On This Day

What Happened in October 1938

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • Oct 2 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Feller strikes out record 18 Detroit Tigers; his Cleveland Indians still lose 4-1 at Cleveland Stadium
  • Oct 6 New York Yankees pitcher Lefty Gomez beats Chicago Cubs, 6-3 in Game 2 at Wrigley Field; sets record of 6 World Series wins without a loss
  • Oct 7 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • Oct 9 Cleveland Rams and Chicago Bears play one of only 4 penalty free games in NFL history; Rams win 14-7 at Cleveland Stadium
  • Oct 9 NY Yankees sweep Cubs in 35th World Series, 3rd straight WS win
  • Oct 10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 10 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st String Quartet

  • Oct 14 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • Oct 15 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Aaron Copland's & Eugene Loring's ballet "Billy the Kid" premieres in Chicago

Composer Aaron Copland
Composer
Aaron Copland
  • Oct 21 Japanese troops occupies Canton
  • Oct 22 Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine
  • Oct 24 US forbids child labor in factories
  • Oct 25 Japanese troops occupies Hankou & Wuhan
  • Oct 25 The Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces Swing music as "a degenerated musical system... turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people", warning that it leads down a "primrose path to hell".
  • Oct 27 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • Oct 28 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)

Panic Over War of the WorldsPanic Over War of the Worlds

Oct 30 A radio broadcast of H. G. Wells "The War of the Worlds", narrated by Orson Welles, allegedly causes a mass panic

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Orson Welles at the microphone and how the New York Times reacted to the broadcast
Orson Welles at the microphone and how the New York Times reacted to the broadcast
Read Article
  • Oct 31 Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Les Scheinflug, Australian soccer midfielder, coach (Marconi; Australia; 6 caps), born in Bückeburg, Germany
  • Oct 2 Lloyd Turner, journalist (Daily Express), born in Australia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 2 Rex Reed, American movie critic and actor (Myra Breckinridge), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • Oct 2 Waheed Murad, Pakistani film actor and director (Armaan), born in Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan (d. 1983)
  • Oct 3 Dave Obey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin), born in Okmulgee, Oklahoma
  • Oct 3 Eddie Cochran, American rock vocalist and guitarist (C'Mon Everybody), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1960)
  • Oct 3 Tereza Kesovija, Croatian singer, born in Konavle, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  • Oct 3 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Peruvian economist and 66th President of Peru (2016-present), born in Lima, Peru
  • Oct 3 Alessandro Mazzinghi, Italian boxer (WBA and WBC light-middleweight champion 1963–65, 68), born in Pontedera, Italy (d. 2020)
  • Oct 4 Kurt Wüthrich, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate
  • Oct 5 Carlo Mastrangelo, Italian-American rocker (Dion & The Belmonts), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2016)
  • Oct 5 Teresa Heinz Kerry, American philanthropist (wife of John Kerry), born in Lourenço Marques, Portuguese East Africa
  • Oct 6 Serge Nubret, French bodybuilder
  • Oct 7 Ann Haydon-Jones, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1969, French Open 1961, 66), born in Birmingham, England
  • Oct 7 Carlos Contreras, Chilean soccer defender (30 caps; Universidad de Chile), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 2020)
  • Oct 8 David Willis, British journalist (BBC World Service) (d. 1993)
  • Oct 8 Fred Stolle, Australian tennis player, broadcaster (French C'ship 1965, US Nat C'ship 1966), born in Sydney, Australia
  • Oct 8 Penny Pitou, American skier (Olympic-2 silvers-1960), born in Bayside, New York
  • Oct 8 Walter Gretzky, father of Wayne Gretzky, born in Canning, Ontario, Canada
  • Oct 9 Heinz Fischer, Austrian politician (11th President of Austria), born in Graz, Austria
  • Oct 10 Marcus Jan Adriani, biologist and director (Weevers' Duin) (d. 1995)
  • Oct 10 Toby Roth, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin), born in Strasburg, North Dakota
  • Oct 10 Daidō Moriyama, Japanese photographer, born in Ikeda, Osaka
  • Oct 10 Gloria Coates, American post-minimalist composer, born in Wausau, Wisconsin
  • Oct 12 Bob Miller, American NHL broadcaster, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 12 Andrzej Pogorzelski, Polish motorcycle speedway rider (Speedway World Team Cup gold 1965, 66, 69), born in Leszno, Poland (d. 2020)
  • Oct 13 Jim McMullan, American actor (Dr McDaniel-Ben Casey), born in Long Island, New York
  • Oct 13 Mahboob Shah, Pakistani cricketer (Pakistani Test umpire on intl panel), born in Delhi, India
  • Oct 13 Hugo Young, British journalist (The Guardian), born in Sheffield, England (d. 2003)
  • Oct 14 John Dean, American attorney and former White House counsel (Watergate figure), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Oct 14 Farah Pahlavi, Queen consort of Iran (1959-61), born in Tehran, Iran
  • Oct 15 Marv Johnson, American gospel and R&B singer (Move 2 mountains), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1993)
  • Oct 15 Rafael Aponte-Ledeé, Puerto Rican composer, born in Guayama, Puerto Rico
  • Oct 15 Fela Kuti, Nigerian Afrobeat musician and composer, born in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria (d. 1997)
  • Oct 16 Nico [Christa Päffgen], German singer-songwriter (Velvet Underground), fashion model, and actress, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1988)
  • Oct 16 Carl Gunter Jr, Louisiana State Representative (d. 1999)

