On This Day

What Happened in March 1938

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Federal Trade Commission orders 8 manufacturers and the PGA of America to end their practice of golf ball price-fixing
  • Mar 2 Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
  • Mar 2 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 3 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)

Academy Awards

Mar 10 10th Academy Awards: "The Life of Emile Zola", Spencer Tracy & Luise Rainer win

Film Premiere

Mar 10 "Jezebel" film premieres directed by William Wyler, starring Bette Davis and Henry Fonda, from the play by Owen Davis

  • Mar 11 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • Mar 12 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • Mar 13 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • Mar 13 World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.

Music Premiere

Mar 16 Noël Coward's musical "Operette" premieres in London

  • Mar 16 Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • Mar 18 NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women
  • Mar 18 President Cardena of Mexico nationalizes US & British oil companies
  • Mar 19 NHL Toronto Maple Leafs and New York Americans combine to score 8 goals in just under 5 minutes; Toronto wins game 8-5
  • Mar 19 Scotland beats England, 21-16 at Twickenham, London to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup

Sports History

Mar 23 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St Louis Cardinals minor league players

  • Mar 25 97th Grand National: 17 year old jockey Bruce Hobbs wins aboard 40/1 Battleship; first US bred and owned winner; only horse to win GN and American Grand National (1934)

Radio History

Mar 26 NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony

  • Mar 27 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Michael J[oseph] Kurland, American sci-fi author (Infernal Device)
  • Mar 2 Alan Lewis, English textile factory/multi-millionaire
  • Mar 2 Donald Schwall, American baseball pitcher (MLB All-Star 1961²; AL Rookie of the Year 1961; Boston Red Sox), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 2 Simon Estes, American bass-baritone (Wonton, Don Carlos), born in Centerville, Iowa
  • Mar 2 Ricardo Lagos, former President of Chile
  • Mar 3 Douglas Leedy, American composer, born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2015)
  • Mar 3 Willie Chambers, American rock guitarist, and songwriter (Chambers Brothers - "Time Has Come Today"), born in Flora, Mississippi
  • Mar 4 Paula Prentiss [Ragusa], American actress (Parallax View, He & She), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • Mar 4 Angus MacLise, American percussionist, mystic, shaman, and composer (Velvet Underground), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1979)
  • Mar 4 Don Perkins, American football player
  • Mar 4 Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Polish diplomat and researcher
  • Mar 5 Fred "Hammer" Williamson, NFLer (Chiefs)/actor (Julia), born in Gary, Indiana
  • Mar 5 Paul Evans, singer/pedal guitarist (Damascus Road)
  • Mar 5 Lynn Margulis, American biologist (serial endosymbiotic theory), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • Mar 6 Lovelace Watkins, American singer known as "The Black Sinatra" (The Big, Big Voice of Lovelace Watkins), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Mar 6 Pauline Boty, English artist, born in London (d. 1966)
  • Mar 6 Nikolai Manoshin, Russian soccer midfielder (8 caps; FC Torpedo Moscow, CSKA Moscow) and manager (Somalia, Yemen, Mali), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2022)
  • Mar 7 Homero Blancas, American golfer (US Ryder Cup 1973), born in Houston, Texas
  • Mar 7 Janet Guthrie, American professional race car driver (1st woman to race in Indie 500 and Daytona 500), born in Iowa City, Iowa
