On This Day

What Happened in March 1938

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Federal Trade Commission orders 8 manufacturers and the PGA of America to end their practice of golf ball price-fixing
  • Mar 2 Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
  • Mar 2 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 3 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Mar 10 10th Academy Awards: "The Life of Emile Zola", Spencer Tracy & Luise Rainer win

Film release premierFilm Premier

Mar 10 "Jezebel" film premieres directed by William Wyler, starring Bette Davis and Henry Fonda, from the play by Owen Davis

Actress Bette Davis
Actress
Bette Davis
Actor Henry Fonda
Actor
Henry Fonda
  • Mar 11 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • Mar 12 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • Mar 13 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • Mar 13 World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • Mar 16 Noel Coward's musical "Operette" premieres in London
  • Mar 16 Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT

PlaneItalian Air Force Bombs Barcelona

Mar 17 The Italian Air Force, in support of Francisco Franco, bombs Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
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The Italian Air Force conducts a bombing campaign in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
The Italian Air Force conducts a bombing campaign in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
  • Mar 18 NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women
  • Mar 18 President Cardena of Mexico nationalizes US & British oil companies
  • Mar 19 Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes
  • Mar 19 Scotland beats England, 21-16 at Twickenham, London to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup
  • Mar 23 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St L Cardinals minor leaguers
  • Mar 25 97th Grand National: 17 year old jockey Bruce Hobbs wins aboard 40/1 Battleship; first US bred and owned winner; only horse to win GN and American Grand National (1934)

