On This Day

What Happened in June 1940

Historical Events

  • Jun 1 Coffee & tea rationed in Holland

Historic Event

Jun 1 Major General Bernard Montgomery returns to London

  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers kick Jews out of Dutch air guard
  • Jun 3 Last British and French troops evacuated from Dunkirk
  • Jun 4 1st NL night game at Sportsman's Park (Dodgers 10, Cardinals 1)
  • Jun 4 1st night game at Forbes Field (Pirates 14, Braves 2)
  • Jun 4 British complete the "Miracle of Dunkirk" by evacuating 338,226 allied troops from France via a flotilla of over 800 vessels including Royal Navy destroyers, merchant marine boats, fishing boats, pleasure craft and even lifeboats

Historic Event

Jun 4 Winston Churchill's speech "We shall fight on the seas and oceans"

  • Jun 5 A synthetic rubber tire exhibited in Akron, Ohio by Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
  • Jun 5 American Negro Theater organizes
  • Jun 5 Battle of France begins in WW II
  • Jun 5 General Von Bock starts a German offensive in the Somme

Historic Event

Jun 5 General Charles de Gaulle becomes French junior minister of Defense

  • Jun 5 Governor of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles refuse entry to Jewish refugees
  • Jun 5 Netherlands rations petroleum
  • Jun 7 British/French troops evacuate Narvik
  • Jun 8 72nd Belmont: Fred A Smith aboard Bimelech wins in 2:29.6
  • Jun 8 Discovery of element 93, neptunium, announced
  • Jun 8 Last British troops leave Narvik, Norway
  • Jun 9 US Open Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: Lawson Little defeats Gene Sarazen by 3 strokes in an 18-hole playoff to win his only professional major title
  • Jun 9 General Charles de Gaulle's 1st meeting with Winston Churchill
  • Jun 10 French government moves to Bordeaux
  • Jun 10 German "Dutch" Q-ship Atlantis sinks Norwegian tanker
  • Jun 10 German 5th Armoured division occupies Rouen
  • Jun 10 Italy declares war on France and Great Britain as part of its Axis alliance with Nazi Germany
  • Jun 10 Norway surrenders to Nazi Germany after 62 days of fighting
  • Jun 10 Canada declares war on Italy
  • Jun 11 Italy declares war on Allies
  • Jun 11 British Premier Winston Churchill flies to Orleans
  • Jun 11 World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy
  • Jun 11 World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta
  • Jun 13 Paris evacuates before German advance
  • Jun 14 German forces enter Paris during WWII

Historic Event

Jun 14 Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland with Polish POWs, later expanded to include civilian Jews and gypsies (approx. 3 million would die within its walls)

  • Jun 14 German U-47 sinks airship Balmoral
  • Jun 15 38 Italian Fiat bombers bomb Luc-en-Province
  • Jun 15 Bread & flour rationed in Holland
  • Jun 15 World War II: France surrenders to NAZI Germany, German troops occupy Paris
  • Jun 15 Soviet Army occupies Lithuania
  • Jun 16 Communist government installed in Lithuania
  • Jun 16 General De Gaulle arrives in Bordeaux
  • Jun 17 France asks Germany for terms of surrender in WW II
  • Jun 17 General De Gaulle departs Bordeaux for London
  • Jun 17 Germany occupiers ration bread in Holland
  • Jun 17 USSR occupies Estonia
  • Jun 17 World War II: sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France
  • Jun 18 General Charles de Gaulle makes his first speech on the BBC to the French people, since arriving in London, an appeal to defy Nazi occupiers - regarded as the beginning of French Resistance during WWII
  • Jun 18 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs and chickens
  • Jun 18 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Historic Event

Jun 19 German 7th Armoured division under command of Rommel occupies Cherbourg

Historic Event

Jun 19 Hermann Goering orders seizure of Dutch horses, car, buses and ships

Boxing Title Fight

Jun 20 Joe Louis TKOs Arturo Godoy in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Jun 21 German occupiers disband Dutch States-General/Council of State
  • Jun 21 The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jun 22 France surrenders to Nazi Germany, with the northern half of the country occupied and the south established as the Nazi client state Vichy France
  • Jun 22 SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
  • Jun 22 About 10,000 Afrikaner women march to the union buildings in protest of South Africa's involvement in WWII
  • Jun 22 1st Dairy Queen restaurant opened, in Joliet, Illinois
  • Jun 23 Marcel Louette seeks opposition group "White Brigade" on Antwerp
  • Jun 23 RAF bombs Schiphol, Netherlands

Historic Event

Jun 23 After conquering France, Adolf Hitler visits Paris and views the Eiffel Tower and the grave of Napoleon Bonaparte

  • Jun 24 France signs an armistice with Italy during WW II
  • Jun 26 End of USSR experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
  • Jun 27 Soviet Army attacks Romania

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jun 27 USSR returns to the Gregorian calendar, using Sunday as a rest day, after 6 years using a Russian six-day calendar

