On This Day

What Happened in July 1940

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Australia refuses entry to Dutch Jewish refugees
  • Jul 2 Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)
  • Jul 2 Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated
  • Jul 2 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta
  • Jul 3 ARP-leader and Dutch ex-premier Colijn argues cooperation with Germany
  • Jul 3 British Royal Navy damages the French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it
  • Jul 3 German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names
  • Jul 4 British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die
  • Jul 5 Diplomatic relations broken between Britain and Vichy government in France
  • Jul 9 8th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-0 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis
  • Jul 9 German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
  • Jul 10 Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel
  • Jul 11 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay

Historic Event

Jul 11 Marshall Philippe Pétain, French hero of World War I, becomes head of the Vichy collaborationist government of France

  • Jul 12 Frederick McKinley Jones receives a patent for an air conditioning unit for trucks, helping to change long-haul carriage of food and blood
  • Jul 14 Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
  • Jul 14 Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
  • Jul 15 Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam
  • Jul 15 Physicist Donald Kerst becomes the first person to accelerate electrons using electromagnetic induction, reaching energies of 2.3 MeV, when his betatron device (for particle acceleration) becomes operational in Urbana, Illinois

Historic Event

Jul 16 Adolf Hitler orders preparations for the invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

  • Jul 16 NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee

Presidential Convention

Jul 18 Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term

  • Jul 19 Adolf Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender - they decline
  • Jul 19 Nazi occupiers imprison 231 prominent Dutch citizens in Buchenwald
  • Jul 19 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands forbid anti-nazi films
  • Jul 20 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • Jul 20 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist

#1 in the Charts

Jul 20 Billboard publishes its 1st singles record chart - "I'll Never Smile Again" by Tommy Dorsey, with vocal by Frank Sinatra is #1

  • Jul 21 Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
  • Jul 21 VARA-management accepts Rost of Tonningens demands
  • Jul 22 Dutch Prime minister Dirk Jan De Geer meets Adolf Hitler seeking peace talks
  • Jul 24 1st illegal "Newsletter of Pieter It Hen" publishes in Netherlands
  • Jul 24 Linthorst Homan, de Quay and Einthoven form Dutch Union
  • Jul 25 American John Sigmund begins swimming for 89 hours, 46 minutes from St. Louis to Caruthersville, Missouri in the Mississippi River; 292 miles, longest solo swim of all time
  • Jul 27 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts
  • Jul 27 Bugs Bunny, Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Tex Avery, Bob Givens (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "Wild Hare"
  • Jul 28 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • Jul 28 Yankee Charlie Keller hits 3 HRs to beat White Sox 10-9
  • Jul 29 SV. Urk Dutch soccer team forms
  • Jul 31 Riechskommissar Seyss-Inquart bans homosexuals

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Craig Brown, Scottish soccer wing half, coach and administrator (Scotland manager 1993-2001), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jul 2 Ken Clarke [Kenneth Harry Clarke], British Conservative politician, born in Nottinghamshire, England
  • Jul 3 Jerry "The Geator" Blavat, American disc jockey and music promoter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [1]
  • Jul 3 Fontella Bass, American R&B and soul singer and songwriter ("Rescue Me"), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2012)
  • Jul 3 Lance Larson, American swimmer (Olympic gold 4x100m freestyle relay, silver 100m freestyle 1960), born in Monterey Park, California
  • Jul 3 Lamar Alexander, American politician (U.S. Senator from Tennessee), born in Maryville, Tennessee
  • Jul 4 Dave Rowberry, English rock organist, and piano player (The Animals - "House of the Rising Sun"), born in Nottingham, England (d. 2003)
  • Jul 4 Karolyn Grimes, American actress (It's a Wonderful Life, The Bishop's Wife), born in Hollywood, California
  • Jul 4 Hank Goldberg, American sports broadcaster (radio colour commentator Miami Dolphins 1978-92; ESPN2, ESPN Radio), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2022)
  • Jul 5 Karen Shepherd, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Utah), born in Silver City, New Mexico
  • Jul 5 Chuck Close, American painter and photographer, born in Monroe, Washington
  • Jul 5 Arthur Blythe, American jazz saxophonist, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • Jul 6 Viktor Kuzkin, Soviet ice hockey player (Olympic gold 1964, 68, 72), born in Moscow (d. 2008)
  • Jul 6 Nursultan Nazarbayev, 1st President of Kazakhstan (1990-2019), born in Chemolgan, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
  • Jul 6 Jeannie Seely, American country music singer (Don't Touch Me), born in Titusville, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 7 Richard K Armey, American economist and politician (US House of Representatives (R) - Texas, 1985-2003), born in Cando, North Dakota