  • Mar 7 David Baltimore, American biologist (1975 Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine), born in New York City
  • Mar 8 Pete Dawkins, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1958, Army), born in Royal Oak, Michigan
  • Mar 9 Charles Siebert, American actor (One Day at A Time, Trapper John), born in Kenosha, Wisconsin
  • Mar 9 Lill-Babs [Barbro Margareta Svensson], Swedish singer and actress, born in Järvsö, Gävleborg County, Sweden
  • Mar 10 Ijaz Butt, cricketer (Pakistani opening batsman in 8 Tests 1958-60)
  • Mar 10 Marina Vlady, French actress (Conjugal Bed, The Hunt), born in Clichy France
  • Mar 10 Ron Mix, American NFL tackle (San Diego Chargers, Oakland Raiders), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Mar 10 Norman Blake, American guitarist, mandolin, banjo, and fiddle player and songwriter, born in Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • Mar 10 Kazım Ayvaz, Turkish wrestler (Olympic gold lightweight 1964; World C'ship gold welterweight 1958; lightweight 1962), born in Rize, Turkey (d. 2020)
  • Mar 11 Malcolm Keith Speed, British high court judge
  • Mar 12 Lew DeWitt, American country singer and composer (Statler Brothers - "Flowers on the Wall"), born in Roanoke, Virginia (d. 1990)
  • Mar 12 Dimitri Terzakis, Greek composer (Die Farben des Ozeans), born in Athens
  • Mar 12 Johnny Rutherford, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1974, 76, 80), born in Coffeyville, Kansas
  • Mar 12 Karl Soderlund, Duluth Minn, Mr Sally Jesse Raphael
  • Mar 12 Norman Hogg, British MP
  • Mar 12 Tona Scherchen-Hsiao, composer, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • Mar 12 Vijay Mehra, cricketer (Indian Test batsman from age 17)
  • Mar 12 Ron Tutt, American session and touring drummer (Elvis Presley, Emmylou Harris; Jerry Garcia; Neil Diamond), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2021)
  • Mar 13 Hans-Joachim Hespos, German composer, born in Emden, Germany
  • Mar 13 Jean-Claude Risset, French composer, born in Le Puy-en-Velay, France (d. 2016)
  • Mar 13 Joe Bellino, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1960, Navy), born in Winchester, Massachusetts (d. 2019)
  • Mar 13 Erma Franklin, American gospel and R&B singer ("Piece Of My Heart"), born in Shelby, Mississippi (d. 2002)
  • Mar 13 Julian Bahula, South African British based jazz and world music drummer, composer and bandleader, born in Eersterust, Pretoria
  • Mar 14 Johnny Gleeson, Australian cricket spin bowler (29 Tests, 93 wickets, BB 5/61; NSW CA), born in Tamworth, Australia (d. 2016)
  • Mar 14 Takehisa Kosugi, Japanese violinist and experimental music composer (Group Ongaku; Taj Mahal Travellers), born in Tokyo (d. 2018)
  • Mar 15 Dick Higgins, American composer, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1998)
  • Mar 17 Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer (Kirov), born on a train near Irkutsk, Soviet Union (d. 1993)
  • Mar 17 Keith O'Brien, Scottish Catholic archbishop (St Andrews & Edinburgh), born in Ballycastle, County Antrim, Northern Ireland
  • Mar 17 Fred Akers, American football coach (University of Wyoming; University of Texas, Austin; Purdue; career college record 108–75–3), born in Blytheville, Arkansas (d. 2020)
  • Mar 17 Zoletta "Zola" Taylor, American pop singer (The Platters, 1954-62 - "The Great Pretender"; "Only You"; "Twilight Time"), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2007)
  • Mar 18 Carl Gottlieb, American comedian and script writer (Ken Berry Wow Show, Jaws, The Jerk), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 18 Charley Pride, American country singer (Sweet Country), born in Sledge, Mississippi (d. 2020) [1]
  • Mar 18 Shashi Kapoor [Balbir Raj Kapoor], prominent Indian Bollywood actor (Deewar, The Deceivers, Shalimar, Heat & Dust), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • Mar 18 Kenny Lynch, British entertainer, born in London
