On This Day

What Happened in August 1937

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal

Historic Event

Aug 6 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid

  • Aug 6 MLB overturns New York Yankees' 7-6 win over Cleveland Indians because of umpire error
  • Aug 6 US and USSR sign trade treaty
  • Aug 8 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
  • Aug 9 Ranger (US) easily beats Endeavour II (England) in race 4 to wrap up the 17th America's Cup yachting series, 4-0; it's the final competition for 21 years
  • Aug 10 5th Venice Film Festival opens

Film Premiere

Aug 11 "The Life of Emile Zola" directed by William Dieterle and starring Paul Muni premieres in New York (Best Picture 1938)

  • Aug 13 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • Aug 14 China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 14 Detroit Tigers score MLB record 36 runs in double header vs St. Louis Browns at Navin Field; win 16-1 & 20-7
  • Aug 14 Appalachian Trail is formally completed, traversing 2,000 miles and 14 US States, Georgia to Maine
  • Aug 18 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
  • Aug 24 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • Aug 24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • Aug 25 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26 General Franco's Nationalist troops conquer Santander during the Spanish Civil War
  • Aug 26 Pumping to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay is finished
  • Aug 27 Brooklyn Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
  • Aug 27 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • Aug 28 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29 MLB Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)

Boxing Title Fight

Aug 30 Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Aug 31 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Alhonse "Al" D'Amato, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from New York, 1981-99), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 2 Garth Hudson, Canadian rock Lowrey organist, accordion player and saxophonist (The Band - "Chest Fever"; "Up On Cripple Creek"), born in Windsor, Ontario
  • Aug 2 Ronald Brierley, New Zealand investor and company director, born in Wellington, New Zealand

Billy Cannon

Aug 2 Billy Cannon, American College Football Hall of Fame back and tight end (Heisman Trophy 1959, LSU; AFL C'ship 1960, 61, 67; AFL All-Star 1961, 69; Houston Oilers, Oakland Raiders), born in Philadelphia, Mississippi (d. 2018)

  • Aug 2 Jim McLean, Scottish soccer forward (Hamilton Academical, Clyde, Dundee) and manager (Dundee United 1971-93), born in Larkhall, Scotland (d. 2020)
  • Aug 2 Gundula Janowitz, Austrian concert and operatic soprano (Vienna State Opera, 1959-90), and vocal teacher, born in Berlin, Germany
  • Aug 3 Duncan Sharpe, Pakistani cricketer (3 Tests for Pakistan 1959-60), born in Rawalpindi, Punjab, British India
  • Aug 3 Steven Berkoff, English actor (Rambo: First Blood Part II), born in Stepney, London
  • Aug 3 Diane Wakoski, American poet (Motorcycle Betrayal), born in Whittier, California
  • Aug 3 Andrés Gimeno, Spanish tennis player (French Open 1972), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2019)
  • Aug 4 David Vickerman Bedford, British composer and educator, born in Hendon, Middlesex, England (d. 2011)
  • Aug 4 Jacobus H "Koos" van de Merwe, South African attorney/CP parliament leader

Herb Brooks

Aug 5 Herb Brooks, American ice hockey coach (Olympic gold Medal 1980), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2003)

  • Aug 5 Alan Howard, English theater and film actor (Royal Shakespeare Company), born in London, England (d. 2015)
  • Aug 6 Barbara Windsor, British actress and Dame (Carry On films, EastEnders). born in London, England (d. 2020)
  • Aug 6 Baden Powell de Aquino, Brazilian guitarist (d. 2000)
  • Aug 6 Paul Griffin, American session musician and pianist, born in Harlem, New York (d. 2000)
  • Aug 6 Charlie Haden, American jazz double-bassist (Liberation Music Orchestra; Quartet West), born in Shenandoah, Iowa (d. 2014)
  • Aug 7 Don Wilson, English cricketer (England slow left-armer between 1963-71), born in Settle, United Kingdom (d. 2012)

Dustin Hoffman

Aug 8 Dustin Hoffman, American actor (The Graduate; Tootsie; Kramer vs Kramer; Ishtar), born in Los Angeles, California

