What Happened in July 1937

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Don Budge beats Germany's Gottfried von Cramm 6-3, 6-4, 6-2 for first of back-to-back titles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear flying over the Pacific Ocean en route to Howland Island. Noonan is declared dead the following year, and Earhart is declared the year after (1939)

  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Round of England beats Poland's Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6-2, 2-6, 7-5 for her second Wimbledon title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 3 Del Mar Turf Club, with crooner Bing Crosby as president and actor Pat O'Brien as a club officer, opens for racing

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Jul 5 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 5 NY Yankees outfielder Joe DiMaggio hits 20th HR of the season but 1st career grand slam in 8-4 win vs Boston Red Sox

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • Jul 5 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • Jul 5 Spam, the luncheon meat is first introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 5th MLB All Star Game, Griffin Stadium, Washington: AL wins 8-3, Lou Gehrig drives in 4 runs with HR & double

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Jul 7 Japanese and Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
  • Jul 9 72nd British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 290 at Carnoustie Golf Links

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Dutch Django Reinhardt's "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"

Jazz Guitarist Django Reinhardt
Jazz Guitarist
Django Reinhardt
  • Jul 12 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto, California
  • Jul 15 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 15 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • Jul 19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • Jul 19 Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
  • Jul 22 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 23 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • Jul 24 Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • Jul 25 31st Tour de France won by Roger Lapebie of France
  • Jul 26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 27 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
  • Jul 28 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29 Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
  • Jul 29 Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • Jul 30 Phillies Dolph Camilli, plays 1st base and registers no put outs
  • Jul 30 Russian Politburo issues NKVD Order no. 00447, to repress former kulak and anti-soviets, 269,100 to be arrested, 76,000 to be shot. Part of the Great Purge.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Ebrahim I Ebrahim, South African ANCer/Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader
  • Jul 2 Dick Berardino, baseball player
  • Jul 2 Polly Holliday, Jasper Ala, actress (Flo-Alice, Flo-Flo)
  • Jul 2 Richard Petty "The King", American NASCAR Driver (7x NASCAR Championship, 7x Daytona 500), born in Level Cross, North Carolina

Person of interestTom Stoppard

Jul 3 Tom Stoppard, Czech playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • Jul 4 Thomas Nagel, American philosopher and University Professor of Philosophy and Law Emeritus at New York University, born in Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • Jul 5 Brooke Hayward, author (Haywire), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 5 Frouwke J. Laning-Boersema, Dutch politician (CDA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 5 Nita M Lowey, (Rep-D-New York)
  • Jul 6 Gene Chandler, [Eugene Dixon], rocker (Duke of Earl), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 6 Ned Beatty, actor (Deliverance, Repossed, Network), born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • Jul 6 Tony Lewis, cricketer (England batsman, captain 1972-73)
  • Jul 6 Vladimir Ashkenazy, Russian pianist and conductor (Tchaikovsky-1962), born in Gorky, Russia
  • Jul 6 Bessie Head, Botswana writer (When Rain Clouds Gather, Maru, A Question of Power), born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (d. 1986)
  • Jul 7 Carroll Hubbard Jr, American politician (Rep-D-KY, 1975-93), born in Murray, Kentuckey
  • Jul 8 Barbara Ann Loden, actress (Ernie Kovac's Show)
  • Jul 9 Clemon Daniels, American football halfback and AFL player of year 1963 (Oak, Dallas, San Francisco), born in McKinney, Texas
  • Jul 9 David Hockney, English artist (Pop Art), born in Bradford, England
  • Jul 9 Marty Springstead, American Major League baseball umpire and umpire supervisor, born in Nyack, New York
  • Jul 10 Sandy Stewart, American singer (Sing Along With Mitch, Mr President), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 11 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer

