What Happened in July 1938

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Don Budge beats England's Henry Austin 6-1, 6-0, 6-3 for the 3rd leg of his Grand Slam

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 1 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Helen Jacobs 6-4, 6-0 in 4th final between the pair (Wills Moody won all 4)

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody
  • Jul 1 The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international

BattleBattle of Interest

Jul 3 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 4 Phillies complete move to Shribe Park in Philadelphia, lose 10-5 to Boston Bees
  • Jul 4 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • Jul 5 Herb Caen's 1st column in San Francisco Chronicle
  • Jul 6 6th MLB All Star Game: NL wins 4-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati on 4 AL errors
  • Jul 8 Would be start of England v Australia Test Cricket at Old Trafford Washout
  • Jul 8 73rd British Golf Open: Reg Whitcombe shoots a 295 at Royal St George's Golf Club
  • Jul 10 "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • Jul 13 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 14 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 15 Arthur Fagg completes 244 and 202 in the same cricket game for Kent
  • Jul 16 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee CC Shawnee-on-Del Pa

  • Jul 17 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan leaves NY flying for LA, winds up in Ireland supposedly by mistake

Historic DiscoveryOops, Wrong Way!

Jul 18 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland after a 28 hours flight, supposedly left NY flying for California
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  • Jul 20 Finland awarded 1940 Olympic games after Japan withdraws
  • Jul 21 Paul Hindemith and Leonide Massine's ballet premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 23 Bradman scores 103 in 178 mins on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jul 25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 26 1st radio broadcast of "Young Widder Brown" on NBC
  • Jul 28 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 28 Bradman scores 202 Aust v Somerset, 225 mins, 32 fours
  • Jul 29 Olympic National Park forms
  • Jul 30 General Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • Jul 31 NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
  • Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • Jul 31 32nd Tour de France won by Gino Bartali of Italy

