On This Day

What Happened in September 1937

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 4th Chicago College All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Green Bay, 6-0; 84,560 at Soldier Field
  • Sep 1 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • Sep 2 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act

Film Release

Sep 2 Film "The Prisoner of Zenda" based on the novel and play by Anthony Hope, starring Ronald Colman, Madeleine Carroll and Douglas Fairbanks Jr. is released

  • Sep 4 15 year old cyclist Doris Kopsky becomes 1st Amateur Bicycle League of America woman's national champion in 4:22.4 in Buffalo, NY
  • Sep 5 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls
  • Sep 6 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco
  • Sep 8 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
  • Sep 10 2nd American Football League plays 1st game (LA 21, Pittsburgh 0)
  • Sep 10 Cleveland (Los Angeles) Rams plays their 1st NFL game, lose 28-0
  • Sep 11 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Don Budge wins first of 2 straight US titles; beats Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-1, 7-9, 6-1, 3-6, 6-1
  • Sep 11 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Anita Lizana of Chile becomes first Latin American to win a major; beats Jadwiga Jędrzejowska of Poland 6-4, 6-2

Historic Event

Sep 14 President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans US ships from trading arms with China or Japan

  • Sep 15 Works Progress Administration (WPA) extends L-Taraval streetcar line to San Francisco Zoo, at Sloat Blvd (San Francisco, California)

Sports History

Sep 16 Redskins NFL franchise play first game in Washington at Griffith Stadium; defeat the New York Giants in season opener, 13–3

  • Sep 17 1st NFL game in Washington, D.C.; Redskins beat NY Giants 13-3
  • Sep 18 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar

Historic Publication

Sep 21 J. R. R. Tolkien's 'The Hobbit' is published by George Allen and Unwin in London

  • Sep 22 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody, Wyoming
  • Sep 22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 22 Date celebrated as the first International Hobbit Day and the birthdays of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins
  • Sep 23 Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit
  • Sep 25 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
  • Sep 25 Battle of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
  • Sep 27 1st Santa Claus Training School opens (Albion NY)
  • Sep 27 Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
  • Sep 28 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
  • Sep 29 Frans Slaats cycles a world hour record time (45,563 km)
  • Sep 30 Ryder Cup Golf, Southport & Ainsdale GC: US wins 8-4; first time the host team loses the competition

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Al Geiberger, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1966; first sub-60 PGA Tour round 1977; Players Tour C'ship 1975), born in Red Bluff, California
  • Sep 1 Ron O'Neal, actor (Superfly), born in Utica, New York

Peter Ueberroth

Sep 2 Peter Ueberroth, American organizer of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics and commissioner of baseball (1984-89), born in Evanston, Illinois

