On This Day

What Happened in August 1938

Historical Events

  • Aug 2 MLB conducts the first test of bright yellow baseballs during Dodgers vs Cardinals doubleheader

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 7 2,000th Brooklyn Dodgers home run: legendary shortstop Leo Durocher homers off Reds hurler Peaches Davis in 8th inning of a 6-3 win

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • Aug 7 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university
  • Aug 8 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa
  • Aug 8 6th Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 10 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)
  • Aug 14 BBC's 1st feature film on TV (Student of Prague)
  • Aug 17 1st aircraft owned by US Forest Service in service (Oakland)
  • Aug 17 Henry Armstrong wins his 3rd concurrent boxing championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 20 NY Yankees future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Lou Gehrig hits record 23rd & final grand slam in 11-3 win over Philadelphia A's at Shribe Park

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • Aug 21 Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public & High School
  • Aug 23 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364

Film release premierFilm Premier

Aug 23 "You Can’t Take It With You" from the play by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, directed by Frank Capra and starring James Stewart and Jean Arthur premieres. Best Picture (1939)

Actor James Stewart
Actor
James Stewart
Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
Film Director Frank Capra
Film Director
Frank Capra
  • Aug 24 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • Aug 24 Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
  • Aug 26 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • Aug 26 Montreal Maroons dropped from NHL
  • Aug 27 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 27 New York Yankees pitcher Monte Pearson no-hits Indians, 13-0; Joe DiMaggio hits 3 triples

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • Aug 28 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • Aug 28 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • Aug 28 On Connie Mack Day at Philadelphia's Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader
  • Aug 31 5th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 28, Washington 16 (74,250)

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Paddy Moloney, Irish musician, composer and producer (The Chieftains), born in Donnycarney, Dublin
  • Aug 2 Brunhilde Hendrix, German relay runner (Olympic silver 1960), born in Langenzenn, Germany (d. 1995)
  • Aug 2 Pierre de Bané, French Canadian politician (Senator for De la Vallière, Quebec), born in Haifa, British Mandate for Palestine
  • Aug 3 George Memmoli, American actor (Earl-Hello Larry), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 3 Terry Wogan, British broadcaster (Eurovision Song Contest, Blankety Blank), born in Limerick, Ireland (d. 2016)
  • Aug 4 Ellen Schrecker, American college professor, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 5 Hayes Jones, American athlete (Olympic gold 110m hurdles 1964), born in Sturksville, Mississippi
  • Aug 6 Carry Tefsen, Dutch actress (Say A)
  • Aug 6 Paul Bartel, director/actor (Eating Raoul), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 6 Peter Bonerz, actor (Jerry-Bob Newhart Show, 9 to 5), born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
  • Aug 6 Bernardino Lombao, Spanish handballer (Atlético de Madrid 1967-69), coach (Nat basketball teams) and TV presenter (De Olimpia a Los Ángeles, Objetivo 92), born in Ribas de Sil, Spain (d. 2020)
  • Aug 6 Igor Mikhailovich Luchenok, Belarusian composer and teacher, born in Minsk, Belarus (d. 2018)
  • Aug 7 Dewi Lorwerth Ellis Bebb, Welsh rugby union player, born in Wales, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Aug 7 Helen Caldicott, Australian physician and anti-war activist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Aug 8 Connie Stevens [Concetta Ingoglia], singer/actress (Hawaiian Eye, Back to Beach), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 8 Jacques Hétu, Canadian composer, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec (d. 2010)
  • Aug 9 Dick Anthony Williams, American actor (Our Family Honor), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)

Person of interestRod Laver

Aug 9 Rod Laver AC MBE, Australian tennis player (1962, 1969 Grand Slam; 11 x Grand Slam singles titles; 8 x Pro major titles), born in Rockhampton, Queensland

