On This Day

What Happened in September 1938

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Sep 3 1940 Olympic site is changed from Tokyo, Japan to Helsinki, Finland because of the Second Sino-Japanese War; WWII causes eventual cancellation
  • Sep 5 Davis Cup Final, Philadelphia: Don Budge beats Adrian Quist of Australia 8-6, 6-1, 6-2 to wrap up the tie for the United States 3-2
  • Sep 5 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Philadelphia, PA: US retain title as Don Budge beats Australian Adrian Quist 8-6, 6-1, 6-2 for unbeatable 3-1 lead; ends 3-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates 40th anniversary

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Hall of fameHall of Fame

Sep 13 Alexander Cartwright is inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame

Inventor of Modern Baseball Alexander Cartwright
Inventor of Modern Baseball
Alexander Cartwright

Hindenburg Disaster Ends the Age of ZeppelinsHindenburg Disaster Ends the Age of Zeppelins

Sep 14 Graf Zeppelin II, world's largest airship, makes its maiden flight

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The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 15 British PM Neville Chamberlain visits Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 15 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • Sep 15 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)
  • Sep 16 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH
  • Sep 17 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich
  • Sep 18 Chicago Bears beat Green Bay Packers 2-0
  • Sep 18 Despite losing a double header (4-3, 8-7) to the St. Louis Browns at Sportsman's Park III, the New York Yankees clinch their 10th AL pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Dmitri Shostakovich's Suite for jazz orchestra, premieres


  • Sep 20 Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 21 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
  • Sep 23 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich
  • Sep 23 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm)
  • Sep 24 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Don Budge beats fellow American Gene Mako 6-3, 6-8, 6-2, 6-1 to become first player to win a Grand Slam

Sport awardUS Open Women's Tennis

Sep 24 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Alice Marble wins her second US singles crown; beats Nancye Wynne Bolton of Australia 6-0, 6-3

Tennis Champion Alice Marble
Tennis Champion
Alice Marble

'I Have Heard The Voice of Adolf Hitler . . .''I Have Heard The Voice of Adolf Hitler . . .'

Sep 26 Adolf Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land

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The 'mad dog of Europe' makes his demands with oratory so menacing 'that he chills one's blood.'
The 'mad dog of Europe' makes his demands with oratory so menacing 'that he chills one's blood.'
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  • Sep 27 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • Sep 27 Jewish lawyers forbidden to practise in Germany
  • Sep 27 League of Nations declares Japan the aggressor against China
  • Sep 28 Clare Boothe's "Boys Goodbye" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 28 Dutch Premier Colijn sends radio message "No war coming"
  • Sep 28 Homer in the Gloamin' - famous walk-off home run hit by Gabby Hartnett of the Chicago Cubs against the Pittsburgh Pirates
  • Sep 29 1st archival course is offered at Columbia University in NYC
  • Sep 30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Alan Dershowitz, American attorney (Claus Von Bulow, O.J. Simpson), born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 2 Glyn Worsnip, broadcaster
  • Sep 3 Caryl Churchill, English playwright, born in London
  • Sep 3 Ryōji Noyori, Japanese chemist (Nobel Prize 2011), born in Kobe, Japan
  • Sep 4 Leonard Frey, American actor (Best of West, Mr Smith), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Sep 6 Alan Charles Downes, founder member of Independent Television News and cameraman, born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 1996)
  • Sep 6 Joan Tower, American composer (Breakfast Rhythms), born in New Rochelle, New York
  • Sep 6 Henry Diltz, American music photographer (Woodstock; Monterey Pop Festival; album covers), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Sep 8 Sam Nunn, American politician (Sen-D-Georgia, 1972 - 1997), born in Macon, Georgia
  • Sep 8 Kenichi Horie, Japanese adventurer and solo yachtsman, born in Osaka
  • Sep 9 Richard Sharpe, English rugby player
  • Sep 9 Don Hogan Charles, American photographer and first African-American photographer hired by The New York Times, born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • Sep 11 Charles Patrick, American rocker (The Monotones)
  • Sep 12 Judy Clay [Guions], American soul and gospel singer, born in St Paul, North Carolina (d. 2001)
  • Sep 12 Tatiana Troyanos, American mezzo-soprano (Octavian-Der Rosenleavalier), born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 12 Claude Ruel, Canadian NHL coach (Stanley Cup 1968-69, Montreal Canadiens), born in Sherbrooke, Quebec (d. 2015)
  • Sep 13 Judith Martin, American author, journalist and columnist (Miss Manners), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Sep 15 Gaylord Perry, baseball player (1972 AL Cy Young winner)
  • Sep 15 Rafael Osuna, Mexican tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1963), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1969)
  • Sep 17 Alec Broers, British electrical engineer and master (Churchill College Cambridge), born in Calcutta, India
  • Sep 17 Paul Benedict, American actor (Harry-Jeffersons), born in Silver City, New Mexico (d. 2008)
  • Sep 17 Francisco Aritmendi, Spanish athlete (International Cross Country Championships 1964), born in Cogolludo, Spain (d. 2020)
  • Sep 19 Zygmunt Krauze, Polish composer, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • Sep 19 Bra Willie [Keorapetse Kgositsile], South African poet and political activist (Point of Departure: Fire Dance Fire Song), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2018)
  • Sep 20 Eric Gale, American jazz guitarist (Negril, Stuff), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1994)
  • Sep 20 George J. Hochbrueckner, American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in Queens, New York
  • Sep 20 Jane Manning, English soprano, born in Norwich
  • Sep 20 Pia Lindström, Swedish critic (WNBC-TV), journalist (From Russia With Love) and first child of Ingrid Bergman, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Sep 20 Tom Tresh, American baseball infielder (MLB All Star 1962-63; AL Rookie of Year 1962; NY Yankees), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2008)
  • Sep 21 Atli Heimir Sveinsson, Icelandic composer, born in Reykjavik, Iceland
  • Sep 21 Yūji Takahashi, Japanese pianist and composer, born in Japan
  • Sep 22 Gene Mingo, American football player
  • Sep 22 Sol Amarfio, Ghanaian musician (Osibisa)
  • Sep 23 Clifford Ann Creed, American golfer (Women's PGA C'ship runner-up 1965), born in Alexandria, Louisiana
  • Sep 23 Romy Schneider, actress (Bloodline, Death Watch), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestTom Lester

