On This Day

What Happened in April 1941

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 1 US Navy takes over Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • Apr 1 Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés
  • Apr 1 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • Apr 1 The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
  • Apr 2 German occupier disallows Dutch scouting association

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill warns Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that a German invasion is imminent

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 3 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • Apr 3 Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
  • Apr 4 German troops conquer Benghazi, Libya
  • Apr 5 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses

Sport awardUS Masters Golf

Apr 6 8th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Craig Wood wins his first major title, 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Byron Nelson; Masters' first wire-to-wire champion

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • Apr 6 Beginning of operation Bestrafung - German bombers attack Belgrade (17,000 die)
  • Apr 6 British major general Michael Gambier-Parry captured in North Africa
  • Apr 6 German bombardment of Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
  • Apr 6 Italian forces holding Addis Ababa surrender to British & Ethiopian forces

  • Apr 7 British generals O'Connor & Neame captured in North Africa

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Apr 8 Joe Louis TKOs Tony Musto in 9 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Apr 9 PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame
  • Apr 9 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Dorothy Kirby wins comfortably by 16 strokes ahead of Helen Sigel
  • Apr 10 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 Independent State of Croatia led by Ante Pavelić established as fascist German puppet state

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
  • Apr 11 Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazis
  • Apr 11 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands confiscate Jewish assets
  • Apr 12 Stanley Cup Final, Olympia Stadium, Detroit, MI: Boston Bruins defeat Detroit Red Wings, 3-1 for a 4-0 series sweep

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Vichy-France's head of government Admiral François Darlan consults with Adolf Hitler

Admiral and Prime Minister of Vichy France François Darlan
Admiral and Prime Minister of Vichy France
François Darlan
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 13 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • Apr 13 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • Apr 14 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • Apr 14 King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
  • Apr 14 45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson in 2:30:38; his third victory in the event
  • Apr 15 1st helicopter flight of 1 hr duration, Stratford, Ct
  • Apr 16 Little Theater at Adelphi Strand, London closes
  • Apr 17 British troop land in Iraq
  • Apr 17 US Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)

  • Apr 17 World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.
  • Apr 19 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Childeren" premieres in Zurich
  • Apr 19 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • Apr 19 Milk rationed in Holland
  • Apr 20 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • Apr 20 Dodgers start to wear liners in their caps
  • Apr 21 Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 23 Greek Army surrenders to Germany; British RAF evacuates the Greek King George II to Egypt
  • Apr 24 British army begins evacuation of Greece
  • Apr 24 Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 26 A tradition begins, 1st organ at a baseball stadium (Chicago Cubs)
  • Apr 26 Potatoes rationed in Holland
  • Apr 27 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • Apr 28 Last British troops in Greece surrender

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Ajit Wadekar, Indian cricket batsman and captain (37 Tests; top score 143), born in Mumbai, India (d. 2018)
  • Apr 3 Eric Braeden, German-American actor (Victor Newman-Young & Restless, Colossus), born in Bredenbek, Germany
  • Apr 3 Jan Berry, American rock and roll vocalist (Jan and Dean), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2004)
  • Apr 3 Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping, born in New Castle, Pennsylvania (d. 1984)
  • Apr 3 Philippé Wynne, American soul singer (I'll Be Around), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1984)
  • Apr 4 Bill Tarmey, English actor (Coronation Street), born in Ardwick, Manchester (d. 2012)
  • Apr 5 Dave Swarbrick, British folk fiddler (Fairport Convention), born in New Malden, Surrey (d. 2016)
  • Apr 5 Michael Moriarty, American-Canadian actor (Bang the Drum Slowly, Q, Stuff), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Apr 6 Hans W Geissendorfer, Augsburg Germany, director (Sternsteinhof)
  • Apr 6 Gheorghe Zamfir, Romanian musician
  • Apr 7 Cornelia Frances [Zulver], British-Australian actress (Home and Away), born in Liverpool, England (d. 2018)
  • Apr 7 Gorden Kaye, British actor (Allo Allo), born in Huddersfield, England (d. 2017)
  • Apr 8 Peggy Lennon, singer (Lennon Sisters), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 8 Dame Vivienne Westwood, Tintwistle England, English fashion designer
  • Apr 9 Hannah Gordon, British actress (Oh Alfie), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Apr 9 Kay Adams, American country singer, born in Knox City, Texas
  • Apr 9 Chu Song-woong, South Korean stage actor, born in Goseong, South Gyeongsang, South Korea (d. 1985)
  • Apr 10 Paul Theroux, American travel book writer and novelist (Mosquito Coast), born in Medford, Massachusetts
  • Apr 10 Mike Stratton, American football linebacker (AFL C'ship 1964, 65; AFL All-Star 1963–68; Buffalo Bills; NFL: SD Chargers), born in Vonore, Tennessee (d. 2020)
  • Apr 11 Frederick "Rick" Hauck, American astronaut (STS-7, STS 51-A, STS-26), born in Long Beach, California
  • Apr 11 Ellen Goodman, American political columnist (Pulitzer 1980), born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • Apr 12 Julio Euson, Aruban-Dutch singer (I Use the Soap), born in Aruba
  • Apr 12 Bobby Moore, English football defender (108 caps; captain World Cup 1966; West Ham United), born in Barking, Essex (d. 1993)
  • Apr 13 Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1985), born in Brooklyn, New York