  • Jun 28 "Quiz Kids?" premieres on radio
  • Jun 28 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
  • Jun 29 Anjer (Carnation) Day-anniversary of Prince Bernhard
  • Jun 29 US passes Alien Registration Act requiring Aliens to register
  • Jun 29 Batman Comics, mobsters rubbed out a circus highwire team known as the Flying Graysons, leaving their son Dick (Robin) an orphan
  • Jun 30 "Brenda Starr, Reporter", 1st cartoon strip by a woman, Dale [Dalia] Messick, begins as a comic-book supplement to Chicago's Sunday Tribune
  • Jun 30 US Fish and Wildlife Service forms
  • Jun 30 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Rene Auberjonois, American actor and voice artist (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, God of War), born in NYC, New York (d. 2019)
  • Jun 1 Kip Thorne, American Physicist (Nobel Prize 2017, LIGO), born in Logan, Utah
  • Jun 2 Christopher Bernau, actor (Guiding Light), born in Santa Barbara, California
  • Jun 2 Constantine II, deposed King of Greece (1964-73)
  • Jun 2 Horace Clarke, baseball 2nd baseman (NY Yankees)
  • Jun 2 Jim Maloney, American baseball pitcher (MLB All Star 1965; pitched 2 x no-hitters 1965, 1 in 1969; Cincinnati Reds), born in Fresno, California
  • Jun 2 Yuri Pshenichnikov, Soviet soccer goalkeeper and coach (19 caps; FC Pakhtakor Tashkent, CSKA Moscow), born in Tashkent, Uzbekistan (d. 2019)
  • Jun 3 Richard Edwards, West Indian cricket fast bowler (5 Tests, 18 wickets; Barbados), born in Christ Church, Barbados
  • Jun 4 Dorothy Rudd Moore, African-American composer (Songs from the Dark Tower; Dirge and Deliverance), born in New Castle, Delaware
  • Jun 4 Gerrit Terpstra, Dutch economist and 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Buitenpost, Netherlands
  • Jun 4 Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian Roman Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Linz, born in Most pri Bratislave, Slovakia
  • Jun 5 Tiger Lance, South African cricketer (South African batting all-rounder 1961-67) (d. 2010)
  • Jun 5 Moira Anderson, Scottish singer ("Loch Lomond"), born in Kirkintilloch, Scotland
  • Jun 6 Phillip Rhodes, American composer, born in Forest City, North Carolina
  • Jun 6 Willie-John McBride, Irish rugby union lock (63 Tests Ireland, 17 British Lions; Ballymena RFC) and coach (1983 Lions tour to NZ), born in Toomebridge, Northern Ireland

Tom Jones

Jun 7 Tom Jones [Woodward], Welsh pop singer ("What's New, Pussycat?"; "Delilah"), and TV personality (The Voice UK), born in Pontypridd, Wales

  • Jun 8 Nancy Sinatra, American singer ("These Boots Are Made for Walkin'"; "Something Stupid"), and daughter of Frank Sinatra, born in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • Jun 8 Sherman Garnes, American rock vocalist (Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Jun 10 John Stevens, English jazz drummer (Spontaneous Music Ensemble), born in Brentwood, England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 11 Joey Dee [DiNicola] American singer (The Starliters - "Peppermint Twist"), born in Passaic, New Jersey
  • Jun 11 Michael Wilkes, British commander (UK Field Army), born in Steep, Hampshire (d. 2013)
  • Jun 13 Bobby Freeman, American rock, soul and R&B singer ("Do You Want to Dance"), born in Northern California (d. 2017)
  • Jun 14 Ben Davidson, American actor (Rhino-Ball Four, Code R) and football player, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • Jun 14 William P. Baker, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Oakland, California
  • Jun 14 Jack Bannon, American actor (Art in Lou Grant, Trauma Center), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • Jun 14 Dary John Mizelle, American composer, born in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • Jun 15 Willem Frederik Bon, Dutch composer and pedagogue (Les Prédictions), born in Amersfoort, Utrecht, the Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Jun 16 Hans Dorrestijn, Dutch cabaret performer
  • Jun 16 Neil Goldschmidt, American politician (Governor of Oregon 1987-91), born in Eugene, Oregon
  • Jun 17 Bobby Bell, American NFL linebacker (KC Chiefs), born in Shelby, North Carolina
  • Jun 17 Tony Marlow, British Conservative Party politician, born in Greenwich, London

George Akerlof

Jun 17 George Akerlof, American economist (The Market for Lemons) and 2001 Nobel laureate, born in New Haven, Connecticut

