On This Day

What Happened in July 1937

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Rev Martin Niemöller arrested in Nazi Germany for activities against the State

Historic Event

Jul 1 Spanish bishops support Francisco Franco and his fascist movement

  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Don Budge beats Germany's Gottfried von Cramm 6-3, 6-4, 6-2 for first of back-to-back titles

Historic Event

Jul 2 Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear flying over the Pacific Ocean en route to Howland Island. Noonan is declared dead the following year, and Earhart is declared the year after (1939)

  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Round of England beats Poland's Jadwiga Jędrzejowska 6-2, 2-6, 7-5 for her second Wimbledon title

Music History

Jul 3 Del Mar Turf Club, with crooner Bing Crosby as president and actor Pat O'Brien as a club officer, opens for racing

  • Jul 5 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)

Baseball Record

Jul 5 NY Yankees outfielder Joe DiMaggio hits 20th HR of the season but 1st career grand slam in 8-4 win vs Boston Red Sox

  • Jul 5 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • Jul 5 Spam, the luncheon meat is first introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation

Sports History

Jul 7 5th MLB All Star Game, Griffin Stadium, Washington: AL wins 8-3, Lou Gehrig drives in 4 runs with HR & double

  • Jul 7 Japanese and Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War
  • Jul 9 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: Henry Cotton wins second of his 3 Open titles, 2 strokes ahead of fellow Englishman Reg Whitcombe

Music History

Jul 10 Dutch Django Reinhardt's "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"

  • Jul 12 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto, California
  • Jul 15 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 15 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • Jul 19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • Jul 19 Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood

Election of Interest

Jul 22 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

Historic Event

Jul 22 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

  • Jul 23 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • Jul 24 Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • Jul 25 31st Tour de France won by Roger Lapebie of France
  • Jul 26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 27 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
  • Jul 27 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: GB 4 title streak ends as American Frank Parker beats Charles Hare 6-2, 6-4, 6-2 for an unbeatable 3-1 lead; ends 4-1
  • Jul 28 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29 Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
  • Jul 29 Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • Jul 30 Phillies Dolph Camilli, plays 1st base and registers no put outs
  • Jul 30 Russian Politburo issues NKVD Order no. 00447, to repress former kulak and anti-soviets, 269,100 to be arrested, 76,000 to be shot. Part of the Great Purge.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim, South African ANCer and Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader, born in Durban, South Africa
  • Jul 2 Dick Berardino, baseball player
  • Jul 2 Polly Holliday, Jasper Ala, actress (Flo-Alice, Flo-Flo)

Richard Petty

Jul 2 Richard Petty, American auto racer (7 x NASCAR Championship, 7 x Daytona 500), born in Level Cross, North Carolina

  • Jul 2 Dee [David] Palmer, English keyboard player and composer (Jethro Tull, 1972-80), born in Hendon, London

Tom Stoppard

Jul 3 Tom Stoppard, Czech-born British playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

  • Jul 4 Thomas Nagel, American philosopher and University Professor of Philosophy and Law Emeritus at New York University, born in Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • Jul 4 Roosevelt Taylor, American NFL safety (Pro Bowl 1963, 68; First Team All-Pro 1963; Chicago Bears, SF 49ers, Washington Redskins), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2020)
  • Jul 4 Sonja [Haraldsen], Queen consort of Norway (since 1991), born in Oslo, Norway
  • Jul 5 Brooke Hayward, American author (Haywire), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 5 Frouwke J. Laning-Boersema, Dutch politician (CDA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 5 Nita Lowey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 6 Gene Chandler [Eugene Dixon], American rocker (Duke of Earl), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 6 Ned Beatty, American stage and screen actor (Deliverance; Hear My Song; Network; Nashville), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2021)
  • Jul 6 Vladimir Ashkenazy, Russian Grammy Award-winning pianist and conductor (Tchaikovsky Competition co-winner,1962), born in Gorky, Russia
  • Jul 6 Bessie Head, Botswana writer (When Rain Clouds Gather, Maru, A Question of Power), born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (d. 1986)
  • Jul 7 Carroll Hubbard Jr, American politician (Rep-D-KY, 1975-93), born in Murray, Kentucky
  • Jul 8 Barbara Ann Loden, actress (Ernie Kovac's Show)
  • Jul 9 Clemon Daniels, American football halfback and AFL player of year 1963 (Oak, Dallas, San Francisco), born in McKinney, Texas

David Hockney

Jul 9 David Hockney, English artist (Pop Art), born in Bradford, England

  • Jul 9 Marty Springstead, American Major League baseball umpire and umpire supervisor, born in Nyack, New York
  • Jul 10 Sandy Stewart [Galitz], American jazz and cabaret singer ("My Coloring Book"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 10 George Young, American jazz and session saxophonist (White Elephant Orchestra; Saturday Night Live Band), born in Philadelphia, PA)
  • Jul 11 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer (Taipei People), born in Guilin, China

