On This Day

What Happened in July 1938

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Don Budge beats England's Henry Austin 6-1, 6-0, 6-3 for the 3rd leg of his Grand Slam
  • Jul 1 The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Helen Jacobs 6-4, 6-0 in 4th final between the pair (Wills Moody won all 4)

Battle of Interest

Jul 3 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield

  • Jul 4 Phillies complete move to Shribe Park in Philadelphia, lose 10-5 to Boston Bees
  • Jul 4 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • Jul 5 Herb Caen's 1st column in San Francisco Chronicle
  • Jul 6 6th MLB All Star Game: NL wins 4-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati on 4 AL errors
  • Jul 8 Would be start of England v Australia Test Cricket at Old Trafford Washout
  • Jul 8 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St George's GC,: Englishman Reg Whitcombe wins his only major title by 2 strokes from Jimmy Adams of Scotland in treacherous, windy conditions
  • Jul 10 "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

Historic Event

Jul 10 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

  • Jul 13 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Historic Publication

Jul 14 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish African manifesto

  • Jul 15 Arthur Fagg becomes first batsman in first-class cricket history to score double centuries in both innings of a match; 244 and 202 for Kent v Essex at Colchester

PGA Championship

Jul 16 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Shawnee CC: 1934 champion Paul Runyan dominates the heavily favoured Sam Snead, 8 & 7; largest victory margin ever in the event's match play format

  • Jul 17 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan leaves NY flying for LA, winds up in Ireland supposedly by mistake

Oops, Wrong Way!

Jul 18 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland after a 28 hours flight, supposedly left NY flying for California

  • Jul 20 IOC awards Helsinki, Finland 1940 Summer Olympic Games after Tokyo, Japan withdraws (Second Sino-Japanese War)

Music History

Jul 21 Paul Hindemith and Leonide Massine's ballet Nobilissima Visione premieres in London

Sports History

Jul 23 Australian cricketer Don Bradman scores 103 in 178 mins on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test

  • Jul 25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 26 1st radio broadcast of "Young Widder Brown" on NBC
  • Jul 28 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 28 Don Bradman scores 202 Australia v Somerset, 225 mins, 32 fours
  • Jul 29 Olympic National Park established in Washington state, longest undeveloped coastline in America
  • Jul 30 General Metaxas names himself premier of Greece

Radio History

Jul 31 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis suspends New York Yankees outfielder Jake Powell after he said on Chicago radio he kept in shape by "cracking" African Americans over the head with his nightstick

  • Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • Jul 31 32nd Tour de France: Italian cyclist Gino Bartali wins both general and mountain classifications

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Chester Watson, West Indian cricket fast bowler (7 Tests, 19 wickets), born in Negril, Jamaica
  • Jul 2 John McDonnell, American track, cross country coach (University of Arkansas 1972–2008; 40 x NCAA C'ships; 8 x NCAA Triple Crown; 30 x NCAA coach of the year), born in County Mayo, Ireland (d. 2021)
  • Jul 3 Shin Geum Dan, North Korean 400m/800m runner (1962 world record), born in Riwon County, North Korea

Bill Withers

Jul 4 Bill Withers, American singer-songwriter and rhythm & blues musician ("Ain't No Sunshine"; "Lean On Me"), born in Slab Fork, West Virginia (d. 2020)