Person of interestEvel Knievel

Oct 17 Robert "Evel" Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil (Snake River Canyon), born in Butte, Montana (d. 2007)

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel
  • Oct 18 Ronnie Bright, American doo-wop bass vocalist (Johnny Cymbal's "Mr. Bass Man"; The Coasters, 1968-2009), born in New York City (d. 2015)
  • Oct 18 Dawn Wells, American actress (Gilligan's Island -"Mary Ann"), born in Reno, Nevada (d. 2020) [1]
  • Oct 19 Ton Regtien, Dutch student leader
  • Oct 20 Iain Macmillan, Abbey Road photographer (d. 2006)
  • Oct 22 Christopher Lloyd, American actor (Taxi, Back to the Future), born in Stamford, Connecticut,
  • Oct 22 Derek Jacobi, actor (Lanner-Strauss Family, Dead Again), born in London, England
  • Oct 23 John Heinz, American businessman and Republican politician (Senator from Pennsylvania, 1977-1991), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • Oct 23 Jordan Christopher, actor (Secrets of Midland Heights), born in Youngstown, Ohio
  • Oct 24 Fred E. Finn, American pianist (Mickie Finn's), born in San Francisco, California
  • Oct 25 Robert Webster, American diver (Olympic gold 1960, 64), born in Berkeley, California
  • Oct 26 Bernadette Lafont, French actress (Perils of Gwendoline), born in Nimes, France (d. 2013)
  • Oct 26 Charles Stenholm, American politician (Rep-D-Texas, 1979-2005), born in Stamford, Texas
  • Oct 27 Maurice Hinchey, American politician (Rep-D-New York), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 27 Elliot del Borgo, American music educator (SUNY/Crane School of Music, 1966-95) and composer (1980 Winter Olympics), born in Port Chester, New York (d. 2013)
  • Oct 28 Peter Carlstein, South African cricketer (South African Test batsman 1958-64), born in Klerksdorp, South Africa
  • Oct 28 David Dimbleby, English TV presenter and political commentator, born in Surrey, England
  • Oct 28 Anne Perry [Juliet Marion Hulme], English-born novelist, born in London, England
  • Oct 29 Ralph Bakshi, American animator (Lord of the Rings, Fritz the Cat, Mighty Mouse), born in Haifa, Mandatory Palestine
  • Oct 29 Peter Stampfel, American musician and songwriter (The Holy Modal Rounders), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Person of interestEllen Johnson-Sirleaf

Oct 29 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President of Liberia (2006-2018) and the first elected female head of state in Africa, born in Monrovia, Liberia

Africa's 1st Elected Female Head of State Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
Africa's 1st Elected Female Head of State
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
  • Oct 29 Wilbert McClure, American boxer (Olympic gold light middleweight 1960), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2020)
  • Oct 30 Ed Lauter, American actor (The Artist, The Number 23), born in Long Beach, New York (d. 2013)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 11 Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (37) weds longtime girlfriend Alpha Smith

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 23 SS Officer Amon Göth (29) weds Anny Geiger on a civil ceremony

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and politician (b. 1859)
  • Oct 5 Saint Faustina, Polish saint (b. 1905)
  • Oct 10 Lord Hawke [Martin Bladen Hawke], English cricketer (England batsman 1890's), dies at 78
  • Oct 12 Hugh Massie, Australian cricketer (9 Tests for Australia 1881-85, capt), dies at 84
  • Oct 13 E. C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye), dies at 43
  • Oct 18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian Marxist/socialist, dies at 83
  • Oct 22 May Irwin, Canadian comedienne and singer (Hot Time in the Old Town), dies at 76
  • Oct 24 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, dies at 68
  • Oct 25 Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal), dies at 46
  • Oct 27 Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic, dies at 57