  • Sep 2 Derek Fowlds, British actor (Yes Minister, The Basil Brush Show), born in London, England (d. 2020)
  • Sep 4 Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer (Olympic gold 100m freestyle 1956, 60, 64), born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • Sep 4 Mikk Mikiver, Estonian actor and director, born in Tallinn, Estonia (d. 2006)
  • Sep 5 William Devane, American actor (Family Plot, Missles of October), born in Albany, New York
  • Sep 5 Antonio Valentín Angelillo, Italian-Argentinian footballer who played for both Argentina and Italy, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 2018)
  • Sep 6 Irina Bayanovna Solovyova, Russian cosmonaut, born in Tula Oblast, Russia
  • Sep 6 Jo Anne Worley, American comedienne (Laugh-in), born in Lowell, Indiana
  • Sep 6 Sergio Aragonés, Spanish-born illustrator, born in Sant Mateu, Spain
  • Sep 6 Brigid Berlin, American actress (Andy Warhol films), born in NYC, New York (d. 2020)
  • Sep 7 John Phillip Law, American actor (Barbarella, Love Machine), born in Hollywood, California
  • Sep 7 Olly Wilson, American composer and founder of TIMARA, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • Sep 7 Cüneyt Arkın, Turkish film actor (The Adam Trilogy), born in Gökçeoğlu village, Alpu, Eskişehir Province, Turkey
  • Sep 8 Les Wexner, American businessman (L Brands - Victoria's Secret), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • Sep 8 Josef Panáček, Czech sport shooter (Olympic gold skeet 1976), born in Uherské Hradiště, Czech Republic (d. 2022)
  • Sep 10 Alun Pask, Welsh rugby union flanker (26 caps; British Lions 8 caps; Abertillery), born in Blackwood, Monmouthshire (d. 1995)
  • Sep 10 Paul Martin Palombo, American composer, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • Sep 10 Jared Diamond, American biologist and author (Guns, Germs and Steel), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Sep 11 Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Italian princess and Queen of Belgium (1993-2013), born in Villa Claudia, Forte dei Marmi, Italy
  • Sep 11 Robert Crippen, American astronaut (STS 1, 7, 41C, 41G), born in Beaumont, Texas
  • Sep 11 Iosif Kobzon, Soviet-Russian singer and businessman, born in Chasiv Yar, Ukraine (d. 2018)
  • Sep 12 Daniela Rocca, Italian actress (Battle of Austerlitz, Empty Canvas), born in Acireale, Italy (d. 1995)
  • Sep 12 Wes Hall, West Indian cricket fast bowler (48 Tests, 192 wickets; Barbados, Queensland CA, Trinidad) and politician (Minister of Tourism & Sport, Barbados), born in Glebe Land, Station Hill, Barbados
  • Sep 12 George Chuvalo, Canadian boxer, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Sep 13 Fred Silverman, American broadcasting executive (ABC/NBC/CBS), born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 13 Don Bluth, American animator and film director (The Secret of NIMH), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Sep 14 Renzo Piano, Italian architect (Whitney Museum of American Art, The Shard), born in Genoa, Italy
  • Sep 15 Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist (1995 Nobel Prize for Economics for rational expectations theory), born in Yakima, Washington
  • Sep 15 Fernando de la Rúa, Argentine politician, 51st President of Argentina (1999-2001), born in, Argentina (d. 2019)
  • Sep 15 Tony Yates, American college basketball point guard (National C'ship 1961, 62; Cincinnati Bearcats) and head coach (Cincinnati 1983-89), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 2020)
  • Sep 15 Les Braid, British bassist (Swinging Blue Jeans - "Hippie-Hippie Shake), born in West Derby, Liverpool, England (d. 2005)
  • Sep 16 Aleksandr Medved, Soviet wrestler (Olympic gold 1964 68, 72), born in Bila Tserkva, Ukraine
  • Sep 16 Vince Naimoli, American businessman and MLB team owner (Tampa Bay Devil Rays), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2019)
  • Sep 17 Albertine Sarrazin, French author (L'astragale, La Cavale), born in Algiers, Algeria (d. 1967)
  • Sep 17 Orlando Cepeda, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player, born in Ponce, Puerto Rico
  • Sep 18 Norman Dinerstein, American composer, born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1982)
  • Sep 18 Ralph Backstrom, Canadian ice hockey centre (6 x Stanley Cup with Montreal Canadiens; 6 x NHL All-Star), born in Kirkland Lake, Ontario (d. 2021)
  • Sep 19 Abner Haynes, American AFL running back (AFL MVP 1960; Kansas City Chiefs), born in Denton, Texas
  • Sep 19 Paul Siebel, American folk singer and songwriter (Louise; Spanish Johnny), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2022)
  • Sep 20 Birgitta Dahl, Swedish politician (Speaker of the Parliament of Sweden 1994-2002), born in Råda, Härryda Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden
  • Sep 20 Monica Zetterlund, Swedish jazz singer (with Bill Evans - "Waltz For Debby"), and actress, born in Hagfors, Sweden (d. 2005)
  • Sep 20 Margo Guryan, American jazz and pop pianist, songwriter, and singer (“I’m on My Way to Saturday”; "Take a Picture"), born in Hempstead, Long Island, New York (d. 2021)
  • Sep 22 Jalal Zolfonun, Iranian composer (Gol-e Sadbarg), setar (Persian lute) player, and teacher was born in Abadeh, Iran (d. 2012)
  • Sep 24 Alan Grose, British vice-admiral
  • Sep 25 Michael Gibbs, jazz composer (Mike Gibbs + 12 play Gil Evans), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • Sep 25 Thomas Kessler, Swiss composer, born in Zurich, Switzerland
  • Sep 26 Joop Admiraal, Dutch actor and director (You Are My Mother), born in Ophemert, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • Sep 26 Valentin Pavlov, Russian politician and Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (1991), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2003)
  • Sep 28 Colin Berry, professor (morbid anatomist)
  • Sep 28 Edward Applebaum, American classical music composer (The Princess In The Garden), born In Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 28 Rod Roddy, American television announcer (d. 2003)
  • Sep 29 Barry Heywood, British director of the British Antarctic Survey (d. 2021)
  • Sep 30 Jurek Becker, Polish-born German writer (Jacob the Liar), born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1997)
  • Sep 30 Valentin Silvestrov, Ukranian pianist and contemporary classical composer (Melodies of Instances; Quiet Songs), born in Kyiv, Ukrainian SSR, USSR (now Ukraine)

Famous Weddings

Muriel Spark

Sep 3 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

John Kenneth Galbraith

Sep 17 Economist John Kenneth Galbraith (29) weds author Catherine Atwater (24) at the Reformed Church of North Hempstead in New York


Famous Divorces

  • Sep 28 Martha Raye (21) divorces Hamilton "Bud" Westmore (19) on the basis of extreme cruelty

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 2 Esther de Farmer-of Rich, actress (Kniertje-On hope of blessing), dies
  • Sep 2 Pierre de Coubertin, French educator and historian (founder International Olympic Committee; President IOC 1896–1925), dies of heart attack at 74
  • Sep 4 Giovanni Salviucci, Italian composer, dies at 29
  • Sep 6 Henry Kimball Hadley, American composer (Bianca; Streets of Pekin), and conductor (San Francisco Symphony, 1915-18), dies of cancer at 65
  • Sep 10 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, executed by Stalinist regime at 47
  • Sep 13 Ellis Parker Butler, American author (Pigs is Pigs), dies at 67

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Sep 14 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

  • Sep 15 Clifford Heatherley, English actor (For Love or Money, Cash), dies at 48
  • Sep 21 Henri Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie), dies at 72
  • Sep 23 Caro Roma [Carrie Northey], American composer and singer, dies at 68
  • Sep 26 Bessie Smith, American blues singer known as the "Empress of the Blues" (recorded over 200 songs), dies of injuries sustained in car crash at 43
  • Sep 26 Edward A. Filene, American entrepreneur and philanthropist, dies at 77
  • Sep 29 Ray Ewry, American track and field athlete (8 Olympic golds 1900, 04, 08), dies at 63