Sep 23 Tom Lester, American actor (Green Acres - Eb), born in Jackson, Mississippi (d. 2020)

Actor Tom Lester
Actor
Tom Lester
  • Sep 24 Steve Douglas [Kreisman], American session and touring saxophonist and flautist (Phil Spector; Duane Eddy; Beach Boys), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1993)
  • Sep 26 Andrey Lukanov, Bulgarian politician (40th Prime Minister of Bulgaria), born in Moscow (d. 1996)
  • Sep 26 Michael V. Love, American test pilot (X-24) (d. 1976)
  • Sep 27 Alexander Graham, Lord Mayor of London
  • Sep 28 Ben E. King [Benjamin Earl Nelson], American soul singer ("Stand by Me"), born in Henderson, North Carolina (d. 2015)
  • Sep 28 Peter Grosser, German soccer midfielder (2 caps; Bayern Munich, 1860 Munich, Austria Salzburg), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2021)
  • Sep 29 Henry Keswick, British businessman (CEO-Jardine Matheson Holdings Ltd)
  • Sep 29 Mike McCormick, American baseball pitcher (MLB All Star 1960–1961²; NL Cy Young Award 1967; NL wins leader 1967; NL ERA leader 1960; SF Giants), born in Pasadena, California (d. 2020)
  • Sep 29 Wim Kok, NVV/FNV-chairman/Dutch soc-dem party-premier (1994- )
  • Sep 30 Salvatore Michael Caruana, Mass, criminal (FBI Most Wanted List)

Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Sep 30 Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (37) divorces pianist Lil Armstrong (40) after more than 14 years of marriage

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 3 Bart de Ligt, anti military theologist, dies at 77
  • Sep 4 Clifford Dempsey, actor (Salute), dies at 73
  • Sep 6 John Stuart Hindmarsh, British racing driver and aviator (b. 1907)
  • Sep 13 Samuel Alexander, Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79

Person of interestThomas Wolfe

Sep 15 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), dies of tuberculosis.at 37

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Novelist
Thomas Wolfe
  • Sep 17 Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (b. 1901)
  • Sep 19 Pauline Frederick, American actress (b. 1883)
  • Sep 21 Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer (The Brave Adventures of Lapitch), dies at 64
  • Sep 24 Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • Sep 28 Con Conrad, American songwriter and producer, dies at 48
  • Sep 28 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), dies at 76