Abdication, giving up the British throne to marry American divoree Wallis Simpson
- Dec 11 Edward VIII announces in a radio broadcast that he is abdicating the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson
1st radioactive substance produced synthetically (radium E)
On February 4, 1936
The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
On September 7, 1936