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Chester Watson, West Indian cricket fast bowler (7 Tests, 19 wickets), born in Negril, Jamaica
  • Jul 3 David Gandolfo, horse trainer
  • Jul 3 Shin Geum Dan, North Korea, 400m/800m runner (1962 world record)
  • Jul 4 Bill Withers, American rhythm & blues singer (Lean on Me), born in Slab Fork, West Virginia
  • Jul 4 Cyril Mitchley, South African cricket wicket-keeper (Transvaal, later Test umpire), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Jul 5 Stanley Joel Silverman, composer
  • Jul 6 Franco, Zaire, composer/guitarist/leader (Masumbuku)
  • Jul 8 Marian Ackerman, women's rights advocacy administrator
  • Jul 9 Brian Dennehy, American actor (Check is in the Mail, F/X, Cocoon, Ants), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Jul 9 Paul Seiko Chihara, American-Japanese composer, born in Seattle, Washington
  • Jul 9 Sanjeev Kumar [Harihar Jariwala], Indian Bollywood actor (Angoor, Dastak, Koshish), born in Surat, Bombay Presidency (d. 1985)
  • Jul 10 Paul Andreu, French architect, born in Gironde, France
  • Jul 10 Lee Morgan, American hard-bop trumpeter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1972)
  • Jul 11 Terry Garthwaite, US guitarist/singer (Joy of Cooking)
  • Jul 12 Mickey Stratton, Meriden Ct, softball catcher (Hall of Fame 1969)
  • Jul 12 Ron Fairly, American baseball player, born in Macon, Georgia
  • Jul 12 Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Jul 12 Eiko Ishioka, Costume Designer (Academy Award, Bram Stoker’s Dracula), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2012)
  • Jul 14 Bob Scholl, rocker (Mellow Kings)
  • Jul 14 Jerry Rubin, American activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Jul 15 Carmen Callil, publisher
  • Jul 15 Enrique Figuerola Camue, Cuba, 100m runner (Olympic silver 1964)
  • Jul 16 Thorkell Sigurbjörnsson, Icelandic composer, born in Reykjavik (d. 2013)
  • Jul 17 Stan Bronstein, rocker
  • Jul 18 Britt Leach, American actor (Mickey-Spencer's Pilots), born in Gadsden, Alabama
  • Jul 18 Dudu Pukwana [Mtutuzel], South African saxophonist and composer, born in Walmer Township, Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1990)
  • Jul 18 Paul Verhoeven, Dutch film director (Basic Instinct, Total Recall), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Jul 18 Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboardist, road manager, and co-founder of the Rolling Stones, born in Pittenweem, Fife, Scotland (d. 1985)
  • Jul 18 John Connelly, English footballer (20 English caps), born in St Helens, Lancashire (d. 2012)
  • Jul 19 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • Jul 19 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • Jul 20 Diana Rigg, Doncaster England, actress (Emma Peel-Avengers, Hospital)
  • Jul 20 Jo Ann Campbell, Lawrence Welk's champagne lady, born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jul 20 Natalie Wood [Natasha Gurdin], American actress (Gypsy, Rebel Without a Cause, West Side Story), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1981)
  • Jul 20 Roger Hunt, English footballer
  • Jul 21 Anton Emil Kuerti, composer
  • Jul 21 Janet Reno, first woman US Attorney General (1993-2001), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2016)
  • Jul 21 Les Aspin, (Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93)/Minister of Defense (1993-94)
  • Jul 22 Terence Stamp, English actor (The Collector, Billy Budd), born in London, England
  • Jul 23 Ronny Cox, American actor (RoboCop, Total Recall), born in Cloudcroft, New Mexico
  • Jul 23 Götz George, German actor (Tatort), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2016)
  • Jul 23 Charles Harrelson, American organized crime figure, born in Lovelady, Texas (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Colin Southgate, CEO (Thorn EMI)
  • Jul 24 John Sparling, NZ cricket all-rounder (11 Tests 1958-64)
  • Jul 24 Mike Mainieri, American vibraphonist (Steps Ahead), born in the Bronx, New York
  • Jul 24 Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist
  • Jul 26 Keith Peters, Welsh physician, born in Baglan, Glamorgan
  • Jul 26 Bobby Hebb, American country singer and songwriter (Sunny), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 2010)
  • Jul 27 Isabelle Aubret [Thérèse Coquerelle], French singer (Un premier amour), born in Lille, France
  • Jul 27 Gary Gygax, American role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons) and fantasy author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Jul 28 George Cummings, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show)
  • Jul 28 Luis Aragonés, Spanish football manager, born in Hortaleza, Madrid (d. 2014)
  • Jul 28 Robert Hughes, Australian art critic and writer (Barcelona), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)

Person of interestAlberto Fujimori

Jul 28 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori

Person of interestPeter Jennings

Jul 29 Peter Jennings, news anchor (ABC Evening News), born in Toronto, Ontario

Journalist and T.V. News Anchor Peter Jennings
Journalist and T.V. News Anchor
Peter Jennings
  • Jul 29 Jean Rochon, Quebec politician
  • Jul 30 Terry O'Neill, English photographer, born in London, England
  • Jul 30 Vayachselav Ivanenko, 50K walker (Olympic gold 1988)
  • Jul 30 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Soviet rower (3 Olympic gold single sculls 1956, 60, 64), born Moscow, Russia
  • Jul 30 Hervé de Charette, French politician, born in Paris

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 18 Physicist and Nobel laureate John Bardeen (30) weds Jane Maxwell

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen

Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Jul 19 Actor Burgess Meredith (30) divorces actress Margaret Perry (25) after 2 years of marriage


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, dies at 56
  • Jul 4 Suzanne Lenglen, French 6 time Wimbledon tennis champion, dies at 39 of anemia
  • Jul 5 John McIlwraith, cricketer (Tests for Australia), dies
  • Jul 9 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, dies at 68
  • Jul 14 Robert Poore, cricketer (3 Tests for South Africa in 1895-96 series), dies
  • Jul 18 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • Jul 21 Owen Wister, American author (b. 1860)
  • Jul 29 Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)