Ringo Starr

Jul 7 Ringo Starr [Richard Starkey], British drummer, vocalist (The Beatles - "Yellow Submarine"), songwriter ("Early 1970"; "Photograph"), actor (Caveman), "peace & love" activist, and knight, born in Dingle, Liverpool, England [1]

  • Jul 7 Samuel Little, American serial killer (confessed to 93 murders), born in Reynolds, Georgia (d. 2020) [1]
  • Jul 8 Marcia Rodd, American actress (Little Murders, T R Baskins), born in Lyons, Kansas
  • Jul 8 Joe B. Mauldin, American rock double-bass player (The Crickets), songwriter, and recording engineer (Gold Start Studios), born In Lubbock, Texas (d. 2015)
  • Jul 8 Waka Nathan, New Zealand rugby union flanker (14 Tests; Auckland RU), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2021)
  • Jul 9 Jair da Costa, Brazilian soccer winger (1 cap; Internazionale), born in Santo André, Brazil
  • Jul 9 Manfred Jung, German operatic tenor (Wagner's heldentenor roles), born in Oberhausen, Germany (d. 2017)
  • Jul 10 Dawie de Villiers, South African rugby union captain and halfback (25 Tests; Western Province), born in Burgersdorp, South Africa (d. 2022)
  • Jul 10 Keith Stackpole, Australian cricket batsman (43 Tests, 7 x 100, 14 x 50, HS 207; Victoria CA), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • Jul 10 Mills Watson, American actor (Harper Valley PTA, BJ & Bear), born in Oakland, California
  • Jul 10 Helen Donath, American soprano, born in Corpus Christi, Texas
  • Jul 10 Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur, born in Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Jul 10 Tommy Troelsen, Danish soccer striker (16 caps; Vejle Boldklub) and broadcaster (Danmarks Radio, dk4), born in Nykøbing Mors, Denmark (d. 2021)
  • Jul 11 Terry Patchett, politician
  • Jul 11 Yvon Charbonneau, French Canadian union leader and politician
  • Jul 11 Ronnie Mack, American singer-songwriter ("He's So Fine"), born in Harlem, New York (d. 1963)

Patrick Stewart

Jul 13 Patrick Stewart, English actor (Star Trek: The Next Generation - "Captain Picard", X-Men - "Charles Xavier"), born in Mirfield, Yorkshire, England

  • Jul 13 Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul), born in Opelousas. Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • Jul 14 Susan Howatch, English author, born in Leatherhead, England
  • Jul 17 Phyllis Davis, Port Arthur Tx, actress (Love American Style, Vega$)
  • Jul 17 Tim Brooke-Taylor, English comedian (The Goodies), born in Buxton, England (d. 2020)
  • Jul 18 James Brolin, American actor (Dr Kiley-Marcus Welby, Peter-Hotel), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 18 Joe Torre, American Baseball HOF manager (World Series 1996, 98–2000 NY Yankees) and infielder (NL MVP & batting champion 1971; Gold Glove Award 1965; Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves, St. Louis Cardinals), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jul 19 Vikki Carr [Florencia Vicenta de Casillas Martinez Cardona], American Grammy Award-winning pop and Latin singer ("It Must Be Him"; "Cosas del Amor"), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Jul 19 Dennis Cole, American actor (Felony Squad, Brackens's World), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2009)
  • Jul 20 Tony Oliva, Cuban Baseball HOF right fielder (World Series 1987, 91 Minnesota Twins; 8 x MLB All Star; AL Rookie of Year 1964), born in Pinar del Río, Cuba
  • Jul 20 Tony Allen, Nigerian drummer who pioneered Afrobeat sound, born in Lagos, Nigeria (d. 2020)
  • Jul 21 James Clyburn, American politician (Rep-D-South Carolina 1993-) House Majority Whip, born in Sumter, South Carolina
  • Jul 21 Denis Menke, American baseball infielder (MLB All Star 1969, 70; Milwaukee Braves, Atlanta Braves, Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds), born in Bancroft, Iowa (d. 2020)