Tennis Player Rod Laver
Tennis Player
Rod Laver
  • Aug 9 Leonid Kuchma, 2nd President of Ukraine (1994-2005) and 2nd Prime Minister of Ukraine (1992-93), born in Chaikyne, Ukraine
  • Aug 9 Otto Rehhagel, German football manager, born in Essen, Germany
  • Aug 11 Charles Hugh Shirley, publisher
  • Aug 11 Rainer Boesch, composer
  • Aug 11 Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • Aug 12 Anthony Joliffe, mayor of London
  • Aug 12 Jean-Paul L'Allier, Canadian Mayor of Quebec
  • Aug 13 Dave "Baby" Cortez [Clowney], American pop keyboardist (The Happy Organ), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Aug 14 Niara Sudarkasa [Gloria Albertha Marshall], American educator and anthropologist (Lincoln College), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida (d. 2019)
  • Aug 15 Maxine Waters, American politician (Rep-D-California), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 15 Stephen Breyer, American lawyer and Justice of the Supreme Court, born in San Francisco, California
  • Aug 15 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1985)
  • Aug 15 Nesbert "Stix" Hooper, American jazz drummer (The Crusaders), born in Houston, Texas
  • Aug 16 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • Aug 17 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric, born in Jombang, Dutch East Indies
  • Aug 17 Theodoros Pangalos, Greek politician, born in Eleusis, Greece
  • Aug 18 Joe Frank [Joseph Langermann], American radio personality (KCRW), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 2018)
  • Aug 19 Diana Muldaur, American actress (McCloud, Star Trek Next Gen, LA Law), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 19 Valentin Mankin, Ukrainian yachtsman (Olympic gold, USSR, Finn class 1968), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 2014)
  • Aug 20 Jean-Loup Chrétien, French cosmonaut (T-6, TM-7, STS 86), born in La Rochelle, France
  • Aug 20 Alain Vivien, French Socialist Party politician (MILS, French Mission Interministérielle pour la Lutte contre les Sectes Chairman 1998-2002), born in Melun, France

Person of interestKenny Rogers

Aug 21 Kenny Rogers, American singer-songwriter (The Gambler, Through the Years) and entrepreneur (Kenny Rogers Roasters), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2020)

Country Singer Kenny Rogers
Country Singer
Kenny Rogers
  • Aug 22 Dale Hawkins, American rock singer and songwriter (Susie Q), born in St. Mary Parish, Louisiana (d. 2010)
  • Aug 22 Paul Maguire, American football commentator, born in Youngstown, Ohio
  • Aug 23 Roger Greenaway, English composer and record producer (I'd Like To Teach The World To Sing), born in Fishponds, England
  • Aug 24 David Freiberg, American rock bassist (Quicksilver Messenger, Jefferson Airplane/Starship - "Jane"), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Aug 24 Mason Williams, American musician, songwriter, author and photographer ("Classical Gas", Smother Brothers Comedy Hour), born in Abilene, Texas
  • Aug 24 Charles Calello, American composer, conductor, arranger (The Four Seasons; Sinatra; Streisand; Springsteen), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Aug 25 David Canary, actor (Bonanza, All My Children), born in Elwood, Indiana (d. 2015)
  • Aug 25 Frederick Forsyth, British author (Day of the Jackal, Deceiver, Odessa File), born in Ashford, Kent, England
  • Aug 26 Francine York, Aurora Minn, actress (Slattery's People)
  • Aug 26 Jet Black, English drummer, one of the founding members of The Stranglers

Person of interestPaul Martin

Aug 28 Paul Martin, 21st Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 2003-06), born in Windsor, Ontario

21st Prime Minister of Canada Paul Martin
21st Prime Minister of Canada
Paul Martin
  • Aug 28 Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television journalist, born in Rome, Italy
  • Aug 28 Beatricce "Beebe" Freitas [nee Botty], American pianist, organist, and voice teacher (Hawaii Opera Theatre), born in Youngstown, Ohio (d. 2018)
  • Aug 29 Elliott Gould, American actor (M*A*S*H, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice), born in Queens, New York
  • Aug 29 Robert Rubin, United States Secretary of the Treasury, born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 30 Steve Delaney, English newscaster (Monitor), born in Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • Aug 31 Martin Bell, British journalist

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 Bjarni Thorsteinsson, Icelandic organist, composer, musical folklorist, and priest, dies at 76
  • Aug 3 Alexander Malyschkin, writer, dies
  • Aug 4 L H Perquin, Dutch radio announcer, dies at 73
  • Aug 4 Pearl White, American actress/stunt woman (Perils of Pauline), dies at 49
  • Aug 4 Rudolf Georg Binding, German songwriter and writer (Legenden Der Zeit), dies at 70
  • Aug 6 Warner Oland, Swedish actor (The Jazz Singer, Charlie Chan), dies at 58
  • Aug 7 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (S Method), dies at 75
  • Aug 9 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), dies at 65
  • Aug 10 Joseph Moorat, composer, dies at 73
  • Aug 12 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, dies at 74
  • Aug 14 Hugh Trumble, Australian cricket spin bowler and captain (32 Tests, 141 wickets; 2 x Test hat-tricks), dies of a heart attack at 71
  • Aug 14 Jim Kelly, Australian cricketer (36 Tests for Aust 1896-1905, stumped 20), dies at 71
  • Aug 14 Landon Ronald, British composer, pianist and teacher (Guildhall School of Music), dies at 65
Singer and guitarist Robert Johnson
Singer and guitarist
Robert Johnson
  • Aug 16 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, dies at 1938
  • Aug 25 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Jama), dies at 67
  • Aug 30 Max Factor, Polish-American make-up artist, inventor and founder of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor & Company, dies at 60