  • Jul 4 Cyril Mitchley, South African cricket wicket-keeper (Transvaal, later Test umpire), born in Johannesburg, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Jul 5 Stanley Silverman, American composer, born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 6 Tony Lewis, Welsh cricket batsman and broadcaster (England 9 Tests, captain 1972-73; president MCC; BBC cricket coverage), born in Swansea, Wales
  • Jul 6 Franco Luambo [Makiadi], Congolese jazz and rumba guitarist, composer, and bandleader (TPOK Jazz), born in Sona Bata, Belgian Congo (d. 1989) [1]
  • Jul 8 Marian Ackerman, women's rights advocacy administrator
  • Jul 8 Alan Aldridge, British artist, graphic designer and illustrator whose artwork was used in record covers for The Beatles and The Who, born in London, England (d. 2017)
  • Jul 9 Brian Dennehy, American actor (Check is in the Mail, F/X, Cocoon, Ants), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 2020)
  • Jul 9 Paul Seiko Chihara, American-Japanese composer, born in Seattle, Washington
  • Jul 9 Sanjeev Kumar [Harihar Jariwala], Indian Bollywood actor (Angoor, Dastak, Koshish), born in Surat, Bombay Presidency (d. 1985)
  • Jul 10 Paul Andreu, French architect, born in Gironde, France
  • Jul 10 (Edward) Lee Morgan, American hard-bop jazz trumpeter ("The Sidewinder"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1972) [1]
  • Jul 11 Terry Garthwaite, American guitarist, and singer (Joy of Cooking), born in Berkeley, California
  • Jul 12 Mickey Stratton, Meriden Ct, softball catcher (Hall of Fame 1969)
  • Jul 12 Ron Fairly, American baseball utility and broadcaster (MLB All Star 1973, 77; LA Dodgers, Montreal Expos; Seattle Mariners), born in Macon, Georgia (d. 2019)
  • Jul 12 Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Jul 12 Eiko Ishioka, Costume Designer (Academy Award, Bram Stoker’s Dracula), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2012)
  • Jul 13 Myroslav Skoryk, Ukrainian contemporary classical composer (Carpathian Rhapsody), and pedagogue, born in Lwów, Polish Republic (now Lviv, Ukraine) (d. 2020)
  • Jul 14 Bob Scholl, American rocker (Mellow Kings)
  • Jul 14 Jerry Rubin, American activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • Jul 15 Carmen Callil, publisher
  • Jul 15 Enrique Figuerola Camue, Cuba, 100m runner (Olympic silver 1964)
  • Jul 16 Thorkell Sigurbjörnsson, Icelandic composer, born in Reykjavik (d. 2013)
  • Jul 16 Tony Jackson, British bass player (The Searchers, 1962-64 - "Sugar And Spice"), born in Dingle, Liverpool, England (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Max Wiltshire, Welsh rugby union lock (4 Tests; Aberavon RFC), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2021)
  • Jul 17 Stan Bronstein, American rock saxophonist (Elephant's Memory), born in New York City (d. 2020)
  • Jul 18 Britt Leach, American actor (Mickey-Spencer's Pilots), born in Gadsden, Alabama
  • Jul 18 Dudu Pukwana [Mtutuzel], South African saxophonist and composer, born in Walmer Township, Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1990)
  • Jul 18 Paul Verhoeven, Dutch film director (Basic Instinct, Total Recall), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Jul 18 Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboardist, road manager, and co-founder of the Rolling Stones, born in Pittenweem, Fife, Scotland (d. 1985)
  • Jul 18 John Connelly, English footballer (20 English caps), born in St Helens, Lancashire (d. 2012)
  • Jul 19 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • Jul 19 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • Jul 20 Diana Rigg, English actress (Emma Peel-Avengers, Game of Thrones), born in Doncaster England (d. 2020)
  • Jul 20 Jo Ann Campbell, American pop singer ("I'm The Girl From Wolverton Mountain"; "Mother, Please!"), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jul 20 Natalie Wood [Natasha Gurdin], American actress (Gypsy; Rebel WithoutAa Cause; West Side Story), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1981)
  • Jul 20 Roger Hunt, English soccer forward (34 caps; FIFA World Cup 1966; Liverpool 404 games, 244 goals; Bolton Wanderers), born in Glazebury, England (d. 2021)
  • Jul 21 Anton Kuerti, Canadian composer, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jul 21 Janet Reno, first woman US Attorney General (1993-2001), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2016)
  • Jul 21 Les Aspin, American politician (Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93), Minister of Defense (1993-94), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1995)
  • Jul 22 Terence Stamp, English actor (The Collector, Billy Budd), born in London, England
  • Jul 23 Ronny Cox, American actor (RoboCop, Total Recall), born in Cloudcroft, New Mexico
  • Jul 23 Götz George, German actor (Tatort), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2016)
  • Jul 23 Charles Harrelson, American organized crime figure, born in Lovelady, Texas (d. 2007)
  • Jul 23 Bert Newton, Australian radio, television, and stage personality (Good Morning Australia; Logie Award ceremonies; 20-1), born in Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia (d. 2021)
  • Jul 24 Colin Southgate, CEO (Thorn EMI)
  • Jul 24 John Sparling, NZ cricket all-rounder (11 Tests 1958-64)
  • Jul 24 Mike Mainieri, American vibraphonist (Steps Ahead), born in the Bronx, New York
  • Jul 24 Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist
  • Jul 26 Keith Peters, Welsh physician, born in Baglan, Glamorgan
  • Jul 26 Bobby Hebb, American country singer and songwriter ("Sunny"), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 2010)
  • Jul 26 Joanne Brackeen (née Grogan), American jazz pianist (Joe Henderson; Stan Getz), and music educator (Berklee), born in Ventura, California
  • Jul 27 Isabelle Aubret [Thérèse Coquerelle], French singer ("Un premier amour"), born in Lille, France
  • Jul 27 Gary Gygax, American role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons) and fantasy author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Jul 28 George Cummings, American rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show), born in Meridian, Mississippi
  • Jul 28 Luis Aragonés, Spanish soccer forward (11 caps; Atlético Madrid) and manager (Spain 2004-08; Atlético Madrid, Barcelona), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2014)
  • Jul 28 Robert Hughes, Australian art critic and writer (Barcelona), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)

Alberto Fujimori

Jul 28 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

  • Jul 28 Arsen Dedić, Croatian singer-songwriter and poet, born in Šibenik, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (d. 2015)

Peter Jennings

Jul 29 Peter Jennings, Canadian-American news anchor (ABC Evening News), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2005)

  • Jul 29 Jean Rochon, Quebec politician
  • Jul 29 Don Wert, American baseball player (Detroit Tigers), born in Strasburg, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 30 Terry O'Neill, British fashion and celebrity photographer, born in Romford, London, England (d. 2019)
  • Jul 30 Vyachselav Ivanenko, Russian race walker (Olympic gold 50k 1988), born in Kemerovo, Russia
  • Jul 30 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Soviet rower (3 Olympic gold single sculls 1956, 60, 64), born in Moscow, Russia
  • Jul 30 Hervé de Charette, French politician, born in Paris

Famous Weddings

John Bardeen

Jul 18 Physicist and Nobel laureate John Bardeen (30) weds Jane Maxwell

Famous Divorces

Burgess Meredith

Jul 19 Actor Burgess Meredith (30) divorces actress Margaret Perry (25) after 2 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, dies at 56
  • Jul 4 Suzanne Lenglen, French tennis player (French C'ships 1925-26, Wimbledon 1919-23, 25), dies of anemia at 39
  • Jul 5 John McIlwraith, cricketer (Tests for Australia), dies
  • Jul 9 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, dies at 68
  • Jul 14 Robert Poore, British cricket batsman (3 Tests for South Africa in 1895-96 series), dies at 72
  • Jul 18 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • Jul 18 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), dies at 62
  • Jul 18 Fernando Canon, Filipino revolutionary general, poet, and the Philippines 1st National Chess Champion, dies at 77
  • Jul 21 Owen Wister, American author, 'father of the Western' (The Virginian), dies at 78
  • Jul 29 Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)