Person of interestBill Cosby

Jul 12 Bill Cosby, American actor and comedian (Cosby Show, I Spy, Leonard Part 6), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Actor/Comedian Bill Cosby
Actor/Comedian
Bill Cosby
  • Jul 12 Mickey Edwards, American Republican congressman (Chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jul 12 Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France (1997-2002), born in Meudon, Hauts-de-Seine, France
  • Jul 12 Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer (Buenas Noches Mi Amor), born in Quebec, Canada
  • Jul 13 Charles Coody, Stamford TX, PGA golfer (1971 Masters)
  • Jul 14 Khalid Hassan, Pak cricket leg-spinner (took 2-116 at 16 in only Test)
  • Jul 14 Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • Jul 16 Richard Bryan, American attorney and politician (25th Governor of Nevada), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 17 Jose Ignacio Cabrujas, writer
  • Jul 17 Elmer Fudd [originally Egghead], Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Tex Avery and Chuck Jones (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debut as Egghead in "Egghead Rides Again"
  • Jul 18 Roald Hoffmann, Polish-American chemist (Nobel 1981), born in Złoczów, Poland
  • Jul 18 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2005)
  • Jul 19 George Hamilton IV, American country musician, born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina (d. 2014)
  • Jul 19 Larry Boxx, founder (Land B Computer Serv)
  • Jul 19 Richard Jordan [Robert Anson Jordan Jr.], American actor (Dune, Gettysburg), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 20 Ken Ogata, Japanese actor
  • Jul 22 John Price, England cricket fast-medium bowler (1964-72)
  • Jul 22 V B Ranjane, Indian cricket fast bowler (early 1960's)
  • Jul 22 Yasuhiro Kojima, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • Jul 23 Dave Webster, American football player (led his football team to a National Championship in 1958), born in Atlanta, Texas (d. 2006)
  • Jul 23 Bruce Surtees, American cinematographer (Dirty Harry, Lenny), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • Jul 24 Baroness Blatch, British minister of state for Education
  • Jul 24 Barry Lloyd Vercoe, New Zealand composer and computer scientist (MIT Media Lab), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Jul 24 Quinlan Terry, architect
  • Jul 25 Colin Renfrew, English archeologist (Anatolian hypothesis), born in Stockton-on-Tees, England
  • Jul 27 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire
  • Jul 27 Chuck Jackson, American singer (Any Day Now, I Don't Want to Cry), born in Latta, South Carolina
  • Jul 27 Don Galloway, American actor (Arrest & Trial, Ironside), born in Augusta, Kentucky (d. 2009)
  • Jul 27 Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator
  • Jul 28 Peter Duchin, American pianist and bandleader (Peter Duchin Orchestra), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 28 Francis Veber, French film director and screenwriter, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • Jul 29 Daniel McFadden, American economist, Nobel Prize Laureate

Person of interestCharles Schwab

Jul 29 Charles Schwab, American investor and entrepreneur (Charles Schwab Corporation), born in Sacramento, California

Investor and Entrepreneur Charles Schwab
Investor and Entrepreneur
Charles Schwab
  • Jul 31 Isabelle F Daniels, Jakin Georgia, 4X100m relayer (Olympic bronze 56)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 10 Actress Ingrid Bergman (21) weds dentist Petter Aron Lindström

  • Jul 11 Welsh poet and writer Dylan Thomas (22) marries dancer Caitlin McNamara (22) in Penzance, Cornwall

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 12 Explorer Jacques Cousteau (27) weds scuba diver Simone Melchior (18) at Saint-Louis-des-Invalides in Paris

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Fred L Noonan, US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean

Person of interestChester Greenwood

Jul 5 Chester Greenwood, American inventor (invented earmuffs at 15), dies at 78

  • Jul 9 Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
  • Jul 10 Attilio Brugnoli, Italian pianist and composer, dies at 56
  • Jul 10 Johan[nes] B Schepers, Fries writer (Braga), dies at 71
  • Jul 11 George Gershwin, American composer (An American in Paris), dies at 38
  • Jul 13 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West, dies at 66
  • Jul 15 Walter Gay, artist, dies
  • Jul 17 Henri-Constant-Gabriel Pierne, composer, dies at 73
  • Jul 18 Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908)

Person of interestGuglielmo Marconi

Jul 20 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian engineer/marquis (radio, Nobel 1909), dies of a heart attack at 63

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Jul 22 Ted McDonald, cricketer (43 wickets for Australia), dies in car crash
  • Jul 26 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • Jul 28 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, dies at 51
  • Jul 28 Joseph Lee, Father of Playgrounds movement, dies at 88

Person of interestCharles E. Hires

Jul 31 Charles E. Hires, American pharmacist, inventor and manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, dies at 85

Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer Charles E. Hires
Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer
Charles E. Hires