Bill Cosby

Jul 12 Bill Cosby, American actor and comedian (Cosby Show, I Spy, Leonard Part 6), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Jul 12 Mickey Edwards, American Republican congressman (Chairman of the House Republican Policy Committee), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jul 12 Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France (1997-2002), born in Meudon, Hauts-de-Seine, France
  • Jul 12 Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer (Buenas Noches Mi Amor), born in Quebec, Canada
  • Jul 12 Howard "Howie" Casey, British rock saxophonist (Derry and the Seniors), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jul 12 Robert McFarlane, American Marine Corps veteran and civil servant (National Security Adviser, 1983-85), involved in the Space Defense Initiative, and Iran-Contra Affair, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2022)
  • Jul 13 Charles Coody, American golfer (US Masters 1971), born in Stamford, Texas
  • Jul 13 Cal Ramsey, American basketball broadcaster, small forward (NY Knicks), born in Selma, Alabama (d. 2019)
  • Jul 14 Yoshirō Mori, Japanese politician, Prime Minister of Japan (2000-01), born in Nomi, Japan
  • Jul 14 Duncan MacKay, Scottish soccer defender (14 caps; Celtic 162 games), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2019)
  • Jul 16 Richard Bryan, American attorney and politician (25th Governor of Nevada), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 17 Jose Ignacio Cabrujas, writer
  • Jul 17 Elmer Fudd [originally Egghead], Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Tex Avery and Chuck Jones (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debut as Egghead in "Egghead Rides Again"
  • Jul 18 Roald Hoffmann, Polish-American chemist (Nobel 1981), born in Złoczów, Poland
  • Jul 18 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2005)
  • Jul 19 George Hamilton IV, American country musician, born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina (d. 2014)
  • Jul 19 Larry Boxx, founder (Land B Computer Serv)
  • Jul 19 Richard Jordan [Robert Anson Jordan Jr.], American actor (Dune, Gettysburg), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 20 Ken Ogata [Akinobu Ogata], Japanese actor (Okinawan Boys, Taikōki), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2008)
  • Jul 22 John Price, England cricket fast-medium bowler (1964-72)
  • Jul 22 V B Ranjane, Indian cricket fast bowler (early 1960's)
  • Jul 22 Chuck Jackson, American pop and R&B singer ("Any Day Now"; "I Don't Want to Cry"; "I Keep Forgettin'"), born in Latta, South Carolina
  • Jul 22 Yasuhiro Kojima, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • Jul 23 Dave Webster, American football player (led his football team to a National Championship in 1958), born in Atlanta, Texas (d. 2006)
  • Jul 23 Bruce Surtees, American cinematographer (Dirty Harry, Lenny), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • Jul 24 Baroness Blatch, British minister of state for Education
  • Jul 24 Barry Lloyd Vercoe, New Zealand composer and computer scientist (MIT Media Lab), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Jul 24 Quinlan Terry, architect
  • Jul 25 Colin Renfrew, English archeologist (Anatolian hypothesis), born in Stockton-on-Tees, England
  • Jul 25 Dmitry Smolsky, Belarusian orchestral, choral, theater and pop music composer, and teacher (Belarusian State Academy of Music, 1962-2014), born in Minsk, Belorussian SSR (d. 2017)
  • Jul 26 Boris Cyrulnik, French doctor, born in Bordeaux, France
  • Jul 27 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire
  • Jul 27 Don Galloway, American actor (Arrest & Trial, Ironside), born in Augusta, Kentucky (d. 2009)
  • Jul 27 Robert Gibb, British zoo and theme park creator (Flamingo Land; Pleasure Island), born in England
  • Jul 28 Peter Duchin, American pianist and bandleader (Peter Duchin Orchestra), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 28 Francis Veber, French film director and screenwriter, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • Jul 29 Daniel McFadden, American economist and Nobel Prize Laureate who developed theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice, born in Raleigh, North Carolina

Charles Schwab

Jul 29 Charles Schwab, American investor and entrepreneur (Charles Schwab Corporation), born in Sacramento, California

  • Jul 31 Isabelle F Daniels, Jakin Georgia, 4X100m relayer (Olympic bronze 56)

Famous Weddings

Ingrid Bergman

Jul 10 Actress Ingrid Bergman (21) weds dentist Petter Aron Lindström

  • Jul 11 Welsh poet and writer Dylan Thomas (22) marries dancer Caitlin McNamara (22) in Penzance, Cornwall

Jacques Cousteau

Jul 12 Explorer Jacques Cousteau (27) weds scuba diver Simone Melchior (18) at Saint-Louis-des-Invalides in Paris


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Fred L Noonan, US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean
  • Jul 9 Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
  • Jul 10 Attilio Brugnoli, Italian pianist and composer, dies at 56
  • Jul 10 Johan Bernard Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga), dies at 71

George Gershwin

Jul 11 George Gershwin [Jacob Gershwine], American composer (An American in Paris; Porgy And Bess), dies from a brain tumor at 38

  • Jul 13 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West, dies at 66
  • Jul 15 Walter Gay, artist, dies
  • Jul 17 Henri-Constant-Gabriel Pierne, composer, dies at 73
  • Jul 18 Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908)

Guglielmo Marconi

Jul 20 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor and electrical engineer who pioneered work on long distance radio transmission (Nobel 1909), dies of a heart attack at 63

  • Jul 22 Ted McDonald, Australian cricket fast bowler (11 Tests, 43 wickets, BB 5/32; Tasmania, Victoria, Lancashire CCC), dies in car crash at 46
  • Jul 26 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • Jul 28 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, dies at 51
  • Jul 28 Joseph Lee, American Father of Playgrounds movement, dies at 88

Charles E. Hires

Jul 31 Charles E. Hires, American pharmacist, inventor and manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, dies at 85