Alex Trebek

Jul 22 Alex Trebek, Canadian-American Emmy Award-winning TV game show host (Jeopardy, 1984-2020; High Rollers, 1974-80), born in Sudbury, Ontario (d. 2020)

  • Jul 22 Stan Ross, American actor, born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 22 Yuriy Klimov, USSR, team handball (Olympic gold 1976)
  • Jul 22 Thomas Wayne, American rockabilly singer ("Tragedy"), born in Batesville, Mississippi (d. 1971)
  • Jul 22 Judith Walzer Leavitt, American college professor
  • Jul 23 Don Imus, American radio disc jockey (WNBC), born in Riverside, California
  • Jul 23 Gary Stites, American rock vocalist ("Lonely For You"), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Jul 24 Carroll A. Campbell Jr., American politician (Governor South Carolina 1987-95, Rep-R-SC, 1979-87), born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 2005)
  • Jul 24 Stanley Hauerwas, American theologian
  • Jul 24 Dan Hedaya, American actor (Cheers, Marvin's Room, Clueless), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jul 25 John Pennel, American pole vaulter (James E Sullivan Award-1963), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1993)
  • Jul 26 Brian Mawhinney, British Conservative Party politician, born in Belfast, United Kingdom
  • Jul 26 Mary Jo Kopechne, American political campaign specialist and Ted Kennedy's car passenger, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1969)
  • Jul 26 Dobie Gray [Lawrence Brown], American musician and singer ("Drift Away"), born in Simonton, Texas (d. 2011)
  • Jul 26 Tolis Voskopoulos, Greek singer (Oi Erastes tou Oneirou), born in Kokkinia, Piraeus, Greece
  • Jul 26 Michael Slive, American college sports executive (Commissioner SEC 2002-15), born in Utica, New York (d. 2018)
  • Jul 27 Pina Bausch, German dancer and choreographer, born in Solingen, Germany (d. 2009)
  • Jul 28 Phil Proctor, American comedian (Firesign Theater), born in Goshen, Indiana
  • Jul 30 Clive Sinclair, British consumer electronics inventor (Executive pocket calculator; ZX Spectrum computer), born in Richmond, Surrey, England (d. 2021) [1]
  • Jul 30 Reva Rose, American singer and actress (Temperature's Rising), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 30 Pat Schroeder, American politician (Rep-D-Colorado, 1973-97), born in Portland, Oregon
  • Jul 31 Stanley Jaffe, American producer (Fatal Attraction), born in New Rochelle, New York

Famous Weddings

Loretta Young

Jul 31 Actress Loretta Young (27) weds advertising executive Tom Lewis at the chapel of St. Paul's Church in Westwood


Famous Divorces

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Jul 22 Jacqueline Kennedy's parents John Vernou "Black Jack" Bouvier III and Janet (Norton Lee) divorce

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Ben Turpin, American comic (Saps at Sea, His New Job), dies at 65
  • Jul 2 Bertram Shapleigh, composer, dies at 69
  • Jul 3 George Shepstone, South African cricket batsman (2 Tests; Transvaal), dies at 64
  • Jul 10 Donald Francis Tovey, British musicologist and composer, dies at 64
  • Jul 14 Bill Howell, Australian cricketer (18 Tests for Aust 1898-1905), dies at 70
  • Jul 15 Donald Calthrop, British actor (Blackmail, Scrooge, Rome Express), dies from a heart attack at 52
  • Jul 15 Robert Wadlow, American who was world's tallest known person (8'11.1"), dies at 22
  • Jul 15 Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (introduced the term schizophrenia to describe the disorder previously known as dementia praecox), dies at 82
  • Jul 19 Samuel H Chang, US newspaper magnate, murdered in Shanghai
  • Jul 20 Y G Van de Peat, Dutch director of employment, commits suicide
  • Jul 28 Richard Ohlsson, Swedish composer, dies at 66
  • Jul 31 Whitey Krakow [or Krakower], American gangster and hitman (Murder Inc), murdered by "Bugsy" Siegel