  • Aug 8 (Ludwig) "Louis" Neefs, Belgian pop singer (Eurovision, 1967 & 1969), born in Gierle, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • Aug 10 Lucinda Williams, American sprinter (Olympic gold - 4×100 m relay, 1960), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • Aug 10 Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician
  • Aug 11 Allegra Kent [Iris Cohen], American ballet dancer (New York City Ballet) and teacher, born in Santa Monica, California
  • Aug 11 Anna Massey, English actress (De Sade, Doll's House), born in Thakeham, England (d. 2011)
  • Aug 11 Taki Theodoracopoulos, Greek-British journalist and multi-millionaire
  • Aug 11 Barbara Smith Conrad, American operatic mezzo-soprano singer, and educator (Wagner Theater), born in Atlanta, Texas (d. 2017)
  • Aug 12 Walter Dean Myers, African-American author, born in Martinsburg, West Virginia, (d. 2014)
  • Aug 14 Brian Curvis, Welsh boxer and British welterweight champion (1960-1964), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 2012)
  • Aug 14 Brian Fennelly, American classical composer (A Thoreau Symphony), born in Kingston, New York (d. 2015)
  • Aug 15 Ronnie G. Flippo, American politician (US Representative, Alabama(D), 1977-91), born in Florence, Alabama
  • Aug 15 Janet Mead, Australian Catholic nun and pop-rock singer (The Lord's Prayer), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 2022)
  • Aug 16 David Behrman, American composer (On The Other Ocean), born in Salzburg, Austria
  • Aug 16 Lorraine Gary, American actress (Jaws, Jaws 2, Jaws 4), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 16 Andrew J[efferson V] Offutt, American sci-fi author (Undying Wizard)
  • Aug 16 David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • Aug 18 William George Rushton, English actor, author and cartoonist (TW3), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 20 Corrie Moret-de Jong, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • Aug 20 George Thoma, German cross country ski jumper (Olympic gold 1960), born in Newstadt, Germany
  • Aug 20 Jim Bowen, British TV game show host (Bullseye) and comedian, born in Heswall, England (d. 2018)
  • Aug 20 El Fary, Spanish singer and actor, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2007)
  • Aug 20 Sky Saxon [Richard Marsh], American rocker (The Seeds - "Pushin' To Hard"), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2009)
  • Aug 21 Robert Stone, American novelist (Dog Soldiers, WUSA), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • Aug 21 Donald Campbell Dewar, Scottish politician (1st minister of Scotland's first Parliament in almost 300yrs), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • Aug 22 Donald MacLeary, British ballet dancer (Royal Ballet), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Aug 22 Max Hebditch, British director (Museum of London), born in Yeovil, England
  • Aug 24 Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, Nigerian politician, born in Abeokuta, Nigeria (d. 1998)
  • Aug 26 Tom Heinsohn, American NBA star, coach (Boston Celtics) and broadcaster, born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • Aug 27 Alice Coltrane [née McLeod], American jazz harp, piano, and organ player (Journey in Satchidananda), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2007)
  • Aug 27 Mark Potter, British court judge
  • Aug 27 Phil Shulman, Scottish rock horn player (Gentle Giant), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Aug 27 Tommy Sands, American actor (The Singing Idol; Ensign Pulver), and singer ("Teen-Age Crush"; "Love in a Goldfish Bowl"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 27 J.D. Crowe, American bluegrass banjo player and band leader (The New South), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 2021)
  • Aug 28 Joe Osborn, American session bass player (Bridge Over Troubled Water), born in Mound, Louisana (d. 2018)
  • Aug 29 James Florio, American politician (49th Governor of New Jersey), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 30 Bruce McLaren, New Zealand car racer and founder of eponymous race team, born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 1970)
  • Aug 31 Guido de Moor, Dutch actor (Apart, Because the Cats)
  • Aug 31 Warren Berlinger, actor (Larry-Joey Bishop Shop, Take Two), born in Brooklyn, New York

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 6 Annie E F Horniman, England, theater owner (Abbey Theatre), dies at 76
  • Aug 6 Ferdinand CS Schiller, British philosopher (Mind!), dies at 72
  • Aug 6 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), dies at 76
  • Aug 11 Bakr Sidqi, Iraqi general and dictator, assassinated at 47

Edith Wharton

Aug 11 Edith Wharton [-Jones], American Pulitzer prize-winning author (House of Mirth), dies at 75

  • Aug 11 George Morrison, American entrepreneur (owner of Mammoth Caves), commits suicide at 71 [1]
  • Aug 13 Arthur Plunkett, English civil engineer (designed Sydney Harbour Bridge) (b. 1890)
  • Aug 14 Sapper, British soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), dies at 48
  • Aug 22 David C Salas, Antillian writer (Josephina), dies
  • Aug 23 Albert Roussel, French composer (Rapsodie Flamende), dies at 68

Andrew Mellon

Aug 26 Andrew Mellon, American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), dies at 82

  • Aug 27 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), dies at 63