  • Mar 18 Bob Nevin, Canadian ice hockey right wing (Stanley Cup 1962, 63; Toronto Maple Leafs; NY Rangers; 1,128 career NHL games), born in Timmins, Ontario (d. 2020)
  • Mar 20 Frans J. van der Heijden, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • Mar 20 Sergei Petrovich Novikov, Russian Mathematician, Fields Medalist
  • Mar 21 Grahame Thomas, Australian cricket batsman (8 Tests, 3 x 50s; NSW CA), born in Sydney, Australia
  • Mar 21 Wilf Corrigan, English/US electronic manufacturer (LSI Logic)
  • Mar 23 Christopher Glenn, American news anchor (CBS Nightwatch), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 23 Kenneth J Gregory, warden (Goldsmiths' College)
  • Mar 23 Maynard Jackson, first African American mayor of Atlanta (d. 2003)
  • Mar 23 Dave Pike, American jazz vibraphone and marimba player, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • Mar 23 Bertie Auld, Scottish soccer midfielder (3 caps; Celtic, Birmingham City) and manager (Partick Thistle, Hibernian, Hamilton Academical), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2021)
  • Mar 24 Larry Wilson, American Pro Football Hall of Fame free safety (8 x Pro Bowl; 6 x All Pro 1st Team; NFL Defensive Player of Year 1966; St. Louis Cardinals), born in Rigby, Idaho (d. 2020)
  • Mar 24 Holger Czukay [Schüring], German musician (Can), born in Danzig, Poland (d. 2017)
  • Mar 24 David Irving, British historian
  • Mar 25 Hoyt Axton, American songwriter, singer ("No No Song"; "Joy To The World"; "I've Never Been To Spain"), and actor (McCloud; Gremlins; The Rousters), born in Duncan, Oklahoma (d. 1999)
  • Mar 25 Fritz d'Orey, Brazilian racing driver
  • Mar 25 Daniel Buren, French conceptual artist, born in Paris, France
  • Mar 26 Anthony James Leggett, English physicist, (Nobel Prize for Physics 2013 for superfluidity), born in London, England
  • Mar 27 A J Bellingham, British haematologist and president (Royal College of Pathologists)
  • Mar 27 Jock Slater, British Admiral, First Sea Lord (1995-1998)
  • Mar 29 Bert de Vries, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (CDA), born in Groningen, Netherlands
  • Mar 29 Margaret Howard, British broadcaster (Letterbox)
  • Mar 31 Nathaniel Taylor, American actor (Rollo-Sanford & Sons), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2019)
  • Mar 31 Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister of Delhi
  • Mar 31 Arthur B. Rubinstein, American composer
  • Mar 31 David Steel, Scottish politician
  • Mar 31 Bill Hicke, Canadian NHL right wing (3-time NHL All Star), born in Regina, Saskatchewan (d. 2005)
  • Mar 31 Jimmy Johnson, American Pro Football Hall of Fame cornerback (4-time Pro Bowl), born in Dallas, Texas

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet, writer (Il fuoco, Intruder), playwright and military hero as part of the elite Arditi storm troops, dies of a stroke at 74
  • Mar 2 Ben Harney, American composer and 'Father of Ragtime Piano' ("You've Been a Good Old Wagon, But You Done Broke Down"), dies of a heart attack at 66
  • Mar 4 George Foster Peabody, American politician (b. 1852)
  • Mar 4 Jack Taylor, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • Mar 7 Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (1924-25) (b. 1876)
  • Mar 9 Sydney Baynes, British conductor, arranger, band leader and composer (Destiny Waltz; Endure to Conquer), dies at 59
  • Mar 13 Clarence Darrow, American defense attorney at Scopes Monkey Trial, dies at 80
  • Mar 13 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • Mar 15 Edmund Tylecote, cricketer (England keeper in 6 Tests 1882-86), dies
  • Mar 18 Cyril Rootham, English composer, dies at 62
  • Mar 21 Oscar Apfel, American actor (The Squaw Man, Inspiration, Before Dawn), dies from a heart attack at 60
  • Mar 27 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), dies at 66
  • Mar 31 Willem Kloos, Dutch poet and critic (New Guide), dies at 78