Person of interestJulie Christie

Apr 14 Julie Christie, British actress (Darling, Doctor Zhivago), born in Chukua, Assam, India

Person of interestPete Rose

Apr 14 Pete Rose, MLB player and manager (Cincinnati Reds), born in Cincinnati, Ohio

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • Apr 15 Roman Balayan, Ukrainian-Armenian director (Filer, Biryuk), born in Nerkin Horatagh, Nagorno-Karabakh AO, Azerbaijan
  • Apr 15 Howard Berman, American attorney and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 16 Cliff Stearns, American businessman and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 17 Adolphus Hailstork, American composer, born in Rochester, New York
  • Apr 17 Max Stafford-Clark, English artistic director (Royal Court Theatre), born in Cambridge, England
  • Apr 18 Walter Francis Sweeney, American NFL guard (San Diego Chargers), born in Cohasset, Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • Apr 18 Michael D. Higgins, Irish politician (9th President of Ireland 2011-), born in Limerick, Ireland
  • Apr 19 Michel Roux, French chef and restaurateur (opened Le Gavroche, 1st three Michelin starred restaurant in Britain), born in Charolles, Saône-et-Loire, Vichy France
  • Apr 19 Roberto Carlos, Brazilian singer and songwriter (Louco por você), born in Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Brazil
  • Apr 20 Ryan O'Neal, American actor (Love Story, Paper Moon), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 20 Joni Evans, American publisher (Simon & Schuster, Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 20 Grace Coddington, Welsh born fashion editor and model (American Vogue), born on Anglesey, Wales
  • Apr 21 David Lyle Boren, American politician, Governor and Senator from Oklahoma, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 23 Ed Stewart, British DJ and broadcaster (Crackerjack), born in Exmouth, Devon (d. 2016)
  • Apr 23 Hal Daub, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska, born in Fort Bragg, North Carolina
  • Apr 23 Jacqueline Boyer, French singer (Tom Pillibi), born in Paris
  • Apr 23 Paavo Lipponen, Prime Minister of Finland (1995-2003), born in Turtola, Finland
  • Apr 23 Michael Lynne, American film producer (The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 23 Ray Tomlinson, American computer programmer (invented email and the @ sign), born in Amsterdam , New York (d. 2016)
  • Apr 24 John Williams, Australian classical guitarist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Apr 25 Bertrand Tavernier, French actor (Capt Conan, L627, Daddy Nostalgie), born in Lyon, France
  • Apr 25 Lawrence J. Smith, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Florida (1983-93), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 25 Princess Muna al-Hussein, mother of King Abdullah II of Jordan, born in Chelmondiston, Suffolk, England
  • Apr 26 John Mitchell, American classical composer, born in Hollywood, California
  • Apr 27 Friedrich Goldmann, German composer and conductor, born in Siegmar-Schönau, Germany (d. 2009)
  • Apr 27 Judith Blegen, American opera singer (Papagena-Magic Flute), born in Missoula, Montana
  • Apr 27 Jennings Michael Burch, American writer (They Cage the Animals at Night), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2013)
  • Apr 27 Lee Roy Jordan, American football player, born in Excel, Alabama
  • Apr 28 Ann-Margret, Swedish-American actress (Bye Bye Birdie, Tommy), born in Valsjöbyn, Sweden
  • Apr 28 K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist (Nobel 2001-developing the first chiral catalysts), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Apr 28 Lucien Aimar, French cyclist (won 53rd Tour de France 1966), born in Hyères, France
  • Apr 28 Iryna Zhylenko, Ukrainian poet (An Evening Party in an Old Winery), born in Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Apr 29 Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)
  • Apr 30 Johnny Farina, American rocker (Santo & Johnny), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 30 Wilfried Jentzsh, German composer, born in Dresden, Germany
  • Apr 30 Joseph "Coke" Escovedo, Mexican-American percussionist (Santana, Malo, Azteca), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1986)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 17 Actress Doris Day (19) weds trombonist Albert Jorden

Singer and Actress Doris Day
Singer and Actress
Doris Day
  • Apr 19 Youngest Mitford sister Deborah Mitford marries Andrew Cavendish, son of the Duke of Devonshire in London

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 1 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian and hagiographer, dies at 81
  • Apr 2 Pál Teleki, prime minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-1 and 1939-41), dies at 61
  • Apr 3 Pal Teleki-von Szek, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), committed suicide at 61
  • Apr 4 Max Frisch, writer, dies at 29
  • Apr 5 Sir Nigel Gresley, Steam locomotive engineer (b. 1876)

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

Apr 13 Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon
  • Apr 14 Jack Edmonson, Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross), dies
  • Apr 14 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, dies at 69
  • Apr 16 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, dies at 60
  • Apr 17 Al Bowlly, British dance band vocalist (b. 1899)
  • Apr 18 Alexandros Koryzis, Prime Minister of Greece in 1941, commits suicide at about 65 as German troops closed in on Athens
  • Apr 19 Johanna Muller-Hermann, composer, dies at 63
  • Apr 20 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer, dies in Buchenwald at 49
  • Apr 22 Arthur Briscoe, South African cricketer (South African batsman in 2 Tests), dies
  • Apr 24 Karin Boye, Swedish writer (Kallocain) commits suicide at 40
  • Apr 26 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician & physiologist, dies at 74
  • Apr 27 Penelope Delta, Greek author, dies at 67
  • Apr 30 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer and producer (Jack and the Beanstalk), dies at 71