  • Jun 17 Chuck Rainey, American jazz and session bassist (Steely Dan; Quincy Jones; Aretha Franklin; Mose Allison), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jun 17 Alton Kelley, American graphic artist, known for concert posters and album cover art (Grateful Dead -"Workingman's Dead"; Steve Miller Band - "Book of Dreams"), born in Houlton, Maine (d. 2008)
  • Jun 18 Jim Albus, American golfer (Senior Players C'ship 1991), born in Staton Island, NY
  • Jun 18 Bob Duncan, prison warden (Gartree Prison in UK)
  • Jun 18 Michael Sheard, British actor (d. 2005)
  • Jun 19 Shirley "Cha Cha" Muldowney, American drag racer (NHRA Top Fuel C'ship in 1977, 80, 82; International Motorsports Hall of Fame), born in Burlington, Vermont
  • Jun 19 Paul Shane, English comedian and actor, born in Thrybergh, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 2013)
  • Jun 20 John Mahoney, British-born American actor (Fraiser, Frantic, 8 Men Out), born in Manchester, England (d. 2018)
  • Jun 20 Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
  • Jun 21 Mariette Hartley, American actress (Poloroid spokesperson, Marooned), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 21 Michael Ruse, British-Canadian philosopher of science (the relationship between science and religion, the creation–evolution controversy), born in Birmingham, England
  • Jun 22 Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian author and director (Under the Olive Trees, Close Up, Taste of Cherry), born in Tehran (d. 2016)
  • Jun 22 Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter (That's Life), born in Berkhamsted, England
  • Jun 23 Derry Irvine [Alexander Andrew Mackay Irvine], Scottish politician (Labour Party) and Lord Chanceller of UK (1997-2003), born in Inverness, Scotland
  • Jun 23 Diana Trask, Australia, singer (Sing Along With Mitch)
  • Jun 23 Mike Shrimpton, cricketer (occasional NZ Test batsman 1963-74)
  • Jun 23 Simon Hobday, South African golfer (US Senior Open 1984), born in Mafikeng, South Africa (d. 2017)
  • Jun 23 Stuart Sutcliffe, Scottish rocker who was the original bassist for the Beatles, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1962)
  • Jun 23 Wilma Rudolph, American athlete (3 Olympic gold 100/200/4x100m 1960), born in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • Jun 23 Adam Faith, English singer and actor (d. 2003)
  • Jun 24 Vittorio Storaro, Italian cinematographer (Taxi, Apocalypse Now, The Last Emperor), born in Rome, Italy
  • Jun 25 Clint Warwick [Albert Eccles], English bassist (Moody Blues, 1964-66 - "Go Now"), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2004)
  • Jun 25 Mary Beth Peil, American actress and singer (Mirrors, Dawson's Creek, The Stepford Wives), born in Davenport, Iowa
  • Jun 25 A. J. Quinnell [Philip Nicholson], English writer (Man on Fire), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2005)
  • Jun 26 Robert Kramer, American actor and director, born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Muhammad Yunus

Jun 28 Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker (Grameen - microlending), economist (Nobel Peace Prize 2006), born in Chittagong, British India

  • Jun 28 Roderick Wright, Scottish Bishop of Argyll and the Isles (1990-96), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2005)
  • Jun 29 Louise Groenman, Dutch director and politician (D66), born in Meppel, Netherlands
  • Jun 29 Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer, born in Moscow
  • Jun 29 John Dawes, Welsh rugby union centre (22 caps Wales, 4 caps British & Irish Lions; London Welsh; Barbarians), born in Abercarn, Wales (d. 2021)
  • Jun 29 Nancy Ramey, American swimmer (WR 100m butterfly 1:09.1 1959; 200m butterfly 2:40.5 1958; Olympic silver 100m butterfly 1956), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Jun 30 Brian Aldridge, New Zealand cricket umpire (26 Tests, 45 ODIs), born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 2021)
  • Jun 30 Mark Spoelstra, American folk singer and songwriter, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2007)

Famous Weddings

Paul Harvey

Jun 4 Radio broadcaster Paul Harvey (21) weds radio producer Lynne Cooper

Richard Nixon

Jun 21 37th US President Richard Nixon (27) weds Pat Ryan (28) at the Mission Inn in Riverside, California


Famous Deaths

  • Jun 2 Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter and cartoonist, dies at 66
  • Jun 6 E. E. Clive, Welsh actor (Night Must Fall, Dark Hour), dies at 56
  • Jun 7 James Hall, American actor (Hell's Angels, Four Sons), dies of cirrhosis at 39
  • Jun 8 Frederick Converse, American composer (The Pipe of Desire), dies at 69
  • Jun 16 DuBose Heyward, American writer (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), dies at 54
  • Jun 16 Vitezslava Kapralova, Czech composer and conductor, dies from typhoid fever at 25
  • Jun 17 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), dies at 74
  • Jun 19 Maurice Jaubert, French composer and soldier, dies a few hours after being fatally wounded in action at 40
  • Jun 20 Jehan Alain, French organist/composer, dies in battle at 29
  • Jun 21 Édouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist, dies at 71
  • Jun 21 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet, writer and critic, drowns at 40
  • Jun 21 Walter Hasenclever, German Expressionist writer, dies at 49
  • Jun 21 Smedley Butler, American Marine general, dies at 58
  • Jun 22 M A Noble, cricketer (giant of NSW/Australian cricket), dies
  • Jun 22 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who developed the Köppen climate classification system for the regions of the world, dies at 93
  • Jun 22 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer commits suicide at 49
  • Jun 28 Italo Balbo, Italian pilot and governor of Libya, dies at 44
  • Jun 29 Paul Klee, Swiss-German painter and educator at the Bauhaus, dies at 60