Music concertMusic Concert

Mar 26 NBC radio performance of Howard Hanson's 3rd Symphony

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • Mar 27 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Michael J[oseph] Kurland, American sci-fi author (Infernal Device)
  • Mar 2 Alan Lewis, English textile factory/multi-millionaire
  • Mar 2 Donald Schwall, baseball player (1961 AL rookie of year)
  • Mar 2 Simon Estes, Centerville Iowa, bass/baritone (Wonton, Don Carlos)
  • Mar 2 Ricardo Lagos, former President of Chile
  • Mar 3 Douglas Leedy, composer
  • Mar 3 Willie Chambers, guitarist/vocalist (Chambers Brothers)
  • Mar 4 Angus MacLise, American percussionist (d. 1979)
  • Mar 4 Don Perkins, American football player
  • Mar 4 Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Polish diplomat and researcher
  • Mar 5 Fred "Hammer" Williamson, NFLer (Chiefs)/actor (Julia), born in Gary, Indiana
  • Mar 5 Paul Evans, singer/pedal guitarist (Damascus Road)
  • Mar 5 Lynn Margulis, American biologist (serial endosymbiotic theory), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • Mar 6 Lovelace Watkins, American singer known as "The Black Sinatra" (The Big, Big Voice of Lovelace Watkins), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Mar 6 Pauline Boty, English artist, born in London (d. 1966)
  • Mar 7 Homero Blancas, American golfer (US Ryder Cup 1973), born in Houston, Texas
  • Mar 7 Janet Guthrie, American professional race car driver (1st woman to race in Indie 500 and Daytona 500), born in Iowa City, Iowa
  • Mar 7 David Baltimore, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • Mar 8 Lew DeWitt, Va, country singer (Statler Brothers-Flowers on the Wall)
  • Mar 9 Charles Siebert, American actor (One Day at A Time, Trapper John), born in Kenosha, Wisconsin
  • Mar 9 Lill-Babs [Barbro Margareta Svensson], Swedish singer and actress, born in Järvsö, Gävleborg County, Sweden
  • Mar 10 Ijaz Butt, cricketer (Pakistani opening batsman in 8 Tests 1958-60)
  • Mar 10 Marina Vlady, Clichy France, actress (Conjugal Bed, The Hunt)
  • Mar 10 Ron Mix, NFL tackle (San Diego Chargers, Oakland Raiders)
  • Mar 10 Norman Blake, American traditional stringed instrument artist and songwriter, born in Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • Mar 11 Malcolm Keith Speed, British high court judge
  • Mar 12 Lew De Witt, American country singer and composer (Statler Brothers-Flowers on the Wall)
  • Mar 12 Dimitri Terzakis, Greek composer (Die Farben des Ozeans), born in Athens
  • Mar 12 Johnny Rutherford, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1974, 76, 80), born in Coffeyville, Kansas
  • Mar 12 Karl Soderlund, Duluth Minn, Mr Sally Jesse Raphael
  • Mar 12 Millie Perkins, actress (Diary of Anne Frank, Table for 5, Shooting), born in Passaic, New Jersey
  • Mar 12 Norman Hogg, British MP
  • Mar 12 Tona Scherchen-Hsiao, composer
  • Mar 12 Vijay Mehra, cricketer (Indian Test batsman from age 17)
  • Mar 13 Hans-Joachim Hespos, German composer, born in Emden, Germany
  • Mar 13 Jean-Claude Risset, French composer, born in Le Puy-en-Velay, France (d. 2016)
  • Mar 13 Joe Bellino, American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1960, Navy), born in Winchester, Massachusetts (d. 2019)
  • Mar 13 Patricia W Amicone, educator/midwife
  • Mar 13 Erma Franklin, American gospel and R&B singer (Piece Of My Heart), born in Shelby, Mississippi (d. 2002)
  • Mar 14 Johnny Gleeson, cricketer (mystery spinner for Australia 1966-72)
  • Mar 15 Dick Higgins, American composer, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1998)
  • Mar 17 Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer/choreographer (Kirov), born on a train near Irkutsk, Soviet Union (d. 1993)
  • Mar 17 Keith O'Brien, Scottish Catholic archbishop (St Andrews & Edinburgh), born in Ballycastle, County Antrim, Northern Ireland
  • Mar 18 Carl Gottlieb, American comedian and script writer (Ken Berry Wow Show, Jaws, The Jerk), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 18 Charley Pride, American country singer (Sweet Country), born in Sledge, Mississippi
  • Mar 18 Shashi Kapoor [Balbir Raj Kapoor], prominent Indian Bollywood actor (Deewar, The Deceivers, Shalimar, Heat & Dust), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • Mar 18 Kenny Lynch, British entertainer, born in London
  • Mar 20 Frans J. van der Heijden, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • Mar 20 Sergei Petrovich Novikov, Russian Mathematician, Fields Medalist
  • Mar 21 Grahame Thomas, cricketer (Australian batsman of the mid-60's)
  • Mar 21 Wilf Corrigan, English/US electronic manufacturer (LSI Logic)
  • Mar 23 Christopher Glenn, American news anchor (CBS Nightwatch), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 23 Kenneth J Gregory, warden (Goldsmiths' College)
  • Mar 23 Maynard Jackson, first African American mayor of Atlanta (d. 2003)
  • Mar 23 Dave Pike, jazz vibraphone and marimba player, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • Mar 24 Larry Wilson, NFL back (Cardinals)
  • Mar 24 Holger Czukay [Holger Schüring], German musician (Can), born in Danzig, Poland (d. 2017)
  • Mar 24 David Irving, British historian
  • Mar 25 Hoyt Axton, actor (Black Stallion, Junkman, Rousters), born in Duncan, Oklahoma
  • Mar 25 Fritz d'Orey, Brazilian racing driver
  • Mar 26 Anthony James Leggett, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • Mar 27 A J Bellingham, British haematologist and president (Royal College of Pathologists)
  • Mar 27 Jock Slater, British Admiral, First Sea Lord (1995-1998)
  • Mar 29 Bert de Vries, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (CDA), born in Groningen, Netherlands
  • Mar 29 Margaret Howard, British broadcaster
  • Mar 30 Martin Dunne, Lord-Lt (Warwickshire)
  • Mar 31 Nathaniel Taylor, American actor (Rollo-Sanford & Sons), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2019)
  • Mar 31 Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister of Delhi
  • Mar 31 Arthur B. Rubinstein, American composer
  • Mar 31 David Steel, Scottish politician
  • Mar 31 Bill Hicke, Canadian NHL right wing (3-time NHL All Star), born in Regina, Saskatchewan (d. 2005)
  • Mar 31 Jimmy Johnson, American Pro Football Hall of Fame cornerback (4-time Pro Bowl), born in Dallas, Texas

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 26 Writer Walter Lippmann (48) weds second wife Helen Byrne Armstrong

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 G D'Annunzio, writer, dies at 74
  • Mar 1 Gabrielle d'Annunzio, Italian poet/fascist (Il fuoco), dies at 74
  • Mar 2 Ben Harney, American composer and "Father of Ragtime Piano" (You've Been a Good Old Wagon, But You Done Broke Down), dies of a heart attack at 66
  • Mar 4 George Foster Peabody, American politician (b. 1852)
  • Mar 4 Jack Taylor, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • Mar 7 Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)
  • Mar 9 Sydney Baynes, composer, dies at 59
  • Mar 13 Clarence Darrow, American defense attorney at Scopes Monkey Trial, dies at 80
  • Mar 13 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • Mar 15 Edmund Tylecote, cricketer (England keeper in 6 Tests 1882-86), dies
  • Mar 18 Cyril Rootham, English composer, dies at 62
  • Mar 21 Oscar Apfel, American actor (The Squaw Man, Inspiration, Before Dawn), dies from a heart attack at 60
  • Mar 27 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), dies at 66
  • Mar 31 Willem Kloos, Dutch poet and critic (New Guide), dies at 78